4. S±mag±masuttavaººan±

41. Dvedhikaj±t±ti j±tadvedhik± sañj±tabhed±. Dvejjhaj±t±ti duvidhabh±va½ patt±. Bhaº¹anti paribh±santi eten±ti bhaº¹ana½, viruddhacittat±. Tanti bhaº¹ana½. Dhammavinayanti p±vacana½. Vitujjant± mukhasatt²hi. Sahita½ meti mayha½ vacana½ sahita½ siliµµha½ pubb±parasambandha½ atthayutta½. Ten±ha “atthasa½hitan”ti. Adhiciººanti ±ciººa½. Vipar±vattanti virodhadassanavasena par±vattita½, par±vatta½ d³sitanti attho. Ten±ha– “cirak±lavasena…pe… nivattan”ti. Pariyesam±no cara, tattha tattha gantv± sikkh±h²ti attho. Sace sakkosi, id±nimeva may± veµhitadosa½ nibbeµhehi. Maraºamev±ti aññamaññagh±tavasena maraºameva.
N±µaputtassa imeti n±µaputtiy±. Te pana tassa siss±ti ±ha “antev±sikes³”ti. Purimapaµipattito paµinivattana½ paµiv±na½, ta½ r³pa½ sabh±vo etesanti paµiv±nar³p±. Ten±ha “nivattanasabh±v±”ti. Kathana½ atthassa ±cikkhana½. Pavedana½ tassa hetud±haraº±ni ±haritv± bodhana½. Na upasam±ya sa½vattat²ti anupasamasa½vattana½, tadeva anupasamasa½vattanika½, tasmi½. Samussita½ hutv± patiµµh±hetubh±vato th³pa½ patiµµh±ti ±ha– “bhinnath³peti bhinnapatiµµhe”ti. Th³poti v± dhammassa niyy±nabh±vo veditabbo, aññadhamme abhibhuyya samussitaµµhena. So nigaºµhassa samaye kehici abhinnasammatopi bhinno vinaµµhoyeva sabbena sabba½ abh±vatoti bhinnath³po. So eva niyy±nabh±vo vaµµadukkhato muccituk±m±na½ paµisaraºa½, ta½ ettha natth²ti appaµisaraºo, tasmi½ bhinnath³pe appaµisaraºeti evamettha attho veditabbo.
¾cariyappam±ºanti ±cariyamuµµhi hutv± pam±ºabh³ta½. N±n±n²h±ren±ti n±n±k±rena. “Viv±do na uppajj²”ti vatv± tassa anuppattik±raºa½ dassento, “satth± hi…pe… aviv±dak±raºa½ katv±va parinibb±y²”ti vatv± ta½ vivaritu½ “bhagavat± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Patiµµh± ca avassayo ca, “aya½ dhammo aya½ vinayo ida½ satthus±sanan”ti vinicchayane mah±pades±, pañhaby±karaº±ni ca, yasm± tesu patiµµh±ya te avass±ya dhammavinayadhar± ca nicchaya½ gacchanti. Tath± hi suttantamah±padesato vinaye kenaci pucchito attho catunna½ pañhaby±karaº±na½ vasena suvinicchitar³po, tasm± dhammavinayo idha satthu kicca½ k±tu½ sakkot²ti ±ha– “tenev±”ti-±di, tasm± u¼±r±ya desan±ya bh±jananti adhipp±yo.
42. Paµipaviµµha½ katv± ±haritabbato, sacca½ k±ritabbato p±bhata½ m³lanti ±ha– “kath±p±bhatan”ti, dhammakath±ya m³lak±raºanti attho. Yesa½ vasena viv±do uppanno, teyeva adhammav±dino, tesa½ t±va so ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattatu, tato aññesa½ devamanuss±na½ kathanti, codan± parampar±ya sa½kilesavatthubh±vatoti parih±ro. Ten±ha– “kosambakakkhandhake viy±”ti-±di.
43. Abhiññ± desit±ti abhivisiµµh±ya paññ±ya j±nitv± bodhit±. Patissayam±nar³p±ti apadissa patissayam±n± garukavasena nissayam±nasabh±v±. Ten±ha– “upaniss±ya viharant²”ti, garutara½ nissaya½ katv± viharant²ti attho. Pariv±re paññatt±n²ti, “±j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº±”ti, eva½ niddh±retv± pariv±rap±¼iya½ (pari. 336) ±saªkaravasena µhapit±ni. “Evañca pana, bhikkhave, ima½ sikkh±pada½ uddiseyy±”ti (p±r±. 39, 42, 43) vibhaªgap±µhavaseneva hi t±ni bhagavat± paññatt±ni. T±ni µhapetv± ses±ni sabbasikkh±pad±ni adhip±timokkha½ n±m±ti, ida½ gobal²baddañ±yena vuttanti daµµhabba½ tesampi adhip±timokkhabh±vato.
Tatr±ya½ nayoti tasmi½ suppajahan±ya appamattakabh±ve aya½ vakkham±no. T±n²ti paº²tabhojan±ni. Yo koc²ti bhikkhu v± bhikkhun² v±. Dukkaµavatthukanti ya½ kiñci dukkaµ±pattivatthuka½. Ten±ti suppajahanabh±vena m³l±pattiv²tikkamassa aºumattat±ya.
Pubbabh±gamagganti lokiyamagga½. Tatr±ti tasmi½ pubbabh±gamagga½ niss±ya viv±dupp±de. Obh±sañ±ºanti obh±sassa uppattihetubh³ta½ ñ±ºa½. Tattha pana so maggasaññibh±vena maggo ca catubbidhoti sutatt±, “paµµhamamaggo n±m±”ti-±dim±ha. Evanti eva½ asandiddha½ aparisaªkita½ pariccatta½ katv± kammaµµh±na½ kathetu½ na sakkoti.
Cetiya½ na diµµhanti tassa kata½ th³pa½ vadati. Nindiye puthujjanabh±ve µhita½ p±sa½sa½ ariyabh±va½ ±ropetv± ta½ micch±laddhi½ abhinivissa paggayha voharaºato saggopi maggopi v±ritoyev±ti. Vuttañheta½–
“Yo nindiya½ pasa½sati, ta½ v± nindati yo pasa½siyo;
vicin±ti mukhena so kali½, kalin± tena sukha½ na vindat²”ti. (Su. ni. 663; sa½. ni. 1.180-181; a. ni. 4.3; netti. 92).
“Khaºeneva arahatta½ p±puºitu½ samatthakammaµµh±nakatha½ ±cikkhiss±m²”ti hi imin± tattha kohaññampi dissati; itaresu pana vattabbameva natthi. Upp±µetv±ti uddharitv±. “Atha te bhikkh³”ti-±di sesa½ n±ma. “Amata½ te paribhuñjanti, ye k±yagat±sati½ paribhuñjant²”ti (a. ni. 1.600) vacana½ duggahita½ gaºh±petv±, “ett±vat± vo amata½ paribhutta½ n±ma bhavissat²”ti ±ha.
44. Evanti ±k±ralakkhaºameta½, na ±k±raniyamana½. Tena imin±va k±raºena ca yo viv±do uppajjeyy±ti vutta½ hoti. Garusmi½ gar³ti pavatta½ citta½ garuvisayatt± ta½sahacaritatt± garu, tassa bh±vo g±rava½, garukaraºa½, ta½ ettha natth²ti ag±ravo. Ten±ha “g±ravavirahito”ti. Garussa g±ravavasena patissayana½ patissoti vuccati n²cavuttit±, tappaµipakkhato appatissoti ±ha– “appatissayo an²cavutt²”ti. Ettha yath±ya½ puggalo satthari ag±ravo n±ma hoti, ta½ dassetu½, “ettha pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha t²suk±lesu upaµµh±na½ na y±t²ti-±di samud±yakittana-anavasesadassana½, avayavato pana ag±ravasiddhi yath± ta½ s±maññato sikkh±padasam±d±na½ tabbiseso bhedo. Esa nayo sesesupi.
Sakkacca½ na gacchat²ti ±daravasena na gacchati. Saªghe katoyeva hoti saªghapariy±pannatt± tassa, yath± saªgha½ uddissa dinna½ ekena bhikkhun± paµiggahita½ saªghassa dinnameva hoti. Aparip³rayam±nova sikkh±ya ag±ravo. Ten±ha bhagav±– “sikkh±ya na parip³rak±r²”ti (ma. ni. 2.135). Attano paris±ya uppanna½ viv±dam³la½ visesato attan± v³pasametabbato attano ca anatth±vahato “ajjhattan”tveva vutta½. Esa nayo bahiddh±ti etth±pi.
46. Chaµh±n±n²ti cham³l±ni. Yath± samanavasena samath±na½ viv±d±d²su adhikattubh±vo, eva½ viv±d±d²na½ tehi adhikattabbat±p²ti ±ha– “v³pasamanatth±ya…pe… adhikaraº±n²”ti. Tena adhikaraºasaddassa kammatthata½ ±ha. Samath± v± samanavasena adhikar²yanti etth±ti adhikaraº±ni, viv±d±dayo.
Viv±do uppannamattova hutv± parato kakkha¼atth±ya sa½vattanato ya½ vatthu½ niss±ya paµhama½ uppanno viv±d±nus±rena m³laka½ viya anubandharogo tameva tadañña½ v± vatthu½ katv± pava¹¹hanto viv±d±dhikaraºa½ patv± upari va¹¹hati n±ma, anuv±d±pattikicc±dhikaraºa½ patv± viv±dassa ca va¹¹hana½ p±kaµameva. Tena vutta½– “catt±ri adhikaraº±ni patv± upari va¹¹hanto so viv±do”ti. Uppann±na½ uppann±nanti (d². ni. µ². 3.331) uµµhit±na½ uµµhit±na½. Samathatthanti samanattha½.
Aµµh±rasahi vatth³h²ti lakkhaºavacanameta½ yath± “yadi me by±dh² d±heyyu½. D±tabbamidamosadhan”ti (sa½. ni. µ². 2.3.39-42; kaªkh±. abhi. µ². adhikaraºasamathavaººan±), tasm± tesu aññatarena vivadant±, “aµµh±rasahi vatth³hi vivadant²”ti vuccanti. Upavadan±ti akkoso. Codan±ti anuyogo.
Adhikaraºassa sammukh±va vinayanato sammukh±vinayo. Sannipatitaparis±ya dhammav±d²na½ yebhuyyat±ya yebhuyyasikakammassa karaºa½ yebhuyyasik±. K±rakasaªghassa s±maggivasena sammukh²bh±vo, na yath± tath± k±rakapuggal±na½ sammukhat±matta½. Bh³tat±ti tacchat±. Saccapariy±yo hi idha dhamma-saddo “dhammav±d²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.9) viya. Vineti eten±ti vinayo, tassa tassa adhikaraºassa v³pasam±ya bhagavat± vuttavidhi, tassa vinayassa sammukhat± vinayasammukhat±. Viv±davatthusaªkh±te atthe paccatthik± atthapaccatthik±, tesa½ atthapaccatthik±na½. Saªghasammukhat± parih±yati sammatapuggaleheva v³pasamanato.
Nanti viv±d±dhikaraºa½. “Na chand±gati½ gacchat²”ti-±din± (pari. 383) vutta½ pañcaªgasamann±gata½. Gu¼hak±d²su alajjussann±ya paris±ya gu¼hako sal±kagg±ho k±tabbo; lajjussann±ya vivaµako, b±lussann±ya sakaººajappako. Yass± kiriy±ya dhammav±dino bahutar±, s± yebhuyyasik±ti ±ha– “dhammav±d²na½ yebhuyyat±y±”ti-±di.
Eva½ vinicchitanti ±patti½ dassetv± ropanavasena vinicchita½, paµikamma½ pana ±patt±dhikaraºasamathe parato ±gamissati. Na samaºas±ruppa½ ass±maºaka½, samaºehi ak±tabba½, tasmi½. Ajjh±c±re v²tikkamesati. Paµicaratoti paµicch±dentassa. P±pussannat±ya p±piyo, puggalo, tassa k±tabbakamma½ tassap±piyasika½.
Sammukh±vinayeneva v³pasamo natthi paµiññ±ya, tath±r³p±ya khantiy± v± vin± av³pasamanato Etth±ti ±pattidesan±ya½. Paµiññ±te ±pannabh±v±dike karaºakiriy±, “±yati½ sa½vareyy±s²”ti, pariv±sad±n±divasena ca pavatta½ vac²kamma½ paµiññ±takaraºa½.
Yath±nur³panti “dv²hi cat³hi tihi eken±”ti eva½ vuttanayena yath±nur³pa½. Etth±ti imasmi½ sutte, etasmi½ v± samathavic±re. Vinicchayanayoti vinicchaye nayamatta½. Ten±ha “vitth±ro pan±”ti-±di.
47. Saªkhepatova vutto, na samathakkhandhake viya vitth±rato. Tath±ti imin± “dhamm±”ti pada½ ±ka¹¹hati, ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho, evam±din± imin± pak±ren±ti v±ti vutta½ hoti. Bodhipakkhiyadhamm±na½ ekant±navajjabh±vato natthi adhammabh±vo, bhagavato desit±k±ra½ h±petv± va¹¹hetv± v± kathana½ yath±dhamma½ akatanti katv± adhammabh±voti dassento ±ha– “tayo satipaµµh±n±”ti-±di.
Niyy±nikanti sap±µih²ra½ appaµiv±na½ hutv± pavattati. Tathev±ti imin± “eva½ amh±kan”ti-±din± vuttamattha½ ±ka¹¹hati. Bh³tena…pe… k±tabbakamma½ dhammo n±ma yath±dhamma½ karaºato, vuttavipariy±yato ito para½ adhammo. Aya½ vinayo n±ma r±g±d²na½ sa½varaºato pah±nato paµisaªkh±nato ca. Aya½ avinayo n±ma r±g±d²na½ avinayanato. Aya½ vinayo n±ma yath±vinayakaraºato, vuttavipariy±yena itaro avinayo. Vatthusampatti-±din± eva sabbesa½ vinayakamm±na½ akuppat±ti ±ha– “vatthusampatti…pe… aya½ vinayo n±m±”ti, tappaµipakkhato avinayo veditabbo. Ten±ha “vatthuvipatt²”ti-±di.
Samm±paµipattiy± nayanaµµhena yath±vutto dhammo eva netti, tato eva sattassa viya rajju asithilapavattihetut±ya dhammarajj³ti attho vutto. Suttantapariy±yena t±va dasa kusalakammapath± dhammoti eva½ vutt±. S± eva v± hotu dhammanetti, yo idha imiss± vaººan±ya, “chatti½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm±”ti-±din± dhammena ca vinayena ca vutto, so eva v± dhammanetti hot³ti ±netv± yojan±. T±ya dhammanettiy± sameti t±ya yath±vutt±ya dhammanettiy± sa½sandati, ekalakkhaºameva hot²ti attho. Eva½ viv±davatthubh³to dhammo ce “dhammo”ti, adhammo ce “adhammo”ti, vinayo ce “vinayo”ti, avinayo ce “avinayo”ti nicchinantena ekacc±na½ viv±d±dhikaraºameva dassita½ tassa v³pasamadhamm±na½ apariyos±pitatt±.
48. Ta½ panetanti viv±d±dhikaraºa½ pacc±masati. V±re atthasa½vaººan±vasena pattepi. Dv²h²ti yasmi½ ±v±se viv±d±dhikaraºa½ uppanna½, tattha v±s²hi dv²hipi bhikkh³hi atirekatar±.
49. Khandhas±mantanti ±pattikkhandhabh±vena sam²pa½. ¾pattis±manta½ n±ma pubbabh±g± ±pajjitabba-±patti. Methunar±gavasena k±yasa½sagge dukkaµassa vatth³ti ±ha– “paµhamap±r±jikassa pubbabh±ge dukkaµan”ti. Ses±na½ tiººa½ p±r±jik±na½ pubbabh±ge thullaccayameva.
50. Parikkamitv± upakkamitv±. ¾patt±dhikaraºa½ dassita½ tattheva visesato paµiññ±ya k±retabbat±ya icchitabbatt±.
52. Kammassa vatthu dassita½ na samathoti adhipp±yo. Nanu c±ya½ samath±dhik±roti? Sacca½, samathassa pana k±raºe dassite samatho dassitova hot²ti dassetu½ “evar³passa h²”ti-±di vutta½.
53. Ida½ kammanti “ida½ amh±ka½ bhaº¹anaj±t±nan”ti-±din± vuttakamma½. Tiºavatth±rakasadisatt±ti ta½sadisat±ya tabboh±roti dasseti yath±– “esa brahmadatto”ti. ¾k±ramattameva tiºavatth±rakakamma½ n±ma, na pana tassa sabbaso karaºavidh±na½. Ten±ha “khandhake”ti-±di. Gih²na½ h²nena khu½sanavambhana½ yath± “tilasa½gu¼ik± natth²”ti. Dhammikapaµissavesu visa½v±danavasena ±pann± ±patti. Ass±ti kicc±dhikaraºassa. Sammukh±vinayeneva v³pasamo saªghasammukhat±din±va v³pasamanato.
54. Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriyavacanato kosambiyasutte (ma. ni. 1.492) sot±pattimaggasamm±diµµhi kathit±, idha pana “diµµhis±maññagato viharati”cceva vuttatt±, “imasmi½ sutte sot±pattiphalasamm±diµµhi vutt±ti veditabb±”ti vutta½. P±pakammassa appat± mahantat± s±vajjabh±vassa mudutikkhabh±vena veditabb±ti ±ha “aºunti appas±vajja½. Th³lanti mah±s±vajjan”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

S±mag±masuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.