10. Dh±tuvibhaªgasuttavaººan±

342. Aparikkh²º±yuka½ pukkus±tikulaputta½ uddissa gamananti katv± vutta½ “turitagamanac±rikan”ti. Mama v±supagamanena tava cittassa aph±suka½ aniµµha½ sace natthi. Soti pubbupagato. Dinna½ dinnameva vaµµat²ti ekav±ra½ dinna½ dinnameva yutta½, na puna d±tabbanti adhipp±yo. Kata½ katamev±ti saªgahattha½ kata½ anucchavikakamma½ katameva, na ta½ puna viparivattetabbanti adhipp±yo.
Pukkus±timhi ubhayath±pi kulaputtabh±vo paripuººo ev±ti ±ha– “j±tikulaputtopi ±c±rakulaputtop²”ti. Tatr±ti tasmi½ takkas²lato ±gamane. Aªke nipannad±raka½ viya jana½ toseti tuµµhi½ p±peti. Ratan±ni uppajjanti pabbatasamudd±disannissitatt± paccantadesassa. Dassan²yanti dassaneneva sukh±vaha½. Evar³panti dassan²ya½ savan²yañca.
Anagghakambale mahagghakambale. S±rakaraº¹aketi candanas±r±dis±ramayakaraº¹ake. Likh±petv± ukkir±petv±. L±kh±ya vaµµ±petv±ti mukha½ pidahitv± l±kh±parikamma½ k±retv±.
Anto dussabhaº¹ika½ atth²ti aññ±si n±tigarukabh±vato. Anaggh± ahesunti vaººasampattiphassasampattipam±ºamahattadunnimm±piyat±hi mahaggh± ahesu½, mah±puñño r±j± tassa atthev±ti adhipp±yo.
Yadi eva½, “kinnu kho pesem²”ti kasm± v²ma½sa½ ±pajj²ti ±ha– “apica kho pan±”ti-±di. Soti bimbis±ro r±j±. Vicinitu½ ±raddho ratanassa anekavidhatt± uttaruttariñca paº²tatar±dibh±vato. Suvaººarajat±d²ti suvaººarajatapav±¼amaºimutt±ve¼uriy±di. Indriyabaddhanti cakkh±di-indriyapaµibaddha½. Padesanti guºavasena ekadesa½ na p±puº±ti.
S±ma½ sacc±na½ abhisambuddhat±s±maññena, “buddharatanampi duvidhan”ti vutta½. Buddharatanasama½ ratana½ n±ma natthi, yasm± pana imasmi½ loke parasmi½ v± pana buddhena sadiso na vijjat²ti. Paµhamabodhiya½yeva pavattat²ti katv± vutta½ “ghosop²”ti-±di.
R±j± tuµµho cintesi, “tattha avijjam±na½yeva pesetu½ laddhan”ti. Tasm±ti yasm± paripuººa½ ekadivasampi tasmi½ padese buddh±na½ ±v±sapariggaho natthi, tasm±. Pubbadis±mukhanti pubbadis±bhimukha½ s²hapañjara½. Tenassa suvibh³t±lokata½ dasseti.
Eva½ anaññas±dh±raºassa bhagavato ²diso samud±gamoti dassetu½, “eva½ dasa p±ramiyo p³retv±”ti-±di vutta½. Eva½ sampannasamud±gamassa tadanur³p± aya½ phalasampad±ti dassetu½, “tusitabhavanato”ti-±di vutta½.
Ariyadhammo n±ma ariyamaggappadh±no, ariyamaggo ca sattati½sabodhipakkhiyasaªgaho, te ca uddesamatteneva gahit±ti ±ha– “sattati½sabodhipakkhiye ekadesena likhitv±”ti. C³¼as²l±d²ni brahmaj±le (d². ni. 1.8-9) ±gatanayena veditabb±ni. Chadv±rasa½vara½ satisampajaññanti manacchaµµh±na½ dv±r±na½ sa½varaºavasena sattaµµh±nika½ satisampajañña½. Dv±dasappabheda½ c²var±dicatuppaccayasantosa½. Araññarukkham³l±d²nañca vibhaªga½ bh±van±nuk³la½ sen±sana½. “Abhijjha½ loke pah±y±”ti-±din± vutta½ n²varaºappah±na½. Parikammanti kasiº±diparikamma½. P±¼iya½ ±gatanayena aµµhati½sa kammaµµh±n±ni. Visuddhipaµip±µiy± y±va ±savakkhay± ima½ paµipatti½ ekadesena likhi. So¼asavidhanti so¼asavidhabh±van±ya payoga½.
Kilañjamayeti n±n±vidhabhittivibhatte saºhasukhumaratanaparisibbite kilañjamayasamugge. Bahi vatthena veµhetv±ti paµhama½ sukhumakambalena veµhetv± paµip±µiy± tetti½s±ya samuggesu pakkhipitv± tato bahi sukhumavatthena veµhetv± ch±detv±. Tiºagacchapah±nasammajjan±din± sodhitamattakameva hotu, kadalipuººaghaµaµhapanadhajapaµ±kuss±pan±di-alaªkaraºena m± niµµh±peth±ti attho. R±j±nubh±vena paµiy±deth±ti mama r±j±nur³pa½ sajjetha, alaªkaroth±ti attho. Antarabhogik±nanti anuyuttar±jamah±matt±na½. Javanad³teti khippa½ gacchantakad³tapurise. T±¼ehi saha avacarant²ti t±¼±vacar±.
Raññ± paºº±k±ra½ uddissa katap³j±sakk±rassa amaccato sutatt± paºº±k±ra½ uccaµµh±ne µhapetv± saya½ n²c±sane nisinno. N±ya½ aññassa ratanassa bhavissat²ti aya½ parih±ro aññassa maºimutt±dibhedassa ratanassa na bhavissati maºimutt±d²hi abhisaªkhatatt±. Balavasomanassa½ uppajji ciratanak±la½ buddhas±sane bh±vitabh±vanat±ya v±sitav±sanat±ya ghaµe d²po viya abbhantare eva samujjalam±naparipakkatihetukabh±vato.
Dh±rem²ti icch±mi, gaºh±m²ti attho. Dvejjhavacananti dve¼hakabh±vo. Antara½ karot²ti dvinna½ p±d±na½ antara½ ta½ lekha½ karoti, ekena p±dena atikkam²ti attho. Tass± gatamaggen±ti t±ya deviy± vivaµµam±n±ya n±sit±ya gatamaggena. Ta½ pana lekhanti pukkus±tin± katalekha½. Paººacchattakanti t±lapattamuµµhi½.
Satthug±raven±ti satthari uppannapas±dapemabahum±nasambhavena. Tad± satth±ra½yeva manasi katv± tanninnabh±vena gacchanto, “pucchiss±m²”tipi citta½ na upp±desi, “ettha nu kho satth± vasat²”ti parivitakkasseva abh±vato; r±jagaha½ pana patv± rañño pesitas±sanavasena tattha ca vih±rassa bahubh±vato satth± kaha½ vasat²ti pucchi. Satthu ekakasseva nikkhamana½ pañcacatt±l²sa yojan±ni padas± gamanañca dhammap³j±vasena katanti daµµhabba½. Dhammap³j±ya ca buddh±na½ ±ciººabh±vo heµµh± vitth±ritoyeva. Buddhasobha½ pana paµicch±detv± aññ±takavesena tattha gamana½ tassa kulaputtassa vissatthavasena maggadarathapaµipassambhanattha½. Appaµipassaddhamaggadaratho hi dhammadesan±ya bh±jana½ na hot²ti. Tath±hi vakkhati, “nanu ca bhagav±”ti-±di.
Uruddhanti vis±lanti keci. Atirekatiyojanasatanti-±din± anvayato byatirekato ca maccheravinayane sabrahmac±r²na½ ov±dad±na½. Accantasukhum±loti-±din± satthu dhammag±ravena saddhi½ kulaputtassapi dhammag±rava½ sa½sandati samet²ti dasseti. Tena bhagavato katassa paccuggamanassa µh±nagatabh±va½ vibh±vento aññesampi bhabbar³p±na½ kulaputt±na½ yath±raha½ saªgaho k±tabboti dasseti.
Brahmalokappam±ºanti uccabh±vena. ¾nubh±ven±ti iddh±nubh±vena yath± so sotapatha½ na upagacchati, eva½ v³pasametu½ sakkoti. Avibbhantanti vibbhamarahita½ nilloluppa½. “Bh±vanapu½saka½ panetan”ti vatv± tassa vivaraºattha½, “p±s±dikena iriy±pathen±”ti vutta½. Itthambh³talakkhaºe eta½ karaºavacana½ daµµhabba½. Ten±ha “yath± iriyato”ti-±di. Aman±po hoti passant±na½. S²haseyy±ya nipannassapi hi ekacce sar²r±vayav± adhokhittavikkhitt± viya dissanti. Kaµiya½ dvinna½ ³rusandh²na½ dvinnañca j±ºusandh²na½ vasena catusandhikapallaªka½. Na patiµµh±t²ti nappavattati, “ka½si tvan”ti-±din± apucchite kath±pavatti eva na hoti. Appatiµµhit±ya kath±ya na sañj±yat²ti tath± pana pucch±vasena kath±ya appavattit±ya upari dhammakath± na sañj±yati na uppajjati. It²ti tasm±. Kath±patiµµh±panattha½ kath±pavattanattha½ kath±samuµµh±panattha½ v± pucchi.
Sabh±vameva kathet²ti attano bhagavato adiµµhapubbatt± “adiµµhapubbaka½ kathamaha½ j±neyyan”ti sabh±vameva kevala½ attano ajjh±sayameva katheti; na pana sadevakassa lokassa sup±kaµa½ sabh±vasiddha½ buddhar³pak±yasabh±va½. Atha v± sabh±vameva kathet²ti “idamevan”ti j±nantopi tad± bhagavato ruciy± tath±pavattam±na½ r³pak±yasabh±vameva katheti appavikkhambhanti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha– “tath± hi nan”ti-±di, vipassan±lakkhaºameva paµipadanti adhipp±yo.
343. “Pubbabh±gapaµipada½ akathetv±”ti vatv± pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya akathane k±raºa½ pubbabh±gapaµipadañca sar³pato dassetu½, “yassa h²”ti-±di vutta½. Aparisuddh±yapi pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya vipassan± tath± na kiccak±r², pageva avijjam±n±y±ti, “yassa hi…pe… aparisuddh± hoti”cceva vutta½. Pubbabh±gapaµipad± ca n±ma saªkhepato pannarasa caraºadhamm±ti ±ha– “s²lasa½vara½…pe… ima½ pubbabh±gapaµipada½ ±cikkhat²”ti. Y±nakicca½ s±dheti maggagamanena akilantabh±vas±dhanatt±. Cirak±la½ paribh±vit±ya paripakkagat±ya hetusampad±ya upaµµh±pita½ s±maºeras²lampi paripuººa½ akhaº¹±dibh±vappattiy±, ya½ pubbahetutt± “s²lan”ti vuccati.
Dh±tuyo paramatthato vijjam±n±, paññattimattho puriso avijjam±no. Atha kasm± bhagav± arahattassa padaµµh±nabh³ta½ vipassana½ kathento “chadh±turo”ti avijjam±nappadh±na½ desana½ ±rabh²ti ±ha– “bhagav± h²”ti-±di. Katthaci “tevijjo cha¼abhiñño”ti-±d²su vijjam±nena avijjam±na½ dasseti. Katthaci– “itthir³pa½, bhikkhave, purisassa citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhat²”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 1.1) avijjam±nena vijjam±na½ dasseti. Katthaci “cakkhuviññ±ºa½ sotaviññ±ºan”ti-±d²su (vibha. 121) vijjam±nena vijjam±na½ dasseti. Katthaci– “khattiyakum±ro br±hmaºakaññ±ya saddhi½ sa½v±sa½ kappet²”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 1.275) avijjam±nena avijjam±na½ dasseti. Idha pana vijjam±nena avijjam±na½ dasseti. “Chadh±turo”ti hi sam±sattho avijjam±no puggalavisayatt±, tassa padassa avayavattho pana appadh±nattho vijjam±no, so saddakkamena appadh±nopi atthakkamena padh±noti ±ha– “vijjam±nena avijjam±na½ dassento”ti. Puggal±dhiµµh±n±yettha desan±ya k±raºa½ dassetu½, “sace h²”ti-±di vutta½. Upaµµh±peyy±ti– “dh±tuyo”icceva kulaputtassa citta½ niveseyya tath± sañj±neyya, eva½ dhamma½ deseyy±ti attho. Sandeha½ kareyy±ti asati purise ko karoti? Ko paµisa½vedeti, dh±tuyo ev±ti ki½ nu kho ida½, katha½ nu kho idanti sa½saya½ upp±deyya? Sammoha½ ±pajjeyy±ti caturaªgasamann±gate andhak±re vattam±na½ viya desiyam±ne atthe sammoha½ ±pajjeyya Tath±bh³to ca desan±ya abh±janabh³tatt± desana½ sampaµicchitu½ na sakkuºeyya. Evam±h±ti eva½ “chadh±turo”ti ±ha.
Ya½ tva½ purisoti sañj±n±s²ti ya½ r³p±r³padhammasam³ha½ pabandhavasena pavattam±na½ adhiµµh±navisesavisiµµha½– “puriso satto itth²”ti-±din± tva½ sañj±n±si, so chadh±turo. Santesupi chadh±tuvinimuttesu dh±tvantaresu sukh±vaggahaºattha½ tath± vutta½ taggahaºeneva ca tesa½ gahetabbato, sv±yamattho heµµh± dassito eva. Sesapades³ti “chaphass±yatano”ti-±dipadesupi. Catt±ri adhiµµh±n±ni catasso patiµµh± etass±ti catur±dhiµµh±no, adhitiµµhati patiµµhahati eten±ti adhiµµh±na½, yesu patiµµh±ya uttamattha½ arahatta½ adhigacchati, tesa½ paññ±d²na½ eta½ adhivacana½. Ten±ha “sv±ya½ bhikkh³”ti-±di. Ettoti vaµµato. Vivaµµitv±ti vinivaµµitv± apasakkitv±. Ettoti v± etehi chadh±tu-±d²hi. Ettha hi niviµµhassa ±yattassa uttam±ya siddhiy± asambhavoti. Patiµµhitanti ariyamagg±dhigamavasena suppatiµµhita½. Evañhi sabbaso paµipakkhasamucchindanena tattha patiµµhito hoti. Maññassav± nappavattant²ti chahipi dv±rehi pavattam±nasot±ya maggena visosit±ya sabbaso vigat±ya sabbaso vicchedappattiy± na sandanti. Ten±ha “nappavattant²”ti. Yasm± m±ne sabbaso samucchinne asamucchinno anupasanto kileso n±ma natthi, tasm± ±ha– “muni santoti vuccat²”ti r±gaggi-±d²na½ nibb±nena nibbuto.