7. Sa¼±yatanavibhaªgasuttavaººan±

304. Veditabb±n²ti ettha yath± vidit±ni cha ajjhattik±ni ±yatan±ni vaµµadukkhasamatikkam±ya honti, tath± vedana½ adhippetanti ±ha– “sahavipassanena maggena j±nitabb±n²”ti. Tattha vipassan±ya ±rammaºato maggena asammohato j±nana½ daµµhabba½. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Mano savisesa½ upavicarati ±rammaºe pavattati eteh²ti manopavic±r±, vitakkavic±r±. ¾rammaºe hi abhiniropan±numajjanehi vitakkavic±rehi saha citta½ pavattati, na tabbirahita½. Ten±ha “vitakkavic±r±”ti-±di. Satt± pajjanti etehi yath±raha½ vaµµa½ vivaµµañc±ti sattapad± gehanissit± vaµµapad±. Yogg±na½ damana-±cariy± yogg±cariy±. Ten±ha “dametabbadamak±nan”ti. Sesanti vutt±vasesa½ ekasattatividhaviññ±ºa½ saphassar³pakasseva adhippetatt±.
305. Idh±ti imissa½ chaviññ±ºak±yadesan±ya½. Manodh±tuttayavinimuttameva manoviññ±ºadh±t³ti veditabba½.
Cakkhumhi samphassoti cakkhu½ niss±ya uppanno samphasso. Ten±ha– “cakkhuviñ±ºasampayuttasamphassasseta½ adhivacanan”ti.
Yath± kevalena viññ±ºena r³padassana½ na hoti, eva½ kevalena cakkhupas±denap²ti vutta½ “cakkhuviññ±ºen±”ti. Tena p±¼iya½ cakkhun±ti nissayamukhena nissitakicca½ vuttanti dasseti. ¾rammaºavasen±ti ±rammaºapaccayabh±vena. “Upavicarati”cceva kasm± vutta½, nanu tattha vitakkaby±p±ropi atth²ti? Sacca½ atthi. So panettha taggatikoti ±ha– “vitakko ta½sampayutto c±”ti. Sampayuttadhamm±nampi upavicaraºa½ vitakkavic±r±na½yevettha kiccanti “vitakkavic±rasaªkh±t± manopavic±r±”ti vutta½. Somanassayutto upavic±ro somanass³pavic±ro yath± “±jaññaratho”ti ±ha “somanassena saddhin”ti-±di.
306. Upavic±r±na½ upassayaµµhena geha½ viy±ti geha½, r³p±dayoti ±ha– “gehassit±n²ti k±maguºanissit±n²”ti. Niccasaññ±dinikkhamanato nekkhamma½ vipassan±ti, “nekkhammassit±n²ti vipassan±nissit±n²”ti vutta½. Iµµh±nanti kasivaºijj±divasena pariyiµµh±nanti ±ha “pariyesit±nan”ti. Piyabh±vo pana kantasaddeneva kathitoti k±mitabb±na½ mano ramet²ti manoram±na½. Lokena ±mas²yat²ti lok±misa½, taºh±. T±ya gahetabbat±ya iµµhabh±v±p±danena paµisaªkhatat±ya ca paµisa½yutt±na½. At²te kata½ uppajjati ±rammaºika-anubhavanassa asambhavatoti adhipp±yo. Edisa½ anussaraºa½ diµµhaggahaº±nussarena ca hot²ti dassetu½, “yath±han”ti-±di vutta½.
Anicc±k±ranti hutv± abh±v±k±ra½. Vipariº±mavir±ganirodhanti jar±ya maraºena c±ti dvedh± vipariº±metabbañceva, tato eva palokita½ bhaªgañca. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana yasm± uppanna½ r³pa½ tenev±k±rena na tiµµhati atha kho upp±d±vatth±saªkh±ta½ pakati½ vijahati, vijahitañca jar±vatth±ya tato vigacchati, vigacchantañca bhaªguppattiy± nirujjhat²ti ima½ visesa½ dassetu½, “pakativijahanen±”ti-±di vutta½. K±mañcettha “yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passato”ti vutta½, anubodhañ±ºa½ pana adhippeta½ v²thipaµipann±ya vipassan±ya vasen±ti “vipassan±paññ±y±”ti vutta½ upavic±raniddesabh±vato. Tath± hi vakkhati– “chasudv±resu iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagate”ti-±di. Saªkh±r±na½ bheda½ passatoti sabbesa½ saªkh±r±na½ khaºe khaºe bhijjanasabh±va½ v²thipaµipannena vipassan±ñ±ºena passato. Ten±ha “saªkh±ragatamhi tikkhe”ti-±di. Tattha saªkh±gatamh²ti saªkh±ragate visayabh³te. Tikkheti bh±van±balena indriy±nañca samat±ya tibbe. S³reti paµipakkhehi anabhibh³tat±ya, tesañca abhibhavanasamatthat±ya visade paµubh³te pavattante.
Kiles±na½ vikkhambhanavasena v³pasantat±ya santacittassa, sa½s±re bhayassa ikkhanato bhikkhuno, uttarimanussadhammasannissitatt± am±nus² rat²ti vivekarati nekkhammarati. Yato yatoti yath± yath± nayavipassan±d²su yena yena sammasan±k±ren±ti attho. Khandh±na½ udayabbayanti pañcup±d±nakkhandh±na½ upp±dañca bhaªgañca. Amatanta½ vij±natanti vij±nant±na½ viññ³na½ ±raddhavipassan±na½ ta½ p²tip±mojja½ amat±dhigamahetut±ya amatanti veditabba½.
Chasu dv±resu iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagateti r³p±divasena chabbidhe iµµh±rammaºe yath±raha½ chasu dv±resu ±p±thagate. Visaye ceta½ bhummavacana½.
307. Paccuppannanti santatipaccuppanna½. Anuttaravimokkho n±ma arahatta½ idha adhippeta½ ukkaµµhaniddesena. Katha½ pana tattha piha½ upaµµhapeti, na hi adhigata½ arahatta½ ±rammaºa½ hoti, na ca ta½ ±rabbha pih± pavattat²ti? Ko v± evam±ha– “arahatta½ ±rammaºa½ katv± piha½ upaµµhapet²”ti. Anussutiladdha½ pana parikappasiddha½ arahatta½ uddissa patthana½ µhapeti, tattha citta½ paºidahati. Ten±ha bhagav±– “kud±ssu n±m±ha½ tad±yatana½ upasampajja vihariss±m²”ti. ¾yatananti arahattameva cha¼aªgasamann±gam±dik±raºabh±vato, man±yatanadhamm±yatanabh±vato ca tath± vutta½, ta½ paneta½ domanassa½ patthana½ paµµhapentassa uppajjati patthan±ya sah±vattanato. Na hi lobhados±na½ saha vutti atthi. Patthan±m³lakatt±ti imin± upaµµh±payato padassa hetu-atthajotakatam±ha. Evanti “kud±ssun±m±”ti-±din± vutt±k±rena. Ussukk±petunti yath± maggena ghaµeti, eva½ ussukk±petu½.
308. Aññ±ºupekkh±ti aññ±ºasahit± upekkh± asamapekkhanapavatt±. Tena tena maggodhin± tassa tassa ap±yagaman²yakilesodhissa anavasesato jitatt± kh²º±savo nippariy±yato odhijino n±ma; tadabh±vato puthujjano nippariy±yatova anodhijino n±ma; sekho pana siy± pariy±yato odhijinoti. Tampi nivattento, “akh²º±savass±ti attho”ti ±ha. ¾yati½ vip±ka½ jinitv±ti appavattikaraºavasena sabbaso ±yati½ vip±ka½ jinitv± µhitatt± kh²º±savova nippariy±yato vip±kajino n±ma; tadabh±vato puthujjano nippariy±yato avip±kajino n±ma; sekho pana siy± pariy±yato vip±kajinoti. Tampi nivattento “akh²º±savassev±ti attho”ti ±ha. Apassantassa r³panti p±¼ito pada½ ±netv± sambandhitabba½. P±¼iya½ pubbe “puthujjanass±”ti vatv± puna “assutavato puthujjanass±”ti vacana½ andhaputhujjanass±ya½ upekkh±, na kaly±ºaputhujjanass±ti dassanattha½. Gehassit± upekkh± hi ya½ kiñci ±rammaºavatthu½ apekkhasseva, na nirapekkhass±ti iµµhe, iµµhamajjhatte v± ±rammaºe siy±ti vutta½ “iµµh±rammaºe ±p±thagate”ti. Aññ±ºena pana tattha ajjhupekkhan±k±rappatti hoti. Ten±ha “gu¼apiº¹ake”ti-±di.
Iµµhe arajjantassa aniµµhe adussantass±ti ida½ yebhuyyena satt±na½ iµµhe rajjana½, aniµµhe dussananti katv± vutta½. Ayoniyomanasik±ro hi ta½ta½±rammaºavasena na katthacipi javananiyama½ karot²ti vuttavipar²tepi ±rammaºe rajjanadussana½ sambhavati, tath±pissa rajjanadussana½ atthato paµikkhittamev±ti daµµhabba½. Asamapekkhaneti asama½ ayuttadassane ayoniso sammohapubbaka½ ±rammaºassa gahaºe.
309. Pavattanavasen±ti upp±danavasena ceva bahul²karaºavasena ca. Niss±ya ceva ±gamma ti ±gamanaµµh±nabh³te nissayapaccayabh³te ca katv±. Atikkant±ni n±ma honti vikkhambhanena uss±rent± samuss±rent±.
Somanassabh±vas±mañña½ gahetv±, “sarikkhakeneva sarikkhaka½ jah±petv±”ti vutta½. Idh±pi pah±yaka½ n±ma pah±tabbato balavameva, sa½kilesadhamm±na½ balavabh±vato s±tisaya½ pana balavabh±va½ sandh±ya “id±ni balavat±”ti-±di vutta½. Balavabh±vato vod±nadhamm±na½ adhigamassa adhippetatt± hettha nekkhammassitadomanass±nampi pah±na½ jotita½.
Upekkh±ya pah±yakabh±vena adhippetatt± “upekkh±kath± veditabb±”ti vutta½. Jh±nassa al±bhino ca l±bhino ca pakiººakasaªkh±rasammasana½ sandh±ya, “suddhasaªkh±re ca p±dake katv±”ti. Upekkh±sahagat±ti bh±van±ya paguºabh±va½ ±gamma kad±ci ajjhupekkhanavasenapi hi sammasana½ hot²ti. P±dakajjh±navasena, sammasitadhammavasena v± ±gamanavipassan±ya bahula½ somanassasahagatabh±vato “vuµµh±nag±min² pana vipassan± somanassasahagat±v±”ti niyametv± vutta½. Upekkh±sahagat± hot²ti etth±pi eseva nayo. Catutthajjh±n±d²n²ti ±di-saddena ar³pajjh±n±ni saªgaºh±ti. Purimasadis±v±ti purimasadis± eva, upekkh±sahagat± v± hoti somanassasahagat± v±ti attho. Ida½ sandh±y±ti ya½ catutthajjh±n±dip±dakato eva upekkh±sahagata½ vuµµh±nag±minivipassana½ niss±ya somanassasahagat±ya vipassan±ya pah±na½, ida½ sandh±ya. Pah±nanti cettha samatikkamalakkhaºa½ veditabba½.
Eta½ visesa½ vipassan±ya ±vajjanaµµh±nabh³ta½. Vuµµh±nag±miniy± ±sanne sam±pannajjh±navipassan± p±dakajjh±navipassan±, sammasitadhammoti vipassan±ya ±rammaºabh³t± khandh±. Puggalajjh±sayoti p±dakajjh±nassa sammasitajjh±nassa ca bhede sati paµipajjanakassa puggalassa, “aho vata mayha½ pañcaªgika½ jh±na½ bhaveyya caturaªgikan”ti-±din± pubbe pavatta-ajjh±sayo. Tesampi v±deti ettha paµhamatherav±de. Ayameva…pe… niyameti tato tato dutiy±dip±dakajjh±nato uppannassa saªkh±rupekkh±ñ±ºassa p±dakajjh±n±tikkant±na½ aªg±na½ asam±pajjituk±mat± vir±gabh±van±bh±vato itarassa ca atabbh±vato. Eteneva hi paµhamatherav±de ap±dakapaµhamajjh±nap±dakamagg± paµhamajjh±nik±va honti, itare ca dutiyajjh±nik±dimagg± p±dakajjh±navipassan±niyamehi ta½ta½jh±nik±va. Eva½ sesav±desupi vipassan±niyamo yath±sambhava½ yojetabbo. Ten±ha– “tesampi v±de ayameva pubbabh±ge vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±va niyamet²”ti. Vutt±va, tasm± na idha vattabb±ti adhipp±yo.
310. N±natt±di k±m±vacar±dikusal±divibh±gato n±n±vidh±. Ten±ha “anekappak±r±”ti. N±nattasit±ti r³pasadd±din±n±rammaºanissay±. Ekatt± ekasabh±v± j±tibh³mi-±divibh±g±bh±vato. Ek±rammaºanissit±ti ekappak±reneva ±rammaºe pavatt±. Heµµh± aññ±ºupekkh± vutt± “b±lassa mu¼hass±”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.308). Upari cha¼aªgupekkh± vakkhati “upekkhako viharat²”ti-±din± (ma. ni. 3.311). Dve upekkh± gahit± dvinnampi ekatt±, ekajjha½ gahetabbato, n±nattasit±ya upekkh±ya pak±sitabh±vato ca.
Aññ±ºupekkh± aññ± sadd±d²su tattha tattheva vijjam±natt±. R³pes³ti ca imin± na kevala½ r³p±yatanavises± eva gahit±, atha kho kasiºar³p±nip²ti ±ha– “r³pe upekkh±bh±vañca aññ±”ti-±di. Ekattasitabh±vopi idha ekattavisayasampayogavaseneva icchito, na ±rammaºavasena c±ti dassetu½, “yasm± pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tenev±ha “tatth±”ti-±di. Sampayuttavasen±ti sampayogavasena. ¾k±s±nañc±yatana½ nissayat²ti ±k±s±nañc±yatananissit±, ±k±s±nañc±yatanakhandhanissit±. Ses±sup²ti viññ±ºañc±yatananissit±d²supi.
Ar³p±vacaravipassanupekkh±y±ti ar³p±vacaradhamm±rammaº±ya vipassanupekkh±ya. R³p±vacaravipassanupekkhanti etth±pi eseva nayo. T±ya k±mar³p±r³pabhed±ya taºh±ya nibbatt±ti tammay±, tebh³makadhamm±, tesa½ bh±vo tammayat±, taºh± yassa guºassa vasena atthe saddaniveso, tadabhidh±nakoti ±ha– “tammayat± n±ma taºh±”ti Atammayat± tammayat±ya paµipakkhoti katv±. Vipassanupekkhanti, “yadatthi ya½ bh³ta½, ta½ pajahati upekkha½ paµilabhat²”ti (d². ni. 3.71; a. ni. 7.55) evam±gata½ saªkh±ravicinane majjhattabh³ta½ upekkha½.
311. Yadariyoti ettha da-k±ro padasandhikaro, upayogaputhuvacane ca ya-saddoti dassento, “ye satipaµµh±ne ariyo”ti ±ha. K±ma½ “ariyo”ti pada½ sabbesampi paµividdhasacc±na½ s±dh±raºa½, vakkham±nassa pana visesassa buddh±veºikatt±, “ariyo samm±sambuddho”ti vutta½. Na hi paccekabuddh±d²na½ ayam±nubh±vo atthi. T²su µh±nes³ti na suss³sant²ti v±, ekacce na suss³santi ekacce suss³sant²ti v±, suss³sant²ti v±, paµipann±paµipann±na½ s±vak±na½ paµipattisaªkh±tesu t²su satipaµµh±nesu. Sati½ paµµhapentoti paµigh±nunayehi anavassutatt± tadubhayanivattatt± sabbad± sati½ upaµµhapento. Buddh±nameva s± nicca½ upaµµhitasatit±, na itaresa½ ±veºikadhammabh±vato. ¾darena sotumicch± idha suss³s±ti tadabh±va½ dassento, “saddahitv± sotu½ na icchant²”ti ±ha. Na aññ±ti “na aññ±y±”ti vattabbe yak±ralopena niddesoti ±ha “na j±nanatth±y±”ti. Satthu ov±dassa an±diyanameva vokkamananti ±ha– “atikkamitv±…pe… maññant²”ti.
Gehassitadomanassavasen±ti ida½ idha paµikkhipitabbamattadassanapada½ daµµhabba½. Nekkhammassitadomanassassapi satthu pasaªgavasena “na ceva attamano hot²”ti attamanapaµikkhepena anattamanat± vutt± viya hot²ti ta½ paµisedhento– “appat²to hot²ti na evamattho daµµhabbo”ti. Tassa setugh±to hi tath±gat±na½. Yadi eva½ kasm± attamanat±paµikkhepoti ±ha– “appaµipannakesu pana anattamanat±k±raºassa abh±veneta½ vuttan”ti. Paµigha-avassaven±ti chahi dv±rehi paµighavissandanena, paµighappavattiy±ti attho. Uppil±vitoti na evamattho daµµhabbo uppil±vitattassa bodhim³le eva pah²natt±. Paµipannakes³ti ida½ adhik±ravasena vutta½, appaµipannakesupi tath±gatassa anattamanat±k±raºa½ nattheva. Eta½ vuttanti eta½ “attamano ceva hot²”ti-±divacana½ vutta½ s±vak±na½ samm±paµipattiy± satthu anavajj±ya citt±r±dhan±ya sambhavato.
312. Damitoti nibbisevanabh±v±p±danena sikkh±pito. Iriy±pathaparivattanavasena aparivattitv± ekadis±ya eva sattadis±vidh±vanassa idh±dhippetatt± s±rit±na½ hatthidamm±d²na½ ekadis±dh±vanampi anivattanavaseneva yuttanti ±ha– “anivattitv± dh±vanto eka½yeva disa½ dh±vat²”ti. K±yena anivattitv±v±ti k±yena aparivattitv± eva. Vimokkhavasena aµµha dis± vidh±vati, na puratthim±didis±vasena. Ekappah±renev±ti ekan²h±reneva, ekasmi½yeva v± divase ekabh±gena. “Pah±ro”ti hi divasassa tatiyo bh±go vuccati. Vidh±vanañcettha jh±nasam±pajjanavasena akalaªkamappatis±ta½ javanacittapavattanti ±ha “sam±pajjatiyev±”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Sa¼±yatanavibhaªgasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.