6. Mah±kammavibhaªgasuttavaººan±

298. Kammassa moghabh±vo n±ma phalena tucchat± phal±bh±voti ±ha– “moghanti tuccha½ aphalan”ti. Tatha½ bh³tanti saccasaddassa attham±ha. Paribb±jako pana “saccan”ti imin± tameva saphalanti vadati. Saphalañhi kamma½ satthu abhimatamanokammanti adhipp±yo. Idañca “mogha½ k±yakamman”ti-±divacana½. Ta½ gahetv±ti parampar±ya gahetv±. Es±ti potaliputto paribb±jako. Abhisaññ±nirodhakatha½ sandh±ya vadati. S±pi hi titthiy±na½ antare p±kaµ± j±t±ti. Theroti samiddhitthero. Yath± bhagavat± vutta½, tato ca aññath±va dos±ropanabhayena gahetv± tato bhagavanta½ thero rakkhat²ti adhipp±yena paribb±jako, “parirakkhitabba½ maññissat²”ti avoc±ti ±ha– “parirakkhitabbanti garahato mocanena rakkhitabban”ti. Sañcetan± assa atth²ti sañcetanika½. Kammanti sañcetanikassapi kammassa attano samaye icchitatt± paribb±jakena vutta½.
Saªkhatasaªkh±rat±ya r³pameva “tilamattampi saªkh±ran”ti vutta½. Ten±ha– “ma½sacakkhun±va passat²”ti. Sam±gamadassana½ sandh±y±ti katthacipi tassa dassana½ sandh±ya, na pariññ±dassana½. Ten±ha bhagav±– “kuto panevar³pa½ kath±sall±pan”ti.
299. Vaµµadukkhanti sa½s±radukkha½. Kilesadukkhanti kilesasambhavar±gapari¼±hadukkha½. Saªkh±radukkhanti yadanicca½, ta½ dukkhanti eva½ vuttadukkha½. Sace bh±sita½ bhaveyy±ti ima½ ²disa½ dukkha½ sandh±ya ±yasmat± samiddhin± bh±sita½ siy± nu bhagav±, avibhajitv± by±karaºa½ yuttamev±ti adhipp±yo.
300. Ummaªganti ummujjana½, kath±mu¼hena antar± aññ±ºavisayapañh± ummaªga½. Ten±ha– “pañh±-ummaªgan”ti neva dibbacakkhun±ti kasm± vutta½. Na hi ta½ ayoniso ummujjana½ dibbacakkhuvisayanti? K±mañceta½ na dibbacakkhuvisaya½, dibbacakkhuparibhaº¹añ±visaya½ pana siy±ti tath± vutta½. Adhipp±yenev±ti ud±yittherassa adhipp±yeneva gayham±nena ta½ ayoniyo ummujjana½ aññ±si. Sannis²ditu½ pubbe nisinn±k±rena sannis²ditu½ na sakkoti. Samiddhittherena anabhisaªkhatasseva atthassa kathitatt±, “ya½ abh³ta½, tadeva kathessat²”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “ayoniso ummujjissat²”ti. Tisso vedan± pucchit±, “ki½ so vediyat²”ti avibh±gena vediyam±nassa j±titatt±. Sukh±ya vedan±ya hitanti sukhavedaniya½. Ten±ha “sukhavedan±ya paccayabh³tan”ti. Seses³ti, “dukkhavedaniyan”ti-±d²su.
Heµµh± tikajjh±nacetan±ti ettha, “kusalato”ti adhik±rato r³p±vacarakusalato heµµh± tikajjh±nacetan±ti attho. Etth±ti etesu k±m±vacarar³p±vacarasukhavedaniyakammesu. Adukkhamasukhamp²ti pi-saddena iµµh±rammaºe sukhamp²ti imamattha½ sampiº¹eti.
Yadi k±yadv±re pavattato aññattha adukkhamasukha½ janeti, atha kasm±, “dukkhasseva jananato”ti vuttanti ±ha– “s± pana vedan±”ti-±di.
Catutthajjh±nacetan±ti ettha ar³p±vacarakusalacetan±tipi vattabba½. Yath± hi “k±yena v±c±ya manas±”ti ettha yath±l±bhaggahaºavasena manas± sukhavedaniya½ adukkhamasukhavedaniyanti ayamattho ar³p±vacarakusalepi labbhat²ti sukhampi janeti ukkaµµhassa ñ±ºasampayuttakusalassa so¼asavip±kacittanibbattanato, ayañca nayo heµµh±, “adukkhamasukhamp²”ti etth±pi vattabbo. Pubbe pariy±yato dukkhavedan± vutt±, suttantasa½vaººan± hes±ti id±ni nippariy±yato puna dassetu½, “apic±”ti-±di vutta½. Tena ettha dukkhavedaniya½ pavattivaseneva vaµµat²ti. Etass±ti dukkhavedaniyassa pavattivaseneva yujjam±natt± etassa vasena sabba½ sukhavedaniya½ adukkhamasukhavedaniyañca pavattivaseneva vattu½ vaµµati.
¾layoti abhiruci. Mah±kammavibhaªgañ±ºanti mahati kammavibhajane ñ±ºa½, mahanta½ v± kammavibhajanañ±ºa½. Bh±jana½ n±ma niddeso, aya½ pana uddesoti katv± ±ha– “katame catt±ro…pe… m±tik±µµhapanan”ti.
301. P±µiyekko anusandhi yath±-uddiµµhassa mah±kammavibhaªgañ±ºassa abh±janabh±vato, pucch±nusandhi-ajjh±say±nusandh²su ca anantogadhatt±. Ten±ha “ida½ h²”ti-±di. Ida½ ±rammaºa½ katv±ti idha, “p±º±tip±ti½ adinn±d±yin”ti-±din± puggal±dhiµµh±nena vutta½ kammavibhaªga½ ±rabbha. Ima½ paccaya½ labhitv±ti tasseva vevacana½. Ida½ dassana½ gaºhant²ti ida½, “atthi kira, bho, p±pak±ni kamm±ni, natthi kira, bho, p±pak±ni kamm±n²”ti ca ±d²ni hatthidassaka-andh±viya diµµhamatte eva µhatv± acittakadassanañca gaºhanti. V²riya½ kiles±na½ ±t±panavasena ±tappa½, tadeva padahavasena padh±na½, punappuna½ yuñjanavasena anuyogo, tath± bh±van±ya nappamajjati eten±ti appam±do, samm± yoniso manasi karoti eten±ti samm±manasik±roti vuccat²ti adhipp±yena, “pañcapi v²riyasseva n±m±n²”ti ±ha. Appam±do v± satiy± avippav±so. Yasmi½ manasik±re sati tassa dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ ijjhati, ayamettha samm±manasik±roti ettha attho daµµhabbo. Cetosam±dhinti dibbacakkhuñ±ºasahagata½ cittasam±dhi½. Ten±ha “dibbacakkhusam±dhin”ti. Aññath±ti akusalakammakaraºato aññath±, ta½ pana kusalakammakaraºa½ hot²ti ±ha– “ye dassanna½ kusal±na½ kammapath±na½ p³ritatt±”ti diµµhith±men±ti diµµhivasena diµµhibalena. Diµµhipar±m±sen±ti diµµhivasena dhammasabh±va½ atikkamitv± par±m±sena. Adhiµµhahitv±ti, “idameva sacca½, moghamaññan”ti adhiµµh±ya abhinivisitv±. ¾diyitv±ti da¼hagg±ha½ gahetv±. Voharat²ti attano gahitaggahaºa½ paresa½ d²pento voharati.
302. Tatr±nand±ti ettha iti-saddo ±di-attho. Idamp²ti ida½ vacana½. “Tatr±nand±”ti evam±divacanamp²ti attho. Na mah±kammavibhaªgañ±ºassa bh±jana½ tassa aniddesabh±vato. Ass±ti mah±kammavibhaªgañ±ºassa m±tik±µµhapanameva dibbacakkhuk±na½ samaºabr±hmaº±na½ vasena anuññ±tabbassa ca dassanavasena uddesabh±vato. Ten±ha “ettha pan±”ti-±di. Tattha ettha pan±ti “tatr±nand±”ti-±dip±µhe. Etesa½ dibbacakkhuk±nanti etesa½ heµµh± cat³supi v±resu ±gat±na½ dibbacakkhuk±na½. Ettak±ti ekacciy± saccagir±. Anuññ±t±ti anuj±nit±. Ananuññ±t±ti paµikkhepit±. Idha ananuññ±tamukhena d²pita½ ananuññ±tabh±vamatta½. Tatr±nand±ti-±dike tatr±ti niddh±raºe bhummanti dassento, “tesu cat³su samaºabr±hmaºes³”ti ±ha. Ida½ vacana½ “atthi kira, bho…pe… vip±ko”ti ida½ eva½ vutta½. Ass±ti tath±v±dino samaºabr±hmaºassa. Aññen±k±ren±ti “yo kira, bho”ti-±din± vuttak±raºato aññena k±raºena. Dv²su µh±nes³ti “atthi kira, bho…pe… vip±ko”ti ca, “ap±ya½…pe… niraya½ upapannan”ti ca imesu dv²su p±µhapadesesu. Anuññ±t± tadatthassa atthibh±vato. T²su µh±nes³ti “yo kira, bho…pe… niraya½ upapajjati”, “yampi so…pe… te sañj±nanti”, “yampi so yadeva…pe… moghamaññan”ti imesu t²su p±µhapadesesu. Ananuññ±t± tadatthass±nekantikatt± micch±bhinivesato ca. Ten±ha bhagav±– “aññath± hi, ±nanda, tath±gatassa mah±kammavibhaªgañ±ºan”ti. Yath± te appah²navipall±s± padesañ±ºasamaºabr±hmaº± kammavibhaªga½ sañj±nanti, tato aññath±va sabbaso pah²navipall±sassa tath± ±gaman±di-atthena tath±gatassa samm±sambuddhassa mah±kammavibhaªgañ±ºa½ hot²ti attho.
303. Imin± dibbacakkhukena ya½ kamma½ karonto diµµho, tato pubbeti yojan±. Tatoti tato kariyam±nakammato pubbe. Khandoti kum±ro. Sivoti issaro. Pit±mahoti brahm±. Issar±d²h²ti issarabrahmapaj±pati-±d²hi. Visaµµhoti nimmito. Micch±dassanen±ti micch±dassanavasena. Yanti ya½ kamma½. Tatth±ti tesu p±º±tip±t±divasena pavattakammesu. Diµµheva dhammeti tasmi½yeva attabh±ve vip±ka½ paµisa½vedet²ti yojan±. Upapajjitv±ti dutiyabhave nibbattitv±. Aparasmi½ pariy±yeti aññasmi½ yattha katthaci bhave.
Eka½ kammar±sinti p±º±tip±t±dibhedena eka½ kammasamud±ya½. Eka½ vip±kar±sinti tasseva aªgena eka½ vip±kasamud±ya½. Imin±ti yath±vuttena dibbacakkhukena samaºena br±hmaºena v± adiµµh±. Tayoti “pubbe v±ssa ta½ kata½ hot²”ti-±din± vutt± tayo. Dve vip±kar±s²ti diµµhadhammavedaniyo apar±pariy±yavedaniyoti dve vip±kar±s². Upapajjavedaniya½ pana tena diµµha½, tasm± “dve”ti vutta½. Diµµho eko, adiµµh± tayoti diµµhe ca adiµµhe ca catt±ro kammar±s², tath± diµµho eko, adiµµh± dveti tayo vip±kar±s². Im±ni satta µh±n±n²ti yath±vutt±ni satta ñ±ºassa pavattanaµµh±n±ni. “Imassa n±ma kammassa ida½ phala½ nibbattan”ti kammassa, phalassa v± adiµµhatt±, “dutiyav±re dibbacakkhukena kiñci na diµµhan”ti vutta½. Paµhama½ vuttanayena tayo kammar±s² veditabb±, idha dibbacakkhukena diµµhassa abh±vato, “paccattaµµh±n±n²”ti vutta½.
Bhavati va¹¹hati eten±ti bhabba½, va¹¹hinimitta½. Na bhabba½ abhabbanti ±ha “bh³tavirahitan”ti. Attano phale bh±sana½ dibbana½ ±bh±sananti ±ha– “±bh±sati abhibhavati paµib±hat²”ti. Balavakammanti mah±s±vajja½ kamma½ garusam±sevit±dibheda½. ¾sanneti maraºe, abhiºha½ upaµµh±nena v± tassa maraºacittassa ±sanne. Balavakammanti garusam±sevitat±divasena balava½ kusalakamma½. Dubbalakammass±ti attano dubbalassa. ¾sanne kusala½ katanti idh±pi ±sannat± pubbe vuttanayeneva veditabb±.
Upaµµh±n±k±ren±ti maraºassa ±sannak±le kammassa upaµµh±n±k±rena. Tass±ti tassa puggalassa. Nibbattik±raºabh³ta½ hutv± upaµµh±ti akusalanti yojan±. Titthiy± kammantaravip±kantaresu akusalat±ya ya½ kiñci kamma½ yassa kassaci vip±kassa k±raºa½ katv± gaºhanti hatthidassaka-andh±dayo viya diµµhamatt±bhinivesinoti, “aññatitthiy±…pe… upaµµh±t²”ti vutta½. Itarasminti bhabbañceva bhabb±bh±sañca, bhabba½ abhabb±bh±santi imasmi½ dvaye Eseva nayo paµhamadutiyapuggalavasena purim±na½ dvinna½ kamm±na½ yojan±nayo vutto upaµµh±n±k±ravasena. Ayameva tatiyacatutthapuggalavasena pacchim±na½ dvinna½ kamm±na½ yojan±nayo. Tatiyassa hi kammassa kusalatt± tassa ca sagge nibbattatt± tattha k±raºabh³ta½ kusala½ hutv± upaµµh±ti; tath± catutthassapi kammassa kusalatt±, tassa pana niraye nibbattatt± tattha nibbattik±raºabh³ta½ aññatitthiy±na½ akusala½ hutv± upaµµh±t²ti. Ya½ panettha atthato avibhatta½, ta½ suviññeyyameva.

Mah±kammavibhaªgasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.