5. C³¼akammavibhaªgasuttavaººan±

289. Aªgasubhat±y±ti aªg±na½ hatthap±d±disar²r±vayav±na½ sundarabh±vena. Ya½ apacca½ kucchita½ muddha½ v±, tattha loke m±ºavavoh±ro, yebhuyyena satt± daharak±le suddhadh±tuk± hont²ti vutta½, “taruºak±le vohari½s³”ti. Adhipatitt±ti issarabh±vato.
Sam±h±ranti sannicaya½. Paº¹ito gharam±vaseti yasm± appatarepi byayam±ne bhog± kh²yanti, appatarepi sañcayam±ne va¹¹hanti, tasm± viññuj±tiko kiñci byaya½ akatv± ayameva upp±dento ghar±v±sa½ anutiµµheyy±ti lobh±desitamattha½ vadati.
Dhanalobhena…pe… nibbatto. Lobhavasikassa hi gati nirayo v± tiracch±nayoni v±. Vuttañheta½– “nimittass±dagathita½ v±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºa½ tiµµham±na½ tiµµhati anubyañjanass±dagathita½ v±. Tasmi½ samaye k±laªkareyya, dvinna½ gat²na½ aññatara½ gati½ vad±mi– niraya½ v± tiracch±nayoni½ v±”ti (sa½. ni. 4.235). Niraye nibbattissati katok±sassa kammassa paµib±hitu½ asakkuºeyyabh±vato.
Pattakkhandha-adhomukhabh±va½ sandh±ya “on±metv±”ti vutta½. Br±hmaºac±rittassa bh±vitata½ sandh±y±ha “brahmaloke nibbatto”ti. Ta½ pavatti½ pucch²ti sutameta½ may±, “mayha½ pit± sunakho hutv± nibbatto”ti, eta½ bhot± gotamena vuttanti. Kimida½ vuttanti ima½ pavatti½ pucchi.
Tatheva vatv±ti yath± sunakhassa vutta½, tatheva vatv±. Avisa½v±danatthanti, “todeyyabr±hmaºo sunakho j±to”ti attano vacanassa avisa½v±danattha½, visa½v±dan±bh±vadassanatthanti adhipp±yo. ѱtomhi imin±ti imin± mama puttena mayha½ purimaj±tiya½ pit±ti eva½ ñ±to amh²ti j±nitv±. Buddh±nubh±vena kira sunakho tath± dasseti, na j±tissarat±ya. Bhagavanta½ disv± bhukkaraºa½ pana purimaj±tisiddhav±san±ya. Bhavapaµicchannanti bhavantarabh±vena paµicchanna½. N±ma-saddo sambh±vane. Paµisandhi-antaranti aññaj±tipaµisandhiggahaºena heµµhimaj±ta½ gati½. Aªgavijj±p±µhako kiresa, tena app±yukad²gh±yukat±divasena cuddasa pañhe abhisaªkhari; eva½ kirassa ahosi, “imesa½ satt±na½ app±yukat±dayo vises± aªgapaccaªgavasena sallakkhiyanti. Na kho paneta½ yutta½ ‘aªgapaccaªg±ni y±va tesa½ tesa½ k±raºan’ti; tasm± bhavitabbamettha aññeneva k±raºena. Samaºo gotamo ta½ k±raºa½ vibhajitv± kathessati, ev±ya½ sabbaññ³ti nicchayo me apaººako bhavissat²”ti. Apare pana bhaºanti, “tiracch±nagata½ manussa½ v± ±visitv± icchitatthakas±vana½ n±ma mah±mantavijj±vasena hoti; tasm± na ett±vat± samaºassa gotamassa sabbaññut± sunicchit± hoti. Ya½ n³n±ha½ kammaphalamassa uddissa pañha½ puccheyya½, tattha ca me citta½ ±r±dhento pañha½ by±karissati. Ev±ya½ sabbaññ³ti vinicchayo me bhavissat²ti te pañhe pucchat²”ti.
Bhaº¹akanti s±pateyya½, santakanti attho. Kammun± d±tabba½ ±diyant²ti kammad±y±d±, attan± kat³pacitakammaphalabh±g²ti attho. Ta½ pana kammad±yajja½ k±raºopac±rena vadanto, “kamma½ etesa½ d±yajja½ bhaº¹akanti attho”ti ±ha– yath± “kusal±na½, bhikkhave, dhamm±na½ sam±d±nahetu evamida½ puñña½ pava¹¹hat²”ti (d². ni. 3.80). Yavati phala½ sabh±vato bhinnampi abhinna½ viya missita½ hoti, eten±ti yon²ti ±ha– “kamma½ etesa½ yoni k±raºan”ti. Mamattavasena bajjhati sa½bajjhat²ti bandhu, ñ±ti s±lohito ca. Kamma½ pana ekantasambandhamev±ti ±ha– “kamma½ etesa½ bandh³”ti. Patiµµh±ti avassayo. Kammasadiso hi satt±na½ avassayo natthi, añño koci issaro brahm± v± na karoti t±disa½ kattu½ sajjitu½ asamatthabh±vato. Ya½ panettha vattabba½, ta½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ vuttanayena veditabba½. Kammamev±ti kasm± avadh±rita½, nanu kiles±pi satt±na½ h²napaº²tabh±vak±raºa½, na kevalanti Saccameta½, kilesapayogena vip±kavaµµa½ nibbatta½ kammapavattitamev±ti katv± vutta½. “Kathitassa attha½ na sañj±n±s²”ti saªkhepato vatv± nanu bhagav± mah±k±ruºiko paresa½ ñ±panatthameva dhamma½ deset²ti ±ha– “m±nanissito kires±”ti-±di.
290. Samatten±ti pariyattena, yath± ta½ phala½ d±tu½ samattha½ hoti, eva½ katena, upaciten±ti attho. T±disa½ pana attano kicce an³na½ n±ma hot²ti ±ha “paripuººen±”ti. Sam±dinnen±ti ettha sam±d±na½ n±ma taºh±diµµh²hi gahaºa½ par±masananti ±ha– “gahitena par±maµµhen±”ti. Paµipajjati et±ya sugatiduggat²ti paµipad±, kamma½. Tath± hi ta½ “kammapatho”ti vuccati.
Es±ti paµipad±. Dubbala½ upagh±takameva siy±ti upap²¼akassa visaya½ dassetu½, “balavakammen±”ti-±di vutta½. Balavakammen±ti puññakammena. Vadati n±m±ti vadanto viya hoti Nibbatt±peyyanti kasm± vutta½, nanu upap²¼akasabh±va½ kamma½ janakasabh±va½ na hot²ti? Sabbameta½ parikappanavacana½, yath± manuss± paccatthika½ paµipakkha½ kiñci k±tu½ asamatth±pi keci ±lambanavasena samatth± viya att±na½ dassenti, eva½sampadamidanti keci. Apare pana bhaºanti– yassida½ kammassavip±ka½ p²¼eti, sace tasmi½ anok±se eva saya½ vipaccitu½ ok±sa½ labheyya, ap±yesu eva ta½samaªgipuggala½ nibbatt±peyya, yasm± ta½ kamma½ balava½ hutv± avasesapaccayasamav±yena vipaccitu½ ±raddha½, tasm± itara½ tassa vip±ka½ vib±dhenta½ upap²¼aka½ n±ma j±ta½. Etadatthameva cettha “balavakammena nibbattan”ti balavaggahaºa½ kata½. Kiccavasena hi nesa½ kamm±na½ et± samaññ±, yadida½ upap²¼aka½ upacchedaka½ janaka½ upatthambhakanti, na kusal±ni viya upatthambh±ni honti nibbattatth±ya. P²¼etv±ti viheµhetv± paµigh±µan±divasena ucchutelayant±dayo viya ucchutil±dike vib±dhetv±. Nirojanti nitteja½. Niy³santi nirasa½. Kasaµanti niss±ra½. Parissayanti upaddava½.
Id±ni parissayassa upanayan±k±ra½ dassentena tattha, “d±rakass±”ti-±di½ vatv± bhog±na½ vin±san±k±ra½ dassetu½, puna “d±rakass±”ti-±di vutta½. Kumbhadohan±ti kumbhap³rakh²r±. Gomaº¹aleti goy³the.
Aµµhusabhagamana½ katv±ti aµµha-usabhappam±ºa½ padesa½ paccatthika½ uddissa dhanuggaho anuy±yi½ katv±. Tanti sara½. Aññoti paccatthiko. Tattheva p±teyya acc±sanna½ katv± sarassa khittatt±. V±¼amacchodakanti makar±div±¼amacchavanta½ udaka½.
Paµisandhinibbattaka½ kamma½ janakakamma½ n±ma paripuººavip±kad±yibh±vato, na pavattivip±kamattanibbattaka½. Bhogasampad±d²ti ±di-saddena ±rogyasampad±di-pariv±rasampad±d²ni gaºh±ti. Na d²gh±yukat±d²ni hi app±yukat±sa½vattanikena kammun± nibbatt±ni; añña½ d²gh±yukat±karaºena upatthambhetu½ sakkoti; na atidubbaººa½ appesakkha½ n²cakul²na½ duppañña½ v± vaººavantat±divasena. Tath± hi vakkhati, “imasmi½ pana pañhavissajjane”ti-±di, ta½ pana nidassanavasena vuttanti daµµhabba½.
Purim±n²ti upap²¼akopacchedak±ni. Upap²¼akupagh±t± n±ma kusalavip±kapaµib±hak±ti adhipp±yena “dve akusal±nev±”ti vutta½. Upatthambhaka½ kusalamev±ti ettha yath± janaka½ ubhayasabh±va½, eva½ itaresampi ubhayasabh±vat±ya vuccam±n±ya na koci virodho. Devadatt±d²nañhi n±g±d²na½ ito anuppavacchit±na½ pet±d²nañca narak±d²su akusalakammavip±kassa upatthambhanupap²¼anupagh±tan±ni na na sambhavanti. Evañca katv± y± heµµh± bah³su ±nantariyesu ekena gahitapaµisandhikassa itaresa½ tassa anubalappad±yit± vutt±, s±pi samatthit± hoti. Yasmiñhi kamme kate janakanibbatta½ kusalaphala½ v± akusalaphala½ v± by±dhidh±tusamat±dinimitta½ vib±dh²yati, tamupatthambhaka½. Yasmi½ pana kate j±tisamatthassa paµisandhiya½ pavattiyañca vip±kakaµatt±r³p±na½ uppatti hoti, ta½ janaka½. Yasmi½ pana kate aññena janitassa iµµhassa v± aniµµhassa v± phalassa vib±dh±vicchedapaccay±nuppattiy± upabr³hanapaccayuppattiy± ca janakas±matthiy±nur³pa½ parivutticiratarapabandh± hoti, eta½ upatthambhaka½. Tath± yasmi½ kate janakanibbatta½ kusalaphala½ akusalaphala½ v± by±dhidh±tusamat±dinimitta½ vib±dh²yati, ta½ upap²¼aka½. Yasmi½ pana kate janakas±matthiyavasena ciratarapabandh±rahampi sam±na½ phala½ vicchedakapaccayuppattiy± vicchijjati, ta½ upagh±takanti ayamettha s±ro.
Tatth±ti tesu kammesu. Upacchedakakammen±ti ±yuno upagh±takakammena. Sv±yamupagh±takabh±vo dvidh± icchitabboti ta½ dassetu½ “p±º±tip±tin±”ti-±di vutta½. Na sakkoti p±º±tip±takammun± sant±nassa tath±bhisaªkhatatt±. Yasmiñhi sant±ne nibbatta½, tassa tena abhisaªkhatat± avassa½ icchitabb± tattheva tassa vip±kassa vinibandhanato. Etena kusalassa kammassa ±y³hanakkhaºeyeva p±º±tip±to t±disa½ s±matthiyupagh±ta½ karot²ti dasseti, tato kamma½ appaphala½ hoti. “D²gh±yuk±”ti-±din± upagh±tas±matthiyena khette uppannasassa½ viya upapattiniy±mak± dhamm±ti dasseti. Upapatti niyatavisese vipaccitu½ ok±se karonte eva kusalakamme ±ka¹¹hiyam±napaµisandhika½ p±º±tip±takamma½ app±yukatth±ya niyamet²ti ±ha– “paµisandhimeva v± niy±metv± app±yuka½ karot²”ti. P±º±tip±tacetan±ya accantakaµukavip±katt± sanniµµh±nacetan±ya niraye nibbattati tass± atthassa kh²º±bh±vato; itare pana na tath± bh±riy±ti ±ha– “pubb±…pe… hot²”ti. Idha pana ya½ heµµh± vuttasadisa½, ta½ vuttanayena veditabba½.
Manuss±manussaparissay±ti m±nusak± am±nusak± ca upaddav±. Puratoti pubbadv±rato. Pacchatoti pacchimavatthuto. Pavaµµam±n±ti parijanassa, devat±na½ v± desena pavaµµam±n±. Pareh²ti pur±tanehi parehi. Sammukh²bh±vanti s±mibh±vavasena paccakkhatta½. ¾haritv± denti iº±yik±. Kammant±ti vaºijj±dikamm±ni. Ap±º±tip±takammanti p±º±tip±tassa paµipakkhabh³ta½ kamma½; p±º±tip±t± virativasena pavattitakammanti attho. D²gh±yukasa½vattanika½ hoti vip±kassa kammasarikkhabh±vato Imin± nayen±ti imin± app±yukad²gh±yukasa½vattanikesu kammesu yath±vuttena ta½ sa½vattanikavibh±vananayena.
Viheµhanakamm±d²nip²ti pi-saddena kodha-iss±manakamaccherathaddha-aviddasubh±vavasena pavattitakamm±ni saªgaºh±ti. Tathev±ti yath± p±º±tip±takamma½ atthato eva½ vadati n±m±ti vutta½, tatheva vadam±n±ni viya. “Ya½ yadev±tipatthenti, sabbametena labbhat²”ti (khu. p±. 8.10) vacanato yath± sabbakusala½ sabb±sa½ sampatt²na½ upanissayo, eva½ sabba½ akusala½ sabb±sa½ vipatt²na½ upanissayoti, “upap²¼anena nibbhogata½ ±p±detv±”ti-±di vutta½ Tath± hi p±º±tip±takammavasenapi aya½ nayo dassito. Aviheµhan±d²n²ti ettha ±di-saddena akkodhana-aniss±mana-d±na-anatim±na-viddasubh±vena pavattakamm±ni saªgaºh±ti.
293. Iss± mano etass±ti iss±manakoti ±ha “iss±sampayuttacitto”ti. Upakkosantoti akkosavatth³hi akkosanto. Issa½ bandhat²ti issa½ anubandhati iss±sahitameva citta½ anupavatteti. Appesakkhoti app±nubh±vo appaññ±to. Ten±ha “na paññ±yat²”ti. S± panassa app±nubh±vat± pariv±r±bh±vena p±kaµ± hot²ti ±ha “appapariv±ro”ti.
294. Macchariyavasena na d±t± hot²ti sabbaso deyyadhammassa abh±vena na d±t± na hoti. Amacchar² hi puggalo sati deyyadhamme yath±raha½ detiyeva.
295. Abhiv±detabba½ khettavasena matthakappatta½ dassetu½, “buddha½ v±”ti-±di vutta½. Aññepi m±tupitujeµµhabh±tar±dayo abhiv±dan±di-arah± santi, tesu thaddh±divasena karaºa½ n²cakulasa½vattanikameva. Na hi pavatte sakk± k±tunti sambandho. Tena pavattivip±kad±yino kammassa visayo esoti dasseti. Ten±ha “paµisandhimeva pan±”ti-±di.
296. Aparipucchanen±ti aparipucch±mattena niraye na nibbattati; aparipucch±hetu pana kattabb±karaº±d²hi siy± nirayanibbatt²ti p±¼iya½, “na paripucchit± hot²”ti-±di vuttanti dassento, “aparipucchako pan±”ti-±dim±ha. Yath±nusandhi½ p±pes²ti desana½ yath±nusandhiniµµh±na½ p±pesi. Sesa½ vuttanayatt± suviññeyyameva.

C³¼akammavibhaªgasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.