Gahapatiratanavaººan±

Pakatiy±v±ti sabh±veneva, cakkaratanap±tubh±vato pubbepi.

Pariº±yakaratanavaººan±

Niss±y±ti upaniss±ya.
260. Kaµaggaho vuccati jayaggaho sak±na½ paº±na½ kaµabh±vena atthasiddhivasena saªgaºhananti katv±. Ten±ha “jayagg±hen±”ti. Ekappah±renev±ti ekappayogeneva satasahass±ni adhigaccheyy±ti yojan±. Sesa½ vuttanayatt± suviññeyyameva.

B±lapaº¹itasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.

10. Devad³tasuttavaººan±

261. Dve ag±r±ti-±d²ti ±di-saddena “sadv±r±…pe… anuvicarantep²”ti etamattha½ saªgaºh±ti. Ettakameva hi assapurasutte (ma. ni. 1.432; ma. ni. aµµha. 1.432) vitth±rita½ veditabba½. “Dibbena cakkhun±”ti-±di pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.397) tath± vitth±ritampi suttasa½vaººan± hot²ti katv±, “assapurasutte vitth±ritamev±”ti vutta½.
262. Nirayato paµµh±ya desana½ devalokena os±pet²ti sa½kilesadhammehi sa½vejetv± vod±nadhammehi niµµh±pento. Dutiya½ pana vuttavipariy±yena veditabba½, tadida½ veneyyajjh±sayavisiµµhanti daµµhabba½. Id±ni saªkhipitv± vuttamattha½ vivaritu½, “sace”ti-±di vutta½. Soti bhagav±.
Ekacce ther±ti (kath±. anuµ². 866-868; a. ni. µ². 2.3.36) andhak±dike, viññ±ºav±dino ca sandh±ya vadati. Nerayike niraye p±lenti tato niggantumappad±navasena rakkhant²ti nirayap±l±. Nerayik±na½ narakadukkhena pariyonaddh±ya ala½ samatth±ti v± nirayap±l±. Tanti “natthi nirayap±l±”tivacana½. Paµisedhitamev±ti “atthi niraye nirayap±l±, atthi ca k±raºik±”ti-±din± nayena abhidhamme (kath±. 866) paµisedhitameva. Yadi nirayap±l± n±ma na siyu½, kammak±raº±pi na bhaveyya. Sati hi k±raºike kammak±raº±ya bhavitabbanti adhipp±yo. Ten±ha “yath± h²”ti-±di. Etth±ha– “ki½ panete nirayap±l± nerayik±, ud±hu anerayik±”ti. Kiñcettha– yadi t±va nerayik±, ime nirayasa½vattaniyena kammun± nibbatt±ti sayampi nirayadukkha½ anubhaveyyu½, tath± sati aññesa½ nerayik±na½ y±tan±ya asamatth± siyu½, “ime nerayik±, ime nirayap±l±”ti vavatth±nañca na siy±, ye ca ye y±tenti, tehi sam±nar³pabalappam±ºehi itaresa½ bhayasant±s± na siyu½. Atha anerayik±, nesa½ tattha katha½ sambhavoti vuccate– anerayik± nirayap±l± anirayagatisa½vattaniyakammanibbattito. Niray³papattisa½vattaniyakammato hi aññeneva kammun± te nibbattanti rakkhasaj±tikatt±. Tath± hi vadanti sabbatthiv±dino–
“Kodhan± kur³rakammant±, p±p±bhirucino sad±;
dukkhitesu ca nandanti, j±yanti yamarakkhas±”ti. (Kath±. anuµ². 866-868; a. ni. µ². 2.3.36).
Tattha yadeke vadanti “y±tan±dukkha½ paµisa½vedeyyu½, atha v± aññamañña½ y±teyyun”ti-±di, tayida½ as±ra½ nirayap±l±na½ nerayikabh±vasseva abh±vato. Yadipi anerayik± nirayap±l±, ayomay±ya pana ±ditt±ya sampajjalit±ya sajotibh³t±ya nirayabh³miy± parikkamam±n± katha½ d±hadukkha½ n±nubhavant²ti? Kamm±nubh±vato. Yath± hi iddhimanto cetovasippatt± mah±moggall±n±dayo nerayike anukampant± iddhibalena nirayabh³mi½ upagat± d±hadukkhena na b±dh²yanti, eva½sampadamida½ daµµhabba½.
Iddhivisayassa acinteyyabh±vatoti ce? Idampi ta½sam±na½ kammavip±kassa acinteyyabh±vato. Tath±r³pena hi kammun± te nibbatt±. Yath± nirayadukkhena ab±dhit± eva hutv± nerayike y±tenti, na cettakena b±hiravisay±bh±vo yujjati iµµh±niµµhat±ya pacceka½ dv±rapurisesu vibhattasabh±vatt±. Tath± hi ekaccassa dv±rassa purisassa ca iµµha½ ekaccassa aniµµha½, ekaccassa ca aniµµha½ ekaccassa iµµha½ hoti. Evañca katv± yadeke vadanti– “natthi kammavasena tejas± par³pat±panan”ti-±di, tadap±hata½ hoti. Ya½ pana vadanti– “anerayik±na½ nesa½ katha½ tattha sambhavo”ti niraye nerayik±na½ y±tan±sabbh±vato. Nerayikasattay±tan±yogyañhi attabh±va½ nibbattenta½ kamma½ t±disanikantivin±mita½ nirayaµµh±neyeva nibbatteti. Te ca nerayikehi adhikatarabal±rohapariº±h± ativiya bhay±nakadassan± kur³ratarapayog± ca honti. Eteneva tattha nerayik±na½ vib±dhakak±kasunakh±d²nampi nibbatti sa½vaººit±ti daµµhabba½.
Katha½ aññagatikehi aññagatikab±dhananti ca na vattabba½ aññatth±pi tath± dassanato. Ya½ paneke vadanti– “asattasabh±v± eva nirayap±l± nirayasunakh±dayo c±”ti tampi tesa½ matimatta½ aññattha tath± adassanato. Na hi k±ci atthi t±dis² dhammappavatti, y± asattasabh±v±, sampatisattehi appayojit± ca sattakicca½ s±dhent² diµµhapubb±. Pet±na½ p±n²yaniv±rak±na½ daº¹±dihatthapuris±nampi sabbh±ve, asattabh±ve ca visesak±raºa½ natthi. Supinopagh±topi atthi, kiccasamatthat± pana appam±ºa½ dassan±dimattenapi tadatthasiddhito. Tath± hi supine ±h±r³pabhog±din± na atthasiddhi, iddhinimm±nar³pa½ panettha laddhaparih±ra½ iddhivisayassa acinteyyabh±vato. Idh±pi kammavip±kassa acinteyyabh±vatoti ce? Ta½ na, asiddhatt±. Nerayik±na½ kammavip±kato nirayap±l±ti asiddhameta½, vuttanayena pana p±¼ito ca tesa½ sattabh±vo eva siddhoti. Sakk± hi vattu½, “sattasaªkh±t± nirayap±lasaññit± dhammappavatti s±bhisandhikapar³pagh±t² atthi kiccasabbh±vato oj±h±r±dirakkhasasantati viy±”ti. Abhisandhipubbakat± cettha na sakk± paµikkhipitu½ tath± tath± abhisandhiy± y±tanato, tato eva na saªgh±tapabbat±d²hi anekantikat±. Ye pana vadanti– “bh³tavises± eva ete vaººasaºµh±n±divisesavanto bherav±k±r± ‘narakap±l±’ti samañña½ labhant²”ti. Tadasiddha½ ujukameva p±¼iya½,– “atthi nirayesu nirayap±l±”ti (kath±. 866) v±dassa patiµµh±pitatt±.
Apica yath± ariyavinaye narakap±l±na½ bh³tamattat± asiddh±, tath± paññattimattav±dinopi tesa½ bh³tamattat± asiddh±va sabbaso r³padhamm±na½ atthi bh±vasseva appaµij±nanato. Na hi tassa bh³t±ni n±ma paramatthato santi. Yadi paramattha½ gahetv± voharati, atha kasm± cakkhur³p±d²ni paµikkhipat²ti? Tiµµhates± anavaµµhitatakk±na½ appah²nasammohavipall±s±na½ v±dav²ma½s±, eva½, “attheva niraye nirayap±l±”ti niµµhamettha gantabba½. Sati ca nesa½ sabbh±ve, asatipi b±hire visaye narake viya des±diniyamo hot²ti v±do na sijjhati, sati eva pana b±hire visaye des±diniyamoti daµµhabba½.
Devad³tasar±panavasena satte yath³pacite puññakamme yameti niyamet²ti yamo, tassa yamassa vem±nikapet±na½ r±jabh±vato rañño. Ten±ha– “yamar±j± n±ma vem±nikapetar±j±”ti. Kammavip±kanti akusalakammavip±ka½. Vem±nikapet±ti kaºhasukkavasena missakakamma½ katv± vinip±tikadevat± viya sukkena kammun± paµisandhi½ gaºhanti. Tath± hi te maggaphalabh±ginopi honti, pavattiya½ pana kamm±nur³pa½ kad±ci puññaphala½, kad±ci apuññaphala½ paccanubhavanti. Yesa½ pana ariyamaggo uppajjati, tesa½ magg±dhigamato paµµh±ya puññaphalameva uppajjat²ti daµµhabba½. Apuññaphala½ pubbe viya kaµuka½ na hoti. Manussattabh±ve µhit±na½ mudukameva hot²ti apare. Dhammiko r±j±ti ettha tassa dhammikabh±vo dhammadevaputtassa viya uppattiniyamitadhammavaseneva veditabbo. Dv±res³ti av²cimah±narakassa cat³su dv±resu.
J±tidhammoti kammakilesavasena j±tipakatiko. Ten±ha “j±tisabh±vo”ti. Sabh±vo ca n±ma tejodh±tuy± uºhat± viya na kad±cipi vigacchat²ti ±ha “aparimutto j±tiy±”ti-±di.
263. Id±ni j±tiy± devad³tabh±va½ niddh±retv± dassetu½, “daharakum±ro”ti-±di vutta½. Atthato eva½ vadati n±m±ti v±c±ya avadantopi atth±pattito eva½ vadanto viya hoti viññ³nanti attho. Eva½ tumh±kampi j±ti ±gamissat²ti eva½ sa½kiliµµhajeguccha-asamatthadahar±vatth± j±ti tumh±ka½ ±gamissati. K±mañc±ya½ ±gat± eva, s± pana at²t±n±gat±ya uparipi ±gaman±ya payogo icchitabbo, an±gat±ya na icchitabboti ±ha “j±ti ±gamissat²”ti. Tenev±ha– “iti tass±…pe… karoth±”ti. Ten±ti tena k±raºena viññ³na½ vedavatthubh±ven±ti attho.
Ðrubalanti ³rubal². Tena d³repi gaman±gamanalaªghan±disamatthata½ dasseti, b±hubalanti pana imin± hatthehi k±tabbakiccasamatthata½, javaggahaºena vegassa pavattisamatthata½. Antarahit± naµµh±. Sesa½ paµhamadevad³te vuttanayameva.
Vividha½ dukkha½ ±dahat²ti by±dhi, visesena v± ±dh²yati eten±ti by±dhi, tena by±dhin±. Abhihatoti b±dhito, upaddutoti attho.
265. K±raº± n±ma “hatthacched±dibhed± adhikap²¼± kar²yati et±y±”ti katv± y±tan±, s± eva k±raºikehi k±tabbaµµhena kammanti kammak±raº± y±tan±kammanti attho.
266. Bahu½ p±pa½ katanti bahuso p±pa½ kata½. Tena p±passa bahul²karaºam±ha. Bah³ti v± mahanta½. Mahatthopi hi bahusaddo dissati, “bahu vata kata½ ass±”ti-±d²su, garukanti vutta½ hoti. Soti garuka½ bahula½ v± p±pa½ katv± µhito niraye nibbattatiyeva, na yamapurisehi yamassa santika½ n²yati. Parittanti pam±ºaparittat±ya k±laparittat±ya ca paritta½, purimasmi½ pakkhe agarunti attho, dutiyasmi½ abahulanti. Yath±vuttamattha½ upam±ya vibh±vetu½, “yath± h²”ti-±di vutta½. Kattabbamev±ti daº¹ameva. Anuvijjitv± v²ma½sitv±. Vinicchayaµµh±nanti aµµakaraºaµµh±na½. Parittap±pakamm±ti dubbalap±pakamm±. Te hi p±pakammassa dubbalabh±vato kat³pacitassa ca ok±s±rahakusalakammassa balavabh±vato attano dhammat±yapi saranti.
¾k±sacetiyanti girisikhare vivaµaªgaºe katacetiya½. Aggij±lasaddanti “paµapaµ±”ti pavattam±na½ aggij±l±ya sadda½ sutv±, “may± tad± ±k±sacetiye p³jitarattapaµ± viy±”ti attano p³jitapaµa½ anussari. Pañcahipi na sarat²ti balavat± p±pakammena by±mohito pañca saññ±º±ni na gaºh±ti. Tuºh² hoti kamm±raho ayanti tattha pat²k±ra½ apassanto.
267. Av²cimah±nirayo ubbedhenapi yojanasatamev±ti vadanti. Navanavayojanik± hoti puthulato. Mah±nirayassa mahantatt± tath±pi bhittisata½ yojanasahassa½ hot²ti ussadassa sabbassa parikkhepato “dasayojanasahassa½ hot²”ti vutta½.
268. Jh±yat²ti paµip±katika½ hoti. T±disamev±ti purimasadisatt± “ubbhata½ sadisameva hot²”ti eva½ vutta½. Bahusampattoti v± bahuµµh±na½ atikkamitv± puratthimadv±ra½ sampatto hoti.
Channa½ j±l±nanti cat³hi dis±hi heµµh± upari ca ubbhat±na½ channa½ j±l±na½. Satt±na½ nirantarat± nirayasa½vattaniyakammakat±nañca bahubh±vato j±l±na½ t±va satt±nañca nirantaratt± av²ci hotu; dukkhassa pana katha½ nirantarat±ti ta½ dassento, “k±yadv±re…pe… eka½ dukkhasahagatan”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ±vajjana½ sampaµicchana½ sant²raºa½ voµµhabbana½ dve tad±rammaºacitt±n²ti cha upekkh±sahagat±ni. Eva½ santep²ti yadipi tattha upekkh±sahagatacitt±nipi pavattanti upekkh±vedan±pi laddh±vasar±; dukkhavedan± pana balavatar± nisitanisitena tikhiºena satthena nirantara½ sar²ra½ chindant² viya dukkha½ upanent² viya t± vedan± abhibhavant² ajjhottharant² uppajjant² nirantar± viya hoti. Ten±ha “anudahanabalavat±y±”ti-±di. Upekkh±vedan±ti v± tattha ativiya aniµµhaphalat±ya aniµµh±rammaº± upekkh±vedan± dukkh±ti vuccati, yath± iµµhaphalabahut±ya iµµh±rammaº± jh±n±dipariy±panne ca sugatibhave ca upekkh±vedan± sukh±ti vuccati, eva½ dukkhassa nirantarat±ya av²c²ti veditabba½.
269. Eko p±do mah±niraye hoti, eko g³thaniraye nipatati, kammavegukkhitto antar± padam±vahati ses±rambhat±ya. Hatthig²vappam±º± pariº±hena. Ekadoºikan±v±ppam±º± ±y±mena.
Pokkharapatt±n²ti khuradh±r±sadis±ni tikhiºagg±ni ayos³lamay±neva padumapatt±ni. Heµµh± khuradh±r±ti heµµh±bh³miya½ nikkhitt±, vettalat±yo ca tikhiºadh±rakaºµak± ayomay± eva. Ten±ha– “so tattha dukkh±”ti-±di. Kusatiº±n²ti kusatiºaj±tit±ya tath± vutt±ni. Kharav±lik±ti khar± tikhiºakoµik± siªgh±µakasaºµh±n± v±lik±.
270. Dante samphuset²ti heµµhimadante yath± kiñci mukhe pakkhipitu½ na sakk±, eva½ suphusite karoti. Tambalohap±nato paµµh±y±ti vuttak±raºato paµilomatopi eva½ kammak±raº±na½ k±raºam±ha. Dutiyen±ti kuµh±r²hi tacchanena. Tatiyen±ti v±s²hi tacchanena. Avijahitameva sa½vegahetut±ya lokassa mahato atthassa sa½vattanato.
271. H²nak±ya½ h²na½ v± attabh±va½ upagat±. Up±d±neti catubbidhepi up±d±ne. Ta½ atthato taºh±diµµhigg±hoti ±ha “taºh±diµµhigahaºe”ti. Sambhavati jar±maraºa½ eten±ti sambhavo, up±d±nanti ±ha– “j±tiy± maraºassa ca k±raºabh³te”ti. Anup±d±ti anup±d±ya. Ten±ha “anup±diyitv±”ti.
Sabbadukkh±tikkant± n±m±ti sakalampi vaµµadukkha½ atikkant± eva honti carimacittanirodhena vaµµadukkhalesassapi asambhavato.

Devad³tasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.

Niµµhit± ca suññatavaggavaººan±.