8. Upakkilesasuttavaººan±

236. Tasm±ti atthak±matt± evam±ha, na bhagavato vacana½ an±diyanto. Ye pana tad± satthuvacana½ na gaºhi½su, te kiñci avatv± tuºh²bh³t± maªkubh³t± aµµha½su, tasm± ubhayesampi satthari ag±ravapaµipatti n±hosi.
Yenapi janena na diµµhoti yena ubhayajanena aññavihitat±ya ku¹¹akav±µ±di-antarikat±ya v± na diµµho. Damanatthanti tehi up±sakehi nimmadabh±va½ ±p±dit±na½ tesa½ bhikkh³na½ damanattha½. Ýhapayi½s³ti yo imesa½ bhikkh³na½ deti, tassa sata½ daº¹oti, sahassanti ca vadanti.
237. Vaggabh±veneva (s±rattha. µ². mah±vaggo 3.464) n±n±saddo ass±ti puthusaddo. Samajanoti bhaº¹ane samajjh±sayo jano. B±lalakkhaºe µhitopi “aha½ b±lo”ti na maññati. Bhiyyo c±ti attano b±labh±vassa aj±nanatopi bhiyyo ca bhaº¹anassa upari phoµo viya saªghabhedassa attano k±raºabh±vampi uppajjam±na½ na maññi naññ±si.
Kalahavasena pavattav±c±yeva gocaro etesanti v±c±gocar± hutv±. Mukh±y±manti viv±davasena mukha½ ±yametv± bh±ºino. Na ta½ j±nant²ti ta½ kalaha½ na j±nanti. Kalaha½ karonto ca ta½ na j±nanto n±ma natthi. Yath± pana na j±nanti, ta½ dassetu½ ±ha– “eva½ s±d²navo ayan”ti. Aya½ kalaho n±ma attano paresañca atthaj±panato anatthupp±danato diµµheva dhamme sampar±ye ca s±d²navo, sadosoti attho.
Upanayhant²ti upan±havasena anubandhanti. Por±ºoti purimehi buddh±d²hi ±ciººasam±ciººat±ya pur±tano.
Na j±nant²ti aniccasañña½ na paccupaµµh±penti.
Tath± pavattaver±nanti aµµhichinn±dibh±va½ niss±ya upanayavasena cirak±la½ pavattaver±na½.
B±lasah±yat±ya ime bhikkh³ kalahapasut±, paº¹itasah±y±na½ pana ida½ na siy±ti paº¹itasah±yassa b±lasah±yassa ca vaºº±vaººad²panattha½ vutt±. S²habyaggh±dike p±kaµaparissaye r±gados±dike paµicchannaparissaye ca abhibhavitv±.
M±taªgo araññe m±taªgaraññeti saralopena sandhi. M±taªgasaddeneva hatthibh±vassa vuttatt± n±gavacana½ tassa mahattavibh±vanatthanti ±ha– “n±goti mahant±dhivacanametan”ti. Mahantapariy±yopi hi n±ga-saddo hoti “eva½ n±gassa n±gena, ²s±dantassa hatthino”ti-±d²su (ud±. 25; mah±va. 467).
238. Kirasaddo anussavas³canattho nip±to. Tena ayamettha sutiparampar±ti dasseti. Bhagavat± hi so ±d²navo pageva pariññ±to, na tena satth± nibbiººo hoti; tasmi½ pana antovasse keci buddhaveneyy± n±hesu½; tena aññattha gamana½ tesa½ bhikkh³na½ damanup±yoti p±lileyyaka½ uddissa gacchanto ekavih±ri½ ±yasmanta½ bhagu½, samaggav±sa½ vasante ca anuruddhatther±dike sampaha½setu½ anuruddhattherassa ca. Ima½ upakkilesov±da½ d±tu½ tattha gato, tasm± kalahak±rake kirass±ti etth±pi kirasaddaggahaºe eseva nayo. Vuttanayameva gosiªgas±lasutte (ma. ni. 1.325 ±dayo).
241. “Yath± katha½ pan±”ti vuttapucch±na½ pacchimabh±vato “atthi pana voti pacchimapucch±y±”ti vutta½, na puna “atthi pana vo”ti pavattanassa pucchanassa atthibh±vato. So pana lokuttaradhammo. Ther±nanti anuruddhatther±d²na½ natthi. Parikammobh±sa½ pucchat²ti dibbacakkhuñ±ºe kat±dhik±ratt± tassa upp±danattha½ parikammobh±sa½ pucchati. Parikammobh±santi parikammasam±dhinibbatta½ obh±sa½, upac±rajjh±nasañjanita½ obh±santi attho. Catutthajjh±nal±bh² hi dibbacakkhuparikammattha½ obh±sakasiºa½ bh±vetv± upac±re µhapito sam±dhi parikammasam±dhi, tattha obh±so parikammobh±soti vutto. Ta½ sandh±y±ha– “obh±sañceva sañj±n±m±ti parikammobh±sa½ sañj±n±m±”ti. Yattake hi µh±ne dibbacakkhun± r³pagata½ daµµhuk±mo, tattaka½ µh±na½ obh±sakasiºa½ pharitv± µhito. Ta½ obh±sa½ tattha ca r³pagata½ dibbacakkhuñ±ºena passati, ther± ca tath± paµipajji½su. Tena vutta½– “obh±sañceva sañj±n±ma dassanañca r³p±nan”ti. Yasm± pana tesa½ r³pagata½ passant±na½ parikammav±ro atikkami, tato obh±so antaradh±yi, tasmi½ antarahite r³pagatampi na paññ±yati. Parikammanti hi yath±vuttakasiº±rammaºa½ upac±rajjh±na½, r³pagata½ passant±na½ kasiºobh±savasena r³pagatadassana½, kasiºobh±so ca parikammavasen±ti tadubhayampi parikammassa appavattiy± n±hosi, tayida½ k±raºa½ ±dikammikabh±vato ther± na maññi½su, tasm± vutta½ “nappaµivijjh±m±”ti.
Nimitta½ paµivijjhitabbanti k±raºa½ paccakkhato dassetv± suvisuddhadibbacakkhuñ±ºe thera½ patiµµh±petuk±mo satth± vadati. Ki½ na ±¼ulessant²ti ki½ na by±mohessanti, by±mohessanti ev±ti attho. Vicikicch± udap±d²ti dibbacakkhuno yath±-upaµµhitesu r³pagatesu apubbat±ya, “ida½ nu kho r³pagata½ ki½, ida½ nu kho kin”ti maggena asamucchinnatt± vicikicch± sa½sayo uppajji. Sam±dhi cav²ti vicikicch±ya uppannatt± parikammasam±dhi vigacchi. Tato eva hi parikammobh±sopi antaradh±yi, dibbacakkhun±pi r³pa½ na passi. Na manasi kariss±m²ti manasik±ravasena me r³p±ni upaµµhahi½su, r³p±ni passato vicikicch± uppajjati, tasm± id±ni kiñci na manasi kariss±m²ti tuºh² ahosi ta½ pana tuºh²bh±vappatti½ sandh±y±ha “amanasik±ro udap±d²”ti.
Tath±bh³tassa amanasik±rassa abh±va½ ±gamma uppila½ udap±di. V²riya½ g±¼ha½ paggahitanti thinamiddhachambhitatt±na½ v³pasamanattha½ acc±raddhav²riya½ ahosi, tena citte sam±dhid³sik± gehassit± balavap²ti uppann±. Ten±ha “uppila½ uppannan”ti. Tatoti sithilav²riyatt±. Patameyy±ti ativiya khinna½ bhaveyya. Ta½ mam±ti patthan±-abhibhavan²yamanas²sena jappet²ti abhijapp±, taºh±. N±natt± n±n±sabh±v± saññ± n±nattasaññ±. Ativiya upari katv± nijjh±na½ pekkhana½ atinijjh±yitatta½.
243. Parikammobh±samev±ti parikammasamuµµhita½ obh±sameva. Na ca r³p±ni pass±m²ti obh±samanasik±rapasutat±ya dibbacakkhun± r³p±ni na pass±mi. Visayar³pamev±ti tena pharitv± µhitaµµh±neva dibbacakkhuno visayabh³ta½ r³pagatameva manasi karomi.
Kasiºar³p±na½ vasenettha obh±sassa parittat±ti ±ha “parittaµµh±ne obh±san”ti. Paritt±ni r³p±n²ti katipay±ni, s± ca nesa½ parittat± µh±navasenev±ti ±ha “parittakaµµh±ne r³p±n²”ti. “Appam±ºañcev±”ti-±din± vutto dutiyav±ro. Obh±saparittata½ sandh±ya parikammasam±dhi “paritto”ti vutto tasseva obh±sassa appam±ºat±ya appam±ºasam±dh²ti vacanato. Tasmi½ samayeti tasmi½ parittasam±dhino uppannasamaye. Dibbacakkhupi parittaka½ hoti parittar³pagatadassanato.
245. Dukatikajjh±nasam±dhinti catukkanaye dukajjh±nasam±dhi½, pañcakanaye tikajjh±nasam±dhinti yojan±. Dukajjh±nasam±dhinti catukkanaye tatiyacatutthavasena dukajjh±nasam±dhi½, pañcakanaye catutthapañcamavasena dukajjh±nasam±dhi½. Tikacatukkajjh±nasam±dhinti catukkanaye tikajjh±nasam±dhi½, pañcakanaye catukkajjh±nasam±dhinti yojan±.
Tividhanti sapp²tikavasena tippak±ra½ sam±dhi½. Tadantogadh±ti sapp²tik±disabh±v±. K±ma½ bhagav± purimay±me pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±ºa½, pacchimay±me dibbacakkhuñ±ºa½ nibbattentopi im±ni ñ±º±ni bh±vesiyeva. Vipassan±p±dak±ni pana ñ±º±ni sandh±ya, “pacchimay±me”ti vutta½, ten±ha “bhagavato h²”ti-±di. Pañcamajjh±nass±ti pañcamajjh±nikassa vasena paµhamajjh±niko maggo natthi. Soti pañcakanayo bhagavato lokiyo ahosi. Etanti eta½, “savitakkampi savic±ra½ sam±dhi½ bh±vem²”ti-±divacana½. Lokiyalokuttaramissaka½ sandh±ya vutta½, na “lokiya½ v± lokuttarameva v±”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyamev±ti.

Upakkilesasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.