2. Mah±suññatasuttavaººan±

185. Chavivaººena so k±¼o, na n±mena. Pal±lasanth±roti ±d²n²ti ±di-saddena kocchacimilik±kaµas±r±d²na½ gahaºa½. Gaºabhikkh³nanti gaºabandhanavasena bhikkh³na½.
Yadi sa½sayo n±ma natthi, “sambahul± nu kho”ti ida½ kathanti ±ha “vitakkapubbabh±g±”ti-±di. Tattha vitakko pubbabh±go etiss±ti vitakkapubbabh±g±, pucch±. S± “sambahul± no ettha bhikkh³viharant²”ti vacana½, vitakko pana “sambahul± nu kho idha bhikkh³ viharant²”ti imin± ±k±rena tad± bhagavato uppanno cittasaªkappo, tassa parivitakkassa tabbh±vajotanoya½ nu-k±ro vuttoti dassento ±ha– “vitakkapubbabh±ge c±ya½ nu-k±ro nip±tamatto”ti. Kiñc±pi gacchanto disv±, “sambahul± no ettha bhikkh³ viharant²”ti pucch±vasena bhagavat± vutto, atha kho “na kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu sobhati saªgaºik±r±mo”ti-±di (ma. ni. 3.185) uparidesan±vasena matthaka½ gacchante avinicchito n±ma na hoti, atha kho visu½ vinicchito eva hoti, disv± nicchinitv±va kath±samuµµh±panattha½ tath± pucchati. Tath± hi vutta½– “j±nant±pi tath±gat± pucchant²”ti (p±r±. 16). Ten±ha “ito kir±”ti-±di.
Yath± nad²-otiººa½ udaka½ yath±ninna½ pakkhandati, eva½ satt± dh±tuso sa½sandanti, tasm± “gaºav±so nad²-otiººa-udakasadiso”ti vutta½. Id±ni tamattha½ vitth±rato dassetu½– “nirayatiracch±nayon²”ti-±di vutta½. Kuruvind±dinh±n²yacuºº±ni saºhasukhumabh±vato n±¼iya½ pakkhitt±ni nirantar±neva tiµµhant²ti ±ha– “cuººabharit± n±¼i viy±”ti. Sattapaºº±sa kulasatasahass±n²ti sattasatasahass±dhik±ni paññ±sa kul±na½yeva satasahass±ni, manuss±na½ pana vasena satta koµiyo tad± tattha vasi½su.
Tato cintesi, katha½? K±mañc±ya½ lokapakati, mayha½ pana s±sane ayuttova soti ±ha– “may±”ti-±di. Dhammanti sabh±vasiddha½. Sa½vegoti sahottappañ±ºa½ vuccati. Na kho paneta½ sakk± gil±nupaµµh±na-ov±d±nus±sani-±divasena sam±gamassa icchitabbatt±. Gaºabhedananti gaºasaªgaºik±ya vivecana½.
186. Kataparibhaº¹anti pubbe katasa½vidh±nassa c²varassa vutt±k±rena paµisaªkharaºa½. Noti amh±ka½. Anattamanoti an±r±dhitacitto.
Sakagaºena sahabh±vato saªgaºik±ti ±ha “sakaparisasamodh±nan”ti. Gaºoti pana idha janasam³hoti vutta½ “n±n±janasamodh±nan”ti. Sobhati yath±nusiµµha½ paµipajjam±nato. K±mato nikkhamat²ti nikkhamo, eva½ nikkhamavasena uppanna½ sukha½. Gaºasaªgaºik±kilesasaªgaºik±hi pavivitti paviveko. Pavivekavasena uppanna½ sukha½. R±g±d²na½ upasam±vaha½ sukha½ upasamasukha½. Maggasambodh±vaha½ sukha½ sambodhisukha½. Nik±metabbassa, nik±ma½ v± l±bh² nik±mal±bh². Nidukkha½ sukheneva labhat²ti adukkhal±bh². Kasira½ vuccati appakanti ±ha– “akasiral±bh²ti vipulal±bh²”ti.
S±m±yikanti samaye kilesavimuccana½ accantamev±ti s±m±yika½ ma-k±re a-k±rassa d²gha½ katv±. Ten±ha– “appitappitasamaye kilesehi vimuttan”ti. Kantanti aªgasantat±ya ±rammaºasantat±ya ca kaman²ya½ manoramma½. As±m±yika½ accantavimutta½.
Ett±vat±ti-±din± saªgaºik±r±massa vises±dhigamassa antar±yikabh±va½ anvayato byatirekato ca saha nidassanena dasseti. Tattha s± duvidh± antar±yikat± vod±nadhamm±na½ anuppattihetuk±, sa½kilesadhamm±na½ uppattihetuk± ca.
Te paµhama½ “saªgaºik±r±mo”ti-±din± vibh±vetv± itara½ vibh±vetu½, “id±ni dosuppatti½ dassento”ti-±di vutta½. “Aµµhiñca paµicca nh±ruñca paµicca cammañca paµicca ma½sañca paµicca ±k±so pariv±rito r³pantveva saªkha½ gacchat²”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.306) viya idha r³pasaddo karajak±yapariy±yoti “r³panti sar²ran”ti ±ha. “N±ha½, ±nanda…pe… domanassup±y±s±”ti kasm± vutta½? Nanu k±ye ca j²vite ca anapekkhacitt±na½ ±raddhavipassak±nampi asapp±yavajjanasapp±yasevanavasena k±yassa pariharaºa½ hot²ti? Sacca½, ta½ pana yo kallasar²ra½ niss±ya dhammas±dhan±ya anuyuñjituk±mo hoti, tasseva dhammas±dhanat±vasena. Dhammas±dhanabh±vañhi apekkhitv± asapp±ya½ vajjetv± sapp±yavasena posetv± suµµhutara½ hutv± anuyuñjanato k±yassa pariharaºa½, na so k±ye abhirato n±ma hoti paccavekkhaº±yattatt± apekkh±ya vinoditabbo t±disoti. Up±ligahapatinoti etth±pi “dasabalas±vakattupagamanasaªkh±ten±”ti ±netv± yojetabba½.
187. Mah±karuº±vasena parivut±ya paris±ya majjhe nisinnopi ekantavivekajjh±sayatt± ekakova. Etena satthuno pavivittassa pavivekattena vivittata½ dasseti. R³p±r³papaµibh±ganimittehi nivattanattha½ “r³p±d²na½ saªkhatanimitt±nan”ti vutta½. Ativiya santatarapaº²tatamabh±vena visesato sinoti bandhat²ti visayo, so eva sasantatipariy±pannat±ya ajjhatta½. Ki½ pana tanti ±ha– “suññatanti suññataphalasam±pattin”ti. Upadhivivekat±ya asaªkhat± dh±tu idha vivekoti adhippetoti ±ha– “vivekaninnen±”ti-±di. Bhaªgamattampi asesetv± ±savaµµh±niy±nañca dhamm±na½ tattha vigatatt± tesa½ vasena vigatantena, eva½bh³ta½ tesa½ byantibh±va½ pattanti p±¼iya½ “byantibh³ten±”ti vutta½. Uyyojana½ vissajjana½, ta½ etassa atthi, uyyojeti vissajjet²ti v± uyyojanika½. Yasm± na sabbakath± uyyojanavaseneva pavattati, tasm± vutta½ “uyyojanikapaµisa½yuttan”ti.
Telap±ka½ gaºhanto viy±ti yath± telap±ko n±ma paricchinnak±lo na atikkamitabbo, eva½ attano sam±pattik±la½ anatikkamitv±. Yath± hi kusalo vejjo tela½ pacanto ta½ ta½ telakicca½ cintetv± yadi v± patthinnap±ko, yadi v± majjhimap±ko, yadi v± kharap±ko icchitabbo, tassa k±la½ upadh±retv± pacati, eva½ bhagav± dhamma½ desento veneyy±na½ ñ±ºaparip±ka½ upadh±retv± ta½ ta½ k±la½ anatikkamitv± dhamma½ desetv± parisa½ uyyojento ca vivekaninneneva cittena uyyojeti. Dve pañcaviññ±º±nipi tadabhin²hatamanoviññ±ºavasena nibb±naninn±neva. Buddh±nañhi saªkh±r±na½ suµµhu pariññ±tat±ya paº²t±nampi r³p±d²na½ ±p±thagamane pageva itaresa½ paµik³lat±va sup±kaµ± hutv± upaµµh±ti, tasm± ghamm±bhitattassa viya s²tajalaµµh±naninnat± nibb±naninnameva citta½ hoti, tassa ativiya santapaº²tabh±vato.
188. Ajjhattamev±ti idha jh±n±rammaºa½ adhippetanti ±ha “gocarajjhattamev±”ti. Idha niyakajjhatta½ suññata½. Apaguºap±dakajjh±nañhi ettha “niyakajjhattan”ti adhippeta½ vipassan±visesassa adhippetatt±, niyakajjhatta½ nijj²vanissattata½, anattatanti attho. Asampajjanabh±vaj±nanen±ti id±ni me kammaµµh±na½ v²thipaµipanna½ na hoti, uppathameva pavattat²ti j±nanena.
Kasm± panettha bhagavat± vipassan±ya eva p±dake jh±ne avatv± p±dakajjh±na½ gahitanti ±ha– “appaguºap±dakajjh±nato”ti-±di. Na pakkhandati samm± na sam±hitatt±. So pana “ajjhattadhamm± mayha½ nijjaµ± nigumb± hutv± na upaµµhahanti, hand±ha½ bahiddh±dhamme manasi kareyya½ ekaccesu saªkh±resu upaµµhitesu itarepi upaµµhaheyyumev±”ti parassa…pe… manasi karoti. P±dakajjh±navasena viya sammasitajjh±navasenapi ubhatobh±gavimutto hotiyev±ti ±ha– “ar³pasam±pattiya½ nu kho kathanti ±neñja½ manasi karot²”ti. Na me citta½ pakkhandat²ti mayha½ vipassan±citta½ v²thipaµipanna½ hutv± na vahat²ti. P±dakajjh±namev±ti vipassan±ya p±dakabh³tameva jh±na½. Punappuna½ manasi k±tabbanti punappuna½ sam±pajjitabba½ vipassan±ya tikkhavisadat±p±dan±ya. Avahante nipuº±bh±vena chedanakiriy±ya appavattante. Sam±pajjitv± vipassan±ya tikkhakammakaraºa½ samathavipassan±vih±ren±ti ±ha– “kammaµµh±ne manasik±ro vahat²”ti.
189. Sampajjati meti v²thipaµipattiy± pubben±para½ vises±bh±vato sampajjati me kammaµµh±nanti j±nanena. Iriy±patha½ ah±petv±ti yath± parissamo n±gacchati, eva½ attano bal±nur³pa½ tassa k±la½ netv± pam±ºameva pavattanena iriy±patha½ ahopetv±. Sabbav±res³ti µh±nanisajj±sayanav±resu. Kath±v±resu pana visesa½ tattha tattha vadanti. Ida½ vuttanti ida½, “imin± vih±ren±”ti-±divacana½ vutta½.
190. K±mavitakk±dayo o¼±rikak±mar±gaby±p±dasabh±g±ti ±ha– “vitakkapah±nena dve magge kathetv±”ti. K±maguºes³ti niddh±raºe bhumma½. Kismiñcideva kilesuppattik±raºeti tassa puggalassa kilesuppattik±raºa½ sandh±ya vutta½, aññath± sabbepi pañca k±maguº± kilesuppattik±raºameva. Samud±carat²ti samud±c±roti ±ha “samud±caraºato”ti. So pana yasm± cittassa, na sattassa, tasm± vutta½ p±¼iya½ “cetaso”ti. Ma-k±ro padasandhikaro e-k±rassa ca ak±ro katoti ±ha “eva½ sante etanti.
191. Anusayoti m±n±nusayo bhavar±g±nusayo avijj±nusayoti tividhopi anusayo pah²yati arahattamaggena. Vuttanayenev±ti, “tato magg±nantara½ phala½, phalato vuµµh±ya paccavekkham±no pah²nabh±va½ j±n±ti, tassa j±nanena sampaj±no hot²”ti vuttanayena.
Kusalato ±y±t²ti ±yato, so etesanti kusal±yatik±. Ten±ha “kusalato ±gat±”ti. Ta½ pana nesa½ kusal±yatikatta½ upanissayavasena hoti sahaj±tavasenap²ti tadubhaya½ dassetu½, “seyyathidan”ti-±di vutta½.
Yasm± pana yath±vuttadhammesu keci lokiy±, keci lokuttar±; atha kasm± visesena “lokuttar±”ti vuttanti ±ha– “loke uttar± visiµµh±”ti. Tena lokiyadhammesu uttamabh±vena jh±n±dayo lokuttar± vutt±, na lokassa uttaraºatoti dasseti. Ya½ kiñci mahaggatacitta½ m±rassa avisayo ak±m±vacaratt±, pageva ta½ vipassan±ya p±dakabh³ta½ suvikkh±litamalanti ±ha– “j±nitu½ na sakkot²”ti. Eko ±nisa½so atthi bh±van±nuyogassa sapp±yadhammakath±paµil±bho.
192. Etadatthanti kevalassa sutassa atth±ya. Sapp±y±sapp±yavasen±ti kasm± vutta½? Nanu sapp±yavasena dasakath±vatth³ni ±gat±n²ti? Saccameta½, asapp±yakath±vajjanapubbik±ya sapp±ya kath±ya vasena ±gatatt± “sapp±y±sapp±yavasena ±gat±n²”ti vutta½. Sutapariyattivasen±ti sar³pena tattha an±gat±nipi dasakath±vatth³ni suttageyy±di-antogadhatt±, “sutapariyattivasena ±gat±n²”ti vutta½. Parip³raºavasena sar³pato ±gatatt± imasmi½ µh±ne µhatv± kathetabb±ni. Atthoti s±maññattho.
193. Anu-±vattant²ti anu-anu abhimukh± hutv± vattanti, payirup±san±divasena anuk³layanti. Mucchanataºhanti paccayesu mucchan±k±ra½. Taºh±ya patthan± n±ma ten±k±rena pavatt²ti ±ha– “pattheti pavattet²”ti. Kiles³paddaven±ti kilesasaªkh±tena upaddavena. Kiles± hi satt±na½ mah±natthakaraºato “upaddavo”ti vuccanti. Attano abbhantare uppannena kiles³paddavena antev±sino, upaddavo antev±s³paddavo, brahmacariyassa upaddavo brahmac±rupaddavoti imamattha½ “sesupaddavesupi eseva nayo”ti imin± atidisati. Guºamaraºa½ kathita½, na j²vitamaraºa½.
Appal±bh±ti appamattakal±bh² vises±na½. Eva½ vuttoti yath±vuttabrahmac±rupaddavo dukkhavip±kataro ceva kaµukavip±kataro c±ti eva½ vutto. ¾cariyantev±sik³paddavo hi b±hirakasamayavasena vutto, brahmac±rupaddavo pana s±sanavasena. Durakkh±te hi dhammavinaye duppaµipatti na mah±s±vajj± micch±bhinivesassa sithilav±y±mabh±vato; sv±khy±te pana dhammavinaye duppaµipatti mah±s±vajj± mahato atthassa b±hirabh±vakaraºato. Ten±ha “s±sane pan±”ti-±di.
196. Tasm±ti ida½ pubbapar±pekkha½ purimassa ca atthassa k±raºabh±vena pacc±masananti ±ha “yasm±”ti-±di. Mitta½ etassa atth²ti mittav±, tassa bh±vo mittavat±, t±ya. Mittavasena paµipajjananti ±ha “mittapaµipattiy±”ti. Sapattavat±y±ti etth±pi eseva nayo.
Dukkaµadubbh±sitamattamp²ti imin± pageva itara½ v²tikkamantoti dasseti. S±vakesu hitaparakkamana½ ov±d±nus±san²hi paµipajjananti ±ha– “tath± na paµipajjiss±m²”ti. ¾makamattanti kul±labh±jana½ vuccati. N±ha½ tumhesu tath± paµipajjiss±m²ti kumbhak±ro viya ±makabh±janesu aha½ tumhesu kevala½ j±n±pento na paµipajjiss±mi. Niggaºhitv±ti n²haritv±. Lokiyaguº±pi idha s±rotveva adhippet± lokuttaraguº±na½ adhiµµh±nabh±vato. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Mah±suññatasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.