7. Mah±catt±r²sakasuttavaººan±

136. Dosehi ±rak±ti ariya½. Ten±ha “niddosan”ti. S± pana niddosat± lokuttarabh±vena savises±ti ±ha “lokuttaran”ti. Samm± sundaro pasattho niyy±niko sam±dhi samm±sam±dh²ti ±ha– “samm±sam±dhinti maggasam±dhin”ti. Upanis²dati ettha phala½ tappaµibaddhavuttit±y±ti upanisa½, k±raºanti ±ha– “sa-upanisanti sappaccayan”ti. Parikaroti pariv±ret²ti parikkh±roti ±ha– “saparikkh±ranti sapariv±ran”ti.
Pariv±rit±ti sahaj±t±dipaccayabh±vena pariv±rantehi viya upagat±. Purec±rik±ti vuµµh±nag±minibh±van± sahaj±t±dipaccayavasena paccayatt± purassar±. Ten±ha– “vipassan±samm±diµµhi c±”ti. Id±ni t±ni kiccato dassetu½, “vipassan±samm±diµµh²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha pariv²ma½saggahaºa½ tattha tattha cittupp±de v²ma½s±dhipateyyena pavattiy± samm±diµµhiy± pubbaªgamabh±vadassanattha½. Tenassa maggasam±dhissa n±n±khaºika½ pubbaªgamabh±va½ dasseti. V²ma½sanapariyos±neti tath±pavatta-anulomañ±ºassa os±ne. Bh³miladdha½ vaµµa½ samuggh±µayam±n±ti attano sant±ne d²gharatta½ anusayita½ kilesavaµµa½ samucchindanti. V³pasamayam±n±ti tasseva vevacana½. V³pasamayam±n±ti v± tato eva avasiµµhampi vaµµa½ appavattikaraºavasena v³pasamenti. Tenev±ha– “maggasamm±diµµhi…pe… uppajjat²”ti. ti samm±diµµhi. Duvidh±p²ti yath±vutt± duvidh±pi. Idha adhippet± vipassan±paññ±sahit±ya maggapaññ±ya kiccassa dassitatt±.
Lakkhaºe paµivijjham±ne lakkhaºiko dhammo paµividdho hot²ti ±ha– “micch±diµµhi½…pe… ±rammaºato paj±n±t²”ti. Vipassan±samm±diµµhiyampi eseva nayo. Kiccatoti bh±van±kiccato. Samm±diµµhiya½ tadadhigata-asammohat±ya asammohato paj±n±ti. Kiccatoti paµivedhakiccato. Ta½ pana sabbath± asammuyhanamev±ti ±ha “asammohato”ti. Eva½ paj±nan±ti micch±diµµhi micch±diµµh²ti y±th±vato avabodho. Ass±ti ta½samaªgino puggalassa.
Dv±yanti -k±ro d²gha½ katv± vutto. Ten±ha “dvaya½ vad±m²”ti. Dve avayav± etass±ti dvaya½. Ten±ha “duvidhakoµµh±sa½ vad±m²”ti. Puññassa eko bh±go so eva puññabh±giko ka-k±rassa ya-k±ra½ katv± itthiliªgavasena “puññabh±giy±”ti vutta½. Upadhisaªkh±tass±ti khandhapabandhasaªkh±tassa.
Amatadv±ranti ariyamagga½. Paññapet²ti niyy±n±dipak±rato paññapeti. Ten±ha “vibhajitv± dasset²”ti. Tattha sammohassa viddha½sanena asammohato dasseti. Tasmi½ attheti amatadv±rapaññ±pane atthe. Bojjhaªgappatt±ti bojjhaªgabh±vappatt±. Maggabh±vena niyy±nabh±vena pavattiy± maggapaññ±ya aµµhannampi s±dh±raºatt± samud±yassa ca avayavo aªganti katv± sesadhamme aªgikabh±vena dassento “ariyamaggassa aªgan”ti ±ha. So bhikkh³ti micch±diµµhi½ “micch±diµµh²”ti samm±diµµhi½ “samm±diµµh²”ti j±nanto bhikkhu. Pajahanatth±y±ti samucchedavasena pajahan±ya. Paµil±bhatth±y±ti maggasamm±diµµhiy± adhigam±ya. Kusalav±y±moti vipassan±sampayuttova kosallasambh³to v±y±mo. Sarat²ti sato, ta½ panassa saraºa½ satisamaªgit±y±ti ±ha “satiy± samann±gato”ti. K±mañcettha vipassan±samm±diµµhi½ yath±bh³t± samm±v±y±masatiyo sahaj±t± ca purej±t± ca hutv± pariv±renti, “itiyime tayo dhamm± samm±diµµhi½ anuparidh±vanti anuparivattant²”ti pana vacanato, “ettha h²”ti-±din± maggasamm±diµµhiy± eva sesadhamm±na½ yath±raha½ sahacaraºabh±vena pariv±raºa½ yojita½. Samm±saªkapp±d²nanti ±di-saddena samm±v±c±kammant±j²v±na½ gahaºa½ itaresa½ pariv±rabh±vena gahitatt± Na hi sakk± te eva pariv±re pariv±ravante ca katv± vattu½ saªkarato sammohajananato ca. Tayoti samm±diµµhiv±y±masatiyo sahaj±tapariv±r±va honti maggakkhaºik±na½ tesa½ adhippetatt± vipassan±khaºavirat²na½ asambhavato.
137. Takkanavasena lokasiddhen±ti adhipp±yo. “Evañcevañca bhavitabban”ti vividha½ takkana½ k³pe viya udakassa ±rammaºassa ±ka¹¹hana½ vitakkana½ vitakko. Saªkappanavasen±ti ta½ ta½ ±rammaºa½ gahetv± kappanavasena. Takkana½ kappananti ca ata½sahaj±t±namev±ti daµµhabba½. Ekaggoti imin± sam±dhin± laddhupak±rasseva vitakkassa appan±pariy±yo hot²ti dasseti. Visesena v± appan± vitakkassa vasena citta½ ±rammaºa½ abhiropeti, vitakke asati kathanti ±ha “vitakke pan±”ti-±di. Attanoyeva dhammat±ya citta½ ±rammaºa½ abhiruhat²ti, etena ±rammaºadhamm±na½ gahaºa½ n±ma sabh±vasiddha½, na dhammantaramapekkhati, vitakko pana pavattam±no ±rammaº±bhiniropanavaseneva pavattat²ti dasseti. Eva½ santepi sabh±v±vitakkacittupp±dato savitakkacittupp±dassa ±rammaºaggahaºaviseso vitakkena j±toti katv± vitakko cittassa ±rammaºaggahaºe visesapaccayoti p±kaµoyamattho. Apare pana bhaºanti yath± koci r±javallabha½, ta½sambandh²na½ mitta½ v± niss±ya r±jageha½ ±rohati anupavisati, eva½ vitakka½ niss±ya citta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohati vitakkassa ±rammaº±bhiniropanasabh±vatt±, aññesa½ dhamm±nañca avitakkasabh±vato. Ten±ha bhagav±– “cetaso abhiniropan±”ti (dha. sa. 7).
Yadi eva½ katha½ avitakkacitta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohat²ti? Vitakkabaleneva. Yath± hi so puriso paricayena tena vin±pi nir±saªko r±jageha½ pavisati, eva½ paricayena vitakkena vin±pi avitakka½ citta½ ±rammaºa½ ±rohati. Paricayen±ti ca sant±ne pavattavitakkabh±van±saªkh±tena paricayena. Vitakkassa hi sant±ne abhiºha½ pavattassa vasena cittassa ±rammaº±bhiruhana½ ciraparicita½; tena ta½ kad±ci vitakkena vin±pi tattha pavattateva; yath± ñ±ºasahagata½ citta½ sammasanavasena ciraparicita½ kad±ci ñ±ºarahitampi sammasanavasena pavattati; yath± v± kilesasahita½ hutv± pavatta½ sabbaso kilesarahitampi paricayena kilesav±san±vasena pavattati, eva½ sampadamida½ daµµhabba½.
V±ca½ saªkharot²ti v±ca½ upp±deti, vac²ghosuppattiy± visesapaccayo hot²ti attho. Lokiyavitakko dvatti½sacittasahagato v±ca½ saªkharoti vac²viññattijananato. Vac²saªkh±rotveva panassa n±ma½ hoti ru¼hito, ta½samatthat±nirodhato v± sambhavato pana saªkh±roti. “Lokuttarasamm±saªkappa½ pariv±rent²”ti vatv± tividhe samm±saªkappe kad±ci katama½ pariv±rent²ti? Codana½ sandh±y±ha “etth±”ti-±di. N±n±cittesu labbhanti n±n±samann±h±rahetukatt±, pubbabh±geyeva ca te uppajjant²ti. T²ºi n±m±ni labhati tividhassapi paµipakkhassa samucchindanena s±tisaya½ tiººampi kiccakaraºato. Esa nayo samm±v±c±d²supi.
138. Viramati et±y±ti veramaº² virati vuccati. S± mus±v±dato viramaºassa k±raºabh±vato cetan±pi verassa maºanato vin±sanato viratip²ti ±ha– “viratipi cetan±pi vaµµat²”ti. ¾rak± ramat²ti samucchinnehi d³rato samuss±reti. Vin± tehi ramat²ti accantameva tehi vin± bhavati. Tato tatoti diµµhe adiµµhav±d±dito mus±v±d±. Visesato anuppattidhammatt± paµinivatt± hutv±.
140. Tividhena kuhanavatthun±ti paccayapaµisevana-s±mantajappana-iriy±pathapavattanasaªkh±tena p±picchat± nibbattena tividhena kuhanavatthun±. Et±ya kuhan±ya karaºabh³t±ya paccayupp±danattha½ nimitta½ s²la½ etesanti yojan±. Attavisayal±bhahetu akkosanakhu½sanavambhan±divasena pisana½ ghaµµana½ viheµhana½ nippeso. Ito laddha½ aññassa, tato laddha½ parassa datv± eva½ l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²½sat²ti l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²½san±. P±¼iya½ ±gato kuhan±divasena micch±-±j²vo. Ko pana soti ±ha “±j²vahet³”ti-±di. T±sa½yev±ti avadh±raºa½, “±j²vo kuppam±no k±yavac²dv±resu eva kuppat²”ti katv± vutta½.
141. Samm± pasatth± sobhan± niyy±nik± diµµhi etass±ti samm±diµµhi, puggalo. Tassa pana yasm± samm±diµµhi sacc±bhisamayassa nibb±nasacchikiriy±ya avassayo, tasm± vutta½– “maggasamm±diµµhiya½ µhitass±”ti. Pahoti bhavati t±ya saheva uppajjati pavattati. Paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ y±th±vato j±nanaµµhena samm±ñ±ºanti idh±dhippeta½, tañca kho maggasam±dhimhi µhite eva hot²ti imamattha½ dassetu½ ±ha– “maggasamm±sam±dhimhi…pe… samm±ñ±ºa½ pahot²”ti-±di. Imin± ki½ dasset²ti? Yath± maggasamm±diµµhiya½ µhito puggalo, “samm±diµµh²”ti vutto, eva½ maggaphalapaccavekkhaºañ±ºe µhito, “samm±ñ±ºo”ti vutto, tassa ca maggaphalasamm±sam±dhipavattiy± pahoti samm±ñ±ºassa samm±vimuttiy± pahot²ti imamattha½ dasseti. Phalasam±dhi t±va pavattatu, maggasam±dhi pana kathanti? Tampi akuppabh±vat±ya accantasam±dhibh±vato kiccanipphattiy± pavattatev±ti vattabbata½ labhati. Ýhapetv± aµµhaphalaªg±n²ti phalabh³t±ni samm±diµµhi-±d²ni aµµhaªg±ni, “samm±diµµhissa samm±saªkappo pahot²”ti-±din± visu½ gahitatt± µhapetv±. Samm±ñ±ºa½ paccavekkhaºa½ katv±ti paccavekkhaºañ±ºa½ samm±ñ±ºa½ katv±. Phala½ k±tunti phaladhammasahacaritat±ya vip±kasabh±vat±ya ca “phalan”ti laddhan±me phalasampayuttadhamme samm±vimutti½ k±tu½ vaµµat²ti vutta½. Tath± ca vutta½ sallekhasuttavaººan±ya½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.83) “phalasampayutt±ni pana samm±diµµhi-±d²ni aµµhaªg±ni µhapetv± sesadhamm± samm±vimutt²ti veditabb±”ti.
142. Nijjiºº±ti nijj²rit±, viddhast± vin±sit±ti attho. Phala½ kathitanti “samm±diµµhissa, bhikkhave, micch±diµµhi nijjiºº± hot²”ti imin± v±rena s±maññaphala½ kathitanti vadanti, nijj²raºa½ paµippassambhananti adhipp±yo. Nijj²raºa½ pana samucchindananti katv±, majjhimabh±ºak±…pe… maggo kathitoti vadanti. Dassanaµµhen±ti pariññ±bhisamay±divasena catunna½ sacc±na½ paccakkhato dassanaµµhena. Viditakaraºaµµhen±ti paccakkhena yath±diµµh±na½ maggaphal±na½ p±kaµakaraºaµµhena. Tadadhimuttaµµhen±ti tasmi½ yath±sacchikate nibb±ne adhimuccanabh±vena.
Kusalapakkh±ti anavajjakoµµh±s±. Mah±vip±kad±nen±ti mahato vipulassa lokuttarassa sukhavip±kassa ceva k±yik±didukkhavip±kassa ca d±nena.
Yath± mah±vip±kassa d±nena mah±catt±r²saka½, tath± bahut±yapi mah±catt±r²sakoti dassetu½, “imasmiñca pana sutte pañca samm±diµµhiyo kathit±”ti-±di vutta½. Bahu-atthopi hi mah±-saddo hoti “mah±jano”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 2.65). Ettha ca “natthi dinnan”ti-±din± vatthubhedena dasa micch±diµµhidhamm± kathit±, vatthubhedeneva, “atthi dinnan”ti-±din± dasa samm±diµµhidhamm±ti v²sati hoti. Yath± “samm±diµµhissa, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo pahot²”ti-±din± maggavasena dasa sammattadhamm±, tappaµipakkhabh³t± “micch±diµµhissa micch±saªkappo pahot²”ti-±din± atthato dasa micchattadhamm±ti v²sati, tath± phalavasena tesu eva½ v²sati. Katha½ v±repi samm±diµµhi-±dayo das±ti v²sati? Evamete dve catt±r²sak±ni purimena saddhi½ tayo catt±r²sak± vibh±vit±ti veditabb±.
143. Pasa½siyassa ujuvipaccan²ka½ nindiya½ pasa½santopi atthato pasa½siya½ nindanto n±ma hoti. Pasa½siyassa guºaparidha½sanamukheneva hi nindiyassa pasa½s±ya pavattanatoti ±ha– “micch±diµµhin±m±ya½ sobhan±ti vadantopi samm±diµµhi½ garahati n±m±”ti-±di. Evam±d²ti ±disaddena “natthi hetu natthi paccayo satt±na½ sa½kiles±y±”ti (d². ni. 1.168; ma. ni. 2.227) evam±di½ saªgaºh±ti; tasm± eva½v±dinoti eva½ hetu paµikkhepav±dinoti attho. Okkantaniy±m±ti og±¼hamicchattaniy±m±. Evar³pa½ laddhi½ gahetv±ti-±d²su ya½ vattabba½, ta½ c³¼apuººamasuttavaººan±ya½ vuttanayameva tasm± tattha vuttanayeneva veditabba½. Ediso hi “buddh±nampi atekiccho”ti-±di vuttasadiso.
Attano nind±bhayen±ti “samm±diµµhiñca n±mete garahant²”±din± upari parehi vattabbanind±bhayena. Ghaµµanabhayen±ti tath± paresa½ ±s±dan±bhayena. Sahadhammena parena attano upari k±tabbaniggaho up±rambho, garahato paritt±so up±rambhabhaya½, ta½ pana atthato upav±dabhaya½ hot²ti ±ha “upav±dabhayen±”ti. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Mah±catt±r²sakasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.