5. Bahudh±tukasuttavaººan±

124. Bhayanti (a. ni. µ². 2.3.1) cittasa½sappat±ti ±ha “cittutr±so”ti. Upaddavoti antar±yo. Tassa pana vikkhepak±raºatt± vutta½ “anekaggat±k±ro”ti. Upasaggoti upasajjana½. Tato appat²k±ravigh±t±patti yasm± pat²k±r±bh±vena vihaññam±nassa kiñci k±tu½ asamatthassa os²danak±raºa½, tasm± vutta½– “tattha tattha laggan±k±ro”ti. Vañcetv± ±gantu½ yath±vutte divase an±gacchantesu. Bahi anikkhamanatth±ya dv±re aggi½ datv±.
Na¼eh²ti na¼acchannasaªkhepena upari ch±detv± tehiyeva d±rukacchadananiy±mena paritopi ch±dit±. Eseva nayoti imin± tiºehi channata½, sesasambh±r±na½ rukkhamayatañca atidisati. Vidhav±putteti adantabh±vopalakkhaºa½. Te hi nippitik± avin²t± asa½yat± akiccak±rino honti.
Matthaka½ ap±petv±va niµµh±pit±ti kasm± bhagav± evamak±s²ti? ¾nandattherassa pucch±kosallad²panatthameva, tattha nisinn±na½ sannipatitabhikkh³na½ desan±ya j±nanatthañca. Te kira saªkhepato vuttamattha½ aj±nant± andhak±ra½ paviµµh± viya µhit±. Pucch±nusandhivasena pariggayha j±nissant²ti.
125. R³papariggahova kathito, na añña½ kiñc²ti attho. Id±ni tato sacc±ni niddh±retv± catusaccakammaµµh±na½ dassetu½, “sabb±p²”ti-±di vutta½. Pañcakkhandh± hont²ti addhek±dasa dh±tuyo r³pakkhandho, addhaµµham± dh±tuyo yath±raha½ vedan±dayo catt±ro ar³pino khandh±ti eva½ aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo pañcakkhandh± honti. Pañcapi khandh± taºh±vajj± dukkhasacca½. Appavatt²ti appavattinimitta½. Nirodhapaj±nan±ti paññ±s²sena maggakiccam±ha. Samm±diµµhipamukho hi ariyamaggo. Matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti sammasanassa bh³miy± nipphattiy± ca kathitatt±. J±n±ti passat²ti imin± ñ±ºadassana½ kathita½ ta½ pana lokiya½ lokuttaranti duvidhanti tadubhayampi dassento ±ha– “saha vipassan±ya maggo vutto”ti.
Ett±vat±pi khoti pi-saddaggahaºena aññena pariy±yena satth± dh±tukosalla½ desetuk±moti thero “siy± pana, bhante”ti pucchat²ti bhagav± pathav²dh±tu-±divasenapi dh±tukosalla½ vibh±veti. Tattha pathav²dh±tu-±disaddena desan±k±raºa½ vibh±vento, “pathav²dh±tu…pe… vutt±”ti ±ha. T±pi hi ±dito cha dh±tuyo. “Viññ±ºadh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±”ti vatv± katha½ r³padh±tuyo n²har²yant²ti codana½ sandh±ya ta½ naya½ dassetu½, “viññ±ºadh±t³”ti-±di vutta½. K±mañcettha k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuy± ±rammaºa½ phoµµhabbadh±tupathav²dh±tu ±divasena desan±ru¼ameva, k±yadh±tu pana n²haritabb±ti eka½sameva n²haraºavidhi½ dassento, “esa nayo sabbatth±”ti ±ha. Purimapacchimavasena manodh±t³ti pacchimabh±gavasena kiriy±manodh±tu gahetabb± tass±nur³pabh±vato. Nanu cettha manodh±tu n±m±ya½ manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± asa½saµµh±, visu½yeva ces± dh±t³ti? Saccameta½ aµµh±rasadh±tudesan±ya, cittavibhattiniddese chaviññ±ºak±yadesan±ya½ pana s± manoviññ±ºak±yasaªgahit±v±ti daµµhabba½. Ya½ panettha vattabba½ ta½ visuddhimaggasa½vaººan±ya½ (visuddhi. mah±µ². 2.517) vuttanayena veditabba½. Atha v± purimapacchimavasen±ti purecar±nucaravasena. Manodh±t³ti vip±kamanodh±tu gahetabb± purecaraºato, parato uppajjanakiriy±manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± anantara½ manodh±tuy±, kiriy±manodh±tuy± anantara½ manoviññ±ºadh±tuy± anuppajjanato ca.
Dhamm±na½ y±vadeva nissattanijj²vavibh±vanatth±ya satthu dh±tudesan±ti aññesu sabh±vadh±raº±di-atthesu labbham±nesupi ayamettha attho padh±noti ±ha– “esanayo sabbatth±”ti. Sappaµipakkhavasen±ti sappaµibh±gavasena sukha½ dukkhena sappaµibh±ga½, dukkha½ sukhena, eva½ somanassadomanass±ti. Yath± sukh±d²na½yeva samud±c±ro vibh³to, na upekkh±ya, eva½ r±g±d²na½yeva samud±c±ro vibh³to, na mohassa, tena vutta½ “avibh³tabh±ven±”ti. K±yaviññ±ºadh±tu pariggahit±va hoti tadavin±bh±vato. Ses±su somanassadh±tu-±d²su, pariggahit±va hoti avin±bh±vato eva. Na hi somanass±dayo manodh±tuy± vin± vattanti. Upekkh±dh±tuto n²haritv±ti ettha cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu-±dayo catasso viññ±ºadh±tuyo t±sa½ vatth±rammaºabh³t± cakkhudh±tu-±dayo c±ti aµµha r³padh±tuyo, manodh±tu, upekkh±sahagat± manoviññ±ºadh±tu, upekkh±sahagat± eva dhammadh±t³ti eva½ pannarasa dh±tuyo upekkh±dh±tuto n²haritabb±. Somanassadh±tu-±dayo pana catasso dh±tuyo dhammadh±tu-antogadh± eva½ sukhadh±tuto k±yaviññ±ºadh±tuy± tass± vatth±rammaºabh³t±na½ k±yadh±tuphoµµhabbadh±t³nañca n²haraº± heµµh± dassitanay±ti, “upekkh±dh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±”icceva vutta½.
K±mavitakk±dayo idha k±madh±tu-±dipariy±yena vutt±ti “k±madh±tu-±d²na½ dvedh±vitakke k±mavitakk±d²su vuttanayena attho veditabbo”ti ±ha. Tattha hi “k±mavitakkoti k±mapaµisa½yutto vitakko, by±p±davitakkoti by±p±dapaµisa½yutto vitakko, vihi½s±vitakkoti vihi½s±paµisa½yutto vitakko, nekkhammapaµisa½yutto vitakko nekkhammavitakko, so y±va paµhamajjh±n± vaµµati. Aby±p±dapaµisa½yutto vitakko aby±p±davitakko, so mett±pubbabh±gato paµµh±ya y±va paµhamajjh±n± vaµµati. Avihi½s±paµisa½yutto vitakko avihi½s±vitakko, so karuº±ya pubbabh±gato paµµh±ya y±va paµhamajjh±n± vaµµat²”ti vutta½. Aya½ panattho abhidhamme vitth±rato ±gato ev±ti dassetu½, “abhidhamme”ti-±di vutta½. K±madh±tuto n²haritv±ti ettha k±maggahaºena gahit± r³padh±tu-±dayo cha, ta½visay± sattaviññ±ºadh±tuyo, tattha pañcanna½ viññ±ºadh±t³na½ cakkhudh±tu-±dayo pañc±ti aµµh±rasa. Nekkhammadh±tu-±dayo pana dhammadh±tu-antogadh± eva.
K±mataºh±ya visayabh³t± dhamm± k±madh±t³ti ±ha– “pañca k±m±vacarakkhandh± k±madh±t³”ti. Tath± r³pataºh±ya visayabh³t± dhamm± r³padh±tu, ar³pataºh±ya visayabh³t± dhamm± ar³padh±t³ti ±ha– “catt±ro ar³p±vacarakkhandh±”ti-±di. K±mataºh± k±mo uttarapadalopena, eva½ r³p±r³pataºh± r³p±r³pa½. ¾rammaºakaraºavasena t± yattha avacaranti, te k±m±vacar±dayoti eva½ k±m±vacarakkhandh±d²na½ k±mataºh±dibh±vo veditabbo. ¾din± nayen±ti etena “uparito paranimmitavasavattideve antokaritv± etth±vacar±”ti-±dip±¼i½ (vibha. 1020) saªgaºh±ti. Etth±vacar±ti av²ciparanimmitaparicchinnok±s±ya k±mataºh±ya visayabh±va½ sandh±ya vutta½, tadok±sat± ca taºh±ya tanninnatt± veditabb±. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Paripuººa-aµµh±rasadh±tukatt± k±m±vacaradhamm±na½ “k±madh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±”ti vutta½. Manoviññ±ºadh±tudhammadh±tu ekadesamattameva hi r³p±r³p±vacaradhamm±ti.
Sam±gantv±ti sahit± hutv±. Yattakañhi paccayadhamm± attano phalassa k±raºa½, tattha tannibbattane sam±gat± viya hoti vekalle tadanibbattanato. Saªkhatadh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb± asaªkhat±ya dh±tuy± dhammadh±tu-ekadesabh±vato.
126. Eva½ pavattam±n± maya½ att±ti gahaºa½ gamiss±m±ti imin± viya adhipp±yena att±na½ adhikicca uddissa pavatt± ajjhatt±, tesu bhav± tappariy±pannatt±ti ajjhattik±ni. Tato bahibh³t±ni b±hir±ni. ¾yatanakath± paµiccasamupp±dakath± ca visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 2.510, 570, 571) vuttanayeneva veditabb±ti na vitth±rit±.
127. Avijjam±na½ µh±na½ aµµh±na½ (a. ni. µ². 1.1.268; vibha. m³laµ². 809), natthi µh±nanti v± aµµh±na½. Anavak±soti ettha eseva nayo. Tadatthanigamanameva hi “neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti vacananti. Ten±ha “ubhayenap²”ti-±di. Yanti k±raºe paccattavacana½, hetu-attho ca k±raºatthoti ±ha– “yanti yena k±raºen±”ti. Ukkaµµhaniddesena ettha diµµhisampatti veditabb±ti vutta½ “maggadiµµhiy± sampanno”ti. Kuto pan±yamattho labbhat²ti? Liªgato. Liªgañheta½, yadida½ niccato upagamanapaµikkhepo. Catubh³makes³ti ida½ catutthabh³makasaªkh±r±na½ ariyas±vakassa visayabh±v³pagamanato vutta½; na pana te ±rabbha niccato upagamanasabbh±vato. Vakkhati ca “catutthabh³makasaªkh±r± pan±”ti-±din±. Abhisaªkhatasaªkh±ra-abhisaªkharaºakasaªkh±r±na½ sappadesatt± nippadesasaªkh±raggahaºattha½ “saªkhatasaªkh±res³”ti vutta½. Lokuttarasaªkh±r±na½ pana nivattane k±raºa½ sayameva vakkhati. Eta½ k±raºa½ natthi setugh±tatt±. Tejussadatt±ti sa½kilesavidhamanatejassa adhikabh±vato. Tath± hi te gambh²rabh±vena duddas±. Akusal±na½ ±rammaºa½ na hont²ti ida½ pakaraºavasena vutta½. Appah²navipall±s±na½ satt±na½ kusaladhamm±nampi te ±rammaºa½ na honti.
Asukhe “sukhan”ti vipall±so ca idha sukhato upagamanassa µh±nanti adhippetanti dassento, “ekanta…pe… vuttan”ti. Attadiµµhivasen±ti padh±nadiµµhim±ha Diµµhiy± nibb±nassa avisayabh±vo heµµh± vutto ev±ti “kasiº±dipaººattisaªgahatthan”ti vutta½. Paricchedoti saªkh±r±na½ paricchedo saªkh±r±na½ paricchijjagahaºa½. Sv±ya½ yesa½ nicc±dito upagamana½ bhavati tesa½yeva vasena k±tabboti dassento “sabbav±res³”ti-±dim±ha. Sabbav±res³ti nicc±disabbav±resu. Puthujjano h²ti hi-saddo hetu-attho. Yasm± ya½ ya½ saªkh±ra½ nicc±divasena puthujjanak±le upagacchati, ta½ ta½ ariyamagg±dhigamena anicc±divasena gaºhanto y±th±vato j±nanto ta½ g±ha½ ta½ diµµhi½ viniveµheti vissajjeti. Tasm± yattha g±ho tattha vissajjan±ti catutthabh³makasaªkh±r± idha saªkh±raggahaºena na gayhat²ti attho.
128. Puttasambandhena m±t±pitusamaññ±, dattakittim±divasenapi puttavoh±ro loke dissati, so ca kho pariy±yato nippariy±yasiddha½ ta½ dassetu½, “janik± va m±t± janako pit±”ti vutta½. Tath± ±nantariyakammassa adhippetatt± “manussabh³tova kh²º±savo arah±ti adhippeto”ti vutta½. “Aµµh±nametan”ti-±din± m±tu-±d²na½yeva j²vit± voropane ariyas±vakassa abhabbabh±vadassanato tadañña½ ariyas±vako j²vit± voropet²ti ida½ atthato ±pannamev±ti maññam±no vadati– “ki½ pana ariyas±vako añña½ j²vit± voropeyy±”ti “Aµµh±nameta½, bhikkhave, anavak±so, ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo sañcicca p±ºa½ j²vit± voropeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²”ti vacanato, “etampi aµµh±nan”ti vutta½. Ten±ha “sacepi h²”ti-±di. Balad²panatthanti saddh±dibalasamann±gamad²panattha½. Ariyamaggen±gatasaddh±dibalavasena hi ariyas±vako t±disa½ s±vajja½ na karoti.
Pañcahi k±raºeh²ti ida½ atthanipph±dak±ni tesa½ pubbabh±giy±ni ca k±raº±ni k±raºabh±vas±maññena ekajjha½ gahetv± vutta½, na pana sabbesa½ pañcanna½ sahayogakkhamato. ¾k±reh²ti k±raºehi. Anuss±vanen±ti anur³pa½ s±vanena. Bhedassa anur³pa½ yath± bhedo hoti, eva½ bhinditabb±na½ bhikkh³na½ attano vacanassa s±vanena viññ±panena. Ten±ha “nanu tumhe”ti-±di. Kaººam³le vac²bheda½ katv±ti etena “p±kaµa½ katv± bhedakaravatthud²pana½ voh±ro, tattha attano nicchitamattha½ rahassavasena viññ±pana½ anuss±vanan”ti dasseti.