2. Anupadavaggo

1. Anupadasuttavaººan±

93. Iddhim±ti guºo p±kaµo paratoghosena vin± p±s±dakampanadevac±rik±d²hi sayameva pak±sabh±vato; dhutav±d±diguº±nampi tath±bh±ve eteneva nayena tesa½ guº±na½ p±kaµayogato ca paresa½ nicchitabh±vato ca. Paññavato guº±ti paññ±pabhedapabh±vite guºavisese sandh±ya vadati. Te hi yebhuyyena paresa½ avisay±. Ten±ha– “na sakk± akathit± j±nitun”ti. Visabh±g± sabh±g± n±ma ayonisomanasik±rabahulesu puthujjanesu, te pana appah²nar±gadosat±ya parassa vijjam±nampi guºa½ makkhetv± avijjam±na½ avaººameva ghosent²ti ±ha– “visabh±ga…pe… kathent²”ti.
Y± aµµh±rasanna½ dh±t³na½ samudayato atthaªgamato ass±dato ±d²navato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nan±, aya½ dh±tukusalat±. ¾yatanakusalat±yapi eseva nayo. Avijj±d²su dv±dasasu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu kosalla½ paµiccasamupp±dakusalat±. Ida½ imassa phalassa µh±na½ k±raºa½, ida½ aµµh±na½ ak±raºanti eva½ µh±nañca µh±nato, aµµh±nañca aµµh±nato yath±bh³ta½ paj±nan±, aya½ µh±n±µµh±nakusalat±. Yo pana imesu dh±tu-±d²su pariññ±bhisamay±divasena nissaªgagatiy± paº¹±ti laddhan±mena ñ±ºena ito gato pavatto, aya½ paº¹ito n±m±ti ±ha– “imehi cat³hi k±raºehi paº¹ito”ti. Mahant±na½ atth±na½ pariggaºhanato mahat² paññ± etass±ti mah±pañño. Sesapadesupi eseva nayoti ±ha– “mah±paññ±d²hi samann±gatoti attho”ti.
N±nattanti y±hi mah±paññ±d²hi samann±gatatt± thero “mah±pañño”ti-±din± kitt²yati, t±sa½ mah±paññ±d²na½ ida½ n±natta½ aya½ vemattat±. Yassa kassaci (d². ni. µ². 3.216; sa½. ni. µ². 1.1.110; a. ni. µ². 1.1.584) visesato ar³padhammassa mahatta½ n±ma kiccasiddhiy± veditabbanti tadassa kiccasiddhiy± dassento, “mahante s²lakkhandhe pariggaºh±t²ti mah±paññ±”ti-±dim±ha. Tattha hetumahantat±ya paccayamahantat±ya nissayamahantat±ya pabhedamahantat±ya kiccamahantat±ya phalamahantat±ya ±nisa½samahantat±ya ca s²lakkhandhassa mahantabh±vo veditabbo. Tattha het³ alobh±dayo, paccay± hirottappasaddh±sativ²riy±dayo. Nissay± s±vakabodhipaccekabodhisamm±sambodhiniyatat± ta½samaªgino ca purisavises±. Pabhedo c±ritt±divibh±go. Kicca½ tadaªg±divasena paµipakkhassa vidhamana½. Phala½ saggasampad± nibb±nasampad± ca. ¾nisa½so piyaman±pat±di. Ayamettha saªkhepo, vitth±ro pana visuddhimagge (visuddhi. 1.9) ±kaªkheyyasutt±d²su (ma. ni. 1.64 ±dayo) ca ±gatanayena veditabbo. Imin± nayena sam±dhikkhandh±d²nampi mahantat± yath±raha½ niddh±retv± veditabb±, µh±n±µµh±n±d²na½ pana mahantabh±vo mah±visayat±ya veditabbo. Tattha µh±n±µµh±n±na½ mah±visayat± bahudh±tukasutte (ma. ni. 3.124 ±dayo) sayameva ±gamissati. Vih±rasam±patt²na½ sam±dhikkhandhe niddh±ritanayena veditabb±, ariyasacc±na½ sakalas±sanasaªgahaºato saccavibhaªge (vibha. 189 ±dayo) ta½sa½vaººan±su (vibha. aµµha. 189 ±dayo) ±gatanayena. Satipaµµh±n±d²na½ vibhaªg±d²su (vibha. 355 ±dayo) ta½sa½vaººan±d²su (vibha. aµµha. 355 ±dayo) ca ±gatanayena. S±maññaphal±na½ mahato hitassa mahato sukhassa mahato atthassa mahato yogakkhemassa nipphattibh±vato santapaº²tanipuºa-atakk±vacarapaº¹itavedan²yabh±vato ca. Abhiññ±na½ mah±sambh±rato mah±visayato mah±kiccato mah±nubh±vato mah±nipphattito ca. Nibb±nassa madanimmadan±dimahatthasiddhito mahantat± veditabb±.
Puthupaññ±ti etth±pi vuttanay±nus±rena attho veditabbo. Aya½ pana viseso– n±n±khandhesu ñ±ºa½ pavattat²ti, “aya½ r³pakkhandho n±ma…pe… aya½ viññ±ºakkhandho n±m±”ti, eva½ pañcanna½ khandh±na½ n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tesupi “ekavidhena r³pakkhandho, ek±dasavidhena r³pakkhandho, ekavidhena vedan±kkhandho, bahuvidhena vedan±kkhandho, ekavidhena saññ±kkhandho…pe… ekavidhena viññ±ºakkhandho, bahuvidhena viññ±ºakkhandho”ti eva½ ekekassa khandhassa ekavidh±divasena at²t±dibhedavasenapi n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tath± “ida½ cakkh±yatana½ n±ma…pe… ida½ dhamm±yatana½ n±ma. Tattha das±yatan± k±m±vacar±, dve catubh³mak±”ti eva½ ±yatanan±natta½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati.
N±n±dh±t³s³ti “aya½ cakkhudh±tu n±ma…pe… aya½ manoviññ±ºadh±tu n±ma. Tattha so¼asa dh±tuyo k±m±vacar±, dve catubh³mak±”ti eva½ n±n±dh±t³su paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tayida½ up±diººakadh±tuvasena vuttanti veditabba½. Paccekabuddh±nañhi dvinnañca aggas±vak±na½ up±diººakadh±t³suyeva n±n±karaºa½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati. Tañca kho ekadesatova, no nippadesato, anup±diººakadh±t³na½ pana n±n±karaºa½ na j±nantiyeva. Sabbaññubuddh±na½yeva pana, “im±ya n±ma dh±tuy± ussannatt± imassa rukkhassa khandho seto hoti, imassa kaºho, imassa bahalattaco, imassa tanuttaco, imassa patta½ vaººasaºµh±n±divasena evar³pa½, imassa puppha½ n²la½ p²ta½ lohita½ od±ta½ sugandha½ duggandha½, phala½ khuddaka½ mahanta½ d²gha½ vaµµa½ susaºµh±na½ maµµha½ pharusa½ sugandha½ madhura½ tittaka½ ambila½ kaµuka½ kas±va½, kaºµako tikhiºo atikhiºo ujuko kuµilo lohito od±to hot²”ti dh±tun±natta½ paµicca ñ±ºa½ pavattati.
Atthes³ti r³p±d²su ±rammaºesu. N±n±paµiccasamupp±des³ti ajjhattabahiddh±bhedato sant±nabhedato ca n±nappabhedesu paµiccasamupp±daªgesu. Avijj±di-aªg±nañhi pacceka½ paµiccasamupp±dasaññit±ti. Ten±ha– saªkh±rapiµake “dv±dasa paccay± dv±dasa paµiccasamupp±d±”ti. N±n±suññatamanupalabbhes³ti n±n±sabh±vesu niccas±r±divirahato suññasabh±vesu, tato eva itthipurisa-atta-attaniy±divasena anupalabbhesu sabh±vesu. Ma-k±ro hettha padasandhikaro. N±n±-atthes³ti atthapaµisambhid±visayesu paccayuppann±din±n±-atthesu. Dhammes³ti dhammapaµisambhid±visayesu paccay±din±n±dhammesu. Nirutt²s³ti tesa½yeva atthadhamm±na½ niddh±raºavacanasaªkh±t±su n±n±nirutt²su. Paµibh±nes³ti ettha atthapaµisambhid±d²su visayabh³tesu, “im±ni idamatthajotak±n²”ti (vibha. 725-745) tath± tath± paµibh±nato paµibh±n±n²ti laddhan±mesu ñ±ºesu. Puthu n±n±s²lakkhandhes³ti-±d²su s²lassa puthutta½ n±nattañca vuttameva. Itaresa½ pana vuttanay±nus±rena suviññeyyatt± p±kaµameva. Ya½ pana abhinna½ ekameva nibb±na½, tattha upac±ravasena puthutta½ gahetabbanti ±ha– “puthu n±n±janas±dh±raºe dhamme samatikkamm±”ti. Tenassa madanimmadan±dipariy±yena puthutta½ parid²pita½ hoti.
Eva½ visayavasena paññ±ya mahatta½ puthuttañca dassetv± id±ni sampayuttadhammavasena h±sabh±va½, pavatti-±k±ravasena javanabh±va½, kiccavasena tikkh±dibh±vañca dassetu½, “katam± h±sapaññ±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha h±sabahuloti p²tibahulo. Sesapad±ni tasseva vevacan±ni. S²la½ parip³ret²ti haµµhapahaµµho udaggudaggo hutv± p²tisahagat±ya paññ±ya. P²tisomanassasahagat± hi paññ± abhirativasena ±rammaºe phull± vikasit± viya pavattati; na upekkh±sahagat±ti p±timokkhas²la½ µhapetv± h±san²ya½ para½ tividhampi s²la½ parip³ret²ti attho. Visu½ vuttatt± puna s²lakkhandham±ha. Sam±dhikkhandhanti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
R³pa½ aniccato khippa½ javat²ti r³pakkhandha½ aniccanti s²gha½ vegena pavattiy± paµipakkhad³r²bh±vena pubb±bhisaªkh±rassa s±tisayatt± indena vissaµµhavajira½ viya lakkhaºa½ paµivijjhant² adandh±yant² r³pakkhandhe aniccalakkhaºa½ vegas± paµivijjhati, tasm± s± javanapaññ± n±m±ti attho. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Eva½ lakkhaº±rammaºikavipassan±vasena javanapañña½ dassetv± balavavipassan±vasena dassetu½, “r³pan”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha khayaµµhen±ti yattha yattha uppajjati, tattha tattheva bhijjanato khayasabh±vatt±. Bhayaµµhen±ti bhay±nakabh±vato. As±rakaµµhen±ti attas±ravirahato niccas±r±divirahato ca. Tulayitv±ti tul±bh³t±ya vipassan±paññ±ya tuletv±. T²rayitv±ti t±ya eva t²raºabh³t±ya t²retv±. Vibh±vayitv±ti y±th±vato pak±setv± pañcakkhandha½ vibh³ta½ katv±. R³panirodheti r³pakkhandhassa nirodhabh³te nibb±ne ninnapoºapabbh±ravasena. Id±ni sikh±ppattavipassan±vasena javanapañña½ dassetu½, puna “r³pan”ti-±di vutta½. Vuµµh±nag±minivipassan±vasen±ti keci.
ѱºassa tikkhabh±vo n±ma savisesa½ paµipakkhasamucchindanena veditabboti, “khippa½ kilese chindat²ti tikkhapaññ±”ti vatv± te pana kilese vibh±gena dassento, “uppanna½ k±mavitakkan”ti-±dim±ha. Tikkhapañño hi khipp±bhiñño hoti, paµipad± cassa na calat²ti ±ha– “ekasmi½ ±sane catt±ro ariyamagg± adhigat± hont²”ti-±di.
“Sabbe saªkh±r± anicc± dukkh± vipariº±madhamm± saªkhat± paµiccasamuppann± khayadhamm± vayadhamm± nirodhadhamm±”ti y±th±vato dassanena saccasampaµivedho ijjhati, na aññath±ti k±raºamukhena nibbedhikapañña½ dassetu½, “sabbasaªkh±resu ubbegabahulo hot²”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha ubbegabahuloti vuttanayena sabbasaªkh±resu abhiºha½ pavattasa½vego. Utt±sabahuloti ñ±ºutr±savasena sabbasaªkh±resu bahuso utrastam±naso. Tena ±d²nav±nupassanam±ha. Ukkaºµhanabahuloti pana imin± nibbid±nupassana½ ±ha– aratibahuloti-±din± tass± eva apar±paruppatti½. Bahimukhoti sabbasaªkh±rato bahibh³ta½ nibb±na½ uddissa pavattañ±ºamukho, tath± v± pavattitavimokkhamukho. Nibbijjhana½ nibbedho, so etiss± atthi, nibbijjhat²ti v± nibbedh±, s±va paññ± nibbedhik±. Ya½ panettha atthato avibhatta½, ta½ heµµh± vuttanayatt± suviññeyyameva.
Pajjati etena vipassan±dikoti pada½, sam±patti, tasm± anupadanti anusam±pattiyoti attho. Pada½ v± sammasanupag± dhamm± vipassan±ya pavattiµµh±nabh±vato. Ten±ha “sam±pattivasena v±”ti Jh±naªgavasena v±ti jh±naªgavasen±ti ca attho. Aµµhakath±ya½ pana kamattho idha padasaddo, tasm± anupada½ anukkamen±ti ayamettha atthoti ±ha “anupaµip±µiy±”ti. Dhammavipassananti ta½ta½sam±patticittupp±dapariy±pann±na½ dhamm±na½ vipassana½. Vipassat²ti sam±pattiyo jh±namukhena te te dhamme y±th±vato pariggahetv±, “itipi dukkh±”ti-±din± sammasati. Addham±sena arahatta½ patto ukka½sagatassa s±vak±na½ sammasanac±rassa nippadesena pavattiyam±natt±, s±vakap±ram²ñ±ºassa ca tath± paµip±detabbatt±. Eva½ santep²ti yadipi mah±moggall±natthero na cirasseva arahatta½ patto; dhammasen±pati pana tato cirena, eva½ santepi yasm± moggall±nattheropi mah±paññova, tasm± s±riputtattherova mah±paññataroti. Id±ni tamattha½ p±kaµatara½ k±tu½, “mah±moggall±natthero h²”ti-±di vutta½. Sammasana½ carati etth±ti sammasanac±ro, vipassan±bh³mi, ta½ sammasanac±ra½. Ekadesamev±ti saka-attabh±ve saªkh±re anavasesato pariggahetuñca sammasituñca asakkonta½ attano abhin²h±rasamud±gatañ±ºabal±nur³pa½ ekadesameva pariggahetv± sammasanto. Nanu ca “sabba½, bhikkhave, anabhij±na½ aparij±na½ avir±jaya½ appajaha½ abhabbo dukkhakkhay±y±”ti (sa½. ni. 4.26) vacanato vaµµadukkhato muccituk±mena sabba½ pariññeyya½ parij±nitabbameva? Saccameta½, tañca kho sammasanupagadhammavasena vutta½. Tasm± sasant±nagate sabbadhamme parasant±nagate ca tesa½ sant±navibh±ga½ akatv± bahiddh±bh±vas±maññato sammasana½, aya½ s±vak±na½ sammasanac±ro. Thero pana bahiddh±dhammepi sant±navibh±gena keci keci uddharitv± sammasi, tañca kho ñ±ºena phuµµhamatta½ katv±. Tena vutta½– “yaµµhikoµiy± upp²¼ento viya ekadesameva sammasanto”ti. Tattha ñ±ºena n±ma y±vat± neyya½ pavattitabba½, tath± apavattanato “yaµµhikoµiy± upp²¼ento viy±”ti-±di vutta½. Anupadadhammavipassan±ya abh±vato “ekadesameva sammasanto”ti vutta½.