9. Mah±puººamasuttavaººan±

85. Tasmi½ ah³ti tasmi½ ahan²ti ±ha “tasmi½ divase”ti. Anasanen±ti sabbaso ±h±rassa abhuñjanena s±sanikas²lena b±hiraka-anasanena upet± hutv±ti yojan±. -saddena kh²rap±namadhus±yan±dividhi½ saªgaºh±ti. Upecca vasitabbato uposatho, p±timokkhuddeso. Upetena samann±gatena hutv± vasitabbato sant±ne v±setabbato uposatho, s²la½. Anasan±didhamm±di½ v± upecca vasana½ upav±so uposatho. Tath±r³pe hatthij±tivisese uposathoti samaññ±mattanti ±ha– “uposatho n±ma n±gar±j±ti-±d²su paññatt²”ti. Vuttanayena upavasanti etth±ti uposatho, divaso. So panesa uposatho. M±sapuººat±y±ti m±sassa p³ritabh±vena. Sampuºº±ti sabbaso puºº±. T±ya hi rattiy± vasena m±so anavasesato puººo hoti. M±saddham±s±dibheda½ k±la½ m±ti minanto viya hot²ti ca “m±”iti cando vuccati. Etth±ti etiss± rattiy±. Puººo paripuººakalo j±toti puººam±. Tañhi candap±rip³riy± m±sap±rip³riy± evam±ha. Etena tassa uposathabh±va½ dasseti.
Dissati phala½ sandissat²ti deso, het³ti ±ha “desanti k±raºan”ti. Sabba½ kathenti sabba½ attan± pariggahitappak±ra½ kathenti. Kathetu½ na sakkonti avisayatt±. P±s±dapariveºeti p±s±dassa purato vivaµaªgaºe. Heµµh± vuttanayen±ti sekhasutte (ma. ni. aµµha. 2.22) vuttanayena vitth±retabba½.
86. Ime nu khoti ettha n³ti sa½sayajotanoti ±ha– “vimatipucch± viya kathit±”ti. J±nanten±ti-±di pucch±vattadassanapara½ daµµhabba½, na pucchakassa satthu attano aj±nanabh±vad²panapara½. J±n±ti hi bhagav±. Aj±nantena viya hutv± pucchite. Yath±bh³tasabh±va½ j±nanto viya pucchati kohaññe µhatv±. Ten±ha– “thero evar³pa½ vacana½ ki½ karissat²”ti k±raºassa suppah²natt±ti adhipp±yo.
Chandam³lak±ti taºh±chandam³lak±. Taºh± hi dukkhasamudayo. Kusalasañño v± thiravisadanipuºasañño v±, kusalasaªkh±ro v± tikhiºathiravisadasaªkh±ro v±; suvisuddhavipulod±raviññ±ºo v±ti imamattha½ “saññ±d²supi eseva nayo”ti imin± atidisati. Kasm± panettha an±gatak±lavaseneva desan± ±gat±ti ±ha “yasm± pan±”ti-±di.
Khandh±na½ khandhapaººatt²ti khandhasadd±bhidheyy±na½ ruppan±nubhavanasañj±nan±bhisaªkharavij±nanasabh±v±na½ atth±na½ “khandho”ti aya½ samaññ±. Kittaken±ti ki½parim±ºena atthena, r±satthabh±gatth±d²su k²disen±ti adhipp±yo.
Hetuhet³ti hetupaccayabh³to hetu. Yo hi lobh±d²na½ sahaj±tadhammesu m³laµµhenupak±rakabh±vo nippariy±yena hetuttho; so pathav²-±d²supi paccayabh±vamattena hetupariy±yadassanato dutiyena hetu-saddena visesetv± vutto “hetuhet³”ti. Avijj± puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²na½ s±dh±raºapaccayatt± s±dh±raºahetu, “at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±na½ kammasam±d±n±na½ µh±naso hetuso vip±kan”ti ettha vijjam±nesupi aññesu paccayesu iµµh±niµµhavip±kaniy±makatt± kamma½ tassa padh±nak±raºanti ±ha– “kusal±kusala½ attano attano vip±kad±ne uttamahet³”ti. “Mah±bh³t± het³”ti ayamevattho “mah±bh³t± paccayo”ti imin±pi vuttoti hetusaddapaccayasadd±na½ sam±natthatt± paccayo eva hetu paccayahetu, yo ca r³pakkhandhassa hetu, so eva tassa paññ±pan±ya paccayoti vuttoti ±ha– “idha paccayahetu adhippeto”ti. Yadaggena paccayadhammo attano paccayuppannassa upp±d±ya µhitiy± ca paccayo, tadaggena tassa bh±vato samaññ±to paññ±pan±yapi so paccayoti vattabbata½ arahat²ti. P±¼iya½ avibh±gena vuttamattha½ vibh±gena dassetu½, “tattha pathav²dh±t³”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha paññ±pan±y±ti sahetu-ahetukanti-±di-±k±rehi bodhan±ya Ta½ pana sabbodhana½ ñ±ºena dassana½ hot²ti vutta½ “dassanatth±y±”ti.
Phassoti phassasamaªg²bh±vo. So cettha sakiccanipph±danasamatthassa phassassa nibbatti. Nibbatto hi phasso tath±r³p±ya vedan±ya paccayo hot²ti. Etadatthamevettha bhagavat± puggal±dhiµµh±n± desan± kat±, tasm± paccuppann±t²tak±lavasena dvik±liko phassasaddo veditabbo. Phasse sati vedeti phassapaccay± vedan±-icceva vutta½ hoti. Sesapadadvayepi eseva nayo. Yatheva hi vedan±ya eva½ saññ±ya saªkh±r±nampi phasso visesapaccayo tasmi½ asati abh±vato. Cetan±ggahaºena ±y³han±nur³pat±ya tappadh±natt± saªkh±rakkhandhadhamm± gahit±. Tath± hi suttantabh±jan²ye saªkh±rakkhandhabh±jan²ye (vibha. 21, 22) ca “cakkhusamphassaj± cetan±”ti-±din± cetan±va niddiµµh±. Viññ±ºakkhandhass±ti ettha ekasmi½ bhave ±dibh³taviññ±ºassa n±mar³papaccayata½ dassetu½, “paµisandhiviññ±ºena t±v±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha gabbhaseyyakassa sabh±vakassa r³papavatti½ sandh±ya “uparimapariccheden±”ti vutta½ samati½sato upari paµisandhikkhaºe tassa r³p±na½ asambhavato. Id±ni pavattiviññ±ºassa n±mar³papaccaya½ dv±ravasena dassetu½, “cakkhudv±re”ti-±di vutta½. Nanu ca viññ±ºassapi phasso paccayo, kasm± tayo eva khandh± phassapaccay± vutt±ti? Saccameta½, yath± pana viññ±ºasahito phasso vedan±d²na½ paccayo, na eva½ viññ±ºassa. Ten±ha bhagav±– “tiººa½ saªgati phasso”ti (ma. ni. 1.204; ma. ni. 3.421, 425, 426; sa½. ni. 2.44, 45; 2.4.60) phasso viya n±mar³pa½ viññ±ºassa visesapaccayo yath± n±mar³papaccay±pi viññ±ºanti. Tasm± ima½ visesa½ dassetu½ n±mar³passeva viññ±ºapaccayat± vutt±, na phassassa.
87. Y±va sakk±yadiµµhi samuppajjati, t±va vaµµassa pariyanto natthev±ti appah²nasakk±yadiµµhiko vaµµe paribbhamat²ti ±ha– “katha½ pana, bhanteti vaµµa½ pucchanto”ti. Yath± ca sakk±yadiµµhijotan± vaµµapucch±, eva½ tabbhedanajotan± vivaµµapucch±ti ±ha– “sakk±yadiµµhi na hot²ti vivaµµa½ pucchanto”ti.
88. Aya½ r³pe ass±doti y±th±vato dassana½ pariññ±bhisamayo, dukkhasaccapariy±pannañca r³panti ±ha– “imin± pariññ±paµivedho ceva dukkhasaccañca kathitan”ti. “Ya½ r³pa½ aniccan”ti-±divacanato anicc±dibh±vo tattha ±d²navo, so cassa paccay±dh²navuttit±ya paccayo samudayasaccanti samudayappah±nena ±d²navasamatikkamoti ±d²navaggahaºena siddhamattham±ha– “pah±napaµivedho ceva samudayasaccañc±”ti. Sabbasaªkhatanissaraºa½ nibb±nañca sacchikiriy±bhisamayavasena paµivijjhitabbanti ±ha– “imin± sacchikiriy±paµivedho ceva nirodhasaccañc±”ti. Imesu t²su µh±nes³ti yath±vuttesu dukkh±d²su t²su abhisamayaµµh±nesu. Ye samm±diµµhi-±dayo dhamm±ti ye ariyamaggasaññit± samm±diµµhi-±dayo aµµha, satta v± dhamm±. Bh±van±paµivedho maggasaccanti bh±van±bhisamayavasena pavatta½ maggasacca½. Sesapadesup²ti, “aya½ vedan±ya ass±do”ti-±dipadesupi.
89. Imasminti ±sannapaccakkhat±ya saka-attabh±vo gahito, tadeva ajjhatt± khandh±ti tappaµiyogit±ya, “bahiddh±ti parassa saviññ±ºake k±ye”ti vutta½. Sabbanimittes³ti sabbesu r³panimitt±d²supi T±ni pana indriyabaddh±nipi anindriyabaddh±nipi ta½sabh±v±n²ti ±ha “anindriyabaddhampi saªgaºh±t²”ti. Viññ±ºaggahaºenevettha vedan±dayopi gahit± avin±bh±vatoti, “saviññ±ºake k±ye”ti vutta½. “K±yo”ti v± khandhasam³hoti attho.
90. Anattani µhatv±ti attarahite anattasabh±ve khandhakoµµh±se µhatv± ta½ ±dh±ra½ katv± kat±ni kamm±ni. Katarasmi½ attani µhatv±ti k²dise attani nissayavip±ka½ dassanti vipaccissanti. Etena k±rakavedakarahitatt± attapakkhakammak±ni na yujjant²ti dasseti, khandh±na½ khaºikatt± ca katan±sa-akatabbh±gamadoso ca ±pajjat²ti.
Tatr±ya½ (itivu. aµµha. 74; s±rattha. µ². 1.5) codan±sodhan±vidhi– p±º±tip±tavasena t±va kammapathasambandhavibh±van±, khaºe khaºe hi nirujjhanasabh±vesu saªkh±resu ko hanti, ko v± haññati, yadi cittacetasikasant±no, so ar³patt± na chedanabhedan±divasena vikopanasamattho, napi vikopan²yo. Atha r³pasant±no, so acetanatt± kaµµhakaliªgar³pamoti na tattha chedan±din± p±º±tip±t±puñña½ pasavati yath± matasar²re. Payogopi p±º±tip±tassa paharaºappah±r±diko at²tesu v± saªkh±resu bhaveyya, an±gatesu, paccuppannesu v±, tattha na t±va at²t±n±gatesu sambhavati tesa½ abh±vato, paccuppannesu ca saªkh±r±na½ khaºikatt± saraseneva nirujjhanasabh±vat±ya vin±s±bhimukhesu nippayojano payogo siy±, vin±sassa ca k±raºarahitatt± na paharaºappah±r±dippayogahetuka½ maraºa½, nir²hakat±ya ca saªkh±r±na½ kassa so payogo? Khaºikatt± vadh±dhipp±yasamak±labhijjanakassa kiriy±pariyos±nak±l±navaµµh±nato kassa p±º±tip±takammabaddhoti?
Vuccateyath±vuttavadhakacetan±sahito saªkh±rapuñjo sattasaªkh±to hanti. Tena pavattitavadhappayoganimitta½ apagata-usm±viññ±ºaj²vitindriyo matavoh±rapavattinibandhano yath±vuttavappayogakaraºe uppajjan±raho r³p±r³padhammasam³ho haññati, kevalo v± cittacetasikasant±no. Vadhappayog±visayabh±vepi tassa pañcavok±rabhave r³pasant±n±dh²navuttit±ya r³pasant±ne parena payojitaj²vitindriyupacchedakapayogavasena tannibbattitavibandhakavisadir³puppattiy± vigate vicchedo hot²ti na p±º±tip±tassa asambhavo; n±pi ahetuko p±º±tip±to, na ca payogo nippayojano paccuppannesu saªkh±resu katappayogavasena tadanantara½ uppajjan±rahassa saªkh±rakal±passa tath± anuppattito. Khaºik±na½ saªkh±r±na½ khaºikamaraºassa idha maraºabh±vena anadhippetatt± santatimaraºassa ca yath±vuttanayena sahetukabh±vato na ahetuka½ maraºa½ na ca katturahito p±º±tip±tappayogo nir²hakesupi saªkh±resu sannihitat±mattena upak±rakesu attano attano anur³paphalupp±dane niyatesu k±raºesu kattuvoh±rasiddhito yath±– “pad²po pak±seti, nis±karo candim±”ti. Na ca kevalassa vac±dhipp±yasahabhuno cittacetasikakal±passa p±º±tip±to icchito sant±navasena avaµµhitasseva paµij±nanato; sant±navasena pavattam±n±nañca pad²p±d²na½ atthakiriyasiddhi dissat²ti attheva p±º±tip±tena kammun± baddho; tato eva yasmi½ sant±ne p±º±tip±tacetan± pavatt±; tattheva sant±ne paccayantarasamav±yena bhavantare niray±d²su tass± phalappavatt²ti nattheva katavin±so akatabbh±gamo ca. Imin± nayena adinn±d±n±d²nañca vasena yath±raha½ kammapathasambandhavibh±van± veditabb±ti.
Sabbo diµµhigg±ho taºh±vasagatasseva hot²ti ±ha “taºh±dhipateyyen±”ti. Tesu tesu dhammes³ti may± desiyam±nadassanadhammesu. Pakatikammaµµh±nanti tassa therassa santike gahetv± parihariyam±nakammaµµh±na½. Añña½ navakammaµµh±nanti bhagavato desan±nus±rena gahita½ añña½ nava½ kammaµµh±na½. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Mah±puººamasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.