2. Pañcattayasuttavaººan±

21. Eketi ettha eka-saddo aññattho, na gaºan±di-atthoti ta½ dassento “ekacce”ti ±ha. Ya½ pana p±¼iya½ “sant²”ti vutta½. Tena tesa½ diµµhigatik±na½ vijjam±nat±ya avicchinnat±; tato ca nesa½ micch±gahaºato sithilakaraºavivecanehi attano desan±ya kiccak±rit± avitathat± ca d²pit± hoti. Paramatthasamaºabr±hmaºesu aparantakappikat±ya lesopi natth²ti ±ha “paribbajupagatabh±ven±”ti-±di. Sassat±divasena aparanta½ kappent²ti aparantakappino, te eva aparantakappik±. Yasm± tehi aparanta½ purimatarasiddhehi taºh±diµµhikappehi kappetv± ±sevanabalavat±ya ca vikappetv± aparabh±gasiddhehi abhinivesabh³tehi taºh±diµµhigg±hehi gaºhanti abhinivisanti par±masanti; tasm± vutta½– “aparanta½ kappetv± vikappetv± gaºhant²”ti. Taºhup±d±navasena kappanagahaº±ni veditabb±ni. Taºh±paccay± hi up±d±na½. Vuttampi ceta½ mah±niddese udd±nato saªkhepato. Taºh±diµµhivasen±ti taºh±ya diµµhiy± ca vasena. Diµµiy± v± upanissayabh³t±ya sahaj±t±ya abhinandanak±ya ca taºh±ya sassat±di-±k±rena abhinivisantassa micch±g±hassa ca vasena. An±gatadhammavisay±ya adhippetatt± an±gatak±lav±cako idha apara-saddo. R³p±dikhandhavinimuttassa kappanavatthuno abh±v± anta-saddo bh±gav±cakoti ±ha– “an±gata½ khandhakoµµh±san”ti. Kappetv±ti ca tasmi½ aparante taºh±ya n±bhinives±na½ samattana½ pariniµµh±panam±ha. Ýhit±ti tass± laddhiy± avijahana½.
Anugat±ti ±rammaºakaraºavasena anu anu gat± aparante pavatt±. ¾rabbh±ti ±lambitv±. Visayo hi tass± diµµhiy± aparanto. Visayabh±vato eva hi so tass± ±gamanaµµh±na½ ±rammaºapaccayo c±ti vutta½ “±gamma paµicc±”ti. Adhivacanapad±n²ti paññattipad±ni, d±s±d²su siriva¹¹hak±disaddo viya vacanamattameva adhik±ra½ katv± pavattiy± adhivacana½ paññatti. Atha v± adhi-saddo uparibh±ve, vuccat²ti vacana½, upari vacana½ adhivacana½, up±d±nabh³tar³p±d²na½ upari paññ±piyam±n± up±d±paññatt²ti attho, tasm± paññattid²pakapad±n²ti attho. Paññattimattañheta½ vuccati, yadida½, “att± loko”ti ca, na r³pavedan±dayo viya paramattho. Adhikavuttit±ya v± adhimuttiyoti diµµhiyo vuccanti. Adhikañhi sabh±vadhammesu sassat±di½ pakati-±di½ draby±di½ j²v±di½ k±y±diñca abh³tamattha½ ajjh±ropetv± diµµhiyo pavattant²ti. Abhivadant²ti, “idameva sacca½ moghamaññan”ti abhinivisitv± vadanti, “aya½ dhammo, n±ya½ dhammo”ti-±din± vivadanti. Abhivadanakiriy±ya ajj±pi avicchedabh±vadassanattha½ vattam±nak±lavacana½.
Saññ± etassa atth²ti saññ²ti ±ha “saññ±samaªg²”ti. Natthi etassa rogo bhaªgoti arogoti arogasaddassa niccapariy±yat± veditabb±. Rogarahitat±s²sena v± nibbik±rat±ya niccata½ paµij±n±ti diµµhigatikoti ±ha “arogoti nicco”ti. Imin±ti, “saññ² att± arogo para½ maraº±”ti imin± vacanena. So¼asa saññ²v±d±ti– r³p²catukka½, ar³p²catukka½, antav±catukka½, ekantasukh²catukkanti– imesa½ catunna½ catukk±na½ vasena so¼asa saññ²v±d± kathit±. Imesuyeva purim±na½ dvinna½ catukk±na½ vasena aµµha saññ²v±d± aµµha ca nevasaññ²n±saññ²v±d± veditabb±. Satta ucchedav±d±ti manussattabh±ve k±m±vacaradevattabh±ve r³p±vacaradevattabh±ve catubbidh±ruppattabh±ve cavitv± sattassa ucchedapaññ±panavasena satta ucchedav±d± kathit±. Asato vin±s±sambhavato atthibh±vanibandhano ucchedav±doti vutta½ “satoti vijjam±nass±”ti. Y±v±ya½ att± na ucchijjati, t±va vijjati ev±ti gahaºato nirudayavin±so idha ucchedoti adhippetoti ±ha “upacchedan”ti. Visesena n±so vin±so, abh±vo, so pana ma½sacakkhu-paññ±cakkhu-dassanapath±tikkamov±ti ±ha “adassanan”ti. Adassane hi n±sa-saddo loke niru¼ho. Bhavavigamanti sabh±v±pagamana½ yo hi nirudayavin±savasena ucchijjati, na so attano sabh±veneva tiµµhati.
Pañca diµµhadhammanibb±nav±d±ti pañcak±maguºasukhamanubhogavasena catubbidhar³pajjh±nasukhaparibhogavasena ca diµµhadhamme nibb±nappattipaññ±panav±d±. Diµµhadhammoti dassanabh³tena ñ±ºena upaladdhadhammo. Tattha yo anindriyavisayo, sopi sup±kaµabh±vena indriyavisayo viya hot²ti ±ha– “diµµhadhammoti paccakkhadhammo vuccat²”ti. Teneva ca, “tattha tattha paµiladdha-attabh±vasseta½ adhivacanan”ti vutta½. Saññ²ti ±divasena t²h±k±rehi santanti saññ² asaññ² nevasaññ²n±saññ²ti imehi ±k±rehi vijjam±na½, sad± upalabbham±na½ sassatanti attho. Saññ² att±ti-±d²ni t²ºi dassan±ni. Santa-atthavasena ekanti sassatassa attano vasena eka½ dassana½. Itar±ni dveti ucchedav±da-diµµhadhammanibb±nav±dasaññit±ni dve dassan±ni. T²ºi hutv± pañca hont²ti ida½, “santa-atthavasena ekan”ti saªgahavasena vuttassa saññ²ti ±divibh±gavasena vuttatt± suviññeyyanti aµµhakath±ya½ na uddhaµa½.
22. R³p²½ ti ettha (d². ni. µ². 1.76-77) yadi r³pa½ assa atth²ti r³p²ti ayamattho adhippeto. Eva½ sati r³pavinimuttena attan± bhavitabba½ saññ±ya viya r³passapi attaniyatt±. Na hi saññ² att±ti ettha saññ± att±. Tath± hi vutta½ sumaªgalavil±siniya½ (d². ni. aµµha. 1.76-77) “tattha pavattasaññañcassa saññ±ti gahetv±ti vuttan”ti. Eva½ sante, “kasiºar³pa½ att±ti gaºh±t²”ti ida½ kathanti? Na kho paneta½ eva½ daµµhabba½– “r³pa½ assa atth²ti r³p²”ti, atha kho “ruppanas²lo r³p²”ti. Ruppanañcettha r³pasarikkhat±ya kasiºar³passa va¹¹hit±va¹¹hitak±lavasena vises±patti, s± ca natth²ti na sakk± vattu½ parittavipulat±divisesasabbh±vato. Yadi eva½ imassa v±dassa sassatadiµµhisaªgaho na yujjat²ti? No na yujjati k±yabhedato uddha½ attano nibbik±rat±ya tena adhippetatt±. Tath± hi vutta½ “arogo para½ maraº±”ti. Atha v± “r³pa½ assa atth²ti r³p²”ti vuccam±nepi na doso. Kappan±siddhenapi hi bhedena s±miniddesadassanato yath± “sil±puttakassa sar²ran”ti Ruppana½ v± ruppanasabh±vo r³pa½, ta½ etassa atth²ti r³p², att± “r³pino dhamm±”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 11 dukam±tik±) viya. Evañca katv± r³pasabh±vatt± attano “r³pa½ att±”ti vacana½ ñ±y±gatamev±ti “kasiºar³pa½ att±ti gaºh±t²”ti vutta½. Ar³pinti ett±pi vuttanay±nus±rena yath±raha½ attho vattabbo. Santasukhuma½ muñcitv± tabbipar²tassa gahaºe k±raºa½ natth²ti l±bh², “kasiºar³pa½ att±”ti gaºh±t²ti l±bhitakkino µhapetv±, sesatakk² l±bhiggahaºeneva gahit±. Anussutitakkikopi suddhatakkikopi v± niraªkusatt± takkanassa kasiºar³pampi att±ti kad±cipi gaºheyy±ti vutta½– “ubhopi r³p±ni gaºh±tiyev±”ti. Suddhatakkikassa ubhayaggahaºa½ na kata½, tasm± s±saªkavacana½.
Kasiºuggh±µim±k±sa-paµham±ruppaviññ±ºa-natthibh±va-±kiñcaññ±yatan±ni ar³pasam±pattinimitta½. Ýhapetv± saññ±kkhandhanti ida½ saññ±ya attaniyata½ hadaye katv± vutta½. “R³pi½ v±”ti ettha vuttanayena pana atthe vuccam±ne saññ±kkhandha½ bahiddh± akatv± “ar³padhamme”icceva vattabba½ siy±. Missakagg±havasen±ti r³p±r³pasam±patt²na½ nimitt±ni ekajjha½ katv±, “eko att±”ti, tattha pavattasaññañcassa, “saññ±”ti gahaºavasena. Ayañhi diµµhigatiko r³p±r³pasam±pattil±bhit±ya ta½nimitta½ r³pabh±vena ar³pabh±vena ca gahetv± upatiµµhati, tasm±, “r³p² ar³p² c±”ti abhinivesa½ janeti ajjhattav±dino viya takkamatteneva v± r³p±r³padhamme missakavasena gahetv±, “r³p² ca ar³p²ca att± hot²”ti. Takkag±henev±ti saªkh±r±vasesasukhumabh±vappattadhamm± viya ca accantasukhumabh±vapattiy± sakiccas±dhan±samatthat±ya thambhakuµµahatthap±d±na½ saªgh±to viya neva r³p², r³pasabh±v±nativattanato na ar³p²ti eva½ pavattatakkag±hena. L±bhivasenapi v± ant±nantikacatutthav±de vakkham±nanayena aññamaññapaµipakkhavasena attho veditabbo. Kevala½ pana tattha desak±labhedavasena tatiyacatutthav±d± icchit±; idha k±lavatthu bhedavasen±ti ayameva viseso. K±labhedavasena cettha tatiyav±dassa pavatti r³p±r³panimitt±na½ saha anupaµµh±nato; catutthav±dassa pana vatthubhedavasena pavatti r³p±r³padhamm±na½ sam³hato, “eko att±”ti takkavasen±ti tattha vakkham±nanay±nus±rena veditabba½.
Yadipi aµµhasam±pattil±bhino diµµhigatikassa vasena sam±pattibhedena saññ±n±nattasambhavato dutiyadiµµhipi sam±pannakavasena labbhati; tath±pi sam±pattiya½ ekar³peneva saññ±ya upaµµh±nato, “paµhamadiµµhi sam±pannakav±rena kathit±”ti ±ha. Tenevettha sam±pannakaggahaºa½ kata½. Ekasam±pattil±bhino eva v± vasena attho veditabbo. Sam±patti bhedena saññ±bhedasambhavepi bahiddh± puthutt±rammaºe saññ±n±nattena o¼±rikena n±nattasaññ²ti, “dutiyadiµµhi asam±pannakav±ren±”ti ±ha. Ava¹¹hitakasiºavasena parittasaññita½, va¹¹hitakasiºavasena appam±ºasaññita½ dassetu½, “tatiyadiµµhi suppamattena v± sar±vamattena v±”ti-±di vutta½. “Aªguµµhappam±ºo v± att± yavappam±ºo, aºumatto v± att±”ti-±didassanavasena (ud±. aµµha. 54; d². ni. µ². 1.76-77) paritto saññ²ti parittasaññ². Kapilakaº±d±dayo (vibha. anuµ². 189) viya attano sabbagatabh±vapaµij±nanavasena appam±ºo saññ²ti appam±ºasaññ²ti evampettha attho daµµhabbo.
Etanti, “r³pi½ v±”ti-±din± yath±vutta-attav±da½. Ekesanti ekacc±na½. Up±tivattatanti atikkamant±na½. Niddh±raºe ceta½ s±mivacana½. Viññ±ºakasiºameke abhivadant²ti yojan±. Ten±ha– “sañña½…pe… abhivadant²”ti. Tattha “sañña½ µhapetv± ses±ni t²º²”ti ida½ saññ±ya catukkampi paripuººameva gahetv±, apare aµµhakanti vadanti. Tadubhayanti ta½ saññ±-aµµhakanti vutta½ ubhaya½. Parato ±vi bhavissat²ti, “catasso r³pasaññ²”ti-±din± upari pak±sessati. Vakkhati hi– “koµµh±sato aµµha, atthato pana satta saññ± hont²”ti (ma. ni. aµµha. 3.22). Etth±ti, “eta½ v± pan±”ti etasmi½ v±kye. Samatikkamitu½ sakkonti tattha ±d²navadassanena taduddha½ ±nisa½sadassanena ca br³hitasaddh±di guºatt±, vipariy±yena asakkuºana½ veditabba½. Ye sakkonti, teva gahit± tesa½yeva vasena vakkham±nassa visesassa vattu½ sakkuºeyyatt±. Sakkont±nañca nesa½ up±tivattana½ attano ñ±ºabal±nur³panti imamattha½ upam±ya dassetu½, “tesa½ pan±”ti-±di vutta½. Tattha appam±ºanti appam±º±rammaºo appam±º±rammaºat± cassa ±gamanavasena veditabb± anant±rammaºato v±. Na hi ±rammaºe anantanti param±nantassa pam±ºa½ v± gaºh±ti. Sukhadukkhehi aniñjanato r³pavir±gabh±van±visesat±ya ca ±neñja½ patv± tiµµhati, aya½ no att±ti abhivadant± tiµµhanti. Viññ±ºakasiºameketi viññ±ºañc±yatana½ eke diµµhigatik± att±ti vadanti. Ten±ha– “viññ±ºañc±yatana½ t±va dassetun”ti. Tassa pana ±rammaºabh³ta½ kasiºuggh±µim±k±se pavattaviññ±ºanti apare. Tañhi kasiºa½ manasik±ravasena, “viññ±ºakasiºan”ti, viññ±ºañca ta½ ±rammaºaµµhena ±yatanañc±ti, “viññ±ºañc±yatanan”ti ca vuccati. ¾kiñcaññ±yatanameketi etth±pi eseva nayo.