Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Majjhimanik±ye

Uparipaºº±sa-µ²k±

1. Devadahavaggo

1. Devadahasuttavaººan±

1. Dibbanti k±maguºehi k²¼anti, la¼anti, tesu v± viharanti, vijayasamatthat±yogena paccatthike vijetu½ icchanti; issariyaµµh±n±disakk±rad±naggahaºa½ ta½ta½atth±nus±sanañca karont± voharanti, puññ±nubh±vappatt±ya jutiy± jotenti v±ti dev± vuccanti r±j±no. Tath± hi te cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi jana½ rañjayant± saya½ yath±vuttehi visesehi r±janti dibbanti sobhant²ti ca, “r±j±no”ti vuccanti. Tatth±ti tasmi½ nigamadese. ti pokkharaº². Tanti ta½, “devadahan”ti laddhan±ma½ pokkharaºi½ up±d±ya, tassa ad³rabhavatt±ti keci. Sabba½ sukh±dibheda½ vedayita½. Pubbeti purimaj±tiya½. Katakammapaccay±ti katassa kammassa paccayabh±vato j±ta½ kamma½ paµicca. Tena sabb±pi vedan± kammaphalabh³t± eva anubhavitabb±ti dasseti. Ten±ha “imin±”ti-±di. Aniyametv± vuttanti, “santi, bhikkhave, eke samaºabr±hmaº± eva½v±dino”ti eva½ ime n±m±ti avisesetv± vuttamattha½. Niyametv±ti, “eva½v±dino, bhikkhave, nigaºµh±”ti eva½ visesetv± dasseti.
Kalis±sananti par±jaya½. Kal²ti hi anattho vuccati, kal²ti sasati vippharat²ti kalis±sana½, par±jayo. Kal²ti v± kodham±n±dikilesaj±ti, t±ya pana ayuttav±dit± kalis±sana½. Ta½ ±ropetuk±mo vibh±vetuk±mo Ye kamma½ kata½ akata½ v±ti na j±nanti, te katha½ ta½ edisanti j±nissanti. Ye ca kamma½ pabhedato na j±nanti, te katha½ tassa vip±ka½ j±nissanti; vip±kapariyositabh±va½ j±nissanti, ye ca p±passa kammassa paµipakkhameva na j±nanti; te katha½ tassa pah±na½ kusalakammassa ca samp±danavidhi½ j±nissant²ti imamattha½ dassento, “uttari pucch±yapi eseva nayo”ti ±ha.
2. Kiñc±pi c³¼adukkhakkhandhepi, (ma. ni. 1.180) “eva½ sante”ti imin± tesa½ nigaºµh±na½ aj±nanabh±vo eva ujuka½ pak±sito heµµh± desan±ya tath± pavattatt±. Tath± hi aµµhakath±ya½ (ma. ni. aµµha. 1.180) vutta½– “eva½ santeti tumh±ka½ eva½ aj±nanabh±ve sat²”ti, tath±pi tattha uparidesan±ya sambaddho evamattho vuccam±no yujjati, na aññath±ti dassetu½ idha, “mah±nigaºµhassa vacane sacce santeti attho”ti vutta½. Ettakassa µh±nass±ti yath±vuttassa pañcaparim±ºassa k±raºassa.
3. Anekav±ra½ visarañjana½ idha g±¼h±palepana½, na s±µakassa viya littat±ti ±ha– “bahal³pa…pe… littena viy±”ti. Vuttameva, na puna vattabba½, tattha vuttanayeneva veditabbanti adhipp±yo.
Imesa½ nigaºµh±na½ t±disassa tesa½ abh±vato, “j±nanak±lo siy±”ti parikappavasena vadati. Tena eva½ j±nitu½ tehi sakk± siy±, tesañca dassana½ sacca½ siy±. Yasm± tesa½ dassana½ asacca½, tasm± te na j±ni½s³ti dasseti. Cat³su k±les³ti vaºamukhassa parikantanak±lo, sallassa esanak±lo, abbuhanak±lo, vaºamukhe agadaªg±ra-odahanak±loti imesu cat³su k±lesu. Suddhanteti suddhakoµµh±se, dukkhassa anavasesato nijj²raºaµµhena niddukkhabh±veti attho. Ek±ya upam±y±ti, “sallena viddhassa hi viddhak±le vedan±ya p±kaµak±lo viy±”ti im±ya ek±ya upam±ya. Tayo atth±ti pubbe ahuvamh± v± no v±, p±pakamma½ akarimh± v± no v±, evar³pa½ v± p±pakamma½ akarimh±ti ime tayo atth±. Cat³hi upam±h²ti vaºamukhaparikantan±d²hi cat³hi upam±hi. Eko atthoti, “ettaka½ dukkha½ nijjiººan”ti-±din± vutto eko attho. So hi dukkhanijj²raºabh±vas±maññ± eko atthoti vutto.
4. Ime pana nigaºµh±. ¾saªk±ya viddhosm²ti sañña½ upp±detv±. Pacc±haritunti pacc±vattitu½, pariharitunti attho.
5. At²tav±da½ saddahant±nanti, “atthi kho, bho, nigaºµh± pubbe p±pakamma½ katan”ti eva½ at²ta½sa½ ±rabbha pavatta½ mah±nigaºµhassa v±da½ saddahant±na½. Bh³tatt±ti yath±bh³tatt± ki½ avipar²tameva attha½ ±rammaºa½ katv± pavatt±ti pucchati. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Saha dhammen±ti sahadhammo, so eva sahadhammiko yath± “venayiko”ti (a. ni. 8.11; p±r±. 8). “Dhammo”ti ettha k±raºa½ adhippetanti ±ha– “sahetuka½ sak±raºan”ti. Paµiharati paµivattet²ti paµih±ro, v±do eva paµih±ro v±dapaµih±ro; ta½, uttaranti attho. Ten±ha– “pacc±gamanakav±dan”ti, codana½ parivattetv± paµip±katikakaraºanti attho. Tesanti ida½ ±vuttivasena gahetabba½, “tesa½ saddh±chedakav±da½ n±ma tesa½ dasset²”ti.
6. Avijj± aññ±º± sammoh±ti pariy±yavacanameta½. Avijj±ti v± avijj±ya karaºabh³t±ya. Aññ±ºen±ti aj±nanena. Sammohen±ti sammuyhanena mah±mu¼hat±ya. S±ma½yeva opakkamik± etarahi attano upakkamahetu dukkhavedana½ vediyam±na½– “ya½kiñc±ya½…pe… pubbekatahet³”ti vipar²tato saddahatha. Pubbekatahetuv±dasaññita½ vipall±sagg±ha½ gaºhatha.
7. Diµµhadhammo vuccati paccakkhabh³to, tattha veditabba½ phala½ diµµhadhammavedan²ya½. Ten±ha– “imasmi½yeva attabh±ve vip±kad±yakan”ti. Payogen±ti k±yikena payogena v± v±casikena v± payogena. Padh±nen±ti padahanena cetasikena uss±hanena. ¾sanne bhavantare vip±cetu½ na sakk±, pageva d³reti dassetu½, “dutiye v± tatiye v± attabh±ve”ti vutta½. Nibbattakabh±vato sukhavedan±ya hitanti sukhavedan²ya½. S± pana vip±kavedan±bh±vato ekantato iµµh±rammaº± eva hot²ti ±ha “iµµh±rammaºavip±kad±yakan”ti. Vipar²tanti aniµµh±rammaºavip±kad±yaka½. Nipphanneti saddhi½ aññena kammena nibbatte. Sampar±yavedan²yass±ti upapajjavedan²yassa apar±pariyavedan²yassa. Eva½ santep²ti k±ma½ paripakkavedan²yanti diµµhadhammavedan²yameva vuccati, tath±pi atthettha atisayo diµµhadhammavisesabh±vato paripakkavedan²yass±ti dassetu½, “ayametth±”ti-±di vutta½. Yasmi½ divase kata½, tato sattadivasabbhantare.
Tatr±ti tasmi½ paripakkavedan²yakammassa sattadivasabbhantare vip±kad±ne. Ekav±ra½ kasitv± nis²di ch±tajjhatto hutv±. ¾gacchant² ±ha– “uss³re bhatta½ ±har²yitth±”ti domanassa½ anupp±detv± yath± katapuñña½ anumodati. Vijjotam±na½ disv±, “ki½ nu kho idampi tappak±ro, mama cittavikappamatta½, ud±hu suvaººamev±”ti v²ma½santo yaµµhiy± paharitv±.
V±¼ayakkhasañcaraºatt± r±jagah³pac±rassa nagare sahassabhaº¹ika½ c±resu½. Uppannar±go c³¼±ya ¹a½si. Rañño ±cikkhitv±ti ta½ pavatti½ rañño ±cikkhitv±. Mallik±ya vatthu dhammapadavatthumhi (dha. pa. aµµha. 2.mallik±dev²vatthu) ±gatena nayena kathetabba½.
Maraºasantikepi kata½, pageva tato puretara½ at²tattabh±vesu ca kata½. Idha nibbattitavip±koti vutto avassa½bh±vibh±vato. Sampar±yavedan²yameva bhavantare vip±kad±yakabh±vato. Idha nibbattitaguºotveva vutto, na idha nibbattitavip±koti vimuttibh±vato. Paripakkavedan²yanti veditabba½ heµµh± vuttaparipakkavedan²yalakkhaº±nativattanato. Sabbalahu½ phalad±yik±ti etena phalupp±danasamatthat±yogena kammassa paripakkavedan²yat±ti dasseti.
Catuppañcakkhandhaphalat±ya saññ±bhav³paga½ kamma½ bahuvedan²yanti vutta½. Ekakhandhaphalatt± asaññ±bhav³paga½ kamma½ appavedan²ya½. Keci pana, “ar³p±vacarakamma½ bahuk±la½ veditabbaphalatt± bahuvedan²ya½, itara½ appavedan²ya½. R³p±r³p±vacarakamma½ v± bahuvedan²ya½, parittakamma½ appavedan²yan”ti vadanti. Savip±ka½ kammanti paccayantarasamav±ye vip±kupp±danasamattha½, na ±raddhavip±kameva. Avip±ka½ kammanti paccayavekallena vipaccitu½ asamattha½ ahosikamm±dibheda½.
8. Diµµhadhammavedan²y±d²nanti diµµhadhammavedan²y±d²na½ dasanna½ kamm±na½ upakkamena kamm±na½ aññ±th±bh±vassa an±p±dan²yatt± yath±sabh±veneva kamm±ni tiµµhanti. Tattha nigaºµh±na½ upakkamo nippayojanoti ±ha “aphalo”ti. Nigaºµh±na½ padahanassa micch±v±y±massa nipphalabh±vappavedano padh±nacchedakav±do. Parehi vuttak±raºeh²ti yehi k±raºehi nigaºµh±na½ v±desu dosa½ dassenti. Tehi parehi vuttak±raºehi. Na hi lakkhaºayuttena hetun± vin± parav±desu dosa½ dassetu½ sakk±. Ten±ha “sak±raº± hutv±”ti. Nigaºµh±na½ v±d± ca anuv±d± c±ti nigaºµhehi vuccam±n± sakasakasamayappavedik± v±d±ceva s±vakehi vuccam±n± tesa½ anuv±d± ca. Viññ³hi garahitabba½ k±raºa½ ±gacchant²ti, “ayamettha doso”ti tattha tattha viññ³hi paº¹itehi garah±raha½ k±raºa½ upagacchanti, p±puºant²ti attho. Tassatthoti-±d²su aya½ saªkhepattho “vuttanayena parehi vuttena k±raºena sak±raº± hutv± dosadassanavasena nigaºµh±na½ v±d± anuppatt±, tato eva ta½ v±da½ appas±dan²yabh±vadassanena sosent± hetusampattivoh±rasukkhanena mil±pent± dukkaµakammak±rinoti-±dayo dasa g±rayh±pades± upagacchant²”ti.
9. Saªgatibh±vahet³ti tattha tattha yadicch±ya samuµµhitasaªgatinimitta½. S± pana saªgati niyatilakkhaº±ti ±ha “niyatibh±vak±raº±”ti. Acchejjasutt±vuta-abhejjamaºi viya hi paµiniyatat± niyatipavatt²ti. Cha¼abhij±tihet³ti kaºh±bhij±ti n²l±bhij±ti lohit±bhij±ti halidd±bhij±ti sukk±bhij±ti paramasukk±bhij±t²ti im±su abhij±t²su j±tinimitta½. P±pasaªgatik±ti nih²nasaªgatik±.
10. Anaddhabh³tanti ettha adhi-saddena sam±nattho addha-saddoti ±ha– “anaddhabh³tanti anadhibh³tan”ti. Yath± ±p±yiko attabh±vo mahat± dukkhena abhibhuyyati, na tath± ayanti ±ha– “dukkhena anadhibh³to n±ma manussattabh±vo vuccat²”ti. “Acelako hot²”ti-±din± (d². ni. 1.394) vutt±ya n±nappak±r±ya dukkarak±rik±ya kilamathena. Yadi eva½ katha½ dhutaªgadhar±ti ±ha “ye pan±”ti-±di. Niyy±nikas±sanasmiñhi v²riyanti vivaµµasannissita½ katv± pavattiyam±na½ v²riya½ sar²ra½ khedantampi samm±v±y±mo n±ma hoti ñ±y±raddhabh±vato.
Theroti ettha ±gatamah±rakkhitatthero. Tisso sampattiyo manussadevanibb±nasampattiyo, s²lasam±dhipaññ±sampattiyo v±. Khuraggeyev±ti khure s²sagge eva, khure s²saggato apan²te ev±ti adhipp±yo. Ayanti, “issarakule nibbatto”ti-±din± vutto. Na sabbe eva sakk±rapubbaka½ pabbajitv± arahatta½ p±puºant²ti ±ha “yo d±sikucchiyan”ti-±di. Rajatamuddikanti rajatamaya½ aªgulimuddika½. Gorakapiyaªgumattenap²ti kapitthachallikaªgupupphagandhamattenapi.
Dhammena ñ±yena ±gatasukha½ dhammasukhanti ±ha– “saªghato v±…pe… paccayasukhan”ti. Amucchitoti anajjh±panno. Id±ni ta½ anajjh±pannata½ tassa ca phala½ dassetu½ “dhammika½ h²”ti-±di vutta½. Imass±ti samudayassa. So hi pañcakkhandhassa dukkhassa k±raºabh³tatt± ±sanno paccakkho katv± vutto. Ten±ha “paccuppann±nan”ti-±di. Saªkh±ranti yath±raddh±ya s±tisaya½ karaºato saªkh±ranti laddhan±ma½ balavav²riya½ usso¼hi½. Padahatoti payuñjantassa pavattentassa. Maggena vir±go hot²ti ariyamaggena dukkhanid±nassa virajjan± hoti. Ten±ha “ida½ vutta½ hot²”ti. Imin± sukh±paµipad± khipp±bhiññ± kathit± akasireneva s²ghatara½ maggapaj±nat±ya bodhitatt±. Majjhattat±k±roti v²riy³pekkham±ha. Saªkh±ra½ tattha padahat²ti padh±nasaªkh±ra½ tattha dukkhanid±nassa virajjananimitta½ virajjanattha½ padahati. Katha½? Maggappadh±nena catukiccappadh±ne ariyamagge v±y±mena padahati v±yamati. Ajjhupekkhatoti v²riyassa anacc±raddhan±tisithilat±ya v²riyasamat±yojane by±p±r±karaºena ajjhupekkhato. Ten±ha “upekkha½ bh±ventass±”ti. Upekkh±bh±van± ca n±mettha tath±pavatt± ariyamaggabh±van± ev±ti ±ha– “maggabh±van±ya bh±vet²”ti.
Ettha ca eva½ p±¼iy± padayojan± veditabb±,– “so eva½ paj±n±ti. Katha½? Saªkh±ra½ me padahato saªkh±rapadahan± imassa dukkhanid±nassa vir±go hoti ajjhupekkhato me upekkhan± imassa dukkhanid±nassa vir±go hot²”ti. Paµipajjam±nassa c±ya½ pubbabh±gav²ma½sass±ti gahetabba½. Tattha saªkh±rappadh±n±ti sammasanapadena sukheneva khippatara½ bh±van±-ussukk±panav²riya½ dassitanti sukh±paµipad± khipp±bhiññ± dassit±. Ajjhupekkhatoti ettha kassaci n±tida¼ha½ katv± pavattitav²riyenapi dukkhanid±nassa vir±go hoti vipassanamanuyuñjat²ti dassita½. Ubhayatth±pi catutth²yeva paµipad± vibh±vit±ti daµµhabba½. Id±ni, “yassa hi khv±ssa…pe… upekkha½ tattha bh±vet²”ti v±rehi t±sa½yeva paµipad±na½ vasena tesa½ puggal±na½ paµipatti dassit±. Vaµµadukkhanid±nassa parijiººa½ imehi v±rehi dukkhakkhayo vibh±vito.
11. Baddhacittoti sambaddhacitto. Bahalacchandoti bahalataºh±chando. Aticaritv±ti atikkamitv±. Naµasatthavidhin± naccanak± naµ±, naccak± itare. Somanassa½ uppajjati, “²disa½ n±ma itthi½ pariccajin”ti. Chijj±ti dvidh± hotu. Bhijj±ti bhijjatu. “Chijja v± bhijjav±”ti padadvayenapi vin±sameva vadati. Ñatv±ti pubbabh±gañ±ºena j±nitv±. Tadubhayanti saªkh±rapadahana-upekkh±bh±vana½.
12. Pesentass±ti v±yamantassa. Ta½ sandh±y±ti dukkh±ya paµipad±ya niyy±nata½ sandh±ya.
Usuk±ro viya yog² tejanassa viya cittassa ujukaraºato. Gomuttavaªka½, candalekh±kuµila½, naªgalakoµijimha½ citta½. Al±t± viya v²riya½ ±t±pana-parit±panato. Kañcikatela½ viya saddh± sinehanato. Namanadaº¹ako viya lokuttaramaggo nibb±n±rammaºe cittassa n±manato. Lokuttaramaggena cittassa ujukaraºa½ bh±van±bhisamayato daµµhabba½. Antadvayavajjit± majjhim± paµipatt²ti katv± kilesagaºavijjhana½ pah±n±bhisamayo. Itar± pana paµipad± dandh±bhiññ±ti imesa½ dvinna½ bhikkh³na½ im±su dv²su yath±vutt±su khipp±bhiññ±su kathit±su, itar±pi kathit±va honti lakkhaºah±ranayena paµipad±s±maññato. Sah±gaman²y±pi v± paµipad± kathit±va, “na heva anaddhabh³ta½ atth±nan”ti-±din± pubbabh±gapaµipad±ya kathitatt±. “¾gaman²yapaµipad± pana na kathit±”ti ida½ savisesa½ ajjhupekkhassa akathitata½ sandh±ya vuttanti daµµhabba½. Nikkhamanadesananti nikkhamanup±ya½ desana½. Sesa½ suviññeyyameva.

Devadahasuttavaººan±ya l²natthappak±san± samatt±.