8. Gopakamoggall±nasutta½

79. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ ±yasm± ±nando r±jagahe viharati ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe aciraparinibbute bhagavati. Tena kho pana samayena r±j± m±gadho aj±tasattu vedehiputto r±jagaha½ paµisaªkh±r±peti rañño pajjotassa ±saªkam±no. Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya r±jagaha½ piº¹±ya p±visi. Atha kho ±yasmato ±nandassa etadahosi– “atippago kho t±va r±jagahe piº¹±ya caritu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ yena gopakamoggall±nassa br±hmaºassa kammanto, yena gopakamoggall±no br±hmaºo tenupasaªkameyyan”ti.
Atha kho ±yasm± ±nando yena gopakamoggall±nassa br±hmaºassa kammanto, yena gopakamoggall±no br±hmaºo tenupasaªkami. Addas± kho gopakamoggall±no br±hmaºo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “etu kho bhava½ ±nando. Sv±gata½ bhoto ±nandassa. Cirassa½ kho bhava½ ±nando ima½ pariy±yamak±si yadida½ idh±gaman±ya. Nis²datu bhava½ ±nando, idam±sana½ paññattan”ti. Nis²di kho ±yasm± ±nando paññatte ±sane. Gopakamoggall±nopi kho br±hmaºo aññatara½ n²ca½ ±sana½ gahetv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho gopakamoggall±no br±hmaºo ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi tehi dhammehi sabbenasabba½ sabbath±sabba½ samann±gato yehi dhammehi samann±gato so bhava½ gotamo ahosi araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti? “Natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi tehi dhammehi sabbenasabba½ sabbath±sabba½ samann±gato yehi dhammehi samann±gato so bhagav± ahosi araha½ samm±sambuddho. So hi, br±hmaºa, bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±, asañj±tassa maggassa sañjanet±, anakkh±tassa maggassa akkh±t±, maggaññ³, maggavid³, maggakovido; magg±nug± ca pana etarahi s±vak± viharanti pacch± samann±gat±”ti. Ayañca hida½ ±yasmato ±nandassa gopakamoggall±nena br±hmaºena saddhi½ antar±kath± vippakat± ahosi.
Atha kho vassak±ro br±hmaºo magadhamah±matto r±jagahe kammante anusaññ±yam±no yena gopakamoggall±nassa br±hmaºassa kammanto, yen±yasm± ±nando tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± ±nandena saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho vassak±ro br±hmaºo magadhamah±matto ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “k±yanuttha, bho ±nanda, etarahi kath±ya sannisinn±, k± ca pana vo antar±kath± vippakat±”ti? “Idha ma½, br±hmaºa, gopakamoggall±no br±hmaºo evam±ha– ‘atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi tehi dhammehi sabbenasabba½ sabbath±sabba½ samann±gato yehi dhammehi samann±gato so bhava½ gotamo ahosi araha½ samm±sambuddho’ti. Eva½ vutte aha½, br±hmaºa, gopakamoggall±na½ br±hmaºa½ etadavoca½– ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi tehi dhammehi sabbenasabba½ sabbath±sabba½ samann±gato yehi dhammehi samann±gato so bhagav± ahosi araha½ samm±sambuddho. So hi, br±hmaºa, bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±, asañj±tassa maggassa sañjanet±, anakkh±tassa maggassa akkh±t±, maggaññ³, maggavid³, maggakovido; magg±nug± ca pana etarahi s±vak± viharanti pacch± samann±gat±’ti. Aya½ kho no, br±hmaºa, gopakamoggall±nena br±hmaºena saddhi½ antar±kath± vippakat±. Atha tva½ anuppatto”ti.
80. “Atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi tena bhot± gotamena µhapito– ‘aya½ vo mamaccayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²’ti, ya½ tumhe etarahi paµip±deyy±th±”ti [paµidh±veyy±th±ti (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]? “Natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena µhapito– ‘aya½ vo mamaccayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²’ti, ya½ maya½ etarahi paµip±deyy±m±”ti. “Atthi pana, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi saªghena sammato, sambahulehi therehi bhikkh³hi µhapito– ‘aya½ no bhagavato accayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²’ti, ya½ tumhe etarahi paµip±deyy±th±”ti? “Natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi saªghena sammato, sambahulehi therehi bhikkh³hi µhapito– ‘aya½ no bhagavato accayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²’ti, ya½ maya½ etarahi paµip±deyy±m±”ti. “Eva½ appaµisaraºe ca pana, bho ±nanda, ko hetu s±maggiy±”ti? “Na kho maya½, br±hmaºa, appaµisaraº±; sappaµisaraº± maya½, br±hmaºa; dhammappaµisaraº±”ti.
“‘Atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi tena bhot± gotamena µhapito– aya½ vo mamaccayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti, ya½ tumhe etarahi paµip±deyy±th±’ti– iti puµµho sam±no ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena µhapito– aya½ vo mamaccayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti, ya½ maya½ etarahi paµip±deyy±m±’ti vadesi; ‘atthi pana, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi saªghena sammato, sambahulehi therehi bhikkh³hi µhapito– aya½ no bhagavato accayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti, ya½ tumhe etarahi paµip±deyy±th±’ti– iti puµµho sam±no ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi saªghena sammato, sambahulehi therehi bhikkh³hi µhapito– aya½ no bhagavato accayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti, ya½ maya½ etarahi paµip±deyy±m±’ti– vadesi; ‘eva½ appaµisaraºe ca pana, bho ±nanda, ko hetu s±maggiy±’ti iti puµµho sam±no ‘na kho maya½, br±hmaºa appaµisaraº±; sappaµisaraº± maya½, br±hmaºa; dhammappaµisaraº±’ti vadesi. Imassa pana, bho ±nanda, bh±sitassa katha½ attho daµµhabbo”ti?
81. “Atthi kho, br±hmaºa, tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena bhikkh³na½ sikkh±pada½ paññatta½, p±timokkha½ uddiµµha½. Te maya½ tadahuposathe y±vatik± eka½ g±makhetta½ upaniss±ya vihar±ma te sabbe ekajjha½ sannipat±ma; sannipatitv± yassa ta½ pavattati ta½ ajjhes±ma. Tasmi½ ce bhaññam±ne hoti bhikkhussa ±patti hoti v²tikkamo ta½ maya½ yath±dhamma½ yath±nusiµµha½ k±rem±ti.
“Na kira no bhavanto k±renti; dhammo no k±reti”. “Atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi ya½ tumhe etarahi sakkarotha garu½ karotha [garukarotha (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] m±netha p³jetha; sakkatv± garu½ katv± [garukatv± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] upaniss±ya viharath±”ti? “Natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi ya½ maya½ etarahi sakkaroma garu½ karoma m±nema p³jema; sakkatv± garu½ katv± upaniss±ya vihar±m±”ti.
“‘Atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi tena bhot± gotamena µhapito– aya½ vo mamaccayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti ya½ tumhe etarahi paµip±deyy±th±’ti– iti puµµho sam±no ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena µhapito– aya½ vo mamaccayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti ya½ maya½ etarahi paµip±deyy±m±’ti vadesi; ‘atthi pana, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi saªghena sammato, sambahulehi therehi bhikkh³hi µhapito– aya½ no bhagavato accayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti ya½ tumhe etarahi paµip±deyy±th±’ti iti puµµho sam±no ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi saªghena sammato, sambahulehi therehi bhikkh³hi µhapito– aya½ no bhagavato accayena paµisaraºa½ bhavissat²ti ya½ maya½ etarahi paµip±deyy±m±’ti vadesi; ‘atthi nu kho, bho ±nanda, ekabhikkhupi ya½ tumhe etarahi sakkarotha garu½ karotha m±netha p³jetha; sakkatv± garu½ katv± upaniss±ya viharath±’ti– iti puµµho sam±no ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi ya½ maya½ etarahi sakkaroma garu½ karoma m±nema p³jema; sakkatv± garu½ katv± upaniss±ya vihar±m±’ti vadesi. Imassa pana, bho ±nanda, bh±sitassa katha½ attho daµµhabbo”ti?
82. “Atthi kho, br±hmaºa, tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena dasa pas±dan²y± dhamm± akkh±t±. Yasmi½ no ime dhamm± sa½vijjanti ta½ maya½ etarahi sakkaroma garu½ karoma m±nema p³jema; sakkatv± garu½ katv± upaniss±ya vihar±ma. Katame dasa?
“Idha br±hmaºa, bhikkhu s²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno, aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v², sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±padesu.
“Bahussuto hoti sutadharo sutasannicayo. Ye te dhamm± ±dikaly±º±, majjhekaly±º±, pariyos±nakaly±º±, s±ttha½, sabyañjana½ [s±tth± sabyañjan± (s². sy±. ka½.)], kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ abhivadantntti tath±r³p±ssa dhamm± bahussut± honti dh±t± [dhat± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] vacas± paricit± manas±nupekkhit± diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±.
“Santuµµho hoti ( ) [(itar²tarehi) d². ni. 3.345] c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±rehi.
“Catunna½ jh±n±na½ ±bhicetasik±na½ diµµhadhammasukhavih±r±na½ nik±mal±bh² hoti akicchal±bh² akasiral±bh².
“Anekavihita½ iddhividha½ paccanubhoti– ekopi hutv± bahudh± hoti, bahudh±pi hutv± eko hoti; ±vibh±va½ tirobh±va½; tirokuµµa½ [tiroku¹¹a½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] tirop±k±ra½ tiropabbata½ asajjam±no gacchati, seyyath±pi ±k±se; pathaviy±pi ummujjanimujja½ karoti, seyyath±pi udake; udakepi abhijjam±ne gacchati, seyyath±pi pathaviya½; ±k±sepi pallaªkena kamati, seyyath±pi pakkh² sakuºo; imepi candimas³riye eva½mahiddhike eva½mah±nubh±ve p±ºin± parimasati [par±masati (ka.)] parimajjati, y±va brahmalok±pi k±yena vasa½ vatteti.
“Dibb±ya sotadh±tuy± visuddh±ya atikkantam±nusik±ya ubho sadde suº±ti– dibbe ca m±nuse ca, ye d³re santike ca.
“Parasatt±na½ parapuggal±na½ cetas± ceto paricca paj±n±ti. Sar±ga½ v± citta½ ‘sar±ga½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, v²tar±ga½ v± citta½ ‘v²tar±ga½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, sadosa½ v± citta½ ‘sadosa½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, v²tadosa½ v± citta½ ‘v²tadosa½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, samoha½ v± citta½ ‘samoha½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, v²tamoha½ v± citta½ ‘v²tamoha½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, sa½khitta½ v± citta½ ‘sa½khitta½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, vikkhitta½ v± citta½ ‘vikkhitta½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti mahaggata½ v± citta½ ‘mahaggata½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, amahaggata½ v± citta½ ‘amahaggata½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, sa-uttara½ v± citta½ ‘sa-uttara½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, anuttara½ v± citta½ ‘anuttara½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, sam±hita½ v± citta½ ‘sam±hita½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, asam±hita½ v± citta½ ‘asam±hita½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, vimutta½ v± citta½ ‘vimutta½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti, avimutta½ v± citta½ ‘avimutta½ cittan’ti paj±n±ti.
“Anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati, seyyathida½– ekampi j±ti½ dvepi j±tiyo tissopi j±tiyo catassopi j±tiyo pañcapi j±tiyo dasapi j±tiyo v²sampi j±tiyo ti½sampi j±tiyo catt±r²sampi j±tiyo paññ±sampi j±tiyo j±tisatampi j±tisahassampi j±tisatasahassampi anekepi sa½vaµµakappe anekepi vivaµµakappe anekepi sa½vaµµavivaµµakappe– ‘amutr±si½ eva½n±mo eva½gotto eva½vaººo evam±h±ro eva½sukhadukkhappaµisa½ved² evam±yupariyanto, so tato cuto amutra udap±di½; tatr±p±si½ eva½n±mo eva½gotto eva½vaººo evam±h±ro eva½sukhadukkhappaµisa½ved² evam±yupariyanto, so tato cuto idh³papanno’ti. Iti s±k±ra½ sa-uddesa½ anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati.
“Dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passati cavam±ne upapajjam±ne h²ne paº²te suvaººe dubbaººe, sugate duggate yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±ti.
“¾sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharati.
“Ime kho, br±hmaºa, tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena dasa pas±dan²y± dhamm± akkh±t±. Yasmi½ no ime dhamm± sa½vijjanti ta½ maya½ etarahi sakkaroma garu½ karoma m±nema p³jema; sakkatv± garu½ katv± upaniss±ya vihar±m±”ti.
83. Eva½ vutte vassak±ro br±hmaºo magadhamah±matto upananda½ sen±pati½ ±mantesi– “ta½ ki½ maññati bhava½ sen±pati [maññasi eva½ sen±pati (sy±. ka½. p².), maññasi sen±pati (s².), maññasi bhava½ sen±pati (ka.)] yadime bhonto sakk±tabba½ sakkaronti, garu½ k±tabba½ garu½ karonti, m±netabba½ m±nenti p³jetabba½ p³jenti”? “Tagghime [taggha me (ka.)] bhonto sakk±tabba½ sakkaronti, garu½ k±tabba½ garu½ karonti, m±netabba½ m±nenti, p³jetabba½ p³jenti. Imañca hi te bhonto na sakkareyyu½ na garu½ kareyyu½ na m±neyyu½ na p³jeyyu½; atha kiñcarahi te bhonto sakkareyyu½ garu½ kareyyu½ m±neyyu½ p³jeyyu½, sakkatv± garu½ katv± m±netv± p³jetv± upaniss±ya vihareyyun”ti? Atha kho vassak±ro br±hmaºo magadhamah±matto ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “kaha½ pana bhava½ ±nando etarahi viharat²”ti? “Ve¼uvane khoha½, br±hmaºa, etarahi vihar±m²”ti. “Kacci pana, bho ±nanda, ve¼uvana½ ramaº²yañceva appasaddañca appanigghosañca vijanav±ta½ manussar±hasseyyaka½ [manussar±haseyyaka½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] paµisall±nas±ruppan”ti? “Taggha, br±hmaºa, ve¼uvana½ ramaº²yañceva appasaddañca appanigghosañca vijanav±ta½ manussar±hasseyyaka½ paµisall±nas±ruppa½, yath± ta½ tumh±disehi rakkhakehi gopakeh²”ti. “Taggha, bho ±nanda, ve¼uvana½ ramaº²yañceva appasaddañca appanigghosañca vijanav±ta½ manussar±hasseyyaka½ paµisall±nas±ruppa½, yath± ta½ bhavantehi jh±y²hi jh±nas²l²hi. Jh±yino ceva bhavanto jh±nas²lino ca”.
“Ekamid±ha½ bho ±nanda, samaya½ so bhava½ gotamo ves±liya½ viharati mah±vane k³µ±g±ras±l±ya½. Atha khv±ha½, bho ±nanda, yena mah±vana½ k³µ±g±ras±l± yena so bhava½ gotamo tenupasaªkami½. Tatra ca pana so [tatra ca so (s². p².)] bhava½ gotamo anekapariy±yena jh±nakatha½ kathesi. Jh±y² ceva so bhava½ gotamo ahosi jh±nas²l² ca. Sabbañca pana so bhava½ gotamo jh±na½ vaººes²”ti.
84. “Na ca kho, br±hmaºa, so bhagav± sabba½ jh±na½ vaººesi, napi so bhagav± sabba½ jh±na½ na vaººes²ti. Katha½ r³pañca br±hmaºa, so bhagav± jh±na½ na vaººesi? Idha, br±hmaºa, ekacco k±mar±gapariyuµµhitena cetas± viharati k±mar±gaparetena, uppannassa ca k±mar±gassa nissaraºa½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti; so k±mar±ga½yeva antara½ karitv± jh±yati pajjh±yati nijjh±yati apajjh±yati. By±p±dapariyuµµhitena cetas± viharati by±p±daparetena, uppannassa ca by±p±dassa nissaraºa½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti; so by±p±da½yeva antara½ karitv± jh±yati pajjh±yati nijjh±yati apajjh±yati. Thinamiddhapariyuµµhitena cetas± viharati thinamiddhaparetena, uppannassa ca thinamiddhassa nissaraºa½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti; so thinamiddha½yeva antara½ karitv± jh±yati pajjh±yati nijjh±yati apajjh±yati. Uddhaccakukkuccapariyuµµhitena cetas± viharati uddhaccakukkuccaparetena, uppannassa ca uddhaccakukkuccassa nissaraºa½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti; so uddhaccakukkucca½yeva antara½ karitv± jh±yati pajjh±yati nijjh±yati apajjh±yati. Vicikicch±pariyuµµhitena cetas± viharati vicikicch±paretena, uppann±ya ca vicikicch±ya nissaraºa½ yath±bh³ta½ nappaj±n±ti; so vicikiccha½yeva antara½ karitv± jh±yati pajjh±yati nijjh±yati apajjh±yati. Evar³pa½ kho, br±hmaºa, so bhagav± jh±na½ na vaººesi.
“Katha½ r³pañca, br±hmaºa, so bhagav± jh±na½ vaººesi? Idha, br±hmaºa, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Evar³pa½ kho, br±hmaºa, so bhagav± jh±na½ vaººes²”ti.
“G±rayha½ kira, bho ±nanda, so bhava½ gotamo jh±na½ garahi, p±sa½sa½ pasa½si. Handa, ca d±ni maya½, bho ±nanda, gacch±ma; bahukicc± maya½ bahukaraº²y±”ti. “Yassad±ni tva½, br±hmaºa, k±la½ maññas²”ti. Atha kho vassak±ro br±hmaºo magadhamah±matto ±yasmato ±nandassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi.
Atha kho gopakamoggall±no br±hmaºo acirapakkante vassak±re br±hmaºe magadhamah±matte ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “ya½ no maya½ bhavanta½ ±nanda½ apucchimh± ta½ no bhava½ ±nando na by±k±s²”ti. “Nanu te, br±hmaºa, avocumh±– ‘natthi kho, br±hmaºa, ekabhikkhupi tehi dhammehi sabbenasabba½ sabbath±sabba½ samann±gato yehi dhammehi samann±gato so bhagav± ahosi araha½ samm±sambuddho. So hi, br±hmaºa, bhagav± anuppannassa maggassa upp±det±, asañj±tassa maggassa sañjanet±, anakkh±tassa maggassa akkh±t±, maggaññ³, maggavid³, maggakovido Magg±nug± ca pana etarahi s±vak± viharanti pacch± samann±gat±”’ti.

Gopakamoggall±nasutta½ niµµhita½ aµµhama½.