7. Gaºakamoggall±nasutta½

74. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tup±s±de. Atha kho gaºakamoggall±no [gaºakamoggal±no (ka.)] br±hmaºo yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavat± saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho gaºakamoggall±no br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ etadavoca–
“Seyyath±pi, bho gotama, imassa mig±ram±tup±s±dassa dissati anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± yadida½– y±va pacchimasop±naka¼evar±: imesampi hi, bho gotama, br±hmaº±na½ dissati anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± yadida½– ajjhene: imesampi hi, bho gotama, iss±s±na½ dissati anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± yadida½– issatthe [issatte (ka.)]. Amh±kampi hi, bho gotama, gaºak±na½ gaºan±j²v±na½ dissati anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± yadida½– saªkh±ne. Mayañhi, bho gotama, antev±si½ labhitv± paµhama½ eva½ gaº±pema– ‘eka½ ekaka½, dve duk±, t²ºi tik±, catt±ri catukk±, pañca pañcak±, cha chakk±, satta sattak±, aµµha aµµhak±, nava navak±, dasa dasak±’ti; satampi maya½, bho gotama, gaº±pema, bhiyyopi gaº±pema. Sakk± nu kho, bho gotama, imasmimpi dhammavinaye evameva anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± paññapetun”ti?
75. “Sakk± br±hmaºa, imasmimpi dhammavinaye anupubbasikkh± anupubbakiriy± anupubbapaµipad± paññapetu½. Seyyath±pi, br±hmaºa, dakkho assadammako bhadda½ ass±j±n²ya½ labhitv± paµhameneva mukh±dh±ne k±raºa½ k±reti, atha uttari½ k±raºa½ k±reti; evameva kho, br±hmaºa, tath±gato purisadamma½ labhitv± paµhama½ eva½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, s²lav± hohi, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto vihar±hi ±c±ragocarasampanno aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v², sam±d±ya sikkhassu sikkh±pades³”’ti.
“Yato kho, br±hmaºa, bhikkhu s²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v², sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±padesu, tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, indriyesu guttadv±ro hohi, cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± m± nimittagg±h² hohi m±nubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½ tassa sa½var±ya paµipajj±hi; rakkh±hi cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajj±hi. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±…pe… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±…pe… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya m± nimittagg±h² hohi m±nubyañjanagg±h². Yatv±dhikaraºamena½ manindriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½ tassa sa½var±ya paµipajj±hi; rakkh±hi manindriya½, manindriye sa½vara½ ±pajj±h²”’ti.
“Yato kho, br±hmaºa, bhikkhu indriyesu guttadv±ro hoti, tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, bhojane mattaññ³ hohi. Paµisaªkh± yoniso ±h±ra½ ±h±reyy±si– neva dav±ya na mad±ya na maº¹an±ya na vibh³san±ya, y±vadeva imassa k±yassa µhitiy± y±pan±ya vihi½s³paratiy± brahmacariy±nuggah±ya– iti pur±ºañca vedana½ paµihaªkh±mi, navañca vedana½ na upp±dess±mi, y±tr± ca me bhavissati anavajjat± ca ph±suvih±ro c±”’ti.
“Yato kho, br±hmaºa bhikkhu bhojane mattaññ³ hoti, tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, j±gariya½ anuyutto vihar±hi, divasa½ caªkamena nisajj±ya ±varaº²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhehi, rattiy± paµhama½ y±ma½ caªkamena nisajj±ya ±varaº²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodhehi, rattiy± majjhima½ y±ma½ dakkhiºena passena s²haseyya½ kappeyy±si p±de p±da½ acc±dh±ya sato sampaj±no uµµh±nasañña½ manasikaritv±, rattiy± pacchima½ y±ma½ paccuµµh±ya caªkamena nisajj±ya ±varaº²yehi dhammehi citta½ parisodheh²”’ti.
“Yato kho, br±hmaºa, bhikkhu j±gariya½ anuyutto hoti, tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, satisampajaññena samann±gato hohi, abhikkante paµikkante sampaj±nak±r² ±lokite vilokite sampaj±nak±r², samiñjite pas±rite sampaj±nak±r², saªgh±µipattac²varadh±raºe sampaj±nak±r², asite p²te kh±yite s±yite sampaj±nak±r² ucc±rapass±vakamme sampaj±nak±r², gate µhite nisinne sutte j±garite bh±site tuºh²bh±ve sampaj±nak±r²”’ti.
“Yato kho, br±hmaºa, bhikkhu satisampajaññena samann±gato hoti, tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhaj±hi arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñjan’ti. So vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanappattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. So pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto nis²dati pallaªka½ ±bhujitv±, uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya, parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±. So abhijjha½ loke pah±ya vigat±bhijjhena cetas± viharati, abhijjh±ya citta½ parisodheti; by±p±dapadosa½ pah±ya aby±pannacitto viharati sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp², by±p±dapados± citta½ parisodheti; thinamiddha½ [th²namiddha½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] pah±ya vigatathinamiddho viharati ±lokasaññ² sato sampaj±no, thinamiddh± citta½ parisodheti; uddhaccakukkucca½ pah±ya anuddhato viharati ajjhatta½ v³pasantacitto, uddhaccakukkucc± citta½ parisodheti; vicikiccha½ pah±ya tiººavicikiccho viharati akatha½kath² kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicch±ya citta½ parisodheti.
76. “So ime pañca n²varaºe pah±ya cetaso upakkilese paññ±ya dubbal²karaºe vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. P²tiy± ca vir±g±… tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pah±n±… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati.
“Ye kho te, br±hmaºa, bhikkh³ sekkh± [sekh± (sabbattha)] apattam±nas± anuttara½ yogakkhema½ patthayam±n± viharanti tesu me aya½ evar³p² anus±san² hoti. Ye pana te bhikkh³ arahanto kh²º±sav± vusitavanto katakaraº²y± ohitabh±r± anuppattasadatth± parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojan± sammadaññ± vimutt± tesa½ ime dhamm± diµµhadhammasukhavih±r±ya ceva sa½vattanti, satisampajaññ±ya c±”ti.
Eva½ vutte, gaºakamoggall±no br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “ki½ nu kho bhoto gotamassa s±vak± bhot± gotamena eva½ ovad²yam±n± eva½ anus±s²yam±n± sabbe accanta½ niµµha½ nibb±na½ ±r±dhentntti ud±hu ekacce n±r±dhent²”ti? “Appekacce kho, br±hmaºa, mama s±vak± may± eva½ ovad²yam±n± eva½ anus±s²yam±n± accanta½ niµµha½ nibb±na½ ±r±dhenti, ekacce n±r±dhent²”ti.
“Ko nu kho, bho gotama, hetu ko paccayo ya½ tiµµhateva nibb±na½, tiµµhati nibb±nag±m² maggo, tiµµhati bhava½ gotamo sam±dapet±; atha ca pana bhoto gotamassa s±vak± bhot± gotamena eva½ ovad²yam±n± eva½ anus±s²yam±n± appekacce accanta½ niµµha½ nibb±na½ ±r±dhenti, ekacce n±r±dhent²”ti?
77. “Tena hi, br±hmaºa, ta½yevettha paµipucchiss±mi. Yath± te khameyya tath± na½ by±kareyy±si. Ta½ ki½ maññasi br±hmaºa, kusalo tva½ r±jagahag±missa maggass±”ti? “Eva½, bho, kusalo aha½ r±jagahag±missa maggass±”ti. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, br±hmaºa, idha puriso ±gaccheyya r±jagaha½ gantuk±mo. So ta½ upasaªkamitv± eva½ vadeyya– ‘icch±maha½, bhante, r±jagaha½ gantu½; tassa me r±jagahassa magga½ upadis±’ti. Tamena½ tva½ eva½ vadeyy±si– ‘ehambho [eva½ bho (s². p².)] purisa, aya½ maggo r±jagaha½ gacchati. Tena muhutta½ gaccha, tena muhutta½ gantv± dakkhissasi amuka½ n±ma g±ma½, tena muhutta½ gaccha, tena muhutta½ gantv± dakkhissasi amuka½ n±ma nigama½; tena muhutta½ gaccha, tena muhutta½ gantv± dakkhissasi r±jagahassa ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyakan’ti. So tay± eva½ ovad²yam±no eva½ anus±s²yam±no ummagga½ gahetv± pacch±mukho gaccheyya. Atha dutiyo puriso ±gaccheyya r±jagaha½ gantuk±mo. So ta½ upasaªkamitv± eva½ vadeyya– ‘icch±maha½, bhante, r±jagaha½ gantu½; tassa me r±jagahassa magga½ upadis±’ti. Tamena½ tva½ eva½ vadeyy±si– ‘ehambho purisa, aya½ maggo r±jagaha½ gacchati. Tena muhutta½ gaccha, tena muhutta½ gantv± dakkhissasi amuka½ n±ma g±ma½; tena muhutta½ gaccha, tena muhutta½ gantv± dakkhissasi amuka½ n±ma nigama½; tena muhutta½ gaccha, tena muhutta½ gantv± dakkhissasi r±jagahassa ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyakan’ti. So tay± eva½ ovad²yam±no eva½ anus±s²yam±no sotthin± r±jagaha½ gaccheyya. Ko nu kho, br±hmaºa, hetu ko paccayo ya½ tiµµhateva r±jagaha½ tiµµhati r±jagahag±m² maggo, tiµµhasi tva½ sam±dapet±; atha ca pana tay± eva½ ovad²yam±no eva½ anus±s²yam±no eko puriso ummagga½ gahetv± pacch±mukho gaccheyya, eko sotthin± r±jagaha½ gaccheyy±”ti? “Ettha ky±ha½, bho gotama, karomi? Maggakkh±y²ha½, bho gotam±”ti.
“Evameva kho, br±hmaºa, tiµµhateva nibb±na½, tiµµhati nibb±nag±m² maggo, tiµµh±maha½ sam±dapet±; atha ca pana mama s±vak± may± eva½ ovad²yam±n± eva½ anus±s²yam±n± appekacce accanta½ niµµha½ nibb±na½ ±r±dhenti, ekacce n±r±dhenti. Ettha ky±ha½, br±hmaºa, karomi? Maggakkh±y²ha½, br±hmaºa, tath±gato”ti.
78. Eva½ vutte, gaºakamoggall±no br±hmaºo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “yeme, bho gotama, puggal± assaddh± j²vikatth± na saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit± saµh± m±y±vino ketabino [keµubhino (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] uddhat± unna¼± capal± mukhar± vikiººav±c± indriyesu aguttadv±r± bhojane amattaññuno j±gariya½ ananuyutt± s±maññe anapekkhavanto sikkh±ya na tibbag±rav± b±hulik± [b±hullik± (sy±. ka½.)] s±thalik± okkamane pubbaªgam± paviveke nikkhittadhur± kus²t± h²nav²riy± muµµhassatino asampaj±n± asam±hit± vibbhantacitt± duppaññ± e¼am³g±, na tehi bhava½ gotamo saddhi½ sa½vasati”.
“Ye pana te kulaputt± saddh± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajit± asaµh± am±y±vino aketabino anuddhat± anunna¼± acapal± amukhar± avikiººav±c± indriyesu guttadv±r± bhojane mattaññuno j±gariya½ anuyutt± s±maññe apekkhavanto sikkh±ya tibbag±rav± nab±hulik± nas±thalik± okkamane nikkhittadhur± paviveke pubbaªgam± ±raddhav²riy± pahitatt± upaµµhitassatino sampaj±n± sam±hit± ekaggacitt± paññavanto ane¼am³g±, tehi bhava½ gotamo saddhi½ sa½vasati.
“Seyyath±pi bho gotama, ye keci m³lagandh±, k±l±nus±ri tesa½ aggamakkh±yati; ye keci s±ragandh±, lohitacandana½ tesa½ aggamakkh±yati; ye keci pupphagandh±, vassika½ tesa½ aggamakkh±yati; evameva bhoto gotamassa ov±do paramajjadhammesu.
“Abhikkanta½ bho gotama, abhikkanta½, bho gotama! Seyyath±pi, bho gotama, nikkujjita½ v± ukkujjeyya, paµicchanna½ v± vivareyya, m³¼hassa v± magga½ ±cikkheyya, andhak±re v± telapajjota½ dh±reyya– ‘cakkhumanto r³p±ni dakkhant²’ti; evameva½ bhot± gotamena anekapariy±yena dhammo pak±sito. Es±ha½ bhavanta½ gotama½ saraºa½ gacch±mi dhammañca bhikkhusaªghañca. Up±saka½ ma½ bhava½ gotamo dh±retu ajjatagge p±ºupeta½ saraºa½ gatan”ti.

Gaºakamoggall±nasutta½ niµµhita½ sattama½.