4. Nandakov±dasutta½

398. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Atha kho mah±paj±patigotam² pañcamattehi bhikkhunisatehi saddhi½ yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhit± kho mah±paj±patigotam² bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “ovadatu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkhuniyo; anus±satu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkhuniyo; karotu, bhante, bhagav± bhikkhun²na½ dhammi½ kathan”ti [dhammikathanti (sy±. ka½. ka.)].
Tena kho pana samayena ther± bhikkh³ bhikkhuniyo ovadanti pariy±yena. ¾yasm± nandako na icchati bhikkhuniyo ovaditu½ pariy±yena. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “kassa nu kho, ±nanda, ajja pariy±yo bhikkhuniyo ovaditu½ pariy±yen±”ti? “Sabbeheva, bhante, kato [nandakassa bhante (s². p².)] pariy±yo bhikkhuniyo ovaditu½ pariy±yena. Aya½, bhante, ±yasm± nandako na icchati bhikkhuniyo ovaditu½ pariy±yen±”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ nandaka½ ±mantesi– “ovada, nandaka, bhikkhuniyo; anus±sa, nandaka, bhikkhuniyo; karohi tva½, br±hmaºa, bhikkhun²na½ dhammi½ kathan”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± nandako bhagavato paµissutv± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya s±vatthi½ piº¹±ya p±visi. S±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto attadutiyo yena r±jak±r±mo tenupasaªkami. Addasa½su kho t± bhikkhuniyo ±yasmanta½ nandaka½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na ±sana½ paññ±pesu½, udakañca p±d±na½ upaµµhapesu½. Nis²di kho ±yasm± nandako paññatte ±sane. Nisajja p±de pakkh±lesi. T±pi kho bhikkhuniyo ±yasmanta½ nandaka½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho t± bhikkhuniyo ±yasm± nandako etadavoca– “paµipucchakath± kho, bhaginiyo, bhavissati. Tattha ±j±nant²hi– ‘±j±n±m±’ tissa vacan²ya½, na ±j±nant²hi– ‘na ±j±n±m±’ tissa vacan²ya½. Yass± v± panassa kaªkh± v± vimati v± ahameva tattha paµipucchitabbo– ‘ida½, bhante, katha½; imassa kvattho”’ti? “Ettakenapi maya½, bhante, ayyassa nandakassa attaman± abhiraddh± [abhinand±ma (sy±. ka½.)] ya½ no ayyo nandako pav±ret²”ti.
399. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhaginiyo, cakkhu nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½ bhante”. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhaginiyo, sota½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante…pe… gh±na½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”… “jivh± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”… “k±yo nicco v± anicco v±”ti? “Anicco, bhante”… “mano nicco v± anicco v±”ti? “Anicco, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½ kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no eta½, bhante, yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½– ‘itipime cha ajjhattik± ±yatan± anicc±”’ti. “S±dhu, s±dhu, bhaginiyo! Evañheta½, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyas±vakassa yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passato”.
400. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhaginiyo, r³p± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhaginiyo, sadd± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante…pe… gandh± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”… “ras± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”… “phoµµhabb± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc± bhante”… “dhamm± nicc± v± anicc± v±”ti? “Anicc±, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no eta½, bhante, yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½– ‘itipime cha b±hir± ±yatan± anicc±”’ti “S±dhu, s±dhu, bhaginiyo! Evañheta½, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyas±vakassa yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passato”.
401. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhaginiyo, cakkhuviññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhaginiyo, sotaviññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante…pe… gh±naviññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”… “jivh±viññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”… “k±yaviññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”… “manoviññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±ti”? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Pubbeva no eta½, bhante, yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya sudiµµha½– ‘itipime cha viññ±ºak±y± anicc±”’ti. “S±dhu, s±dhu, bhaginiyo! Evañheta½, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyas±vakassa yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passato”.
402. “Seyyath±pi bhaginiyo, telappad²passa jh±yato telampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, vaµµipi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±, accipi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±, ±bh±pi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±. Yo nu kho, bhaginiyo, eva½ vadeyya– ‘amussa telappad²passa jh±yato telampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, vaµµipi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±, accipi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±; y± ca khv±ssa ±bh± s± nicc± dhuv± sassat± avipariº±madhamm±’ti; samm± nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadam±no vadeyy±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Amussa hi, bhante, telappad²passa jh±yato telampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, vaµµipi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±, accipi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±; pagevassa ±bh± anicc± vipariº±madhamm±”ti. “Evameva kho, bhaginiyo, yo nu kho eva½ vadeyya– ‘cha khome ajjhattik± ±yatan± anicc± [anicc± vipariº±madhamm± (?)]; Yañca kho cha ajjhattike ±yatane paµicca paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± ta½ nicca½ dhuva½ sassata½ avipariº±madhamman’ti; samm± nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadam±no vadeyy±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Tajja½ tajja½, bhante, paccaya½ paµicca tajj± tajj± vedan± uppajjanti. Tajjass tajjassa paccayassa nirodh± tajj± tajj± vedan± nirujjhant²”ti. “S±dhu, s±dhu, bhaginiyo! Evañheta½, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyas±vakassa yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passato”.
403. “Seyyath±pi, bhaginiyo, mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato s±ravato m³lampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, khandhopi anicco vipariº±madhammo, s±kh±pal±sampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, ch±y±pi anicc± vipariº±madhamm±. Yo nu kho, bhaginiyo, eva½ vadeyya– ‘amussa mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato s±ravato m³lampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, khandhopi anicco vipariº±madhammo, s±kh±pal±sampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, y± ca khv±ssa ch±y± s± nicc± dhuv± sassat± avipariº±madhamm±’ti; samm± nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadam±no vadeyy±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Amussa hi, bhante, mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato s±ravato m³lampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½, khandhopi anicco vipariº±madhammo, s±kh±pal±sampi anicca½ vipariº±madhamma½; pagevassa ch±y± anicc± vipariº±madhamm±”ti. “Evameva kho, bhaginiyo, yo nu kho eva½ vadeyya– ‘cha khome b±hir± ±yatan± anicc± [anicc± vipariº±madhamm± (s². p².)]. Yañca kho cha b±hire ±yatane paµicca paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v± ta½ nicca½ dhuva½ sassata½ avipariº±madhamman’ti; samm± nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadam±no vadeyy±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Tajja½ tajja½, bhante, paccaya½ paµicca tajj± tajj± vedan± uppajjanti. Tajjassa tajjassa paccayassa nirodh± tajj± tajj± vedan± nirujjhant²”ti. “S±dhu, s±dhu, bhaginiyo! Evañheta½, bhaginiyo, hoti ariyas±vakassa yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passato”.
404. “Seyyath±pi, bhaginiyo, dakkho gogh±tako v± gogh±takantev±s² v± g±vi½ vadhitv± tiºhena govikantanena g±vi½ saªkanteyya anupahacca antara½ ma½sak±ya½ anupahacca b±hira½ cammak±ya½. Ya½ yadeva tattha antar± vilima½sa½ [vilima½ (s². p². ka.)] antar± nh±ru antar± bandhana½ ta½ tadeva tiºhena govikantanena sañchindeyya saªkanteyya sampakanteyya samparikanteyya. Sañchinditv± saªkantitv± sampakantitv± samparikantitv± vidhunitv± b±hira½ cammak±ya½ teneva cammena ta½ g±vi½ paµicch±detv± eva½ vadeyya– ‘tathev±ya½ g±v² sa½yutt± imin±va cammen±’ti; samm± nu kho so, bhaginiyo, vadam±no vadeyy±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Ta½ kissa hetu”? “Amu hi, bhante, dakkho gogh±tako v± gogh±takantev±s² v± g±vi½ vadhitv± tiºhena govikantanena g±vi½ saªkanteyya anupahacca antara½ ma½sak±ya½ anupahacca b±hira½ cammak±ya½. Ya½ yadeva tattha antar± vilima½sa½ antar± nh±ru antar± bandhana½ ta½ tadeva tiºhena govikantanena sañchindeyya saªkanteyya sampakanteyya samparikanteyya. Sañchinditv± saªkantitv± sampakantitv± samparikantitv± vidhunitv± b±hira½ cammak±ya½ teneva cammena ta½ g±vi½ paµicch±detv± kiñc±pi so eva½ vadeyya– ‘tathev±ya½ g±v² sa½yutt± imin±va cammen±’ti; atha kho s± g±v² visa½yutt± teneva cammen±”ti.
“Upam± kho me aya½, bhaginiyo, kat± atthassa viññ±pan±ya. Ayamevettha attho; ‘antar± ma½sak±yo’ti kho, bhaginiyo, channeta½ ajjhattik±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacana½; ‘b±hiro cammak±yo’ti kho bhaginiyo, channeta½ b±hir±na½ ±yatan±na½ adhivacana½; ‘antar± vilima½sa½, antar± nh±ru, antar± bandhanan’ti kho, bhaginiyo, nand²r±gasseta½ adhivacana½; ‘tiºha½ govikantanan’ti kho, bhaginiyo, ariy±yeta½ paññ±ya adhivacana½; y±ya½ ariy± paññ± antar± kilesa½ antar± sa½yojana½ antar± bandhana½ sañchindati saªkantati sampakantati samparikantati.
405. “Satta kho panime, bhaginiyo, bojjhaªg±, yesa½ bh±vitatt± bahul²katatt± bhikkhu ±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharati. Katame satta? Idha, bhaginiyo, bhikkhu satisambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½, dhammavicayasambojjhaªga½ bh±veti…pe… v²riyasambojjhaªga½ bh±veti… p²tisambojjhaªga½ bh±veti… passaddhisambojjhaªga½ bh±veti… sam±dhisambojjhaªga½ bh±veti… upekkh±sambojjhaªga½ bh±veti vivekanissita½ vir±ganissita½ nirodhanissita½ vossaggapariº±mi½. Ime kho, bhaginiyo, satta bojjhaªg±, yesa½ bh±vitatt± bahul²katatt± bhikkhu ±sav±na½ khay± an±sava½ cetovimutti½ paññ±vimutti½ diµµheva dhamme saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± upasampajja viharat²”ti.