4. S±mag±masutta½

41. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± sakkesu viharati s±mag±me. Tena kho pana samayena nigaºµho n±µaputto [n±thaputto (s². p².)] p±v±ya½ adhun±k±laªkato [k±lakato (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] hoti. Tassa k±laªkiriy±ya bhinn± nigaºµh± dvedhikaj±t± [dve¼hakaj±t± (sy±. ka½. ka.)] bhaº¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± aññamañña½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharanti– “na tva½ ima½ dhammavinaya½ ±j±n±si, aha½ ima½ dhammavinaya½ ±j±n±mi. Ki½ tva½ ima½ dhammavinaya½ ±j±nissasi! Micch±paµipanno tvamasi, ahamasmi samm±paµipanno. Sahita½ me, asahita½ te. Purevacan²ya½ pacch± avaca pacch±vacan²ya½ pure avaca. Adhiciººa½ [aviciººa½ (s². p².)] te vipar±vatta½. ¾ropito te v±do. Niggahitosi, cara v±dappamokkh±ya; nibbeµhehi v± sace pahos²”ti. Vadhoyeva kho [vadhoyeveko (sy±. ka½. ka.)] maññe nigaºµhesu n±µaputtiyesu vattati. Yepi nigaºµhassa n±µaputtassa s±vak± gih² od±tavasan± tepi nigaºµhesu n±µaputtiyesu nibbinnar³p± [nibbindar³p± (sy±. ka½. ka.)] virattar³p± paµiv±nar³p± yath± ta½ durakkh±te dhammavinaye duppavedite aniyy±nike anupasamasa½vattanike asamm±sambuddhappavedite bhinnath³pe appaµisaraºe.
42. Atha kho cundo samaºuddeso p±v±ya½ vassa½vuµµho [vassa½vuttho (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] yena s±mag±mo yen±yasm± ±nando tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho cundo samaºuddeso ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ etadavoca– “nigaºµho, bhante, n±µaputto p±v±ya½ adhun±k±laªkato. Tassa k±laªkiriy±ya bhinn± nigaºµh± dvedhikaj±t±…pe… bhinnath³pe appaµisaraºe”ti. Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± ±nando cunda½ samaºuddesa½ etadavoca– “atthi kho ida½, ±vuso cunda, kath±p±bhata½ bhagavanta½ dassan±ya. ¾y±ma, ±vuso cunda, yena bhagav± tenupasaªkamiss±ma; upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ bhagavato ±rocess±m±”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho cundo samaºuddeso ±yasmato ±nandassa paccassosi.
Atha kho ±yasm± ca ±nando cundo ca samaºuddeso yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “aya½, bhante, cundo samaºuddeso evam±ha– ‘nigaºµho bhante, n±µaputto p±v±ya½ adhun±k±laªkato. Tassa k±laªkiriy±ya bhinn± nigaºµh± dvedhikaj±t±…pe… bhinnath³pe appaµisaraºe’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘m±heva bhagavato accayena saªghe viv±do uppajji; sv±ssa [so (s². p².), sv±ya½ (ka.)] viv±do bahujan±hit±ya bahujan±sukh±ya bahuno janassa anatth±ya ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±na”n’ti.
43. “Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±nanda, ye vo may± dhamm± abhiññ± desit±, seyyathida½– catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± catt±ro iddhip±d± pañcindriy±ni pañca bal±ni satta bojjhaªg± ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, passasi no tva½, ±nanda, imesu dhammesu dvepi bhikkh³ n±n±v±de”ti? “Ye me, bhante, dhamm± bhagavat± abhiññ± desit±, seyyathida½– catt±ro satipaµµh±n± catt±ro sammappadh±n± catt±ro iddhip±d± pañcindriy±ni pañca bal±ni satta bojjhaªg± ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, n±ha½ pass±mi imesu dhammesu dvepi bhikkh³ n±n±v±de. Ye ca kho [santi ca kho (sy±. ka½.), santi ca (ka.)], bhante, puggal± bhagavanta½ patissayam±nar³p± viharanti tepi bhagavato accayena saªghe viv±da½ janeyyu½ ajjh±j²ve v± adhip±timokkhe v±. Sv±ssa [sossa (s². p².), sv±ya½ (ka.)] viv±do bahujan±hit±ya bahujan±sukh±ya bahuno janassa anatth±ya ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±nan”ti. Appamattako so, ±nanda, viv±do yadida½– ajjh±j²ve v± adhip±timokkhe v±. Magge v± hi, ±nanda, paµipad±ya v± saªghe viv±do uppajjam±no uppajjeyya; sv±ssa viv±do bahujan±hit±ya bahujan±sukh±ya bahuno janassa anatth±ya ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±na½.
44. “Chayim±ni, ±nanda, viv±dam³l±ni. Katam±ni cha? Idh±nanda, bhikkhu kodhano hoti upan±h². Yo so, ±nanda, bhikkhu kodhano hoti upan±h² so sattharipi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, dhammepi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, saªghepi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, sikkh±yapi na parip³rak±r² hoti. Yo so, ±nanda, bhikkhu satthari ag±ravo viharati appatisso, dhamme… saªghe ag±ravo viharati appatisso, sikkh±ya na parip³rak±r² hoti, so saªghe viv±da½ janeti; yo hoti viv±do bahujan±hit±ya bahujan±sukh±ya, bahuno janassa anatth±ya ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±na½. Evar³pañce tumhe, ±nanda, viv±dam³la½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± samanupasseyy±tha, tatra tumhe, ±nanda, tasseva p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa pah±n±ya v±yameyy±tha. Evar³pañce tumhe, ±nanda, viv±dam³la½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± na samanupasseyy±tha. Tatra tumhe, ±nanda, tasseva p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa ±yati½ anavassav±ya paµipajjeyy±tha. Evametassa p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa pah±na½ hoti, evametassa p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa ±yati½ anavassavo hoti.
45. “Puna capara½, ±nanda, bhikkhu makkh² hoti pa¼±s²…pe… issuk² hoti macchar²…pe… saµho hoti m±y±v²…pe… p±piccho hoti micch±diµµhi [micch±diµµh² (sy±. ka½. p². ka.)] …pe… sandiµµhipar±m±s² hoti ±dh±nagg±h² duppaµinissagg². Yo so, ±nanda, bhikkhu sandiµµhipar±m±s² hoti ±dh±nagg±h² duppaµinissagg² so sattharipi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, dhammepi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, saªghepi ag±ravo viharati appatisso, sikkh±yapi na parip³rak±r² hoti. Yo so, ±nanda, bhikkhu satthari ag±ravo viharati appatisso, dhamme… saªghe… sikkh±ya na parip³rak±r² hoti so saªghe viv±da½ janeti; yo hoti viv±do bahujan±hit±ya bahujan±sukh±ya, bahuno janassa anatth±ya ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±na½. Evar³pañce tumhe, ±nanda, viv±dam³la½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± samanupasseyy±tha. Tatra tumhe, ±nanda, tasseva p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa pah±n±ya v±yameyy±tha. Evar³pañce tumhe, ±nanda, viv±dam³la½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± na samanupasseyy±tha, tatra tumhe, ±nanda, tasseva p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa ±yati½ anavassav±ya paµipajjeyy±tha. Evametassa p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa pah±na½ hoti evametassa p±pakassa viv±dam³lassa ±yati½ anavassavo hoti. Im±ni kho, ±nanda, cha viv±dam³l±ni.
46. “Catt±rim±ni ±nanda, adhikaraº±ni. Katam±ni catt±ri? Viv±d±dhikaraºa½, anuv±d±dhikaraºa½, ±patt±dhikaraºa½, kicc±dhikaraºa½– im±ni kho, ±nanda, catt±ri adhikaraº±ni. Satta kho panime, ±nanda, adhikaraºasamath±– uppannuppann±na½ adhikaraº±na½ samath±ya v³pasam±ya sammukh±vinayo d±tabbo, sativinayo d±tabbo, am³¼havinayo d±tabbo, paµiññ±ya k±retabba½, yebhuyyasik±, tassap±piyasik±, tiºavatth±rako.
47. “Kathañc±nanda, sammukh±vinayo hoti? Idh±nanda, bhikkh³ vivadanti dhammoti v± adhammoti v± vinayoti v± avinayoti v±. Teh±nanda, bhikkh³hi sabbeheva samaggehi sannipatitabba½. Sannipatitv± dhammanetti samanumajjitabb± Dhammanetti½ samanumajjitv± yath± tattha sameti tath± ta½ adhikaraºa½ v³pasametabba½. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, sammukh±vinayo hoti; evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– sammukh±vinayena.
48. “Kathañc±nanda, yebhuyyasik± hoti? Te ce, ±nanda, bhikkh³ na sakkonti ta½ adhikaraºa½ tasmi½ ±v±se v³pasametu½. Teh±nanda, bhikkh³hi yasmi½ ±v±se bahutar± bhikkh³ so ±v±so gantabbo. Tattha sabbeheva samaggehi sannipatitabba½. Sannipatitv± dhammanetti samanumajjitabb±. Dhammanetti½ samanumajjitv± yath± tattha sameti tath± ta½ adhikaraºa½ v³pasametabba½. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, yebhuyyasik± hoti, evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– yebhuyyasik±ya.
49. “Kathañc±nanda, sativinayo hoti? Idh±nanda, bhikkh³ bhikkhu½ evar³p±ya garuk±ya ±pattiy± codenti p±r±jikena v± p±r±jikas±mantena v±– ‘sarat±yasm± evar³pi½ [evar³pa½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².) evar³p±ya-iti vuccam±navacanena sameti. Vinayenapi sa½sandetabba½] garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti? So evam±ha– ‘na kho aha½, ±vuso, sar±mi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti. Tassa kho [tassa kho eva½ (sabbattha)], ±nanda, bhikkhuno sativinayo d±tabbo. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, sativinayo hoti, evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– sativinayena.
50. “Kathañc±nanda am³¼havinayo hoti? Idh±nanda, bhikkh³ bhikkhu½ evar³p±ya garuk±ya ±pattiy± codenti p±r±jikena v± p±r±jikas±mantena v±– ‘sarat±yasm± evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti? (So evam±ha– ‘na kho aha½, ±vuso, sar±mi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti. Tamena½ so nibbeµhenta½ ativeµheti– ‘iªgh±yasm± s±dhukameva j±n±hi yadi sarasi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti.) [( ) Etthantare p±µho c³¼ava. 237 natthi tassap±piyasik±v±re-evetena bhavitabba½] so evam±ha– ‘aha½ kho, ±vuso, umm±da½ p±puºi½ cetaso vipariy±sa½. Tena me ummattakena bahu½ ass±maºaka½ ajjh±ciººa½ bh±sitaparikkanta½ [bh±sitaparikanta½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]. N±ha½ ta½ sar±mi. M³¼hena me eta½ katan’ti. Tassa kho [tassa kho eva½ (sy±. ka½. ka.)], ±nanda, bhikkhuno am³¼havinayo d±tabbo. Eva½ kho, ±nanda am³¼havinayo hoti, evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– am³¼havinayena.
51. “Kathañc±nanda, paµiññ±takaraºa½ hoti? Idh±nanda, bhikkhu codito v± acodito v± ±patti½ sarati, vivarati utt±n²karoti [utt±ni½ karoti (ka.)]. Tena, ±nanda, bhikkhun± vu¹¹hatara½ bhikkhu½ [vu¹¹hataro bhikkhu (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] upasaªkamitv± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± p±de vanditv± ukkuµika½ nis²ditv± añjali½ paggahetv± evamassa vacan²yo– ‘aha½, bhante, itthann±ma½ ±patti½ ±panno, ta½ paµidesem²’ti. So evam±ha– ‘passas²’ti? ‘¾ma pass±m²’ti. ‘¾yati½ sa½vareyy±s²’ti. (‘Sa½variss±m²’ti.) [( ) Vinaye natthi] eva½ kho, ±nanda, paµiññ±takaraºa½ hoti, evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– paµiññ±takaraºena.
52. “Kathañc±nanda tassap±piyasik± hoti? Idh±nanda, bhikkhu bhikkhu½ evar³p±ya garuk±ya ±pattiy± codeti p±r±jikena v± p±r±jikas±mantena v±– ‘sarat±yasm± evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti? So evam±ha– ‘na kho aha½, ±vuso, sar±mi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti. Tamena½ so nibbeµhenta½ ativeµheti– ‘iªgh±yasm± s±dhukameva j±n±hi yadi sarasi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti. So evam±ha– ‘na kho aha½, ±vuso, sar±mi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±; sar±mi ca kho aha½, ±vuso, evar³pi½ appamattika½ ±patti½ ±pajjit±’ti. Tamena½ so nibbeµhenta½ ativeµheti– ‘iªgh±yasm± s±dhukameva j±n±hi yadi sarasi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti? So evam±ha– ‘imañhi n±m±ha½, ±vuso, appamattika½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± apuµµho paµij±niss±mi. Ki½ pan±ha½ evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v± puµµho napaµij±niss±m²’ti? So evam±ha– ‘imañhi n±ma tva½, ±vuso appamattika½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± apuµµho napaµij±nissasi, ki½ pana tva½ evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjitv± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v± puµµho [apuµµho (sy±. ka½. ka.)] paµij±nissasi? Iªgh±yasm± s±dhukameva j±n±hi yadi sarasi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti. So evam±ha– ‘sar±mi kho aha½, ±vuso, evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±. Dav± me eta½ vutta½, rav± me eta½ vutta½– n±ha½ ta½ sar±mi evar³pi½ garuka½ ±patti½ ±pajjit± p±r±jika½ v± p±r±jikas±manta½ v±’ti. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, tassap±piyasik± hoti, evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– tassap±piyasik±ya.
53. “Kathañc±nanda tiºavatth±rako hoti? Idh±nanda, bhikkh³na½ bhaº¹anaj±t±na½ kalahaj±t±na½ viv±d±pann±na½ viharata½ bahu½ ass±maºaka½ ajjh±ciººa½ hoti bh±sitaparikkanta½. Teh±nanda, bhikkh³hi sabbeheva samaggehi sannipatitabba½. Sannipatitv± ekatopakkhik±na½ bhikkh³na½ byattena [byattatarena (s². p². ka.)] bhikkhun± uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± añjali½ paº±metv± saªgho ñ±petabbo–
‘Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Ida½ amh±ka½ bhaº¹anaj±t±na½ kalahaj±t±na½ viv±d±pann±na½ viharata½ bahu½ ass±maºaka½ ajjh±ciººa½ bh±sitaparikkanta½ Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ y± ceva imesa½ ±yasmant±na½ ±patti y± ca attano ±patti, imesañceva ±yasmant±na½ atth±ya attano ca atth±ya, saªghamajjhe tiºavatth±rakena deseyya½, µhapetv± thullavajja½ µhapetv± gihipaµisa½yutta”n’ti.
“Ath±paresa½ ekatopakkhik±na½ bhikkh³na½ byattena bhikkhun± uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± añjali½ paº±metv± saªgho ñ±petabbo–
‘Suº±tu me, bhante, saªgho. Ida½ amh±ka½ bhaº¹anaj±t±na½ kalahaj±t±na½ viv±d±pann±na½ viharata½ bahu½ ass±maºaka½ ajjh±ciººa½ bh±sitaparikkanta½. Yadi saªghassa pattakalla½, aha½ y± ceva imesa½ ±yasmant±na½ ±patti y± ca attano ±patti, imesañceva ±yasmant±na½ atth±ya attano ca atth±ya, saªghamajjhe tiºavatth±rakena deseyya½, µhapetv± thullavajja½ µhapetv± gihipaµisa½yutta”n’ti.
“Eva½ kho, ±nanda, tiºavatth±rako hoti, evañca panidhekacc±na½ adhikaraº±na½ v³pasamo hoti yadida½– tiºavatth±rakena.
54. “Chayime ±nanda, dhamm± s±raº²y± piyakaraº± garukaraº± saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattanti. Katame cha? Idh±nanda, bhikkhuno metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raº²yo piyakaraºo garukaraºo saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±nanda, bhikkhuno metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raº²yo piyakaraºo garukaraºo saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±nanda, bhikkhuno metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ hoti sabrahmac±r²su ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raº²yo piyakaraºo garukaraºo saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±nanda, bhikkhu– ye te l±bh± dhammik± dhammaladdh± antamaso pattapariy±pannamattampi tath±r³pehi l±bhehi– apaµivibhattabhog² hoti, s²lavantehi sabrahmac±r²hi s±dh±raºabhog². Ayampi dhammo s±raº²yo piyakaraºo garukaraºo saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±nanda, bhikkhu– y±ni t±ni s²l±ni akhaº¹±ni acchidd±ni asabal±ni akamm±s±ni bhujiss±ni viññuppasatth±ni apar±maµµh±ni sam±dhisa½vattanik±ni tath±r³pesu s²lesu– s²las±maññagato viharati sabrahmac±r²hi ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raº²yo piyakaraºo garukaraºo saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati.
“Puna capara½, ±nanda, bhikkhu– y±ya½ diµµhi ariy± niyy±nik± niyy±ti takkarassa samm± dukkhakkhay± tath±r³p±ya diµµhiy±– diµµhis±maññagato viharati sabrahmac±r²hi ±vi ceva raho ca. Ayampi dhammo s±raº²yo piyakaraºo garukaraºo saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattati. Ime kho, ±nanda, cha s±raº²y± dhamm± piyakaraº± garukaraº± saªgah±ya aviv±d±ya s±maggiy± ek²bh±v±ya sa½vattanti.
“Ime ce tumhe, ±nanda, cha s±raº²ye dhamme sam±d±ya vatteyy±tha, passatha no tumhe, ±nanda, ta½ vacanapatha½ aºu½ v± th³la½ v± ya½ tumhe n±dhiv±seyy±th±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tih±nanda ime cha s±raº²ye dhamme sam±d±ya vattatha. Ta½ vo bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±y±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attamano ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

S±mag±masutta½ niµµhita½ catuttha½.