12. Dakkhiº±vibhaªgasutta½

376. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmi½ nigrodh±r±me. Atha kho mah±paj±pati [mah±paj±pat² (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] gotam² nava½ dussayuga½ ±d±ya yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho mah±paj±pati gotam² bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “ida½ me, bhante, nava½ dussayuga½ bhagavanta½ uddissa s±ma½ kanta½ s±ma½ v±yita½. Ta½ me, bhante, bhagav± paµiggaºh±tu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti. Eva½ vutte, bhagav± mah±paj±pati½ gotami½ etadavoca– “saªghe, gotami, dehi. Saªghe te dinne ahañceva p³jito bhaviss±mi saªgho c±”ti. Dutiyampi kho mah±paj±pati gotam² bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “ida½ me, bhante, nava½ dussayuga½ bhagavanta½ uddissa s±ma½ kanta½ s±ma½ v±yita½. Ta½ me, bhante, bhagav± paµiggaºh±tu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti. Dutiyampi kho bhagav± mah±paj±pati½ gotami½ etadavoca– “saªghe, gotami, dehi. Saªghe te dinne ahañceva p³jito bhaviss±mi saªgho c±”ti. Tatiyampi kho mah±paj±pati gotam² bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “ida½ me, bhante, nava½ dussayuga½ bhagavanta½ uddissa s±ma½ kanta½ s±ma½ v±yita½. Ta½ me, bhante, bhagav± paµiggaºh±tu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti. Tatiyampi kho bhagav± mah±paj±pati½ gotami½ etadavoca– “saªghe, gotami, dehi Saªghe te dinne ahañceva p³jito bhaviss±mi saªgho c±”ti.
377. Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “paµiggaºh±tu, bhante, bhagav± mah±paj±patiy± gotamiy± nava½ dussayuga½. Bah³pak±r± [bahuk±r± (sy±. ka½.)], bhante, mah±paj±pati gotam² bhagavato m±tucch± ±p±dik± posik± kh²rassa d±yik±; bhagavanta½ janettiy± k±laªkat±ya thañña½ p±yesi. Bhagav±pi, bhante, bah³pak±ro mah±paj±patiy± gotamiy±. Bhagavanta½, bhante, ±gamma mah±paj±pati gotam² buddha½ saraºa½ gat±, dhamma½ saraºa½ gat±, saªgha½ saraºa½ gat±. Bhagavanta½, bhante, ±gamma mah±paj±pati gotam² p±º±tip±t± paµivirat± adinn±d±n± paµivirat± k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirat± mus±v±d± paµivirat± sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± paµivirat±. Bhagavanta½, bhante, ±gamma mah±paj±pati gotam² buddhe aveccappas±dena samann±gat± dhamme aveccappas±dena samann±gat±, saªghe aveccappas±dena samann±gat± ariyakantehi s²lehi samann±gat±. Bhagavanta½, bhante, ±gamma mah±paj±pati gotam² dukkhe nikkaªkh±, dukkhasamudaye nikkaªkh±, dukkhanirodhe nikkaªkh±, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya nikkaªkh±. Bhagav±pi, bhante, bah³pak±ro mah±paj±patiy± gotamiy±”ti.
378. “Evameta½ ±nanda. Ya½ h±nanda, puggalo puggala½ ±gamma buddha½ saraºa½ gato hoti, dhamma½ saraºa½ gato hoti, saªgha½ saraºa½ gato hoti, imass±nanda, puggalassa imin± puggalena na suppatik±ra½ vad±mi, yadida½– abhiv±dana-paccuµµh±nañjalikamma s±m²cikammac²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±- nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nuppad±nena.
“Ya½ h±nanda, puggalo puggala½ ±gamma p±º±tip±t± paµivirato hoti, adinn±d±n± paµivirato hoti, k±mesumicch±c±r± paµivirato hoti, mus±v±d± paµivirato hoti, sur±merayamajjapam±daµµh±n± paµivirato hoti, imass±nanda, puggalassa imin± puggalena na suppatik±ra½ vad±mi, yadida½– abhiv±dana-paccuµµh±na-añjalikamma-s±m²cikammac²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±- nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nuppad±nena.
“Ya½ h±nanda, puggalo puggala½ ±gamma buddhe aveccappas±dena samann±gato hoti, dhamme… saªghe… ariyakantehi s²lehi samann±gato hoti, imass±nanda, puggalassa imin± puggalena na suppatik±ra½ vad±mi, yadida½– abhiv±dana-paccuµµh±na-añjalikamma-s±m²cikammac²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±- nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nuppad±nena.
“Ya½ h±nanda, puggalo puggala½ ±gamma dukkhe nikkaªkho hoti, dukkhasamudaye nikkaªkho hoti, dukkhanirodhe nikkaªkho hoti, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya nikkaªkho hoti, imass±nanda, puggalassa imin± puggalena na suppatik±ra½ vad±mi, yadida½– abhiv±dana-paccuµµh±na-añjalikamma-s±m²cikamma-c²varapiº¹ap±tasen±sanagil±- nappaccayabhesajjaparikkh±r±nuppad±nena.
379. “Cuddasa kho panim±nanda, p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Katam± cuddasa? Tath±gate arahante samm±sambuddhe d±na½ deti– aya½ paµham± p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Paccekasambuddhe [paccekabuddhe (s². p².)] d±na½ deti– aya½ dutiy± p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Tath±gatas±vake arahante d±na½ deti– aya½ tatiy± p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Arahattaphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne d±na½ deti– aya½ catutth² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. An±g±missa d±na½ deti– aya½ pañcam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. An±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne d±na½ deti– aya½ chaµµh² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Sakad±g±missa d±na½ deti– aya½ sattam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Sakad±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne d±na½ deti– aya½ aµµham² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Sot±panne d±na½ deti– aya½ navam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne d±na½ deti– aya½ dasam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. B±hirake k±mesu v²tar±ge d±na½ deti– aya½ ek±dasam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Puthujjanas²lavante d±na½ deti– aya½ dv±dasam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Puthujjanaduss²le d±na½ deti– aya½ terasam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±. Tiracch±nagate d±na½ deti– aya½ cuddasam² p±µipuggalik± dakkhiº±ti.
“Tatr±nanda, tiracch±nagate d±na½ datv± sataguº± dakkhiº± p±µikaªkhitabb±, puthujjanaduss²le d±na½ datv± sahassaguº± dakkhiº± p±µikaªkhitabb±, puthujjanas²lavante d±na½ datv± satasahassaguº± dakkhiº± p±µikaªkhitabb±, b±hirake k±mesu v²tar±ge d±na½ datv± koµisatasahassaguº± dakkhiº± p±µikaªkhitabb±, sot±pattiphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne d±na½ datv± asaªkheyy± appameyy± dakkhiº± p±µikaªkhitabb±, ko pana v±do sot±panne, ko pana v±do sakad±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne, ko pana v±do sakad±g±missa, ko pana v±do an±g±miphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne, ko pana v±do an±g±missa, ko pana v±do arahattaphalasacchikiriy±ya paµipanne, ko pana v±do arahante, ko pana v±do paccekasambuddhe, ko pana v±do tath±gate arahante samm±sambuddhe!
380. “Satta kho panim±nanda, saªghagat± dakkhiº±. Katam± satta? Buddhappamukhe ubhatosaªghe d±na½ deti– aya½ paµham± saªghagat± dakkhiº±. Tath±gate parinibbute ubhatosaªghe d±na½ deti– aya½ dutiy± saªghagat± dakkhiº±. Bhikkhusaªghe d±na½ deti– aya½ tatiy± saªghagat± dakkhiº±. Bhikkhunisaªghe d±na½ deti– aya½ catutth² saªghagat± dakkhiº±. ‘Ettak± me bhikkh³ ca bhikkhuniyo ca saªghato uddissath±’ti d±na½ deti– aya½ pañcam² saªghagat± dakkhiº±. ‘Ettak± me bhikkh³ saªghato uddissath±’ti d±na½ deti– aya½ chaµµh² saªghagat± dakkhiº±. ‘Ettak± me bhikkhuniyo saªghato uddissath±’ti d±na½ deti– aya½ sattam² saªghagat± dakkhiº±.
“Bhavissanti kho pan±nanda, an±gatamaddh±na½ gotrabhuno k±s±vakaºµh± duss²l± p±padhamm±. Tesu duss²lesu saªgha½ uddissa d±na½ dassanti. Tad±p±ha½, ±nanda, saªghagata½ dakkhiºa½ asaªkheyya½ appameyya½ vad±mi. Na tvev±ha½, ±nanda, kenaci pariy±yena saªghagat±ya dakkhiº±ya p±µipuggalika½ d±na½ mahapphalatara½ vad±mi.
381. “Catasso kho im±, ±nanda, dakkhiº± visuddhiyo. Katam± catasso? Atth±nanda, dakkhiº± d±yakato visujjhati no paµigg±hakato. Atth±nanda, dakkhiº± paµigg±hakato visujjhati no d±yakato. Atth±nanda, dakkhiº± neva d±yakato visujjhati no paµigg±hakato. Atth±nanda, dakkhiº± d±yakato ceva visujjhati paµigg±hakato ca.
“Kathañc±nanda, dakkhiº± d±yakato visujjhati no paµigg±hakato? Idh±nanda, d±yako hoti s²lav± kaly±ºadhammo, paµigg±hak± honti duss²l± p±padhamm±– eva½ kho, ±nanda, dakkhiº± d±yakato visujjhati no paµigg±hakato.
“Kathañc±nanda, dakkhiº± paµigg±hakato visujjhati no d±yakato? Idh±nanda, d±yako hoti duss²lo p±padhammo, paµigg±hak± honti s²lavanto [s²lavant± (s².)] kaly±ºadhamm±– eva½ kho, ±nanda, dakkhiº± paµigg±hakato visujjhati no d±yakato.
“Kathañc±nanda, dakkhiº± neva d±yakato visujjhati no paµigg±hakato? Idh±nanda, d±yako ca hoti duss²lo p±padhammo, paµigg±hak± ca honti duss²l± p±padhamm±– eva½ kho, ±nanda, dakkhiº± neva d±yakato visujjhati no paµigg±hakato.
“Kathañc±nanda, dakkhiº± d±yakato ceva visujjhati paµigg±hakato ca? Idh±nanda, d±yako ca hoti s²lav± kaly±ºadhammo, paµigg±hak± ca honti s²lavanto kaly±ºadhamm± eva½ kho, ±nanda, dakkhiº± d±yakato ceva visujjhati paµigg±hakato ca. Im± kho, ±nanda, catasso dakkhiº± visuddhiyo”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato ath±para½ etadavoca satth±–
382. “Yo s²lav± duss²lesu dad±ti d±na½,
dhammena laddha½ [laddh± (s². p².)] supasannacitto;
abhisaddaha½ kammaphala½ u¼±ra½,
s± dakkhiº± d±yakato visujjhati.
“Yo duss²lo s²lavantesu dad±ti d±na½,
adhammena laddha½ appasannacitto;
anabhisaddaha½ kammaphala½ u¼±ra½,
s± dakkhiº± paµigg±hakato visujjhati.
“Yo duss²lo duss²lesu dad±ti d±na½,
adhammena laddha½ appasannacitto;
anabhisaddaha½ kammaphala½ u¼±ra½,
na ta½ d±na½ vipulapphalanti br³mi.
“Yo s²lav± s²lavantesu dad±ti d±na½,
dhammena laddha½ supasannacitto;
abhisaddaha½ kammaphala½ u¼±ra½,
ta½ ve d±na½ vipulapphalanti br³mi [s± dakkhiº± nevubhato visujjhati (s². p².)].
“Yo v²tar±go v²tar±gesu dad±ti d±na½,
dhammena laddha½ supasannacitto;
abhisaddaha½ kammaphala½ u¼±ra½,
ta½ ve d±na½ ±misad±n±namagga” [ta½ ve d±na½ vipulanti br³mi (s².)] nti.

Dakkhiº±vibhaªgasutta½ niµµhita½ dv±dasama½.

Vibhaªgavaggo niµµhito catuttho.

Tassudd±na½–
bhaddek±nandakacc±na, lomasakaªgiy±subho;
mah±kammasa¼±yatanavibhaªg±, uddesa-araº± dh±tu sacca½.

Dakkhiº±vibhaªgasuttanti.