11. Saccavibhaªgasutta½

371. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± b±r±ºasiya½ viharati isipatane migad±ye. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Tath±gatena, bhikkhave, arahat± samm±sambuddhena b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattita½ appaµivattiya½ samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmi½, yadida½– catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½. Katamesa½ catunna½? Dukkhassa ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½, dukkhasamudayassa ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½, dukkhanirodhassa ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½. Tath±gatena, bhikkhave, arahat± samm±sambuddhena b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattita½ appaµivattiya½ samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmi½ yadida½– imesa½ catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½.
“Sevatha, bhikkhave, s±riputtamoggall±ne; bhajatha, bhikkhave, s±riputtamoggall±ne. Paº¹it± bhikkh³ anugg±hak± sabrahmac±r²na½. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave, janet± [janetti (s². p².)], eva½ s±riputto; seyyath±pi j±tassa ±p±det±, eva½ moggall±no. S±riputto, bhikkhave, sot±pattiphale vineti, moggall±no uttamatthe. S±riputto, bhikkhave, pahoti catt±ri ariyasacc±ni vitth±rena ±cikkhitu½ desetu½ paññ±petu½ paµµhapetu½ vivaritu½ vibhajitu½ utt±n²k±tun”ti. Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi.
372. Tatra kho ±yasm± s±riputto acirapakkantassa bhagavato bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “±vuso, bhikkhave”ti. “¾vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa paccassosu½. ¾yasm± s±riputto etadavoca–
“Tath±gatena, ±vuso, arahat± samm±sambuddhena b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattita½ appaµivattiya½ samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmi½, yadida½– catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½. Katamesa½ catunna½? Dukkhassa ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½, dukkhasamudayassa ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½, dukkhanirodhassa ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya ariyasaccassa ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamma½.
373. “Katamañc±vuso, dukkha½ ariyasacca½? J±tipi dukkh±, jar±pi dukkh±, maraºampi dukkha½, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s±pi dukkh±, yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½; sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±.
“Katam± c±vuso, j±ti? Y± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye j±ti sañj±ti okkanti abhinibbatti khandh±na½ p±tubh±vo ±yatan±na½ paµil±bho, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘j±ti”’.
“Katam± c±vuso, jar±? Y± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tamhi tamhi sattanik±ye jar± j²raºat± khaº¹icca½ p±licca½ valittacat± ±yuno sa½h±ni indriy±na½ parip±ko, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘jar±”’.
“Katamañc±vuso, maraºa½? Y± tesa½ tesa½ satt±na½ tamh± tamh± sattanik±y± cuti cavanat± bhedo antaradh±na½ maccu maraºa½ k±la½kiriy± khandh±na½ bhedo ka¼evarassa nikkhepo j²vitindriyassupacchedo, ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘maraºa½”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, soko? Yo kho, ±vuso, aññataraññatarena byasanena samann±gatassa aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuµµhassa soko socan± socitatta½ antosoko antoparisoko, aya½ vuccat±vuso ‘soko”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, paridevo? Yo kho, ±vuso, aññataraññatarena byasanena samann±gatassa aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuµµhassa ±devo paridevo ±devan± paridevan± ±devitatta½ paridevitatta½, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘paridevo”’.
“Katamañc±vuso, dukkha½? Ya½ kho, ±vuso, k±yika½ dukkha½ k±yika½ as±ta½ k±yasamphassaja½ dukkha½ as±ta½ vedayita½, ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘dukkha½”’.
“Katamañc±vuso, domanassa½? Ya½ kho, ±vuso, cetasika½ dukkha½ cetasika½ as±ta½ manosamphassaja½ dukkha½ as±ta½ vedayita½, ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘domanassa½”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, up±y±so? Yo kho, ±vuso, aññataraññatarena byasanena samann±gatassa aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuµµhassa ±y±so up±y±so ±y±sitatta½ up±y±sitatta½, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘up±y±so”’.
“Katamañc±vuso, yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½? J±tidhamm±na½, ±vuso, satt±na½ eva½ icch± uppajjati– ‘aho vata, maya½ na j±tidhamm± ass±ma; na ca, vata, no j±ti ±gaccheyy±’ti. Na kho paneta½ icch±ya pattabba½. Idampi– ‘yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½’. Jar±dhamm±na½, ±vuso, satt±na½…pe… by±dhidhamm±na½, ±vuso, satt±na½… maraºadhamm±na½, ±vuso, satt±na½… sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±sadhamm±na½, ±vuso, satt±na½ eva½ icch± uppajjati– ‘aho vata, maya½ na sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±sadhamm± ass±ma na ca, vata, no sokaparidevadukkhadomanassup±y±s± ±gaccheyyun’ti Na kho paneta½ icch±ya pattabba½. Idampi– ‘yampiccha½ na labhati tampi dukkha½”’.
“Katame c±vuso, sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±? Seyyathida½– r³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, saññup±d±nakkhandho, saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho. Ime vuccant±vuso– ‘sa½khittena pañcup±d±nakkhandh± dukkh±’. Ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘dukkha½ ariyasacca½”’.
374. “Katamañc±vuso, dukkhasamudaya½ [dukkhasamudayo (sy±. ka½.)] ariyasacca½? Y±ya½ taºh± ponobbhavik± [ponobhavik± (s². p².)] nand²r±gasahagat± [nandir±gasahagat± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] tatratatr±bhinandin², seyyathida½– k±mataºh± bhavataºh± vibhavataºh± ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘dukkhasamudaya½ [dukkhasamudayo (sy±. ka½.)] ariyasacca½”’.
“Katamañc±vuso, dukkhanirodha½ [dukkhanirodho (sy±. ka½.)] ariyasacca½? Yo tass±yeva taºh±ya asesavir±ganirodho c±go paµinissaggo mutti an±layo, ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘dukkhanirodha½ [dukkhanirodho (sy±. ka½.)] ariyasacca½”’.
375. “Katamañc±vuso, dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±saªkappo, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²vo, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati, samm±sam±dhi.
“Katam±c±vuso, samm±diµµhi? Ya½ kho, ±vuso, dukkhe ñ±ºa½, dukkhasamudaye ñ±ºa½, dukkhanirodhe ñ±ºa½, dukkhanirodhag±miniy± paµipad±ya ñ±ºa½, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±diµµhi”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, samm±saªkappo? Nekkhammasaªkappo, aby±p±dasaªkappo avihi½s±saªkappo, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±saªkappo”’.
“Katam± c±vuso, samm±v±c±? Mus±v±d± veramaº², pisuº±ya v±c±ya veramaº², pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaº², samphappal±p± veramaº², aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±v±c±”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, samm±kammant²? P±º±tip±t± veramaº², adinn±d±n± veramaº², k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº², aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±kammanto”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, samm±-±j²vo? Idh±vuso, ariyas±vako micch±-±j²va½ pah±ya samm±-±j²vena j²vika½ kappeti, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±-±j²vo”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, samm±v±y±mo? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu anuppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ anupp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati, uppann±na½ p±pak±na½ akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±n±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati, anuppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upp±d±ya chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati, uppann±na½ kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ µhitiy± asammos±ya bhiyyobh±v±ya vepull±ya bh±van±ya p±rip³riy± chanda½ janeti v±yamati v²riya½ ±rabhati citta½ paggaºh±ti padahati, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±v±y±mo”’.
“Katam± c±vuso, samm±sati? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Vedan±su vedan±nupass² viharati…pe… citte citt±nupass² viharati… dhammesu dhamm±nupass² viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±sati”’.
“Katamo c±vuso, samm±sam±dhi? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati, p²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½… viharati, aya½ vuccat±vuso– ‘samm±sam±dhi’. Ida½ vuccat±vuso– ‘dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad± ariyasacca½”’.
“Tath±gaten±vuso, arahat± samm±sambuddhena b±r±ºasiya½ isipatane migad±ye anuttara½ dhammacakka½ pavattita½ appaµivattiya½ samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmi½, yadida½– imesa½ catunna½ ariyasacc±na½ ±cikkhan± desan± paññ±pan± paµµhapan± vivaraº± vibhajan± utt±n²kamman”ti.
Idamavoca ±yasm± s±riputto. Attaman± te bhikkh³ ±yasmato s±riputtassa bh±sita½ abhinandunti.
Saccavibhaªgasutta½ niµµhita½ ek±dasama½.