10. Dh±tuvibhaªgasutta½

342. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± magadhesu c±rika½ caram±no yena r±jagaha½ tadavasari; yena bhaggavo kumbhak±ro tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhaggava½ kumbhak±ra½ etadavoca– “sace te, bhaggava, agaru viharemu ±vesane [vihar±m±vesane (s². p².), vihar±ma nivesane (sy±. ka½.), viharemu nivesane (ka.)] ekarattan”ti. “Na kho me, bhante, garu. Atthi cettha pabbajito paµhama½ v±s³pagato. Sace so anuj±n±ti, viharatha [vihara (s². p².)], bhante, yath±sukhan”ti.
Tena kho pana samayena pukkus±ti n±ma kulaputto bhagavanta½ uddissa saddh±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito. So tasmi½ kumbhak±r±vesane [kumbhak±ranivesane (sy±. ka½. ka.)] paµhama½ v±s³pagato hoti. Atha kho bhagav± yen±yasm± pukkus±ti tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ pukkus±ti½ etadavoca– “sace te, bhikkhu, agaru viharemu ±vesane ekarattan”ti. “Urunda½, ±vuso [³r³nda½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².), ur³ddha½ (ka.) d². ni. 2 sakkapañhasuttaµ²k± oloketabb±], kumbhak±r±vesana½. Viharat±yasm± yath±sukhan”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± kumbhak±r±vesana½ pavisitv± ekamanta½ tiºasanth±raka½ [tiºasantharika½ (s².), tiºasantharaka½ (sy±. ka½.)] paññ±petv± nis²di pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±. Atha kho bhagav± bahudeva ratti½ nisajj±ya v²tin±mesi. ¾yasm±pi kho pukkus±ti bahudeva ratti½ nisajj±ya v²tin±mesi.
Atha kho bhagavato etadahosi– “p±s±dika½ kho aya½ kulaputto iriyati. Ya½n³n±ha½ puccheyyan”ti. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ pukkus±ti½ etadavoca– “ka½si tva½, bhikkhu, uddissa pabbajito? Ko v± te satth±? Kassa v± tva½ dhamma½ roces²”ti? “Atth±vuso, samaºo gotamo sakyaputto sakyakul± pabbajito. Ta½ kho pana bhagavanta½ gotama½ eva½ kaly±ºo kittisaddo abbhuggato– ‘itipi so bhagav± araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±’ti T±ha½ bhagavanta½ uddissa pabbajito. So ca me bhagav± satth±. Tassa c±ha½ bhagavato dhamma½ rocem²”ti. “Kaha½ pana, bhikkhu, etarahi so bhagav± viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti. “Atth±vuso, uttaresu janapadesu s±vatthi n±ma nagara½. Tattha so bhagav± etarahi viharati araha½ samm±sambuddho”ti. “Diµµhapubbo pana te, bhikkhu, so bhagav±; disv± ca pana j±neyy±s²”ti? “Na kho me, ±vuso, diµµhapubbo so bhagav±; disv± c±ha½ na j±neyyan”ti.
Atha kho bhagavato etadahosi– “mamañca khv±ya½ [ma½ tv±ya½ (s².), mama½ khv±ya½ (sy±. ka½.), ma½ khv±ya½ (p².)] kulaputto uddissa pabbajito. Ya½n³nass±ha½ dhamma½ deseyyan”ti. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ pukkus±ti½ ±mantesi– “dhamma½ te, bhikkhu, desess±mi. Ta½ suº±hi, s±dhuka½ manasi karohi; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Evam±vuso”ti kho ±yasm± pukkus±ti bhagavato paccassosi. Bhagav± etadavoca–
343. “‘Chadh±turo [chaddh±turo (s².)] aya½, bhikkhu, puriso chaphass±yatano aµµh±rasamanopavic±ro catur±dhiµµh±no; yattha µhita½ maññassav± nappavattanti, maññassave kho pana nappavattam±ne muni santoti vuccati. Pañña½ nappamajjeyya, saccamanurakkheyya, c±gamanubr³heyya, santimeva so sikkheyy±’ti– ayamuddeso dh±tuvibhaªgassa [chadh±tuvibhaªgassa (s². sy±. ka½. p².)].
344. “‘Chadh±turo aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? (Chayim±, bhikkhu, dh±tuyo) [( ) natthi s². p². potthakesu]– pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±tu, tejodh±tu, v±yodh±tu, ±k±sadh±tu, viññ±ºadh±tu. ‘Chadh±turo aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
345. “‘Chaphass±yatano aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Cakkhusamphass±yatana½, sotasamphass±yatana½, gh±nasamphass±yatana½, jivh±samphass±yatana½, k±yasamphass±yatana½, manosamphass±yatana½. ‘Chaphass±yatano aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
346. “‘Aµµh±rasamanopavic±ro aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± somanassaµµh±n²ya½ r³pa½ upavicarati, domanassaµµh±n²ya½ r³pa½ upavicarati, upekkh±µµh±n²ya½ r³pa½ upavicarati; sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya somanassaµµh±n²ya½ dhamma½ upavicarati, domanassaµµh±n²ya½ dhamma½ upavicarati upekkh±µµh±n²ya½ dhamma½ upavicarati– iti cha somanassupavic±r±, cha domanassupavic±r±, cha upekkhupavic±r±. ‘Aµµh±rasamanopavic±ro aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
347. “‘Catur±dhiµµh±no aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Paññ±dhiµµh±no, sacc±dhiµµh±no, c±g±dhiµµh±no, upasam±dhiµµh±no. ‘Catur±dhiµµh±no aya½, bhikkhu, puriso’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
348. “‘Pañña½ nappamajjeyya, saccamanurakkheyya, c±gamanubr³heyya, santimeva so sikkheyy±’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Kathañca, bhikkhu, pañña½ nappamajjati? Chayim±, bhikkhu, dh±tuyo– pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±tu, tejodh±tu, v±yodh±tu, ±k±sadh±tu, viññ±ºadh±tu.
349. “Katam± ca, bhikkhu, pathav²dh±tu? Pathav²dh±tu siy± ajjhattik± siy± b±hir±. Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± pathav²dh±tu? Ya½ ajjhatta½ paccatta½ kakkha¼a½ kharigata½ up±dinna½ [up±diººa½ (p². ka.)], seyyathida½– kes± lom± nakh± dant± taco ma½sa½ nh±ru aµµhi aµµhimiñja½ [aµµhimiñj± (s². p².)] vakka½ hadaya½ yakana½ kilomaka½ pihaka½ papph±sa½ anta½ antaguºa½ udariya½ kar²sa½, ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci ajjhatta½ paccatta½ kakkha¼a½ kharigata½ up±dinna½– aya½ vuccati, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± pathav²dh±tu. Y± ceva kho pana ajjhattik± pathav²dh±tu y± ca b±hir± pathav²dh±tu pathav²dh±tureves± ‘Ta½ neta½ mama nesohamasmi na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya disv± pathav²dh±tuy± nibbindati, pathav²dh±tuy± citta½ vir±jeti.
350. “Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ±podh±tu? ¾podh±tu siy± ajjhattik± siy± b±hir±. Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± ±podh±tu? Ya½ ajjhatta½ paccatta½ ±po ±pogata½ up±dinna½ seyyathida½– pitta½ semha½ pubbo lohita½ sedo medo assu vas± khe¼o siªgh±ºik± lasik± mutta½, ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci ajjhatta½ paccatta½ ±po ±pogata½ up±dinna½– aya½ vuccati, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± ±podh±tu. Y± ceva kho pana ajjhattik± ±podh±tu y± ca b±hir± ±podh±tu ±podh±tureves±. ‘Ta½ neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya disv± ±podh±tuy± nibbindati, ±podh±tuy± citta½ vir±jeti.
351. “Katam± ca, bhikkhu, tejodh±tu? Tejodh±tu siy± ajjhattik± siy± b±hir±. Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± tejodh±tu? Ya½ ajjhatta½ paccatta½ tejo tejogata½ up±dinna½, seyyathida½– yena ca santappati, yena ca j²r²yati, yena ca pari¹ayhati, yena ca asitap²takh±yitas±yita½ samm± pariº±ma½ gacchati, ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci ajjhatta½ paccatta½ tejo tejogata½ up±dinna½– aya½ vuccati, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± tejodh±tu. Y± ceva kho pana ajjhattik± tejodh±tu y± ca b±hir± tejodh±tu tejodh±tureves±. ‘Ta½ neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya disv± tejodh±tuy± nibbindati, tejodh±tuy± citta½ vir±jeti.
352. “Katam± ca, bhikkhu, v±yodh±tu? V±yodh±tu siy± ajjhattik± siy± b±hir±. Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± v±yodh±tu? Ya½ ajjhatta½ paccatta½ v±yo v±yogata½ up±dinna½, seyyathida½– uddhaªgam± v±t± adhogam± v±t± kucchisay± v±t± koµµh±say± [koµµhasay± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] v±t± aªgamaªg±nus±rino v±t± ass±so pass±so iti, ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci ajjhatta½ paccatta½ v±yo v±yogata½ up±dinna½– aya½ vuccati, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± v±yodh±tu. Y± ceva kho pana ajjhattik± v±yodh±tu y± ca b±hir± v±yodh±tu v±yodh±tureves±. ‘Ta½ neta½ mama nesohamasmi na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya disv± v±yodh±tuy± nibbindati, v±yodh±tuy± citta½ vir±jeti.
353. “Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ±k±sadh±tu? ¾k±sadh±tu siy± ajjhattik± siy± b±hir±. Katam± ca, bhikkhu, ajjhattik± ±k±sadh±tu Ya½ ajjhatta½ paccatta½ ±k±sa½ ±k±sagata½ up±dinna½, seyyathida½ kaººacchidda½ n±sacchidda½ mukhadv±ra½ yena ca asitap²takh±yitas±yita½ ajjhoharati, yattha ca asitap²takh±yitas±yita½ santiµµhati, yena ca asitap²takh±yitas±yita½ adhobh±ga½ [adhobh±g± (s². sy±. ka½. p².) devad³tasuttena sameti] nikkhamati, ya½ v± panaññampi kiñci ajjhatta½ paccatta½ ±k±sa½ ±k±sagata½ agha½ aghagata½ vivara½ vivaragata½ asamphuµµha½ ma½salohitehi up±dinna½– aya½ vuccati bhikkhu ajjhattik± ±k±sadh±tu. Y± ceva kho pana ajjhattik± ±k±sadh±tu y± ca b±hir± ±k±sadh±tu ±k±sadh±tureves±. ‘Ta½ neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya disv± ±k±sadh±tuy± nibbindati, ±k±sadh±tuy± citta½ vir±jeti.
354. “Ath±para½ viññ±ºa½yeva avasissati parisuddha½ pariyod±ta½. Tena ca viññ±ºena ki½ [tena viññ±ºena kiñca (s².)] vij±n±ti? ‘Sukhan’tipi vij±n±ti, ‘dukkhan’tipi vij±n±ti, ‘adukkhamasukhan’tipi vij±n±ti. Sukhavedaniya½, bhikkhu, phassa½ paµicca uppajjati sukh± vedan±. So sukha½ vedana½ vedayam±no ‘sukha½ vedana½ veday±m²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Tasseva sukhavedaniyassa phassassa nirodh± ya½ tajja½ vedayita½ sukhavedaniya½ phassa½ paµicca uppann± sukh± vedan± s± nirujjhati, s± v³pasammat²’ti paj±n±ti.
355. “Dukkhavedaniya½, bhikkhu, phassa½ paµicca uppajjati dukkh± vedan±. So dukkha½ vedana½ vedayam±no ‘dukkha½ vedana½ veday±m²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Tasseva dukkhavedaniyassa phassassa nirodh± ya½ tajja½ vedayita½ dukkhavedaniya½ phassa½ paµicca uppann± dukkh± vedan± s± nirujjhati, s± v³pasammat²’ti paj±n±ti.
356. “Adukkhamasukhavedaniya½, bhikkhu, phassa½ paµicca uppajjati adukkhamasukh± vedan±. So adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ vedayam±no ‘adukkhamasukha½ vedana½ veday±m²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Tasseva adukkhamasukhavedaniyassa phassassa nirodh± ya½ tajja½ vedayita½ adukkhamasukhavedaniya½ phassa½ paµicca uppann± adukkhamasukh± vedan± s± nirujjhati, s± v³pasammat²’ti paj±n±ti.