9. Araºavibhaªgasutta½

323. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca– “araºavibhaªga½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi. Ta½ suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Na k±masukhamanuyuñjeyya h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, na ca attakilamath±nuyogamanuyuñjeyya dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½. Ete kho, bhikkhave [ete kho (s².), ete te (sy±. ka½. p².)], ubho ante anupagamma majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±, cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati. Uss±danañca jaññ±, apas±danañca jaññ±; uss±danañca ñatv± apas±danañca ñatv± nevuss±deyya, na apas±deyya [n±pas±deyya (s².)], dhammameva deseyya. Sukhavinicchaya½ jaññ±; sukhavinicchaya½ ñatv± ajjhatta½ sukhamanuyuñjeyya. Rahov±da½ na bh±seyya, sammukh± na kh²ºa½ [n±tikh²ºa½ (sy±. ka½. ka.)] bhaºe. Ataram±nova bh±seyya, no taram±no. Janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniveseyya, samañña½ n±tidh±veyy±ti– ayamuddeso araºavibhaªgassa.
324. “‘Na k±masukhamanuyuñjeyya h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, na ca attakilamath±nuyogamanuyuñjeyya dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hitan’ti iti kho paneta½ vutta½; kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Yo k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyogo h²no gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Yo k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyoga½ ananuyogo h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Yo attakilamath±nuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Yo attakilamath±nuyoga½ ananuyogo dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. ‘Na k±masukhamanuyuñjeyya h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, na ca attakilamath±nuyoga½ anuyuñjeyya dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hitan’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
325. “‘Ete kho ubho ante anupagamma majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±, cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattat²’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Ayameva ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi samm±saªkappo, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²vo, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati, samm±sam±dhi. ‘Ete kho ubho ante anupagamma majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±, cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattat²’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
326. “‘Uss±danañca jaññ±, apas±danañca jaññ±; uss±danañca ñatv± apas±danañca ñatv± nevuss±deyya, na apas±deyya, dhammameva deseyy±’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Kathañca, bhikkhave, uss±dan± ca hoti apas±dan± ca, no ca dhammadesan±? ‘Ye k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyoga½ anuyutt± h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipann±’ti– iti vada½ [iti para½ (ka.)] ittheke apas±deti.
“‘Ye k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyoga½ ananuyutt± h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te adukkh± anupagh±t± anup±y±s± apari¼±h± samm±paµipann±’ti– iti vada½ ittheke uss±deti.
“‘Ye attakilamath±nuyoga½ anuyutt± dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipann±’ti– iti vada½ ittheke apas±deti.
“‘Ye attakilamath±nuyoga½ ananuyutt± dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te adukkh± anupagh±t± anup±y±s± apari¼±h± samm±paµipann±’ti iti vada½ ittheke uss±deti.
“‘Yesa½ kesañci bhavasa½yojana½ appah²na½, sabbe te sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipann±’ti– iti vada½ ittheke apas±deti.
“‘Yesa½ kesañci bhavasa½yojana½ pah²na½, sabbe te adukkh± anupagh±t± anup±y±s± apari¼±h± samm±paµipann±’ti– iti vada½ ittheke uss±deti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, uss±dan± ca hoti apas±dan± ca, no ca dhammadesan±.
327. “Kathañca, bhikkhave, nevuss±dan± hoti na apas±dan±, dhammadesan± ca [dhammadesan±va (sy±. ka½.)]? ‘Ye k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyoga½ anuyutt± h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipann±’ti– na evam±ha. ‘Anuyogo ca kho, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±’ti– iti vada½ dhammameva deseti.
“‘Ye k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyoga½ ananuyutt± h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te adukkh± anupagh±t± anup±y±s± apari¼±h± samm±paµipann±’ti– na evam±ha. ‘Ananuyogo ca kho, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±’ti– iti vada½ dhammameva deseti.
“‘Ye attakilamath±nuyoga½ anuyutt± dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipann±’ti– na evam±ha. ‘Anuyogo ca kho sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±’ti– iti vada½ dhammameva deseti.
“‘Ye attakilamath±nuyoga½ ananuyutt± dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, sabbe te adukkh± anupagh±t± anup±y±s± apari¼±h± samm±paµipann±’ti– na evam±ha. ‘Ananuyogo ca kho, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±’ti– iti vada½ dhammameva deseti.
“‘Yesa½ kesañci bhavasa½yojana½ appah²na½, sabbe te sadukkh± sa-upagh±t± sa-up±y±s± sapari¼±h± micch±paµipann±’ti– na evam±ha ‘Bhavasa½yojane ca kho appah²ne bhavopi appah²no hot²’ti– iti vada½ dhammameva deseti.
“‘Yesa½ kesañci bhavasa½yojana½ pah²na½, sabbe te adukkh± anupagh±t± anup±y±s± apari¼±h± samm±paµipann±’ti– na evam±ha. ‘Bhavasa½yojane ca kho pah²ne bhavopi pah²no hot²’ti– iti vada½ dhammameva deseti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, nevuss±dan± hoti na apas±dan±, dhammadesan± ca. ‘Uss±danañca jaññ±, apas±danañca jaññ±; uss±danañca ñatv± apas±danañca ñatv± nevuss±deyya, na apas±deyya, dhammameva deseyy±’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
328. “‘Sukhavinicchaya½ jaññ±; sukhavinicchaya½ ñatv± ajjhatta½ sukhamanuyuñjeyy±’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Pañcime, bhikkhave, k±maguº±. Katame pañca? Cakkhuviññeyy± r³p± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±, sotaviññeyy± sadd±… gh±naviññeyy± gandh±… jivh±viññeyy± ras±… k±yaviññeyy± phoµµhabb± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±– ime kho, bhikkhave, pañca k±maguº±. Ya½ kho, bhikkhave, ime pañca k±maguºe paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½ ida½ vuccati k±masukha½ m²¼hasukha½ puthujjanasukha½ anariyasukha½. ‘Na ±sevitabba½, na bh±vetabba½, na bahul²k±tabba½, bh±yitabba½ etassa sukhass±’ti– vad±mi. Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. P²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Ida½ vuccati nekkhammasukha½ pavivekasukha½ upasamasukha½ sambodhisukha½. ‘¾sevitabba½, bh±vetabba½, bahul²k±tabba½, na bh±yitabba½ etassa sukhass±’ti– vad±mi ‘Sukhavinicchaya½ jaññ± sukhavinicchaya½ ñatv± ajjhatta½ sukhamanuyuñjeyy±’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½ idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
329. “‘Rahov±da½ na bh±seyya, sammukh± na kh²ºa½ bhaºe’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tatra, bhikkhave, ya½ jaññ± rahov±da½ abh³ta½ ataccha½ anatthasa½hita½ sasakka½ [sampatta½ (ka.)] ta½ rahov±da½ na bh±seyya. Yampi jaññ± rahov±da½ bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasa½hita½ tassapi sikkheyya avacan±ya. Yañca kho jaññ± rahov±da½ bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½ tatra k±laññ³ assa tassa rahov±dassa vacan±ya. Tatra, bhikkhave, ya½ jaññ± sammukh± kh²ºav±da½ abh³ta½ ataccha½ anatthasa½hita½ sasakka½ ta½ sammukh± kh²ºav±da½ na bh±seyya. Yampi jaññ± sammukh± kh²ºav±da½ bh³ta½ taccha½ anatthasa½hita½ tassapi sikkheyya avacan±ya. Yañca kho jaññ± sammukh± kh²ºav±da½ bh³ta½ taccha½ atthasa½hita½ tatra k±laññ³ assa tassa sammukh± kh²ºav±dassa vacan±ya. ‘Rahov±da½ na bh±seyya, sammukh± na kh²ºa½ bhaºe’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
330. “‘Ataram±nova bh±seyya no taram±no’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Tatra, bhikkhave, taram±nassa bh±sato k±yopi kilamati, cittampi upahaññati [³haññati (s².)], saropi upahaññati [³haññati (s².)], kaºµhopi ±tur²yati, avisaµµhampi hoti aviññeyya½ taram±nassa bh±sita½. Tatra, bhikkhave, ataram±nassa bh±sato k±yopi na kilamati, cittampi na upahaññati, saropi na upahaññati, kaºµhopi na ±tur²yati, visaµµhampi hoti viññeyya½ ataram±nassa bh±sita½. ‘Ataram±nova bh±seyya, no taram±no’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
331. “‘Janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniveseyya, samañña½ n±tidh±veyy±’ti– iti kho paneta½ vutta½. Kiñceta½ paµicca vutta½? Kathañca, bhikkhave, janapadaniruttiy± ca abhiniveso hoti samaññ±ya ca atis±ro? Idha, bhikkhave, tadevekaccesu janapadesu ‘p±t²’ti sañj±nanti, ‘pattan’ti sañj±nanti ‘vittan’ti [viµµhanti (sy±. ka½.)] sañj±nanti, ‘sar±van’ti sañj±nanti ‘dh±ropan’ti [harosanti (sy±. ka½.)] sañj±nanti, ‘poºan’ti sañj±nanti, ‘pis²lavan’ti [pis²lanti (s². p².), pipilanti (sy±. ka½.)] sañj±nanti. Iti yath± yath± na½ tesu tesu janapadesu sañj±nanti tath± tath± th±mas± par±m±s± [par±massa (s².)] abhinivissa voharati– ‘idameva sacca½ moghamaññan’ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, janapadaniruttiy± ca abhiniveso hoti samaññ±ya ca atis±ro.
332. “Kathañca, bhikkhave, janapadaniruttiy± ca anabhiniveso hoti samaññ±ya ca anatis±ro? Idha, bhikkhave, tadevekaccesu janapadesu ‘p±t²’ti sañj±nanti, ‘pattan’ti sañj±nanti, ‘vittan’ti sañj±nanti, ‘sar±van’ti sañj±nanti, ‘dh±ropan’ti sañj±nanti, ‘poºan’ti sañj±nanti, ‘pis²lavan’ti sañj±nanti. Iti yath± yath± na½ tesu tesu janapadesu sañj±nanti ‘ida½ kira me [ida½ kira te ca (ka.)] ±yasmanto sandh±ya voharant²’ti tath± tath± voharati apar±masa½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhave, janapadaniruttiy± ca anabhiniveso hoti, samaññ±ya ca anatis±ro. ‘Janapadanirutti½ n±bhiniveseyya samañña½ n±tidh±veyy±’ti– iti ya½ ta½ vutta½, idameta½ paµicca vutta½.
333. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yo k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyogo h²no gammo pothujjaniko anariyo anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yo k±mapaµisandhisukhino somanass±nuyoga½ ananuyogo h²na½ gamma½ pothujjanika½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
334. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yo attakilamath±nuyogo dukkho anariyo anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yo attakilamath±nuyoga½ ananuyogo dukkha½ anariya½ anatthasa½hita½, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
335. “Tatra, bhikkhave, y±ya½ majjhim± paµipad± tath±gatena abhisambuddh±, cakkhukaraº² ñ±ºakaraº² upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad± Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
336. “Tatra bhikkhave, y±ya½ uss±dan± ca apas±dan± ca no ca dhammadesan±, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, y±ya½ nevuss±dan± ca na apas±dan± ca dhammadesan± ca, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
337. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ k±masukha½ m²¼hasukha½ pothujjanasukha½ anariyasukha½ sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ nekkhammasukha½ pavivekasukha½ upasamasukha½ sambodhisukha½, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
338. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ rahov±do abh³to ataccho anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ rahov±do bh³to taccho anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ rahov±do bh³to taccho atthasa½hito, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
339. “Tatra bhikkhave, yv±ya½ sammukh± kh²ºav±do abh³to ataccho anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ sammukh± kh²ºav±do bh³to taccho anatthasa½hito, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ sammukh± kh²ºav±do bh³to taccho atthasa½hito, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
340. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yamida½ taram±nassa bh±sita½, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra, bhikkhave yamida½ ataram±nassa bh±sita½, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
341. “Tatra, bhikkhave, yv±ya½ janapadaniruttiy± ca abhiniveso samaññ±ya ca atis±ro, sadukkho eso dhammo sa-upagh±to sa-up±y±so sapari¼±ho; micch±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo saraºo. Tatra bhikkhave, yv±ya½ janapadaniruttiy± ca anabhiniveso samaññ±ya ca anatis±ro, adukkho eso dhammo anupagh±to anup±y±so apari¼±ho; samm±paµipad±. Tasm± eso dhammo araºo.
“Tasm±tiha, bhikkhave, ‘saraºañca dhamma½ j±niss±ma, araºañca dhamma½ j±niss±ma; saraºañca dhamma½ ñatv± araºañca dhamma½ ñatv± araºapaµipada½ paµipajjiss±m±’ti evañhi vo, bhikkhave, sikkhitabba½. Subh³ti ca pana, bhikkhave, kulaputto araºapaµipada½ paµipanno”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Araºavibhaªgasutta½ niµµhita½ navama½.