8. Uddesavibhaªgasutta½

313. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca– “uddesavibhaªga½ vo, bhikkhave, desess±mi. Ta½ suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya yath± yath± [yath± yath±ssa (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½, ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²”ti. Idamavoca bhagav±. Ida½ vatv±na sugato uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi.
314. Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½, acirapakkantassa bhagavato, etadahosi– “ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘tath± tath±, bhikkhave bhikkhu upaparikkheyya yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½, ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh± bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²’ti. Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±”ti? Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½; pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±m±”ti.
Atha kho te bhikkh³ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena saddhi½ sammodi½su. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etadavocu½–
“Ida½ kho no, ±vuso kacc±na, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½, ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²’ti. Tesa½ no, ±vuso kacc±na, amh±ka½, acirapakkantassa bhagavato, etadahosi– ‘ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya, yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½ ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²’ti. Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±”ti. “Tesa½ no, ±vuso kacc±na, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito, sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±m±’ti– vibhajat±yasm± mah±kacc±no”ti.
315. “‘Seyyath±pi, ±vuso, puriso s±ratthiko s±ragaves² s±rapariyesana½ caram±no mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato s±ravato atikkammeva m³la½ atikkamma khandha½ s±kh±pal±se s±ra½ pariyesitabba½ maññeyya, eva½ sampadamida½ ±yasmant±na½ satthari sammukh²bh³te ta½ bhagavanta½ atisitv± amhe etamattha½ paµipucchitabba½ maññatha. So h±vuso, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti, passa½ passati, cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato. So ceva panetassa k±lo ahosi ya½ bhagavanta½yeva etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha; yath± vo bhagav± by±kareyya tath± na½ dh±reyy±th±”’ti. ‘Addh±vuso kacc±na, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti, passa½ passati, cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato. So ceva panetassa k±lo ahosi ya½ bhagavanta½yeva etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±ma; yath± no bhagav± by±kareyya tath± na½ dh±reyy±ma. Api c±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Vibhajat±yasm± mah±kacc±no agaru½ karitv±’ti. ‘Tena h±vuso, suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha; bh±siss±m²’ti. ‘Evam±vuso’ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa paccassosu½. ¾yasm± mah±kacc±no etadavoca–
‘Ya½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya, yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½ ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya, bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²’ti. Imassa kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa eva½ vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi.
316. “Kathañc±vuso, bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ vikkhitta½ visaµanti vuccati? Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± r³panimitt±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti r³panimittass±dagadhita½ […gathita½ (s². p².)] r³panimittass±davinibandha½ […vinibandha½ (s². p².)] r³panimittass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ vikkhitta½ visaµanti vuccati. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya dhammanimitt±nus±r² viññ±ºa½ hoti; dhammanimittass±dagadhita½ dhammanimittass±davinibandha½ dhammanimittass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ vikkhitta½ visaµanti vuccati. Eva½ kho ±vuso, bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ vikkhitta½ visaµanti vuccati.
317. “Kathañc±vuso, bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµanti vuccati Idh±vuso, bhikkhuno cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na r³panimitt±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti r³panimittass±dagadhita½ na r³panimittass±davinibandha½ na r³panimittass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµanti vuccati Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya na dhammanimitt±nus±r² viññ±ºa½ hoti na dhammanimittass±dagadhita½ na dhammanimittass±davinibandha½ na dhammanimittass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµanti vuccati. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, bahiddh± viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµanti vuccati.
318. “Kathañc±vuso, ajjhatta½ [ajjhatta½ citta½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] saºµhitanti vuccati? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa vivekajap²tisukh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti vivekajap²tisukhass±dagadhita½ vivekajap²tisukhass±davinibandha½ vivekajap²tisukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ saºµhitanti vuccati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa sam±dhijap²tisukh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti sam±dhijap²tisukhass±dagadhita½ sam±dhijap²tisukhass±davinibandha½ sam±dhijap²tisukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ saºµhitanti vuccati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu p²tiy± ca vir±g± upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampaj±no sukhañca k±yena paµisa½vedeti, ya½ ta½ ariy± ±cikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satim± sukhavih±r²’ti tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa upekkh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti upekkh±sukhass±dagadhita½ upekkh±sukhass±davinibandha½ upekkh±sukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ saºµhitanti vuccati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n± pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam± adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa adukkhamasukh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti adukkhamasukhass±dagadhita½ adukkhamasukhass±davinibandha½ adukkhamasukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ saºµhitanti vuccati. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, ajjhatta½ [ajjhatta½ citta½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] saºµhitanti vuccati.
319. “Kathañc±vuso ajjhatta½ [ajjhatta½ citta½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] asaºµhitanti vuccati? Idh±vuso, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa na vivekajap²tisukh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti na vivekajap²tisukhass±dagadhita½ na vivekajap²tisukhass±davinibandha½ na vivekajap²tisukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ asaºµhitanti vuccati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam±…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa na sam±dhijap²tisukh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti na sam±dhijap²tisukhass±dagadhita½ na sam±dhijap²tisukhass±davinibandha½ na sam±dhijap²tisukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ asaºµhitanti vuccati
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu p²tiy± ca vir±g±…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa na upekkh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti na upekkh±sukhass±dagadhita½ na upekkh±sukhass±davinibandha½ na upekkh±sukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ asaºµhitanti vuccati.
“Puna capara½, ±vuso, bhikkhu sukhassa ca pah±n± dukkhassa ca pah±n± pubbeva somanassadomanass±na½ atthaªgam± adukkhamasukha½ upekkh±satip±risuddhi½ catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Tassa na adukkhamasukh±nus±ri viññ±ºa½ hoti na adukkhamasukhass±dagadhita½ na adukkhamasukhass±davinibandha½ na adukkhamasukhass±dasa½yojanasa½yutta½ ajjhatta½ citta½ asaºµhitanti vuccati. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, ajjhatta½ [ajjhatta½ citta½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] asaºµhitanti vuccati.
320. “Kathañc±vuso, anup±d± paritassan± hoti? Idh±vuso, assutav± puthujjano ariy±na½ adass±v² ariyadhammassa akovido ariyadhamme avin²to sappuris±na½ adass±v² sappurisadhammassa akovido sappurisadhamme avin²to r³pa½ attato samanupassati r³pavanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± r³pa½ r³pasmi½ v± att±na½. Tassa ta½ r³pa½ vipariºamati, aññath± hoti. Tassa r³pavipariº±maññath±bh±v± r³pavipariº±m±nuparivatti viññ±ºa½ hoti. Tassa r³pavipariº±m±nuparivattaj± paritassan± dhammasamupp±d± citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti. Cetaso pariy±d±n± utt±sav± ca hoti vigh±tav± ca apekkhav± ca anup±d±ya ca paritassati. Vedana½ …pe… sañña½… saªkh±re… viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassati viññ±ºavanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± viññ±ºa½ viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½. Tassa ta½ viññ±ºa½ vipariºamati, aññath± hoti. Tassa viññ±ºavipariº±maññath±bh±v± viññ±ºavipariº±m±nuparivatti viññ±ºa½ hoti. Tassa viññ±ºavipariº±m±nuparivattaj± paritassan± dhammasamupp±d± citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti. Cetaso pariy±d±n± utt±sav± ca hoti vigh±tav± ca apekkhav± ca anup±d±ya ca paritassati. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, anup±d± paritassan± hoti.
321. “Kathañc±vuso, anup±d±n± aparitassan± hoti? Idh±vuso, sutav± ariyas±vako ariy±na½ dass±v² ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvin²to sappuris±na½ dass±v² sappurisadhammassa kovido sappurisadhamme suvin²to na r³pa½ attato samanupassati na r³pavanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± r³pa½ na r³pasmi½ v± att±na½. Tassa ta½ r³pa½ vipariºamati, aññath± hoti. Tassa r³pavipariº±maññath±bh±v± na ca r³pavipariº±m±nuparivatti viññ±ºa½ hoti. Tassa na r³pavipariº±m±nuparivattaj± paritassan± dhammasamupp±d± citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti. Cetaso pariy±d±n± na cevutt±sav± [na ca utt±sav± (s².)] hoti na ca vigh±tav± na ca apekkhav± anup±d±ya ca na paritassati. Na vedana½… na sañña½… na saªkh±re… na viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassati na viññ±ºavanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± viññ±ºa½ na viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½. Tassa ta½ viññ±ºa½ vipariºamati, aññath± hoti. Tassa viññ±ºavipariº±maññath±bh±v± na ca viññ±ºavipariº±m±nuparivatti viññ±ºa½ hoti. Tassa na viññ±ºavipariº±m±nuparivattaj± paritassan± dhammasamupp±d± citta½ pariy±d±ya tiµµhanti. Cetaso pariy±d±n± na cevutt±sav± hoti na ca vigh±tav± na ca apekkhav±, anup±d±ya ca na paritassati. Eva½ kho, ±vuso, anup±d± aparitassan± hoti.
“Ya½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½, ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²’ti. Imassa kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa eva½ vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi. ¾kaªkham±n± ca pana tumhe ±yasmanto bhagavanta½yeva upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha; yath± vo bhagav± by±karoti tath± na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti.
322. Atha kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uµµh±y±san± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½–
“Ya½ kho no, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– ‘tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½, ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²”’ti.
“Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½, acirapakkantassa bhagavato, etadahosi– ‘ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho– tath± tath±, bhikkhave, bhikkhu upaparikkheyya, yath± yath± upaparikkhato bahiddh± cassa viññ±ºa½ avikkhitta½ avisaµa½, ajjhatta½ asaºµhita½ anup±d±ya na paritasseyya. Bahiddh±, bhikkhave, viññ±ºe avikkhitte avisaµe sati ajjhatta½ asaºµhite anup±d±ya aparitassato ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºadukkhasamudayasambhavo na hot²ti. Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±’ti? Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±m±’ti.
“Atha kho maya½, bhante, yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkamimha; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipucchimha. Tesa½ no, bhante, ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena imehi ±k±rehi imehi padehi imehi byañjanehi attho vibhatto”ti.
“Paº¹ito, bhikkhave, mah±kacc±no; mah±pañño, bhikkhave, mah±kacc±no. Ma½ cepi tumhe, bhikkhave, etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha, ahampi evameva½ by±kareyya½ yath± ta½ mah±kacc±nena by±kata½. Eso cevetassa [eso cetassa (s². p².), eso ceva tassa (sy±. ka½.), esoyeva tassa (ka.)] attho. Evañca na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Uddesavibhaªgasutta½ niµµhita½ aµµhama½.