3. Mah±kacc±nabhaddekarattasutta½

279. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± r±jagahe viharati tapod±r±me. Atha kho ±yasm± samiddhi rattiy± pacc³sasamaya½ paccuµµh±ya yena tapodo [tapod± (s².)] tenupasaªkami gatt±ni parisiñcitu½. Tapode gatt±ni parisiñcitv± paccuttaritv± ekac²varo aµµh±si gatt±ni pubb±payam±no [sukkh±payam±no (ka.)]. Atha kho aññatar± devat± abhikkant±ya rattiy± abhikkantavaºº± kevalakappa½ tapoda½ obh±setv± yen±yasm± samiddhi tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhit± kho s± devat± ±yasmanta½ samiddhi½ etadavoca– “dh±resi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañc±”ti? “Na kho aha½, ±vuso, dh±remi bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca. Tva½ pan±vuso, dh±resi bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañc±”ti? “Ahampi kho, bhikkhu, na dh±remi bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca. Dh±resi pana tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattiyo g±th±”ti? “Na kho aha½, ±vuso, dh±remi bhaddekarattiyo g±th±ti. Tva½ pan±vuso, dh±resi bhaddekarattiyo g±th±”ti? “Ahampi kho, bhikkhu na dh±remi bhaddekarattiyo g±th±ti. Uggaºh±hi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca; pariy±puº±hi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca; dh±rehi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca. Atthasa½hito, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddeso ca vibhaªgo ca ±dibrahmacariyako”ti. Idamavoca s± devat±; ida½ vatv± tatthevantaradh±yi.
280. Atha kho ±yasm± samiddhi tass± rattiy± accayena yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho ±yasm± samiddhi bhagavanta½ etadavoca–
“Idh±ha½, bhante, rattiy± pacc³sasamaya½ paccuµµh±ya yena tapodo tenupasaªkami½ gatt±ni parisiñcitu½. Tapode gatt±ni parisiñcitv± paccuttaritv± ekac²varo aµµh±si½ gatt±ni pubb±payam±no. Atha kho bhante, aññatar± devat± abhikkant±ya rattiy± abhikkantavaºº± kevalakappa½ tapoda½ obh±setv± yen±ha½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhit± kho s± devat± ma½ etadavoca– ‘dh±resi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañc±”’ti?
“Eva½ vutte aha½, bhante, ta½ devata½ etadavoca½– ‘na kho aha½, ±vuso, dh±remi bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca. Tva½ pan±vuso, dh±resi bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañc±’ti? ‘Ahampi kho, bhikkhu, na dh±remi bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca. Dh±resi pana tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattiyo g±th±’ti? ‘Na kho aha½, ±vuso, dh±remi bhaddekarattiyo g±th±ti. Tva½ pan±vuso, dh±resi bhaddekarattiyo g±th±’ti? ‘Ahampi kho, bhikkhu, na dh±remi bhaddekarattiyo g±th±ti. Uggaºh±hi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca; pariy±puº±hi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca; dh±rehi tva½, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca. Atthasa½hito, bhikkhu, bhaddekarattassa uddeso ca vibhaªgo ca ±dibrahmacariyako’ti. Idamavoca, bhante, s± devat±; ida½ vatv± tatthevantaradh±yi. S±dhu me, bhante, bhagav± bhaddekarattassa uddesañca vibhaªgañca deset³”ti. “Tena hi, bhikkhu, suº±hi, s±dhuka½ manasi karohi; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho ±yasm± samiddhi bhagavato paccassosi. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya, nappaµikaªkhe an±gata½;
yadat²ta½ pah²na½ ta½, appattañca an±gata½.
“Paccuppannañca yo dhamma½, tattha tattha vipassati;
asa½h²ra½ asa½kuppa½, ta½ vidv± manubr³haye.
“Ajjeva kiccam±tappa½, ko jaññ± maraºa½ suve;
na hi no saªgara½ tena, mah±senena maccun±.
“Eva½ vih±ri½ ±t±pi½, ahorattamatandita½;
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±; ida½ vatv±na sugato uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ p±visi. Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ acirapakkantassa bhagavato, etadahosi– “ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya, nappaµikaªkhe an±gata½;
yadat²ta½ pah²na½ ta½, appattañca an±gata½.
“Paccuppannañca yo dhamma½, tattha tattha vipassati;
asa½h²ra½ asa½kuppa½, ta½ vidv± manubr³haye.
“Ajjeva kiccam±tappa½, ko jaññ± maraºa½ suve;
na hi no saªgara½ tena, mah±senena maccun±.
“Eva½ vih±ri½ ±t±pi½, ahorattamatandita½;
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
“Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±”ti?
Atha kho tesa½ bhikkh³na½ etadahosi– “aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½; pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±m±”ti.
281. Atha kho te bhikkh³ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena saddhi½ sammodi½su. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etadavocu½ “ida½ kho no, ±vuso kacc±na, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya…pe…
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
“Tesa½ no, ±vuso kacc±na, amh±ka½, acirapakkantassa bhagavato, etadahosi– ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya…pe…
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
“Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±ti? Tesa½ no ±vuso kacc±na, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±m±’ti. Vibhajat±yasm± mah±kacc±no”ti.
“Seyyath±pi, ±vuso, puriso s±ratthiko s±ragaves² s±rapariyesana½ caram±no mahato rukkhassa tiµµhato s±ravato atikkammeva m³la½ atikkamma khandha½ s±kh±pal±se s±ra½ pariyesitabba½ maññeyya; eva½ sampadamida½ ±yasmant±na½ satthari sammukh²bh³te ta½ bhagavanta½ atisitv± amhe etamattha½ paµipucchitabba½ maññatha [maññetha (p².)]. So h±vuso, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti, passa½ passati, cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato. So ceva panetassa k±lo ahosi ya½ bhagavanta½yeva etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha, yath± vo bhagav± by±kareyya tath± na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti.
“Addh±vuso kacc±na, bhagav± j±na½ j±n±ti, passa½ passati, cakkhubh³to ñ±ºabh³to dhammabh³to brahmabh³to vatt± pavatt± atthassa ninnet± amatassa d±t± dhammass±m² tath±gato. So ceva panetassa k±lo ahosi ya½ bhagavanta½yeva etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±ma; yath± no bhagav± by±kareyya tath± na½ dh±reyy±ma. Api c±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthuceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½; pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Vibhajat±yasm± mah±kacc±no agaru½ karitv±”ti [agarukaritv± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)].
“Tena h±vuso, suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Evam±vuso”ti kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa paccassosu½. ¾yasm± mah±kacc±no etadavoca–
“Ya½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya…pe…
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
Imassa kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa eva½ vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi–
282. “Kathañca, ±vuso, at²ta½ anv±gameti? Iti me cakkhu ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti r³p±ti– tattha chandar±gappaµibaddha½ [chandar±gappaµibandha½ (ka.)] hoti viññ±ºa½, chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa tadabhinandati, tadabhinandanto at²ta½ anv±gameti. Iti me sota½ ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti sadd±ti…pe… iti me gh±na½ ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti gandh±ti… iti me jivh± ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti ras±ti… iti me k±yo ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti phoµµhabb±ti… iti me mano ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti dhamm±ti– tattha chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa tadabhinandati, tadabhinandanto at²ta½ anv±gameti– eva½ kho, ±vuso, at²ta½ anv±gameti.
“Kathañca ±vuso, at²ta½ n±nv±gameti? Iti me cakkhu ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti r³p±ti– tattha na chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, na chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa na tadabhinandati, na tadabhinandanto at²ta½ n±nv±gameti. Iti me sota½ ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti sadd±ti…pe… iti me gh±na½ ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti gandh±ti… iti me jivh± ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti ras±ti… iti me k±yo ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti phoµµhabb±ti… iti me mano ahosi at²tamaddh±na½ iti dhamm±ti– tattha na chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, na chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa, na tadabhinandati, na tadabhinandanto at²ta½ n±nv±gameti– eva½ kho, ±vuso, at²ta½ n±nv±gameti.
283. “Kathañca ±vuso, an±gata½ paµikaªkhati? Iti me cakkhu siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti r³p±ti– appaµiladdhassa paµil±bh±ya citta½ paºidahati, cetaso paºidh±napaccay± tadabhinandati, tadabhinandanto an±gata½ paµikaªkhati. Iti me sota½ siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti sadd±ti…pe… iti me gh±na½ siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti gandh±ti… iti me jivh± siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti ras±ti… iti me k±yo siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti phoµµhabb±ti… iti me mano siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti dhamm±ti– appaµiladdhassa paµil±bh±ya citta½ paºidahati, cetaso paºidh±napaccay± tadabhinandati, tadabhinandanto an±gata½ paµikaªkhati– eva½ kho, ±vuso, an±gata½ paµikaªkhati.
“Kathañca, ±vuso, an±gata½ nappaµikaªkhati? Iti me cakkhu siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti r³p±ti– appaµiladdhassa paµil±bh±ya citta½ nappaºidahati cetaso appaºidh±napaccay± na tadabhinandati, na tadabhinandanto an±gata½ nappaµikaªkhati. Iti me sota½ siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti sadd±ti…pe… iti me gh±na½ siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti gandh±ti… iti me jivh± siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti ras±ti… iti me k±yo siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti phoµµhabb±ti… iti me mano siy± an±gatamaddh±na½ iti dhamm±ti– appaµiladdhassa paµil±bh±ya citta½ nappaºidahati, cetaso appaºidh±napaccay± na tadabhinandati, na tadabhinandanto an±gata½ nappaµikaªkhati– eva½ kho, ±vuso, an±gata½ nappaµikaªkhati.
284. “Kathañca, ±vuso, paccuppannesu dhammesu sa½h²rati? Yañc±vuso, cakkhu ye ca r³p± ubhayameta½ paccuppanna½. Tasmi½ ce paccuppanne chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa tadabhinandati, tadabhinandanto paccuppannesu dhammesu sa½h²rati. Yañc±vuso, sota½ ye ca sadd±…pe… yañc±vuso, gh±na½ ye ca gandh±… y± c±vuso, jivh± ye ca ras±… yo c±vuso, k±yo ye ca phoµµhabb±… yo c±vuso, mano ye ca dhamm±– ubhayameta½ paccuppanna½. Tasmi½ ce paccuppanne chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa tadabhinandati, tadabhinandanto paccuppannesu dhammesu sa½h²rati– eva½ kho, ±vuso, paccuppannesu dhammesu sa½h²rati.
“Kathañca ±vuso, paccuppannesu dhammesu na sa½h²rati? Yañc±vuso, cakkhu ye ca r³p±– ubhayameta½ paccuppanna½. Tasmi½ ce paccuppanne na chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, na chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa na tadabhinandati, na tadabhinandanto paccuppannesu dhammesu na sa½h²rati. Yañc±vuso, sota½ ye ca sadd±…pe… yañc±vuso, gh±na½ ye ca gandh±… y± c±vuso, jivh± ye ca ras±… yo c±vuso, k±yo ye ca phoµµhabb±… yo c±vuso, mano ye ca dhamm±– ubhayameta½ paccuppanna½. Tasmi½ ce paccuppanne na chandar±gappaµibaddha½ hoti viññ±ºa½, na chandar±gappaµibaddhatt± viññ±ºassa na tadabhinandati, na tadabhinandanto paccuppannesu dhammesu na sa½h²rati– eva½ kho, ±vuso, paccuppannesu dhammesu na sa½h²rati.
285. “Ya½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya…pe…
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
“Imassa kho aha½, ±vuso, bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa eva½ vitth±rena attha½ ±j±n±mi. ¾kaªkham±n± ca pana tumhe ±yasmanto bhagavanta½yeva upasaªkamitv± etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha, yath± vo bhagav± by±karoti tath± na½ dh±reyy±th±”ti.
Atha kho te bhikkh³ ±yasmato mah±kacc±nassa bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uµµh±y±san± yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami½su; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinn± kho te bhikkh³ bhagavanta½ etadavocu½– “ya½ kho no, bhante, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya…pe…
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½, acirapakkantassa bhagavato, etadahosi– “ida½ kho no, ±vuso, bhagav± sa½khittena uddesa½ uddisitv± vitth±rena attha½ avibhajitv± uµµh±y±san± vih±ra½ paviµµho–
“At²ta½ n±nv±gameyya, nappaµikaªkhe an±gata½;
yadat²ta½ pah²na½ ta½, appattañca an±gata½.
“Paccuppannañca yo dhamma½, tattha tattha vipassati;
asa½h²ra½ asa½kuppa½, ta½ vidv± manubr³haye.
“Ajjeva kiccam±tappa½, ko jaññ± maraºa½ suve;
na hi no saªgara½ tena, mah±senena maccun±.
“Eva½ vih±ri½ ±t±pi½, ahorattamatandita½;
ta½ ve bhaddekarattoti, santo ±cikkhate mun²”ti.
“‘Ko nu kho imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajeyy±’ti? Tesa½ no, bhante, amh±ka½ etadahosi– ‘aya½ kho ±yasm± mah±kacc±no satthu ceva sa½vaººito sambh±vito ca viññ³na½ sabrahmac±r²na½. Pahoti c±yasm± mah±kacc±no imassa bhagavat± sa½khittena uddesassa uddiµµhassa vitth±rena attha½ avibhattassa vitth±rena attha½ vibhajitu½. Ya½n³na maya½ yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkameyy±ma; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±m±’ti. Atha kho maya½, bhante, yen±yasm± mah±kacc±no tenupasaªkamimha; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ mah±kacc±na½ etamattha½ paµipucchimha. Tesa½ no, bhante, ±yasmat± mah±kacc±nena imehi ±k±rehi imehi padehi imehi byañjanehi attho vibhatto”ti.
“Paº¹ito, bhikkhave, mah±kacc±no; mah±pañño, bhikkhave mah±kacc±no. Ma½ cepi tumhe, bhikkhave, etamattha½ paµipuccheyy±tha, ahampi ta½ evameva½ by±kareyya½ yath± ta½ mah±kacc±nena by±kata½. Eso, cevetassa attho. Evañca na½ dh±reth±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Mah±kacc±nabhaddekarattasutta½ niµµhita½ tatiya½.