8. Upakkilesasutta½

236. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± kosambiya½ viharati ghosit±r±me. Tena kho pana samayena kosambiya½ bhikkh³ bhaº¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± aññamañña½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharanti. Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ aµµh±si. Ekamanta½ µhito kho so bhikkhu bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “idha, bhante, kosambiya½ bhikkh³ bhaº¹anaj±t± kalahaj±t± viv±d±pann± aññamañña½ mukhasatt²hi vitudant± viharanti. S±dhu, bhante, bhagav± yena te bhikkh³ tenupasaªkamatu anukampa½ up±d±y±”ti. Adhiv±sesi bhagav± tuºh²bh±vena. Atha kho bhagav± yena te bhikkh³ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± te bhikkh³ etadavoca– “ala½, bhikkhave, m± bhaº¹ana½, m± kalaha½, m± viggaha½, m± viv±dan”ti.
Eva½ vutte, aññataro bhikkhu bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “±gametu, bhante! Bhagav± dhammass±m²; appossukko, bhante, bhagav± diµµhadhammasukhavih±ra½ anuyutto viharatu; mayametena bhaº¹anena kalahena viggahena viv±dena paññ±yiss±m±”ti. Dutiyampi kho bhagav± te bhikkh³ etadavoca– “ala½, bhikkhave, m± bhaº¹ana½, m± kalaha½, m± viggaha½, m± viv±dan”ti. Dutiyampi kho so bhikkhu bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “±gametu, bhante! Bhagav± dhammass±m²; appossukko, bhante, bhagav± diµµhadhammasukhavih±ra½ anuyutto viharatu; mayametena bhaº¹anena kalahena viggahena viv±dena paññ±yiss±m±”ti. Tatiyampi kho bhagav± te bhikkh³ etadavoca– “ala½, bhikkhave, m± bhaº¹ana½, m± kalaha½, m± viggaha½, m± viv±dan”ti. Tatiyampi kho so bhikkhu bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “±gametu, bhante, bhagav± dhammass±m²; appossukko, bhante, bhagav± diµµhadhammasukhavih±ra½ anuyutto viharatu; mayametena bhaº¹anena kalahena viggahena viv±dena paññ±yiss±m±”ti.
Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya kosambi½ piº¹±ya p±visi. Kosambiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto sen±sana½ sa½s±metv± pattac²varam±d±ya µhitakova im± g±th± abh±si–
237. “Puthusaddo samajano, na b±lo koci maññatha;
saªghasmi½ bhijjam±nasmi½, n±ñña½ bhiyyo amaññaru½.
“Parimuµµh± paº¹it±bh±s±, v±c±gocarabh±ºino;
y±vicchanti mukh±y±ma½, yena n²t± na ta½ vid³.
“Akkocchi ma½ avadhi ma½, ajini ma½ ah±si me;
ye ca ta½ upanayhanti, vera½ tesa½ na sammati.
“Akkocchi ma½ avadhi ma½, ajini ma½ ah±si me;
ye ca ta½ nupanayhanti, vera½ tes³pasammati.
“Na hi verena ver±ni, sammant²dha kud±cana½;
averena ca sammanti, esa dhammo sanantano.
“Pare ca na vij±nanti, mayamettha yam±mase;
ye ca tattha vij±nanti, tato sammanti medhag±.
“Aµµhicchinn± p±ºahar±, gavassadhanah±rino;
raµµha½ vilumpam±n±na½, tesampi hoti saªgati;
kasm± tumh±ka½ no siy±.
“Sace labhetha nipaka½ sah±ya½,
saddhi½ cara½ s±dhuvih±ri dh²ra½;
abhibhuyya sabb±ni parissay±ni,
careyya tenattamano sat²m±.
“No ce labhetha nipaka½ sah±ya½,
saddhi½ cara½ s±dhuvih±ri dh²ra½;
r±j±va raµµha½ vijita½ pah±ya,
eko care m±taªgaraññeva n±go.
“Ekassa carita½ seyyo, natthi b±le sah±yat±;
eko care na ca p±p±ni kayir±,
appossukko m±taªgaraññeva n±go”ti.
238. Atha kho bhagav± µhitakova im± g±th± bh±sitv± yena b±lakaloºak±rag±mo [b±lakaloºakag±mo (ka.), tath± vinayepi] tenupasaªkami. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± bhagu b±lakaloºak±rag±me viharati. Addas± kho ±yasm± bhagu bhagavanta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na ±sana½ paññapesi udakañca p±d±na½ dhovana½ [udakañca p±d±na½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane. Nisajja p±de pakkh±lesi. ¾yasm±pi kho bhagu bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho ±yasmanta½ bhagu½ bhagav± etadavoca– “kacci, bhikkhu, khaman²ya½, kacci y±pan²ya½, kacci piº¹akena na kilamas²”ti? “Khaman²ya½ bhagav±, y±pan²ya½ bhagav±, na c±ha½, bhante, piº¹akena kilam±m²”ti. Atha kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ bhagu½ dhammiy± kath±ya sandassetv± sam±dapetv± samuttejetv± sampaha½setv± uµµh±y±san± yena p±c²nava½sad±yo tenupasaªkami.
Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± ca anuruddho ±yasm± ca nandiyo [bhaddiyo (ma. ni. 2.166 na¼akap±ne] ±yasm± ca kimilo [kimbilo (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] p±c²nava½sad±ye viharanti. Addas± kho d±yap±lo bhagavanta½ d³ratova ±gacchanta½. Disv±na bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “m±, mah±samaºa, eta½ d±ya½ p±visi. Santettha tayo kulaputt± attak±mar³p± viharanti. M± tesa½ aph±sumak±s²”ti. Assosi kho ±yasm± anuruddho d±yap±lassa bhagavat± saddhi½ mantayam±nassa. Sutv±na d±yap±la½ etadavoca– “m±, ±vuso d±yap±la, bhagavanta½ v±resi. Satth± no bhagav± anuppatto”ti.
239. Atha kho ±yasm± anuruddho yen±yasm± ca nandiyo yen±yasm± ca kimilo tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmantañca nandiya½ ±yasmantañca kimila½ etadavoca– “abhikkamath±yasmanto, abhikkamath±yasmanto, satth± no bhagav± anuppatto”ti. Atha kho ±yasm± ca anuruddho ±yasm± ca nandiyo ±yasm± ca kimilo bhagavanta½ paccuggantv± eko bhagavato pattac²vara½ paµiggahesi, eko ±sana½ paññapesi, eko p±dodaka½ upaµµhapesi. Nis²di bhagav± paññatte ±sane. Nisajja p±de pakkh±lesi. Tepi kho ±yasmanto bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di½su. Ekamanta½ nisinna½ kho ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ bhagav± etadavoca– “kacci vo, anuruddh±, khaman²ya½, kacci y±pan²ya½, kacci piº¹akena na kilamath±”ti? “Khaman²ya½ bhagav±, y±pan²ya½ bhagav±, na ca maya½, bhante, piº¹akena kilam±m±”ti. “Kacci pana vo, anuruddh±, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± viharath±”ti? “Taggha maya½, bhante, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± vihar±m±”ti. “Yath± katha½ pana tumhe, anuruddh±, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± viharath±”ti? “Idha mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me yoha½ evar³pehi sabrahmac±r²hi saddhi½ vihar±m²’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, imesu ±yasmantesu metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca. Tassa, mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘ya½n³n±ha½ saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatteyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bhante, saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatt±mi. N±n± hi kho no, bhante, k±y±, ekañca pana maññe cittan”ti.
¾yasm±pi kho nandiyo…pe… ±yasm±pi kho kimilo bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “mayhampi kho, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘l±bh± vata me, suladdha½ vata me yoha½ evar³pehi sabrahmac±r²hi saddhi½ vihar±m²’ti. Tassa mayha½, bhante, imesu ±yasmantesu metta½ k±yakamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ vac²kamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca, metta½ manokamma½ paccupaµµhita½ ±vi ceva raho ca. Tassa mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘ya½n³n±ha½ saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatteyyan’ti. So kho aha½, bhante, saka½ citta½ nikkhipitv± imesa½yeva ±yasmant±na½ cittassa vasena vatt±mi. N±n± hi kho no, bhante, k±y±, ekañca pana maññe cittanti. Eva½ kho maya½, bhante, samagg± sammodam±n± avivadam±n± kh²rodak²bh³t± aññamañña½ piyacakkh³hi sampassant± vihar±m±”ti.
240. “S±dhu, s±dhu, anuruddh±! Kacci pana vo, anuruddh±, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± viharath±”ti? “Taggha maya½, bhante, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± vihar±m±”ti. “Yath± katha½ pana tumhe, anuruddh±, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± viharath±”ti? “Idha, bhante, amh±ka½ yo paµhama½ g±mato piº¹±ya paµikkamati, so ±san±ni paññapeti, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ upaµµh±peti, avakk±rap±ti½ upaµµh±peti. Yo pacch± g±mato piº¹±ya paµikkamati– sace hoti bhutt±vaseso, sace ±kaªkhati, bhuñjati; no ce ±kaªkhati, appaharite v± cha¹¹eti ap±ºake v± udake opil±peti– so ±san±ni paµis±meti, p±n²ya½ paribhojan²ya½ paµis±meti, avakk±rap±ti½ dhovitv± paµis±meti, bhattagga½ sammajjati. Yo passati p±n²yaghaµa½ v± paribhojan²yaghaµa½ v± vaccaghaµa½ v± ritta½ tuccha½ so upaµµh±peti. Sacassa hoti avisayha½, hatthavik±rena dutiya½ ±mantetv± hatthavilaªghakena upaµµh±pema [upaµµhapeti (s².)], na tveva maya½, bhante, tappaccay± v±ca½ bhind±ma. Pañc±hika½ kho pana maya½, bhante, sabbaratti½ dhammiy± kath±ya sannis²d±ma. Eva½ kho maya½, bhante, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± vihar±m±”ti.
241. “S±dhu, s±dhu, anuruddh±! Atthi pana vo, anuruddh±, eva½ appamatt±na½ ±t±p²na½ pahitatt±na½ viharata½ uttarimanussadhamm± alamariyañ±ºadassanaviseso adhigato ph±suvih±ro”ti? “Idha maya½, bhante, appamatt± ±t±pino pahitatt± viharant± obh±sañceva sañj±n±ma dassanañca r³p±na½. So kho pana no obh±so nacirasseva antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±na½; tañca nimitta½ nappaµivijjh±m±”ti.
“Ta½ kho pana vo, anuruddh±, nimitta½ paµivijjhitabba½. Ahampi suda½, anuruddh±, pubbeva sambodh± anabhisambuddho bodhisattova sam±no obh±sañceva sañj±n±mi dassanañca r³p±na½. So kho pana me obh±so nacirasseva antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±na½. Tassa mayha½, anuruddh±, etadahosi– ‘ko nu kho hetu ko paccayo yena me obh±so antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±nan’ti? Tassa mayha½, anuruddh±, etadahosi– ‘vicikicch± kho me udap±di, vicikicch±dhikaraºañca pana me sam±dhi cavi. Sam±dhimhi cute obh±so antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±na½. Soha½ tath± kariss±mi yath± me puna na vicikicch± uppajjissat²”’ti.
“So kho aha½, anuruddh±, appamatto ±t±p² pahitatto viharanto obh±sañceva sañj±n±mi dassanañca r³p±na½. So kho pana me obh±so nacirasseva antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±na½. Tassa mayha½, anuruddh±, etadahosi– ‘ko nu kho hetu ko paccayo yena me obh±so antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±nan’ti? Tassa mayha½, anuruddh±, etadahosi– ‘amanasik±ro kho me udap±di, amanasik±r±dhikaraºañca pana me sam±dhi cavi. Sam±dhimhi cute obh±so antaradh±yati dassanañca r³p±na½. Soha½ tath± kariss±mi yath± me puna na vicikicch± uppajjissati na amanasik±ro”’ti.