7. Anuruddhasutta½

229. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati aññatara½ purisa½ ±mantesi– “ehi tva½, ambho purisa, yen±yasm± anuruddho tenupasaªkama; upasaªkamitv± mama vacanena ±yasmato anuruddhassa p±de siras± vand±hi [vand±hi, evañca vadehi (s². p².)]– ‘pañcakaªgo, bhante, thapati ±yasmato anuruddhassa p±de siras± vandat²’ti; evañca vadehi [evañca vadeti (s². p².)]– ‘adhiv±setu kira, bhante, ±yasm± anuruddho pañcakaªgassa thapatissa sv±tan±ya attacatuttho bhatta½; yena ca kira, bhante, ±yasm± anuruddho pagevatara½ ±gaccheyya; pañcakaªgo, bhante, thapati [pañcakaªgo thapati (s². p².)] bahukicco bahukaraº²yo r±jakaraº²yen±”’ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho so puriso pañcakaªgassa thapatissa paµissutv± yen±yasm± anuruddho tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho so puriso ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ etadavoca– “pañcakaªgo, bhante, thapati ±yasmato anuruddhassa p±de siras± vandati, evañca vadeti– ‘adhiv±setu kira, bhante, ±yasm± anuruddho pañcakaªgassa thapatissa sv±tan±ya attacatuttho bhatta½; yena ca kira, bhante, ±yasm± anuruddho pagevatara½ ±gaccheyya; pañcakaªgo, bhante, thapati bahukicco bahukaraº²yo r±jakaraº²yen±”’ti. Adhiv±sesi kho ±yasm± anuruddho tuºh²bh±vena.
230. Atha kho ±yasm± anuruddho tass± rattiy± accayena pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya yena pañcakaªgassa thapatissa nivesana½ tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ paº²tena kh±dan²yena bhojan²yena sahatth± santappesi sampav±resi. Atha kho pañcakaªgo thapati ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ bhutt±vi½ on²tapattap±ºi½ aññatara½ n²ca½ ±sana½ gahetv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho pañcakaªgo thapati ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ etadavoca–
“Idha ma½, bhante, ther± bhikkh³ upasaªkamitv± evam±ha½su– ‘appam±ºa½, gahapati, cetovimutti½ bh±veh²’ti [appam±º± gahapati cetovimutti bh±vetabb±ti (ka.)]. Ekacce ther± evam±ha½su– ‘mahaggata½, gahapati, cetovimutti½ bh±veh²’ti. Y± c±ya½, bhante, appam±º± cetovimutti y± ca mahaggat± cetovimutti– ime dhamm± n±natth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca, ud±hu ekatth± byañjanameva n±nan”ti? “Tena hi, gahapati, ta½ yevettha paµibh±tu. Apaººakante ito bhavissat²”ti. “Mayha½ kho, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘y± c±ya½ appam±º± cetovimutti y± ca mahaggat± cetovimutti ime dhamm± ekatth± byañjanameva n±na”n’ti. “Y± c±ya½, gahapati, appam±º± cetovimutti y± ca mahaggat± cetovimutti ime dhamm± n±natth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca Tadamin±peta½, gahapati, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ime dhamm± n±natth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca”.
“Katam± ca, gahapati, appam±º± cetovimutti? Idha, gahapati, bhikkhu mett±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati, tath± dutiya½ tath± tatiya½ tath± catuttha½; iti uddhamadho tiriya½ sabbadhi sabbattat±ya sabb±vanta½ loka½ mett±sahagatena cetas± vipulena mahaggatena appam±ºena averena aby±bajjhena pharitv± viharati. Karuº±sahagatena cetas±… mudit±sahagatena cetas±… upekkh±sahagatena cetas± eka½ disa½ pharitv± viharati, tath± dutiya½ tath± tatiya½ tath± catuttha½; iti uddhamadho tiriya½ sabbadhi sabbattat±ya sabb±vanta½ loka½ upekkh±sahagatena cetas± vipulena mahaggatena appam±ºena averena aby±bajjhena pharitv± viharati. Aya½ vuccati, gahapati, appam±º± cetovimutti.
231. “Katam± ca, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti? Idha, gahapati, bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ rukkham³la½ mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Aya½ vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± rukkham³l±ni mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Ayampi [aya½ (sy±. ka½. ka.)] vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ g±makkhetta½ mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± g±makkhett±ni mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ mah±rajja½ mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± mah±rajj±ni mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Idha pana, gahapati, bhikkhu y±vat± samuddapariyanta½ pathavi½ mahaggatanti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Ayampi vuccati, gahapati, mahaggat± cetovimutti. Imin± kho eta½, gahapati, pariy±yena veditabba½ yath± ime dhamm± n±natth± ceva n±n±byañjan± ca.
232. “Catasso kho im± gahapati, bhav³papattiyo. Katam± catasso? Idha, gahapati, ekacco ‘paritt±bh±’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± paritt±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Idha pana, gahapati, ekacco ‘appam±º±bh±’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± appam±º±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Idha pana, gahapati, ekacco ‘sa½kiliµµh±bh±’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sa½kiliµµh±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Idha pana, gahapati, ekacco ‘parisuddh±bh±’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± parisuddh±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Im± kho, gahapati, catasso bhav³papattiyo.
“Hoti kho so, gahapati, samayo, y± t± devat± ekajjha½ sannipatanti, t±sa½ ekajjha½ sannipatit±na½ vaººan±nattañhi kho paññ±yati no ca ±bh±n±natta½ Seyyath±pi, gahapati, puriso sambahul±ni telappad²p±ni eka½ ghara½ paveseyya. Tesa½ eka½ ghara½ pavesit±na½ accin±nattañhi kho paññ±yetha, no ca ±bh±n±natta½; evameva kho, gahapati, hoti kho so samayo, y± t± devat± ekajjha½ sannipatanti t±sa½ ekajjha½ sannipatit±na½ vaººan±nattañhi kho paññ±yati, no ca ±bh±n±natta½.
“Hoti kho so, gahapati, samayo, y± t± devat± tato vipakkamanti, t±sa½ tato vipakkamant²na½ vaººan±nattañceva paññ±yati ±bh±n±nattañca. Seyyath±pi, gahapati, puriso t±ni sambahul±ni telappad²p±ni tamh± ghar± n²hareyya. Tesa½ tato n²hat±na½ [n²harant±na½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] accin±nattañceva paññ±yetha ±bh±n±nattañca; evameva kho, gahapati, hoti kho so samayo, y± t± devat± tato vipakkamanti, t±sa½ tato vipakkamant²na½ vaººan±nattañceva paññ±yati ±bh±n±nattañca.
“Na kho, gahapati, t±sa½ devat±na½ eva½ hoti– ‘ida½ amh±ka½ niccanti v± dhuvanti v± sassatan’ti v±, api ca yattha yattheva t± [y± (ka.)] devat± abhinivisanti tattha tattheva t± devat± abhiramanti. Seyyath±pi, gahapati, makkhik±na½ k±jena v± piµakena v± har²yam±n±na½ na eva½ hoti– ‘ida½ amh±ka½ niccanti v± dhuvanti v± sassatan’ti v±, api ca yattha yattheva t± [y± (ka.)] makkhik± abhinivisanti tattha tattheva t± makkhik± abhiramanti; evameva kho, gahapati, t±sa½ devat±na½ na eva½ hoti– ‘ida½ amh±ka½ niccanti v± dhuvanti v± sassatan’ti v±, api ca yattha yattheva t± devat± abhinivisanti tattha tattheva t± devat± abhiramant²”ti.
233. Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± sabhiyo kacc±no [kacc±yano (s².)] ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ etadavoca– “s±dhu, bhante anuruddha! Atthi ca me ettha uttari½ paµipucchitabba½. Y± t±, bhante, devat± ±bh± sabb± t± paritt±bh± ud±hu santettha ekacc± devat± appam±º±bh±”ti? “Tadaªgena kho, ±vuso kacc±na, santettha ekacc± devat± paritt±bh±, santi panettha ekacc± devat± appam±º±bh±”ti. “Ko nu kho, bhante anuruddha, hetu ko paccayo yena t±sa½ devat±na½ eka½ devanik±ya½ upapann±na½ santettha ekacc± devat± paritt±bh±, santi panettha ekacc± devat± appam±º±bh±”ti?
“Tena h±vuso kacc±na, ta½yevettha paµipucchiss±mi. Yath± te khameyya tath± na½ by±kareyy±si. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±vuso kacc±na yv±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ rukkham³la½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, yoc±ya½ [yop±ya½ (ka.)] bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± rukkham³l±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ katam± cittabh±van± mahaggatatar±”ti? “Yv±ya½, bhante, bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± rukkham³l±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– aya½ im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ mahaggatatar±”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±vuso kacc±na, yv±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± rukkham³l±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, yoc±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ g±makkhetta½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ katam± cittabh±van± mahaggatatar±”ti? “Yv±ya½, bhante, bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ g±makkhetta½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– aya½ im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ mahaggatatar±”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±vuso kacc±na, yv±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ g±makkhetta½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, yoc±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± g±makkhett±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ katam± cittabh±van± mahaggatatar±”ti? “Yv±ya½, bhante, bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± g±makkhett±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati aya½ im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ mahaggatatar±”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±vuso kacc±na, yv±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± g±makkhett±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, yoc±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ mah±rajja½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ katam± cittabh±van± mahaggatatar±”ti? “Yv±ya½, bhante, bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ mah±rajja½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– aya½ im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ mahaggatatar±”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±vuso kacc±na, yv±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± eka½ mah±rajja½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, yoc±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± mah±rajj±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ katam± cittabh±van± mahaggatatar±”ti? “Yv±ya½, bhante, bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± mah±rajj±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– aya½ im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ mahaggatatar±”ti.
“Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±vuso kacc±na, yv±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± dve v± t²ºi v± mah±rajj±ni ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, yoc±ya½ bhikkhu y±vat± samuddapariyanta½ pathavi½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ katam± cittabh±van± mahaggatatar±”ti? “Yv±ya½, bhante, bhikkhu y±vat± samuddapariyanta½ pathavi½ ‘mahaggatan’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati– aya½ im±sa½ ubhinna½ cittabh±van±na½ mahaggatatar±”ti? “Aya½ kho, ±vuso kacc±na, hetu aya½ paccayo, yena t±sa½ devat±na½ eka½ devanik±ya½ upapann±na½ santettha ekacc± devat± paritt±bh±, santi panettha ekacc± devat± appam±º±bh±”ti.
234. “S±dhu, bhante anuruddha! Atthi ca me ettha uttari½ paµipucchitabba½. Y±vat± [y± t± (ka.)], bhante, devat± ±bh± sabb± t± sa½kiliµµh±bh± ud±hu santettha ekacc± devat± parisuddh±bh±”ti? “Tadaªgena kho, ±vuso kacc±na, santettha ekacc± devat± sa½kiliµµh±bh±, santi panettha ekacc± devat± parisuddh±bh±”ti. “Ko nu kho, bhante, anuruddha, hetu ko paccayo, yena t±sa½ devat±na½ eka½ devanik±ya½ upapann±na½ santettha ekacc± devat± sa½kiliµµh±bh±, santi panettha ekacc± devat± parisuddh±bh±”ti?
“Tena h±vuso kacc±na, upama½ te kariss±mi. Upam±yapidhekacce [upam±yamidhekacce (ka.)] viññ³ puris± bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±nanti. Seyyath±pi, ±vuso kacc±na, telappad²passa jh±yato telampi aparisuddha½ vaµµipi aparisuddh±. So telassapi aparisuddhatt± vaµµiy±pi aparisuddhatt± andhandha½ viya jh±yati; evameva kho, ±vuso kacc±na, idhekacco bhikkhu ‘sa½kiliµµh±bh±’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati, tassa k±yaduµµhullampi na suppaµippassaddha½ hoti, thinamiddhampi na susam³hata½ hoti uddhaccakukkuccampi na suppaµivin²ta½ hoti. So k±yaduµµhullassapi na suppaµippassaddhatt± thinamiddhassapi na susam³hatatt± uddhaccakukkuccassapi na suppaµivin²tatt± andhandha½ viya jh±yati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sa½kiliµµh±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Seyyath±pi, ±vuso kacc±na, telappad²passa jh±yato telampi parisuddha½ vaµµipi parisuddh±. So telassapi parisuddhatt± vaµµiy±pi parisuddhatt± na andhandha½ viya jh±yati; evameva kho, ±vuso kacc±na, idhekacco bhikkhu ‘parisuddh±bh±’ti pharitv± adhimuccitv± viharati. Tassa k±yaduµµhullampi suppaµippassaddha½ hoti, thinamiddhampi susam³hata½ hoti, uddhaccakukkuccampi suppaµivin²ta½ hoti. So k±yaduµµhullassapi suppaµippassaddhatt± thinamiddhassapi susam³hatatt± uddhaccakukkuccassapi suppaµivin²tatt± na andhandha½ viya jh±yati. So k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± parisuddh±bh±na½ dev±na½ sahabyata½ upapajjati. Aya½ kho, ±vuso kacc±na, hetu aya½ paccayo yena t±sa½ devat±na½ eka½ devanik±ya½ upapann±na½ santettha ekacc± devat± sa½kiliµµh±bh±, santi panettha ekacc± devat± parisuddh±bh±”ti.
235. Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± sabhiyo kacc±no ±yasmanta½ anuruddha½ etadavoca– “s±dhu, bhante anuruddha! Na, bhante, ±yasm± anuruddho evam±ha– ‘eva½ me sutan’ti v± ‘eva½ arahati bhavitun’ti v±; atha ca pana, bhante, ±yasm± anuruddho ‘evampi t± devat± itipi t± devat±’tveva bh±sati. Tassa mayha½, bhante, eva½ hoti– ‘addh± ±yasmat± anuruddhena t±hi devat±hi saddhi½ sannivutthapubbañceva sallapitapubbañca s±kacch± ca sam±pajjitapubb±”’ti. “Addh± kho aya½, ±vuso kacc±na, ±sajja upan²ya v±c± bh±sit±, api ca te aha½ by±kariss±mi– ‘d²gharatta½ kho me, ±vuso kacc±na, t±hi devat±hi saddhi½ sannivutthapubbañceva sallapitapubbañca s±kacch± ca sam±pajjitapubb±”’ti.
Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± sabhiyo kacc±no pañcakaªga½ thapati½ etadavoca– “l±bh± te, gahapati, suladdha½ te, gahapati, ya½ tvañceva ta½ kaªkh±dhamma½ pah±si [pajahasi (ka.)], mayañcima½ [yampima½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] dhammapariy±ya½ alatthamh± savan±y±”ti.

Anuruddhasutta½ niµµhita½ sattama½.