5. Dantabh³misutta½

213. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± r±jagahe viharati ve¼uvane kalandakaniv±pe. Tena kho pana samayena aciravato samaºuddeso araññakuµik±ya½ viharati. Atha kho jayaseno r±jakum±ro jaªgh±vih±ra½ anucaªkamam±no anuvicaram±no yena aciravato samaºuddeso tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± aciravatena samaºuddesena saddhi½ sammodi. Sammodan²ya½ katha½ s±raº²ya½ v²tis±retv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho jayaseno r±jakum±ro aciravata½ samaºuddesa½ etadavoca–
“Suta½ meta½, bho aggivessana– ‘idha bhikkhu appamatto ±t±p² pahitatto viharanto phuseyya cittassa ekaggatan’ti. ‘Evameta½, r±jakum±ra, evameta½, r±jakum±ra. Idha bhikkhu appamatto ±t±p² pahitatto viharanto phuseyya cittassa ekaggatan’ti. ‘S±dhu me bhava½ aggivessano yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ deset³’ti. ‘Na kho te aha½, r±jakum±ra, sakkomi yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ desetu½. Ahañca hi te, r±jakum±ra, yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ deseyya½, tvañca me bh±sitassa attha½ na ±j±neyy±si; so mamassa kilamatho, s± mamassa vihes±’ti. ‘Desetu me bhava½ aggivessano yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½. Appevan±m±ha½ bhoto aggivessanassa bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±neyyan’ti. ‘Deseyya½ kho te aha½, r±jakum±ra, yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½. Sace me tva½ bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±neyy±si, icceta½ kusala½; no ce me tva½ bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±neyy±si, yath±sake tiµµheyy±si, na ma½ tattha uttari½ paµipuccheyy±s²’ti. ‘Desetu me bhava½ aggivessano yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½. Sace aha½ bhoto aggivessanassa bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±niss±mi [±j±neyy±mi (ka.)], icceta½ kusala½; no ce aha½ bhoto aggivessanassa bh±sitassa attha½ ±j±niss±mi, yath±sake tiµµhiss±mi [tiµµheyy±mi (ka.)], n±ha½ tattha bhavanta½ aggivessana½ uttari½ paµipucchiss±m²”’ti.
214. Atha kho aciravato samaºuddeso jayasenassa r±jakum±rassa yath±suta½ yath±pariyatta½ dhamma½ desesi. Eva½ vutte, jayaseno r±jakum±ro aciravata½ samaºuddesa½ etadavoca “aµµh±nameta½, bho aggivessana, anavak±so ya½ bhikkhu appamatto ±t±p² pahitatto viharanto phuseyya cittassa ekaggatan”ti. Atha kho jayaseno r±jakum±ro aciravatassa samaºuddesassa aµµh±natañca anavak±satañca pavedetv± uµµh±y±san± pakk±mi.
Atha kho aciravato samaºuddeso acirapakkante jayasene r±jakum±re yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± bhagavanta½ abhiv±detv± ekamanta½ nis²di. Ekamanta½ nisinno kho aciravato samaºuddeso y±vatako ahosi jayasenena r±jakum±rena saddhi½ kath±sall±po ta½ sabba½ bhagavato ±rocesi.
Eva½ vutte, bhagav± aciravata½ samaºuddesa½ etadavoca– “ta½ kutettha, aggivessana, labbh±. Ya½ ta½ nekkhammena ñ±tabba½ nekkhammena daµµhabba½ nekkhammena pattabba½ nekkhammena sacchik±tabba½ ta½ vata jayaseno r±jakum±ro k±mamajjhe vasanto k±me paribhuñjanto k±mavitakkehi khajjam±no k±mapari¼±hena pari¹ayham±no k±mapariyesan±ya ussuko [ussukko (sabbattha)] ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²”ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati.
215. “Seyyath±pissu, aggivessana, dve hatthidamm± v± assadamm± v± godamm± v± sudant± suvin²t±, dve hatthidamm± v± assadamm± v± godamm± v± adant± avin²t±. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, aggivessana, ye te dve hatthidamm± v± assadamm± v± godamm± v± sudant± suvin²t±, api nu te dant±va dantak±raºa½ gaccheyyu½, dant±va dantabh³mi½ samp±puºeyyun”ti? “Eva½, bhante”. “Ye pana te dve hatthidamm± v± assadamm± v± godamm± v± adant± avin²t±, api nu te adant±va dantak±raºa½ gaccheyyu½, adant±va dantabh³mi½ samp±puºeyyu½, seyyath±pi te dve hatthidamm± v± assadamm± v± godamm± v± sudant± suvin²t±”ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Evameva kho, aggivessana, ya½ ta½ nekkhammena ñ±tabba½ nekkhammena daµµhabba½ nekkhammena pattabba½ nekkhammena sacchik±tabba½ ta½ vata jayaseno r±jakum±ro k±mamajjhe vasanto k±me paribhuñjanto k±mavitakkehi khajjam±no k±mapari¼±hena pari¹ayham±no k±mapariyesan±ya ussuko ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²”ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati.
216. “Seyyath±pi aggivessana, g±massa v± nigamassa v± avid³re mah±pabbato. Tamena½ dve sah±yak± tamh± g±m± v± nigam± v± nikkhamitv± hatthavilaªghakena yena so pabbato tenupasaªkameyyu½; upasaªkamitv± eko sah±yako heµµh± pabbatap±de tiµµheyya, eko sah±yako uparipabbata½ ±roheyya. Tamena½ heµµh± pabbatap±de µhito sah±yako uparipabbate µhita½ sah±yaka½ eva½ vedayya– ‘ya½, samma, ki½ tva½ passasi uparipabbate µhito’ti? So eva½ vadeyya– ‘pass±mi kho aha½, samma, uparipabbate µhito ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyaka”n’ti.
“So eva½ vadeyya– ‘aµµh±na½ kho eta½, samma anavak±so ya½ tva½ uparipabbate µhito passeyy±si ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyakan’ti. Tamena½ uparipabbate µhito sah±yako heµµhimapabbatap±da½ orohitv± ta½ sah±yaka½ b±h±ya½ gahetv± uparipabbata½ ±ropetv± muhutta½ ass±setv± eva½ vadeyya– ‘ya½, samma, ki½ tva½ passasi uparipabbate µhito’ti? So eva½ vadeyya– ‘pass±mi kho aha½, samma, uparipabbate µhito ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyaka”n’ti
“So eva½ vadeyya– ‘id±neva kho te, samma, bh±sita½– maya½ eva½ ±j±n±ma– aµµh±na½ kho eta½ samma, anavak±so ya½ tva½ uparipabbate µhito passeyy±si ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyakan’ti. Id±neva ca pana te bh±sita½ maya½ eva½ ±j±n±ma– ‘pass±mi kho aha½, samma, uparipabbate µhito ±r±mar±maºeyyaka½ vanar±maºeyyaka½ bh³mir±maºeyyaka½ pokkharaº²r±maºeyyakan’ti. So eva½ vadeyya– ‘tath± hi pan±ha½, samma, imin± mahat± pabbatena ±vuto [±vaµo (s². aµµha. p².), ±vuµo (sy±. ka½. ka.)] daµµheyya½ n±ddasa”n’ti.
“Ato mahantatarena, aggivessana, avijj±khandhena jayaseno r±jakum±ro ±vuto nivuto [nivuµo (sy±. ka½. p². ka.)] ophuµo [ovuto (s².), ovuµo (sy±. ka½. p².)] pariyonaddho. So vata ya½ ta½ nekkhammena ñ±tabba½ nekkhammena daµµhabba½ nekkhammena pattabba½ nekkhammena sacchik±tabba½ ta½ vata jayaseno r±jakum±ro k±mamajjhe vasanto k±me paribhuñjanto k±mavitakkehi khajjam±no k±mapari¼±hena pari¹ayham±no k±mapariyesan±ya ussuko ñassati v± dakkhati v± sacchi v± karissat²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati Sace kho ta½, aggivessana, jayasenassa r±jakum±rassa im± dve upam± paµibh±yeyyu½ [paµibh±seyyu½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².)], anacchariya½ te jayaseno r±jakum±ro pas²deyya, pasanno ca te pasann±k±ra½ kareyy±”ti. “Kuto pana ma½, bhante, jayasenassa r±jakum±rassa im± dve upam± paµibh±yissanti [paµibh±sissanti (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] anacchariy± pubbe assutapubb±, seyyath±pi bhagavantan”ti?
217. “Seyyath±pi aggivessana, r±j± khattiyo muddh±vasitto n±gavanika½ ±manteti– ‘ehi tva½, samma n±gavanika, rañño n±ga½ abhiruhitv± n±gavana½ pavisitv± ±raññaka½ n±ga½ atipassitv± rañño n±gassa g²v±ya½ upanibandh±h²’ti. ‘Eva½, dev±’ti kho, aggivessana, n±gavaniko rañño khattiyassa muddh±vasittassa paµissutv± rañño n±ga½ abhiruhitv± n±gavana½ pavisitv± ±raññaka½ n±ga½ atipassitv± rañño n±gassa g²v±ya½ upanibandhati. Tamena½ rañño n±go abbhok±sa½ n²harati. Ett±vat± kho, aggivessana, ±raññako n±go abbhok±sa½ gato hoti. Etthagedh± [etagedh± (s². p².)] hi, aggivessana, ±raññak± n±g± yadida½– n±gavana½. Tamena½ n±gavaniko rañño khattiyassa muddh±vasittassa ±rocesi– ‘abbhok±sagato kho [kho te (sy±. ka½. ka.)], deva, ±raññako n±go’ti. Atha kho aggivessana, tamena½ r±j± khattiyo muddh±vasitto hatthidamaka½ ±mantesi– ‘ehi tva½, samma hatthidamaka, ±raññaka½ n±ga½ damay±hi ±raññak±nañceva s²l±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ±raññak±nañceva sarasaªkapp±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ±raññak±nañceva darathakilamathapari¼±h±na½ abhinimmadan±ya g±mante abhiram±pan±ya manussakantesu s²lesu sam±dapan±y±”’ti [sam±d±pan±y±ti (?)].
“‘Eva½ dev±’ti kho, aggivessana, hatthidamako rañño khattiyassa muddh±vasittassa paµissutv± mahanta½ thambha½ pathaviya½ nikhaºitv± ±raññakassa n±gassa g²v±ya½ upanibandhati ±raññak±nañceva s²l±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ±raññak±nañceva sarasaªkapp±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ±raññak±nañceva darathakilamathapari¼±h±na½ abhinimmadan±ya g±mante abhiram±pan±ya manussakantesu s²lesu sam±dapan±ya. Tamena½ hatthidamako y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh± peman²y± hadayaªgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p± tath±r³p±hi v±c±hi samud±carati. Yato kho, aggivessana, ±raññako n±go hatthidamakassa y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh± peman²y± hadayaªgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p± tath±r³p±hi v±c±hi samud±cariyam±no suss³sati, sota½ odahati, aññ± citta½ upaµµh±peti; tamena½ hatthidamako uttari tiºagh±sodaka½ anuppavecchati.
“Yato kho, aggivessana, ±raññako n±go hatthidamakassa tiºagh±sodaka½ paµiggaºh±ti, tatra hatthidamakassa eva½ hoti– ‘j²vissati kho [nu kho (s². ka.)] d±ni ±raññako [rañño (s². p².)] n±go’ti. Tamena½ hatthidamako uttari k±raºa½ k±reti– ‘±diya, bho, nikkhipa, bho’ti. Yato kho, aggivessana, ±raññako n±go hatthidamakassa ±d±nanikkhepe vacanakaro hoti ov±dappaµikaro, tamena½ hatthidamako uttari k±raºa½ k±reti– ‘abhikkama, bho, paµikkama, bho’ti. Yato kho, aggivessana, ±raññako n±go hatthidamakassa abhikkamapaµikkamavacanakaro hoti ov±dappaµikaro, tamena½ hatthidamako uttari k±raºa½ k±reti– ‘uµµhaha, bho, nis²da, bho’ti. Yato kho, aggivessana, ±raññako n±go hatthidamakassa uµµh±nanisajj±ya vacanakaro hoti ov±dappaµikaro, tamena½ hatthidamako uttari ±neñja½ n±ma k±raºa½ k±reti, mahantassa phalaka½ soº¹±ya upanibandhati, tomarahattho ca puriso uparig²v±ya nisinno hoti, samantato ca tomarahatth± puris± pariv±retv± µhit± honti, hatthidamako ca d²ghatomarayaµµhi½ gahetv± purato µhito hoti. So ±neñja½ k±raºa½ k±riyam±no neva purime p±de copeti na pacchime p±de copeti, na purimak±ya½ copeti na pacchimak±ya½ copeti, na s²sa½ copeti, na kaººe copeti, na dante copeti na naªguµµha½ copeti, na soº¹a½ copeti. So hoti ±raññako n±go khamo sattippah±r±na½ asippah±r±na½ usuppah±r±na½ sarapattappah±r±na½ [parasatthappah±r±na½ (s².), parasattuppah±r±na½ (sy±. ka½. p².)] bheripaºavava½sasaªkha¹iº¹imaninn±dasadd±na½ [bheripaºavasaªkhatiºavaninn±dasadd±na½ (p².)] sabbavaªkadosanihitaninn²takas±vo r±j±raho r±jabhoggo rañño aªganteva saªkha½ gacchati.
218. “Evameva kho, aggivessana, idha tath±gato loke uppajjati araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±. So ima½ loka½ sadevaka½ sam±raka½ sabrahmaka½ sassamaºabr±hmaºi½ paja½ sadevamanussa½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedeti. So dhamma½ deseti ±dikaly±ºa½ majjhekaly±ºa½ pariyos±nakaly±ºa½ s±ttha½ sabyañjana½, kevalaparipuººa½ parisuddha½ brahmacariya½ pak±seti. Ta½ dhamma½ suº±ti gahapati v± gahapatiputto v± aññatarasmi½ v± kule pacc±j±to. So ta½ dhamma½ sutv± tath±gate saddha½ paµilabhati. So tena saddh±paµil±bhena samann±gato iti paµisañcikkhati– ‘samb±dho ghar±v±so raj±patho, abbhok±so pabbajj±. Nayida½ sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ekantaparipuººa½ ekantaparisuddha½ saªkhalikhita½ brahmacariya½ caritu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajeyyan’ti.
“So aparena samayena appa½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya appa½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajati. Ett±vat± kho, aggivessana, ariyas±vako abbhok±sagato hoti. Etthagedh± hi, aggivessana, devamanuss± yadida½– pañca k±maguº±. Tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, s²lav± hohi, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto vihar±hi ±c±ragocarasampanno, aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v², sam±d±ya sikkhassu sikkh±pades³”’ti.
“Yato kho, aggivessana, ariyas±vako s²lav± hoti, p±timokkhasa½varasa½vuto viharati ±c±ragocarasampanno aºumattesu vajjesu bhayadass±v², sam±d±ya sikkhati sikkh±padesu, tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, indriyesu guttadv±ro hohi, cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± m± nimittagg±h²…pe… (yath± gaºakamoggall±nasuttante, eva½ vitth±retabb±ni.)
219. “So ime pañca n²varaºe pah±ya cetaso upakkilese paññ±ya dubbal²karaºe k±ye k±y±nupass² viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Vedan±su…pe… citte…pe… dhammesu dhamm±nupass² viharati ±t±p² sampaj±no satim± vineyya loke abhijjh±domanassa½. Seyyath±pi, aggivessana, hatthidamako mahanta½ thambha½ pathaviya½ nikhaºitv± ±raññakassa n±gassa g²v±ya½ upanibandhati ±raññak±nañceva s²l±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ±raññak±nañceva sarasaªkapp±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ±raññak±nañceva darathakilamathapari¼±h±na½ abhinimmadan±ya g±mante abhiram±pan±ya manussakantesu s²lesu sam±dapan±ya; evameva kho, aggivessana, ariyas±vakassa ime catt±ro satipaµµh±n± cetaso upanibandhan± honti gehasit±nañceva s²l±na½ abhinimmadan±ya gehasit±nañceva sarasaªkapp±na½ abhinimmadan±ya gehasit±nañceva darathakilamathapari¼±h±na½ abhinimmadan±ya ñ±yassa adhigam±ya nibb±nassa sacchikiriy±ya.
220. “Tamena½ tath±gato uttari½ vineti– ‘ehi tva½, bhikkhu, k±ye k±y±nupass² vihar±hi m± ca k±m³pasa½hita½ vitakka½ vitakkesi. Vedan±su… citte… dhammesu dhamm±nupass² vihar±hi, m± ca k±m³pasa½hita½ vitakka½ vitakkes²”’ti.
“So vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte pubbeniv±s±nussatiñ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti. So anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati, seyyathida½– ekampi j±ti½ dvepi j±tiyo…pe… iti s±k±ra½ sa-uddesa½ anekavihita½ pubbeniv±sa½ anussarati.
221. “So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte satt±na½ cut³pap±tañ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti. So dibbena cakkhun± visuddhena atikkantam±nusakena satte passati cavam±ne upapajjam±ne h²ne paº²te suvaººe dubbaººe, sugate duggate…pe… yath±kamm³page satte paj±n±ti.
“So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte ±sav±na½ khayañ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±meti. So ‘ida½ dukkhan’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhasamudayo’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodho’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti; ‘ime ±sav±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ ±savasamudayo’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ ±savanirodho’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti, ‘aya½ ±savanirodhag±min² paµipad±’ti yath±bh³ta½ paj±n±ti. Tassa eva½ j±nato eva½ passato k±m±sav±pi citta½ vimuccati, bhav±sav±pi citta½ vimuccati, avijj±sav±pi citta½ vimuccati. Vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ hoti. ‘Kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±ti.
“So hoti bhikkhu khamo s²tassa uºhassa jighacch±ya pip±s±ya ¹a½samakasav±t±tapasar²sapasamphass±na½ durutt±na½ dur±gat±na½ vacanapath±na½, uppann±na½ s±r²rik±na½ vedan±na½ dukkh±na½ tibb±na½ khar±na½ kaµuk±na½ as±t±na½ aman±p±na½ p±ºahar±na½ adhiv±sakaj±tiko hoti sabbar±gadosamohanihitaninn²takas±vo ±huneyyo p±huneyyo dakkhiºeyyo añjalikaraº²yo anuttara½ puññakkhetta½ lokassa.
222. “Mahallako cepi, aggivessana, rañño n±go adanto avin²to k±laªkaroti, ‘adantamaraºa½ [adanta½ maraºa½ (ka.)] mahallako rañño n±go k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati; majjhimo cepi, aggivessana, rañño n±go. Daharo cepi, aggivessana, rañño n±go adanto avin²to k±laªkaroti ‘adantamaraºa½ daharo rañño n±go k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati; evameva kho, aggivessana, thero cepi bhikkhu akh²º±savo k±laªkaroti, ‘adantamaraºa½ thero bhikkhu k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati; majjhimo cepi, aggivessana, bhikkhu. Navo cepi, aggivessana, bhikkhu akh²º±savo k±laªkaroti, ‘adantamaraºa½ navo bhikkhu k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati.
“Mahallako cepi, aggivessana, rañño n±go sudanto suvin²to k±laªkaroti, ‘dantamaraºa½ mahallako rañño n±go k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati; majjhimo cepi, aggivessana, rañño n±go… daharo cepi, aggivessana, rañño n±go sudanto suvin²to k±laªkaroti, ‘dantamaraºa½ daharo rañño n±go k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati; evameva kho, aggivessana, thero cepi bhikkhu kh²º±savo k±laªkaroti, ‘dantamaraºa½ thero bhikkhu k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchati; majjhimo cepi, aggivessana, bhikkhu. Navo cepi, aggivessana, bhikkhu kh²º±savo k±laªkaroti, ‘dantamaraºa½ navo bhikkhu k±laªkato’tveva saªkha½ gacchat²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attamano aciravato samaºuddeso bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

Dantabh³misutta½ niµµhita½ pañcama½.