2. Mah±suññatasutta½

185. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmi½ nigrodh±r±me. Atha kho bhagav± pubbaºhasamaya½ niv±setv± pattac²varam±d±ya kapilavatthu½ piº¹±ya p±visi. Kapilavatthusmi½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto yena k±¼akhemakassa sakkassa vih±ro tenupasaªkami div±vih±r±ya. Tena kho pana samayena k±¼akhemakassa sakkassa vih±re sambahul±ni sen±san±ni paññatt±ni honti. Addas± kho bhagav± k±¼akhemakassa sakkassa vih±re sambahul±ni sen±san±ni paññatt±ni. Disv±na bhagavato etadahosi– “sambahul±ni kho k±¼akhemakassa sakkassa vih±re sen±san±ni paññatt±ni. Sambahul± nu kho idha bhikkh³ viharant²”ti.
186. Tena kho pana samayena ±yasm± ±nando sambahulehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ghaµ±ya sakkassa vih±re c²varakamma½ karoti. Atha kho bhagav± s±yanhasamaya½ paµisall±n± vuµµhito yena ghaµ±ya sakkassa vih±ro tenupasaªkami; upasaªkamitv± paññatte ±sane nis²di. Nisajja kho bhagav± ±yasmanta½ ±nanda½ ±mantesi– “sambahul±ni kho, ±nanda, k±¼akhemakassa sakkassa vih±re sen±san±ni paññatt±ni. Sambahul± nu kho ettha bhikkh³ viharant²”ti? “Sambahul±ni, bhante, k±¼akhemakassa sakkassa vih±re sen±san±ni paññatt±ni. Sambahul± bhikkh³ ettha viharanti. C²varak±rasamayo no, bhante, vattat²”ti.
“Na kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu sobhati saªgaºik±r±mo saªgaºikarato saªgaºik±r±mata½ anuyutto gaº±r±mo gaºarato gaºasammudito. So vat±nanda, bhikkhu saªgaºik±r±mo saªgaºikarato saªgaºik±r±mata½ anuyutto gaº±r±mo gaºarato gaºasammudito ya½ ta½ nekkhammasukha½ pavivekasukha½ upasamasukha½ sambodhisukha½ [sambodhasukha½ (s². p².), sambodhasukha½ cittekaggat±sukha½ (ka.) upari araºavibhaªgasutte pana sambodhisukhantveva dissati] tassa sukhassa nik±mal±bh² bhavissati akicchal±bh² akasiral±bh²ti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Yo ca kho so, ±nanda, bhikkhu eko gaºasm± v³pakaµµho viharati tasseta½ bhikkhuno p±µikaªkha½ ya½ ta½ nekkhammasukha½ pavivekasukha½ upasamasukha½ sambodhisukha½ tassa sukhassa nik±mal±bh² bhavissati akicchal±bh² akasiral±bh²ti– µh±nameta½ vijjati.
“So vat±nanda, bhikkhu saªgaºik±r±mo saªgaºikarato saªgaºik±r±mata½ anuyutto gaº±r±mo gaºarato gaºasammudito s±m±yika½ v± kanta½ cetovimutti½ upasampajja viharissati as±m±yika½ v± akuppanti– neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Yo ca kho so, ±nanda, bhikkhu eko gaºasm± v³pakaµµho viharati tasseta½ bhikkhuno p±µikaªkha½ s±m±yika½ v± kanta½ cetovimutti½ upasampajja viharissati as±m±yika½ v± akuppanti– µh±nameta½ vijjati.
“N±ha½, ±nanda, eka½ r³pampi [ekar³pampi (s².)] samanupass±mi yattha rattassa yath±bhiratassa r³passa vipariº±maññath±bh±v± na uppajjeyyu½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanass³p±y±s±.
187. “Aya½ kho pan±nanda, vih±ro tath±gatena abhisambuddho yadida½– sabbanimitt±na½ amanasik±r± ajjhatta½ suññata½ upasampajja viharitu½ [viharata½ (ka. s².), viharati (sy±. ka½. ka.)]. Tatra ce, ±nanda, tath±gata½ imin± vih±rena viharanta½ bhavanti [bhagavanta½ (s². sy±. ka½. ka.)] upasaªkamit±ro bhikkh³ bhikkhuniyo up±sak± up±sik±yo r±j±no r±jamah±matt± titthiy± titthiyas±vak±. Tatr±nanda, tath±gato vivekaninneneva cittena vivekapoºena vivekapabbh±rena v³pakaµµhena nekkhamm±bhiratena byant²bh³tena sabbaso ±savaµµh±n²yehi dhammehi aññadatthu uyyojanikapaµisa½yutta½yeva katha½ katt± hoti. Tasm±tih±nanda, bhikkhu cepi ±kaªkheyya– ‘ajjhatta½ suññata½ upasampajja vihareyyan’ti, ten±nanda, bhikkhun± ajjhattameva citta½ saºµhapetabba½ sannis±detabba½ ekodi k±tabba½ sam±dah±tabba½.
188. “Kathañc±nanda, bhikkhu ajjhattameva citta½ saºµhapeti sannis±deti ekodi½ karoti [ekodikaroti (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] sam±dahati? Idh±nanda, bhikkhu vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi…pe… paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati…pe… dutiya½ jh±na½… tatiya½ jh±na½… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja viharati. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu ajjhattameva citta½ saºµhapeti sannis±deti ekodi½ karoti sam±dahati. So ajjhatta½ suññata½ manasi karoti. Tassa ajjhatta½ suññata½ manasikaroto suññat±ya citta½ na pakkhandati nappas²dati na santiµµhati na vimuccati Eva½ santameta½, ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘ajjhatta½ suññata½ kho me manasikaroto ajjhatta½ suññat±ya citta½ na pakkhandati nappas²dati na santiµµhati na vimuccat²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. So bahiddh± suññata½ manasi karoti…pe… so ajjhattabahiddh± suññata½ manasi karoti …pe… so ±neñja½ manasi karoti. Tassa ±neñja½ manasikaroto ±neñj±ya citta½ na pakkhandati nappas²dati na santiµµhati na vimuccati. Eva½ santameta½, ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘±neñja½ kho me manasikaroto ±neñj±ya citta½ na pakkhandati nappas²dati na santiµµhati na vimuccat²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
“Ten±nanda, bhikkhun± tasmi½yeva purimasmi½ sam±dhinimitte ajjhattameva citta½ saºµhapetabba½ sannis±detabba½ ekodi k±tabba½ sam±dah±tabba½. So ajjhatta½ suññata½ manasi karoti. Tassa ajjhatta½ suññata½ manasikaroto ajjhatta½ suññat±ya citta½ pakkhandati pas²dati santiµµhati vimuccati. Eva½ santameta½, ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘ajjhatta½ suññata½ kho me manasikaroto ajjhatta½ suññat±ya citta½ pakkhandati pas²dati santiµµhati vimuccat²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. So bahiddh± suññata½ manasi karoti…pe… so ajjhattabahiddh± suññata½ manasi karoti…pe… so ±neñja½ manasi karoti. Tassa ±neñja½ manasikaroto ±neñj±ya citta½ pakkhandati pas²dati santiµµhati vimuccati. Eva½ santameta½, ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘±neñja½ kho me manasikaroto ±neñj±ya citta½ pakkhandati pas²dati santiµµhati vimuccat²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
189. “Tassa ce, ±nanda, bhikkhuno imin± vih±rena viharato caªkam±ya citta½ namati, so caªkamati– ‘eva½ ma½ caªkamanta½ n±bhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssavissant²’ti Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Tassa ce, ±nanda, bhikkhuno imin± vih±rena viharato µh±n±ya citta½ namati, so tiµµhati– ‘eva½ ma½ µhita½ n±bhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssavissant²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Tassa ce, ±nanda, bhikkhuno imin± vih±rena viharato nisajj±ya citta½ namati, so nis²dati– ‘eva½ ma½ nisinna½ n±bhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssavissant²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Tassa ce, ±nanda, bhikkhuno imin± vih±rena viharato sayan±ya citta½ namati so sayati– ‘eva½ ma½ sayanta½ n±bhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssavissant²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
“Tassa ce, ±nanda, bhikkhuno imin± vih±rena viharato kath±ya [bhass±ya (s².), bh±s±ya (sy±. ka½. p².)] citta½ namati, so– ‘y±ya½ kath± h²n± gamm± pothujjanik± anariy± anatthasa½hit± na nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya na nirodh±ya na upasam±ya na abhiññ±ya na sambodh±ya na nibb±n±ya sa½vattati, seyyathida½– r±jakath± corakath± mah±mattakath± sen±kath± bhayakath± yuddhakath± annakath± p±nakath± vatthakath± sayanakath± m±l±kath± gandhakath± ñ±tikath± y±nakath± g±makath± nigamakath± nagarakath± janapadakath± itthikath± sur±kath± visikh±kath± kumbhaµµh±nakath± pubbapetakath± n±nattakath± lokakkh±yik± samuddakkh±yik± itibhav±bhavakath± iti v± iti– evar³pi½ katha½ na kathess±m²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Y± ca kho aya½, ±nanda, kath± abhisallekhik± cetovin²varaºasapp±y± [cetovic±raºasapp±y± (s². sy±. ka½.), cetovivaraºasapp±y± (p².)] ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya upasam±ya abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati, seyyathida½– appicchakath± santuµµhikath± pavivekakath± asa½saggakath± v²riy±rambhakath± s²lakath± sam±dhikath± paññ±kath± vimuttikath± vimuttiñ±ºadassanakath± iti– ‘evar³pi½ katha½ kathess±m²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
“Tassa ce, ±nanda, bhikkhuno imin± vih±rena viharato vitakk±ya citta½ namati, so– ‘ye te vitakk± h²n± gamm± pothujjanik± anariy± anatthasa½hit± na nibbid±ya na vir±g±ya na nirodh±ya na upasam±ya na abhiññ±ya na sambodh±ya na nibb±n±ya sa½vattanti, seyyathida½– k±mavitakko by±p±davitakko vihi½s±vitakko iti evar³pe vitakke [evar³pena vitakkena (s². sy±. ka½. ka.)] na vitakkess±m²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Ye ca kho ime, ±nanda, vitakk± ariy± niyy±nik± niyyanti takkarassa samm±dukkhakkhay±ya, seyyathida½– nekkhammavitakko aby±p±davitakko avihi½s±vitakko iti– ‘evar³pe vitakke [evar³pena vitakkena (ka.)] vitakkess±m²’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
190. “Pañca kho ime, ±nanda, k±maguº±. Katame pañca? Cakkhuviññeyy± r³p± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±, sotaviññeyy± sadd±… gh±naviññeyy± gandh±… jivh±viññeyy± ras±… k±yaviññeyy± phoµµhabb± iµµh± kant± man±p± piyar³p± k±m³pasa½hit± rajan²y±– ime kho, ±nanda, pañca k±maguº± yattha bhikkhun± abhikkhaºa½ saka½ citta½ paccavekkhitabba½– ‘atthi nu kho me imesu pañcasu k±maguºesu aññatarasmi½ v± aññatarasmi½ v± ±yatane uppajjati cetaso samud±c±ro’ti? Sace, ±nanda, bhikkhu paccavekkham±no eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘atthi kho me imesu pañcasu k±maguºesu aññatarasmi½ v± aññatarasmi½ v± ±yatane uppajjati cetaso samud±c±ro’ti, eva½ santameta½ [eva½ santa½ (aµµha.)], ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yo kho imesu pañcasu k±maguºesu chandar±go so me nappah²no’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Sace pan±nanda, bhikkhu paccavekkham±no eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘natthi kho me imesu pañcasu k±maguºesu aññatarasmi½ v± aññatarasmi½ v± ±yatane uppajjati cetaso samud±c±ro’ti, eva½ santameta½, ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yo kho imesu pañcasu k±maguºesu chandar±go so me pah²no’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti.
191. “Pañca kho ime, ±nanda, up±d±nakkhandh± yattha bhikkhun± udayabbay±nupassin± vih±tabba½– ‘iti r³pa½ iti r³passa samudayo iti r³passa atthaªgamo, iti vedan±… iti saññ±… iti saªkh±r±… iti viññ±ºa½ iti viññ±ºassa samudayo iti viññ±ºassa atthaªgamo’ti. Tassa imesu pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu udayabbay±nupassino viharato yo pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu asmim±no so pah²yati. Eva½ santameta½, ±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘yo kho imesu pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu asmim±no so me pah²no’ti. Itiha tattha sampaj±no hoti. Ime kho te, ±nanda, dhamm± ekantakusal± kusal±y±tik± [dhamm± ekantakusal±yatik± (sabbattha) aµµhakath±µ²k± oloketabb±] ariy± lokuttar± anavakkant± p±pimat±. Ta½ ki½ maññasi, ±nanda, ka½ atthavasa½ sampassam±no arahati s±vako satth±ra½ anubandhitu½ api paºujjam±no”ti [api panujjam±nop²ti (ka. s².), api payujjam±noti (sy±. ka½. p².)]? “Bhagava½m³lak± no, bhante, dhamm± bhagava½nettik± bhagava½paµisaraº± S±dhu vata, bhante, bhagavanta½yeva paµibh±tu etassa bh±sitassa attho. Bhagavato sutv± bhikkh³ dh±ressant²”ti.
192. “Na kho, ±nanda, arahati s±vako satth±ra½ anubandhitu½, yadida½ sutta½ geyya½ veyy±karaºa½ tassa hetu [veyy±karaºassa hetu (ka.)]. Ta½ kissa hetu? D²gharattassa [d²gharatta½ + ass±ti padacchedo] hi te, ±nanda, dhamm± sut± dh±t± vacas± paricit± manas±nupekkhit± diµµhiy± suppaµividdh±. Y± ca kho aya½, ±nanda, kath± abhisallekhik± cetovin²varaºasapp±y± ekantanibbid±ya vir±g±ya nirodh±ya upasam± abhiññ±ya sambodh±ya nibb±n±ya sa½vattati, seyyathida½– appicchakath± santuµµhikath± pavivekakath± asa½saggakath± v²riy±rambhakath± s²lakath± sam±dhikath± paññ±kath± vimuttikath± vimuttiñ±ºadassanakath±– evar³piy± kho, ±nanda, kath±ya hetu arahati s±vako satth±ra½ anubandhitu½ api paºujjam±no.
“Eva½ sante kho, ±nanda, ±cariy³paddavo hoti, eva½ sante antev±s³paddavo hoti, eva½ sante brahmac±r³paddavo hoti.
193. “Kathañc±nanda, ±cariy³paddavo hoti? Idh±nanda, ekacco satth± vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. Tassa tath±v³pakaµµhassa viharato anv±vattanti [anv±vaµµanti (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] br±hmaºagahapatik± negam± ceva j±napad± ca. So anv±vattantesu br±hmaºagahapatikesu negamesu ceva j±napadesu ca muccha½ nik±mayati [mucchati k±mayati (s². p².) aµµhakath±ya½ pana na tath± dissati], gedha½ ±pajjati, ±vattati b±hull±ya. Aya½ vuccat±nanda, upaddavo [upadduto (s². p².)] ±cariyo. ¾cariy³paddavena avadhi½su na½ p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sa½kilesik± ponobbhavik± [ponobhavik± (s². p².)] sadar± dukkhavip±k± ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºiy±. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, ±cariy³paddavo hoti.
194. “Kathañc±nanda, antev±s³paddavo hoti? Tasseva kho pan±nanda, satthu s±vako tassa satthu vivekamanubr³hayam±no vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. Tassa tath±v³pakaµµhassa viharato anv±vattanti br±hmaºagahapatik± negam± ceva j±napad± ca. So anv±vattantesu br±hmaºagahapatikesu negamesu ceva j±napadesu ca muccha½ nik±mayati, gedha½ ±pajjati, ±vattati b±hull±ya. Aya½ vuccat±nanda, upaddavo antev±s². Antev±s³paddavena avadhi½su na½ p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sa½kilesik± ponobbhavik± sadar± dukkhavip±k± ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºiy±. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, antev±s³paddavo hoti.
195. “Kathañc±nanda, brahmac±r³paddavo hoti? Idh±nanda, tath±gato loke uppajjati araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±. So vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. Tassa tath±v³pakaµµhassa viharato anv±vattanti br±hmaºagahapatik± negam± ceva j±napad± ca. So anv±vattantesu br±hmaºagahapatikesu negamesu ceva j±napadesu ca na muccha½ nik±mayati, na gedha½ ±pajjati, na ±vattati b±hull±ya. Tasseva kho pan±nanda, satthu s±vako tassa satthu vivekamanubr³hayam±no vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhajati arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. Tassa tath±v³pakaµµhassa viharato anv±vattanti br±hmaºagahapatik± negam± ceva j±napad± ca. So anv±vattantesu br±hmaºagahapatikesu negamesu ceva j±napadesu ca muccha½ nik±mayati, gedha½ ±pajjati, ±vattati b±hull±ya. Aya½ vuccat±nanda, upaddavo brahmac±r². Brahmac±r³paddavena avadhi½su na½ p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sa½kilesik± ponobbhavik± sadar± dukkhavip±k± ±yati½ j±tijar±maraºiy±. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, brahmac±r³paddavo hoti.
“Tatr±nanda, yo cev±ya½ ±cariy³paddavo, yo ca antev±s³paddavo aya½ tehi brahmac±r³paddavo dukkhavip±kataro ceva kaµukavip±kataro ca, api ca vinip±t±ya sa½vattati.
196. “Tasm±tiha ma½, ±nanda, mittavat±ya samud±caratha, m± sapattavat±ya. Ta½ vo bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya.
“Kathañc±nanda satth±ra½ s±vak± sapattavat±ya samud±caranti, no mittavat±ya? Idh±nanda, satth± s±vak±na½ dhamma½ deseti anukampako hites² anukampa½ up±d±ya– ‘ida½ vo hit±ya, ida½ vo sukh±y±’ti. Tassa s±vak± na suss³santi, na sota½ odahanti, na aññ± citta½ upaµµhapenti, vokkamma ca satthus±san± vattanti. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, satth±ra½ s±vak± sapattavat±ya samud±caranti, no mittavat±ya.
“Kathañc±nanda, satth±ra½ s±vak± mittavat±ya samud±caranti, no sapattavat±ya? Idh±nanda, satth± s±vak±na½ dhamma½ deseti anukampako hites² anukampa½ up±d±ya– ‘ida½ vo hit±ya, ida½ vo sukh±y±’ti. Tassa s±vak± suss³santi, sota½ odahanti, aññ± citta½ upaµµhapenti, na ca vokkama satthus±san± vattanti. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, satth±ra½ s±vak± mittavat±ya samud±caranti, no sapattavat±ya.
“Tasm±tiha ma½, ±nanda, mittavat±ya samud±caratha, m± sapattavat±ya. Ta½ vo bhavissati d²gharatta½ hit±ya sukh±ya. Na vo aha½, ±nanda, tath± parakkamiss±mi yath± kumbhak±ro ±make ±makamatte. Niggayha niggayh±ha½, ±nanda, vakkh±mi; pavayha pavayha, ±nanda, vakkh±mi [pavayha pavayha (s². p².), paggayha paggayha ±nanda vakkh±mi (ka.)]. Yo s±ro so µhassat²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attamano ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

Mah±suññatasutta½ niµµhita½ dutiya½.