7. Mah±catt±r²sakasutta½

136. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca– “ariya½ vo, bhikkhave, samm±sam±dhi½ desess±mi sa-upanisa½ saparikkh±ra½. Ta½ suº±tha, s±dhuka½ manasi karotha; bh±siss±m²”ti. “Eva½, bhante”ti kho te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, ariyo samm±sam±dhi sa-upaniso saparikkh±ro? Seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±saªkappo, samm±v±c±, samm±kammanto, samm±-±j²vo, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati; y± kho, bhikkhave, imehi sattahaªgehi cittassa ekaggat± parikkhat±– aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, ariyo samm±sam±dhi sa-upaniso itipi, saparikkh±ro itipi. Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Micch±diµµhi½ ‘micch±diµµh²’ti paj±n±ti, samm±diµµhi½ ‘samm±diµµh²’ti paj±n±ti– s±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi.
“Katam± ca, bhikkhave, micch±diµµhi? ‘Natthi dinna½, natthi yiµµha½, natthi huta½, natthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko, natthi aya½ loko, natthi paro loko, natthi m±t±, natthi pit±, natthi satt± opap±tik±, natthi loke samaºabr±hmaº± sammaggat± samm±paµipann± ye imañca loka½ parañca loka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedent²’ti– aya½, bhikkhave, micch±diµµhi.
“Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi? Samm±diµµhi½paha½ [samm±diµµhimaha½ (ka.) eva½ samm±saªkappa½paha½ky±d²supi], bhikkhave, dv±ya½ [dvaya½ (s². sy±. ka½. p².) µ²k± oloketabb±] vad±mi– atthi, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±; atthi, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±. Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk± ‘Atthi dinna½, atthi yiµµha½, atthi huta½, atthi sukatadukkaµ±na½ kamm±na½ phala½ vip±ko, atthi aya½ loko, atthi paro loko, atthi m±t±, atthi pit±, atthi satt± opap±tik±, atthi loke samaºabr±hmaº± sammaggat± samm±paµipann± ye imañca loka½ parañca loka½ saya½ abhiññ± sacchikatv± pavedent²’ti– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±.
“Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±? Y± kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato paññ± paññindriya½ paññ±bala½ dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo samm±diµµhi maggaªga½ [maggaªg± (s². p².)]– aya½ vuccati, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±. So micch±diµµhiy± pah±n±ya v±yamati, samm±diµµhiy±, upasampad±ya, sv±ssa [sv±ya½ (ka.)] hoti samm±v±y±mo. So sato micch±diµµhi½ pajahati, sato samm±diµµhi½ upasampajja viharati, s±ssa [s±ya½ (ka.)] hoti samm±sati. Itiyime [itime (s².), itissime (sy±. ka½. p².)] tayo dhamm± samm±diµµhi½ anuparidh±vanti anuparivattanti, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati.
137. “Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Micch±saªkappa½ ‘micch±saªkappo’ti paj±n±ti, samm±saªkappa½ ‘samm±saªkappo’ti paj±n±ti, s±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, micch±saªkappo? K±masaªkappo, by±p±dasaªkappo, vihi½s±saªkappo– aya½, bhikkhave, micch±saªkappo.
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo? Samm±saªkappa½paha½, bhikkhave, dv±ya½ vad±mi– atthi, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko; atthi, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko? Nekkhammasaªkappo, aby±p±dasaªkappo, avihi½s±saªkappo– ‘aya½, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko”’.
“Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo? Yo kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato takko vitakko saªkappo appan± byappan± cetaso abhiniropan± vac²saªkh±ro– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo. So micch±saªkappassa pah±n±ya v±yamati, samm±saªkappassa upasampad±ya, sv±ssa hoti samm±v±y±mo. So sato micch±saªkappa½ pajahati, sato samm±saªkappa½ upasampajja viharati; s±ssa hoti samm±sati. Itiyime tayo dhamm± samm±saªkappa½ anuparidh±vanti anuparivattanti, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati.
138. “Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Micch±v±ca½ ‘micch±v±c±’ti paj±n±ti, samm±v±ca½ ‘samm±v±c±’ti paj±n±ti; s±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi. Katam± ca, bhikkhave, micch±v±c±? Mus±v±do, pisuº± v±c±, pharus± v±c±, samphappal±po– aya½, bhikkhave, micch±v±c±. Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±v±c±? Samm±v±ca½paha½, bhikkhave, dv±ya½ vad±mi– atthi, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±; atthi, bhikkhave samm±v±c± ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±. Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±? Mus±v±d± veramaº², pisuº±ya v±c±ya veramaº², pharus±ya v±c±ya veramaº², samphappal±p± veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± s±sav± puññabh±giy± upadhivepakk±. Katam± ca, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±? Y± kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato cat³hi vac²duccaritehi ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±v±c± ariy± an±sav± lokuttar± maggaªg±. So micch±v±c±ya pah±n±ya v±yamati, samm±v±c±ya upasampad±ya; sv±ssa hoti samm±v±y±mo. So sato micch±v±ca½ pajahati, sato samm±v±ca½ upasampajja viharati; s±ssa hoti samm±sati. Itiyime tayo dhamm± samm±v±ca½ anuparidh±vanti anuparivattanti, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati.
139. “Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Micch±kammanta½ ‘micch±kammanto’ti paj±n±ti, samm±kammanta½ ‘samm±kammanto’ti paj±n±ti s±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, micch±kammanto? P±º±tip±to, adinn±d±na½, k±mesumicch±c±ro– aya½, bhikkhave, micch±kammanto. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto? Samm±kammanta½paha½, bhikkhave dv±ya½ vad±mi– atthi, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko; atthi, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko? P±º±tip±t± veramaº², adinn±d±n± veramaº², k±mesumicch±c±r± veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo? Y± kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato t²hi k±yaduccaritehi ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±kammanto ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo. So micch±kammantassa pah±n±ya v±yamati, samm±kammantassa upasampad±ya; sv±ssa hoti samm±v±y±mo. So sato micch±kammanta½ pajahati, sato samm±kammanta½ upasampajja viharati; s±ssa hoti samm±sati. Itiyime tayo dhamm± samm±kammanta½ anuparidh±vanti anuparivattanti, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati.
140. “Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Micch±-±j²va½ ‘micch±-±j²vo’ti paj±n±ti, samm±-±j²va½ ‘samm±-±j²vo’ti paj±n±ti; s±ssa hoti samm±diµµhi. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, micch±-±j²vo? Kuhan±, lapan±, nemittikat±, nippesikat±, l±bhena l±bha½ nijig²sanat± [nijigi½ sanat± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]– aya½, bhikkhave, micch±-±j²vo. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo? Samm±-±j²va½paha½, bhikkhave dv±ya½ vad±mi– atthi, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko; atthi, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko? Idha, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako micch±-±j²va½ pah±ya samm±-±j²vena j²vika½ kappeti– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo s±savo puññabh±giyo upadhivepakko. Katamo ca, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo? Y± kho, bhikkhave, ariyacittassa an±savacittassa ariyamaggasamaªgino ariyamagga½ bh±vayato micch±-±j²v± ±rati virati paµivirati veramaº²– aya½, bhikkhave, samm±-±j²vo ariyo an±savo lokuttaro maggaªgo. So micch±-±j²vassa pah±n±ya v±yamati, samm±-±j²vassa upasampad±ya sv±ssa hoti samm±v±y±mo. So sato micch±-±j²va½ pajahati, sato samm±-±j²va½ upasampajja viharati; s±ssa hoti samm±sati. Itiyime tayo dhamm± samm±-±j²va½ anuparidh±vanti anuparivattanti, seyyathida½– samm±diµµhi, samm±v±y±mo, samm±sati.
141. “Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Samm±diµµhiss bhikkhave, samm±saªkappo pahoti, samm±saªkappassa samm±v±c± pahoti, samm±v±cassa samm±kammanto pahoti, samm±kammantassa samm±-±j²vo pahoti, samm±-±j²vassa samm±v±y±mo pahoti, samm±v±y±massa samm±sati pahoti, samm±satissa samm±sam±dhi pahoti, samm±sam±dhissa samm±ñ±ºa½ pahoti, samm±ñ±ºassa samm±vimutti pahoti. Iti kho, bhikkhave, aµµhaªgasamann±gato sekkho [aµµhaªgasamann±gat± sekh± paµipad± (s².), aµµhaªgasamann±gato sekho p±µipado (p². ka.) ( ) natthi s². sy±. ka½. p². potthakesu], dasaªgasamann±gato arah± hoti. (Tatrapi samm±ñ±ºena aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± vigat± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti).
142. “Tatra, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti. Kathañca, bhikkhave, samm±diµµhi pubbaªgam± hoti? Samm±diµµhissa, bhikkhave, micch±diµµhi nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±diµµhipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti te cassa nijjiºº± honti. Samm±diµµhipaccay± aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti. Samm±saªkappassa, bhikkhave, micch±saªkappo nijjiººo hoti…pe… samm±v±cassa, bhikkhave, micch±v±c± nijjiºº± hoti… samm±kammantassa, bhikkhave, micch±kammanto nijjiººo hoti… samm±-±j²vassa, bhikkhave, micch±-±j²vo nijjiººo hoti… samm±v±y±massa bhikkhave micch±v±y±mo nijjiººo hoti… samm±satissa, bhikkhave, micch±sati nijjiºº± hoti… samm±sam±dhissa, bhikkhave, micch±sam±dhi nijjiººo hoti… samm±ñ±ºassa, bhikkhave, micch±ñ±ºa½ nijjiººa½ hoti… samm±vimuttassa, bhikkhave, micch±vimutti nijjiºº± hoti. Ye ca micch±vimuttipaccay± aneke p±pak± akusal± dhamm± sambhavanti te cassa nijjiºº± honti. Samm±vimuttipaccay± ca aneke kusal± dhamm± bh±van±p±rip³ri½ gacchanti.
“Iti kho, bhikkhave, v²sati kusalapakkh±, v²sati akusalapakkh±– mah±catt±r²sako dhammapariy±yo pavattito appaµivattiyo samaºena v± br±hmaºena v± devena v± m±rena v± brahmun± v± kenaci v± lokasmi½.
143. “Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± ima½ mah±catt±r²saka½ dhammapariy±ya½ garahitabba½ paµikkositabba½ maññeyya tassa diµµheva dhamme dasasahadhammik± v±d±nuv±d± g±rayha½ µh±na½ ±gacchanti– samm±diµµhi½ ce bhava½ garahati, ye ca micch±diµµh² samaºabr±hmaº± te bhoto pujj±, te bhoto p±sa½s±; samm±saªkappa½ ce bhava½ garahati ye ca micch±saªkapp± samaºabr±hmaº± te bhoto pujj±, te bhoto p±sa½s±; samm±v±ca½ ce bhava½ garahati…pe… samm±kammanta½ ce bhava½ garahati… samm±-±j²va½ ce bhava½ garahati… samm±v±y±ma½ ce bhava½ garahati… samm±sati½ ce bhava½ garahati… samm±sam±dhi½ ce bhava½ garahati… samm±ñ±ºa½ ce bhava½ garahati samm±vimutti½ ce bhava½ garahati, ye ca micch±vimutt² samaºabr±hmaº± te bhoto pujj±, te bhoto p±sa½s±. Yo koci, bhikkhave, samaºo v± br±hmaºo v± ima½ mah±catt±r²saka½ dhammapariy±ya½ garahitabba½ paµikkositabba½ maññeyya tassa diµµheva dhamme ime dasasahadhammik± v±d±nuv±d± g±rayha½ µh±na½ ±gacchanti. Yepi te, bhikkhave, ahesu½ okkal± vassabhaññ± [vayabhiññ± (ka.) sa½. ni. 3.62; a. ni. 4.30 passitabba½] ahetuv±d± akiriyav±d± natthikav±d± tepi mah±catt±r²saka½ dhammapariy±ya½ na garahitabba½ napaµikkositabba½ amaññi½su [maññeyyu½ (ka.)]. Ta½ kissa hetu? Nind±by±rosa-up±rambhabhay±”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Mah±catt±r²sakasutta½ niµµhita½ sattama½.