5. Bahudh±tukasutta½

124. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Y±ni k±nici, bhikkhave, bhay±ni uppajjanti sabb±ni t±ni b±lato uppajjanti, no paº¹itato; ye keci upaddav± uppajjanti sabbe te b±lato uppajjanti, no paº¹itato; ye keci upasagg± uppajjanti sabbe te b±lato uppajjanti, no paº¹itato. Seyyath±pi, bhikkhave na¼±g±r± v± tiº±g±r± v± aggi mutto [aggimukko (s². p².)] k³µ±g±r±nipi dahati ullitt±valitt±ni niv±t±ni phusitagga¼±ni pihitav±tap±n±ni; evameva kho, bhikkhave, y±ni k±nici bhay±ni uppajjanti sabb±ni t±ni b±lato uppajjanti, no paº¹itato; ye keci upaddav± uppajjanti sabbe te b±lato uppajjanti, no paº¹itato; ye keci upasagg± uppajjanti sabbe te b±lato uppajjanti, no paº¹itato. Iti kho, bhikkhave, sappaµibhayo b±lo, appaµibhayo paº¹ito; sa-upaddavo b±lo, anupaddavo paº¹ito; sa-upasaggo b±lo, anupasaggo paº¹ito. Natthi, bhikkhave, paº¹itato bhaya½, natthi paº¹itato upaddavo, natthi paº¹itato upasaggo. Tasm±tiha, bhikkhave, ‘paº¹it± bhaviss±ma v²ma½sak±’ti– evañhi vo, bhikkhave, sikkhitabban”ti.
Eva½ vutte, ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “kitt±vat± nu kho, bhante, paº¹ito bhikkhu ‘v²ma½sako’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Yato kho, ±nanda, bhikkhu dh±tukusalo ca hoti, ±yatanakusalo ca hoti, paµiccasamupp±dakusalo ca hoti, µh±n±µh±nakusalo ca hoti– ett±vat± kho, ±nanda, paº¹ito bhikkhu ‘v²ma½sako’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
125. “Kitt±vat± pana, bhante, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Aµµh±rasa kho im±, ±nanda, dh±tuyo– cakkhudh±tu, r³padh±tu, cakkhuviññ±ºadh±tu; sotadh±tu, saddadh±tu, sotaviññ±ºadh±tu; gh±nadh±tu, gandhadh±tu, gh±naviññ±ºadh±tu; jivh±dh±tu, rasadh±tu, jivh±viññ±ºadh±tu; k±yadh±tu, phoµµhabbadh±tu, k±yaviññ±ºadh±tu; manodh±tu, dhammadh±tu, manoviññ±ºadh±tu. Im± kho, ±nanda, aµµh±rasa dh±tuyo yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat±pi kho, ±nanda, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
“Siy± pana, bhante, aññopi pariy±yo, yath± ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Siy±, ±nanda. Chayim±, ±nanda, dh±tuyo– pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±tu, tejodh±tu, v±yodh±tu, ±k±sadh±tu, viññ±ºadh±tu. Im± kho, ±nanda, cha dh±tuyo yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat±pi kho, ±nanda, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
“Siy± pana, bhante, aññopi pariy±yo, yath± ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Siy±, ±nanda. Chayim±, ±nanda, dh±tuyo– sukhadh±tu dukkhadh±tu, somanassadh±tu, domanassadh±tu, upekkh±dh±tu, avijj±dh±tu. Im± kho, ±nanda, cha dh±tuyo yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat±pi kho, ±nanda, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
“Siy± pana, bhante, aññopi pariy±yo, yath± ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Siy±, ±nanda. Chayim±, ±nanda, dh±tuyo– k±madh±tu, nekkhammadh±tu, by±p±dadh±tu, aby±p±dadh±tu, vihi½s±dh±tu avihi½s±dh±tu. Im± kho, ±nanda, cha dh±tuyo yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat±pi kho, ±nanda, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
“Siy± pana, bhante, aññopi pariy±yo, yath± ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Siy±, ±nanda. Tisso im±, ±nanda, dh±tuyo– k±madh±tu, r³padh±tu, ar³padh±tu. Im± kho, ±nanda, tisso dh±tuyo yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat±pi kho, ±nanda, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
“Siy± pana, bhante, aññopi pariy±yo, yath± ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Siy±, ±nanda. Dve im±, ±nanda, dh±tuyo– saªkhat±dh±tu, asaªkhat±dh±tu. Im± kho, ±nanda, dve dh±tuyo yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat±pi kho, ±nanda, ‘dh±tukusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
126. “Kitt±vat± pana, bhante, ‘±yatanakusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Cha kho panim±ni, ±nanda, ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni– cakkhuceva r³p± ca sotañca sadd± ca gh±nañca gandh± ca jivh± ca ras± ca k±yo ca phoµµhabb± ca mano ca dhamm± ca. Im±ni kho, ±nanda, cha ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni yato j±n±ti passati– ett±vat± kho, ±nanda, ‘±yatanakusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
“Kitt±vat± pana, bhante, ‘paµiccasamupp±dakusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Idh±nanda, bhikkhu eva½ paj±n±ti– ‘imasmi½ sati ida½ hoti, imassupp±d± ida½ uppajjati, imasmi½ asati ida½ na hoti, imassa nirodh± ida½ nirujjhati, yadida½– avijj±paccay± saªkh±r±, saªkh±rapaccay± viññ±ºa½, viññ±ºapaccay± n±mar³pa½, n±mar³papaccay± sa¼±yatana½, sa¼±yatanapaccay± phasso, phassapaccay± vedan±, vedan±paccay± taºh±, taºh±paccay± up±d±na½, up±d±napaccay± bhavo bhavapaccay± j±ti, j±tipaccay± jar±maraºa½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanass³p±y±s± sambhavanti. Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa samudayo hoti. Avijj±yatveva asesavir±ganirodh± saªkh±ranirodho, saªkh±ranirodh± viññ±ºanirodho, viññ±ºanirodh± n±mar³panirodho, n±mar³panirodh± sa¼±yatananirodho, sa¼±yatananirodh± phassanirodho, phassanirodh± vedan±nirodho, vedan±nirodh± taºh±nirodho, taºh±nirodh± up±d±nanirodho, up±d±nanirodh± bhavanirodho, bhavanirodh± j±tinirodho, j±tinirodh± jar±maraºa½ sokaparidevadukkhadomanass³p±y±s± nirujjhanti. Evametassa kevalassa dukkhakkhandhassa nirodho hoti’. Ett±vat± kho, ±nanda, ‘paµiccasamupp±dakusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
127. “Kitt±vat± pana, bhante, ‘µh±n±µh±nakusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti? “Idh±nanda, bhikkhu ‘aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo kañci [kiñci (sy±. ka½. ka.)] saªkh±ra½ niccato upagaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano kañci saªkh±ra½ niccato upagaccheyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo kañci saªkh±ra½ sukhato upagaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano kañci saªkh±ra½ sukhato upagaccheyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo kañci dhamma½ attato upagaccheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti, ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano kañci dhamma½ attato upagaccheyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti.
128. “‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo m±tara½ j²vit± voropeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano m±tara½ j²vit± voropeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo pitara½ j²vit± voropeyya…pe… arahanta½ j²vit± voropeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo duµµhacitto tath±gatassa lohita½ upp±deyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano duµµhacitto tath±gatassa lohita½ upp±deyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo saªgha½ bhindeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano saªgha½ bhindeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ diµµhisampanno puggalo añña½ satth±ra½ uddiseyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puthujjano añña½ satth±ra½ uddiseyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti.
129. “‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy± dve arahanto samm±sambuddh± apubba½ acarima½ uppajjeyyu½, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy± eko araha½ samm±sambuddho uppajjeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy± dve r±j±no cakkavattino apubba½ acarima½ uppajjeyyu½, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ ekiss± lokadh±tuy± eko r±j± cakkavatt² uppajjeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti.
130. “‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ itth² araha½ assa samm±sambuddho neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puriso araha½ assa samm±sambuddho, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ itth² r±j± assa cakkavatt², neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puriso r±j± assa cakkavatt², µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ itth² sakkatta½ kareyya m±ratta½ kareyya… brahmatta½ kareyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ puriso sakkatta½ kareyya… m±ratta½ kareyya… brahmatta½ kareyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti.
131. “‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ k±yaduccaritassa iµµho kanto man±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ k±yaduccaritassa aniµµho akanto aman±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ vac²duccaritassa…pe… ya½ manoduccaritassa iµµho kanto man±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ vac²duccaritassa…pe… ya½ manoduccaritassa aniµµho akanto aman±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ k±yasucaritassa aniµµho akanto aman±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ k±yasucaritassa iµµho kanto man±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ vac²sucaritassa…pe… ya½ manosucaritassa aniµµho akanto aman±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ vac²sucaritassa…pe… ya½ manosucaritassa iµµho kanto man±po vip±ko nibbatteyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti.
“‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ k±yaduccaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ k±yaduccaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ vac²duccaritasamaªg²…pe… ya½ manoduccaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ vac²duccaritasamaªg²…pe… ya½ manoduccaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ k±yasucaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ k±yasucaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. ‘Aµµh±nameta½ anavak±so ya½ vac²sucaritasamaªg²…pe… ya½ manosucaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± ap±ya½ duggati½ vinip±ta½ niraya½ upapajjeyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti; ‘µh±nañca kho eta½ vijjati ya½ vac²sucaritasamaªg²…pe… ya½ manosucaritasamaªg² ta½nid±n± tappaccay± k±yassa bhed± para½ maraº± sugati½ sagga½ loka½ upapajjeyya, µh±nameta½ vijjat²’ti paj±n±ti. Ett±vat± kho, ±nanda, ‘µh±n±µh±nakusalo bhikkh³’ti ala½ vacan±y±”ti.
132. Eva½ vutte ±yasm± ±nando bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “acchariya½, bhante, abbhuta½, bhante! Kon±mo aya½, bhante, dhammapariy±yo”ti? “Tasm±tiha tva½, ±nanda, ima½ dhammapariy±ya½ ‘bahudh±tuko’tipi na½ dh±rehi, ‘catuparivaµµo’tipi na½ dh±rehi, ‘dhamm±d±so’tipi na½ dh±rehi, ‘amatadundubh²’tipi [dudrabh²tipi (ka.)] na½ dh±rehi, ‘anuttaro saªg±mavijayo’tipi na½ dh±reh²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attamano ±yasm± ±nando bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinand²ti.

Bahudh±tukasutta½ niµµhita½ pañcama½.