2. Chabbisodhanasutta½

98. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati jetavane an±thapiº¹ikassa ±r±me. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca–
“Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu añña½ by±karoti– ‘kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±m²’ti. Tassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno bh±sita½ neva abhinanditabba½ nappaµikkositabba½. Anabhinanditv± appaµikkositv± pañho pucchitabbo– ‘catt±rome, ±vuso, voh±r± tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±. Katame catt±ro? Diµµhe diµµhav±dit±, sute sutav±dit±, mute mutav±dit±, viññ±te viññ±tav±dit± ime kho, ±vuso, catt±ro voh±r± tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±. Katha½ j±nato pan±yasmato, katha½ passato imesu cat³su voh±resu anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti? Kh²º±savassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno vusitavato katakaraº²yassa ohitabh±rassa anuppattasadatthassa parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojanassa sammadaññ±vimuttassa ayamanudhammo hoti veyy±karaº±ya– ‘diµµhe kho aha½ ±vuso, anup±yo anap±yo anissito appaµibaddho vippamutto visa½yutto vimariy±d²katena cetas± vihar±mi. Sute kho aha½, ±vuso…pe… mute kho aha½, ±vuso… viññ±te kho aha½, ±vuso, anup±yo anap±yo anissito appaµibaddho vippamutto visa½yutto vimariy±d²katena cetas± vihar±mi. Eva½ kho me, ±vuso, j±nato eva½ passato imesu cat³su voh±resu anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti. Tassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ‘s±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditabba½ anumoditabba½. ‘S±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uttari½ pañho pucchitabbo.
99. “‘Pañcime, ±vuso, up±d±nakkhandh± tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±. Katame pañca? Seyyathida½– r³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, saññup±d±nakkhandho, saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho– ime kho, ±vuso, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±. Katha½ j±nato pan±yasmato, katha½ passato imesu pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti? Kh²º±savassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno vusitavato katakaraº²yassa ohitabh±rassa anuppattasadatthassa parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojanassa sammadaññ±vimuttassa ayamanudhammo hoti veyy±karaº±ya– ‘r³pa½ kho aha½, ±vuso, abala½ vir±guna½ [vir±ga½ (s². p².), vir±guta½ (µ²k±)] anass±sikanti viditv± ye r³pe up±y³p±d±n± [upay³p±d±n± (ka.)] cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay± tesa½ khay± vir±g± nirodh± c±g± paµinissagg± vimutta½ me cittanti paj±n±mi. Vedana½ kho aha½, ±vuso…pe… sañña½ kho aha½, ±vuso… saªkh±re kho aha½, ±vuso… viññ±ºa½ kho aha½, ±vuso, abala½ vir±guna½ anass±sikanti viditv± ye viññ±ºe up±y³p±d±n± cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay± tesa½ khay± vir±g± nirodh± c±g± paµinissagg± vimutta½ me cittanti paj±n±mi. Eva½ kho me, ±vuso, j±nato eva½ passato imesu pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti. Tassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ‘s±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditabba½, anumoditabba½. ‘S±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uttari½ pañho pucchitabbo.
100. “‘Chayim± ±vuso, dh±tuyo tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±. Katam± cha? Pathav²dh±tu, ±podh±tu, tejodh±tu, v±yodh±tu, ±k±sadh±tu, viññ±ºadh±tu– im± kho, ±vuso, cha dh±tuyo tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±. Katha½ j±nato pan±yasmato, katha½ passato im±su chasu dh±t³su anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti? Kh²º±savassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno vusitavato katakaraº²yassa ohitabh±rassa anuppattasadatthassa parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojanassa sammadaññ±vimuttassa ayamanudhammo hoti veyy±karaº±ya– ‘pathav²dh±tu½ kho aha½, ±vuso, na attato upagacchi½, na ca pathav²dh±tunissita½ att±na½. Ye ca pathav²dh±tunissit± up±y³p±d±n± cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay± tesa½ khay± vir±g± nirodh± c±g± paµinissagg± vimutta½ me cittanti paj±n±mi. ¾podh±tu½ kho aha½, ±vuso…pe… tejodh±tu½ kho aha½, ±vuso… v±yodh±tu½ kho aha½, ±vuso… ±k±sadh±tu½ kho aha½, ±vuso… viññ±ºadh±tu½ kho aha½, ±vuso, na attato upagacchi½, na ca viññ±ºadh±tunissita½ att±na½. Ye ca viññ±ºadh±tunissit± up±y³p±d±n± cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay± tesa½ khay± vir±g± nirodh± c±g± paµinissagg± vimutta½ me cittanti paj±n±mi. Eva½ kho me, ±vuso, j±nato, eva½ passato im±su chasu dh±t³su anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti. Tassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ‘s±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditabba½, anumoditabba½. ‘S±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uttari½ pañho pucchitabbo.
101. “‘Cha kho panim±ni, ±vuso, ajjhattikab±hir±ni [ajjhattik±ni b±hir±ni (sy±. ka½. p².)] ±yatan±ni tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±ni. Katam±ni cha? Cakkhu ceva r³p± ca, sotañca sadd± ca, gh±nañca gandh± ca, jivh± ca ras± ca, k±yo ca phoµµhabb± ca, mano ca dhamm± ca– im±ni kho, ±vuso, cha ajjhattikab±hir±ni ±yatan±ni tena bhagavat± j±nat± passat± arahat± samm±sambuddhena sammadakkh±t±ni. Katha½ j±nato pan±yasmato, katha½ passato imesu chasu ajjhattikab±hiresu ±yatanesu anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti? Kh²º±savassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno vusitavato katakaraº²yassa ohitabh±rassa anuppattasadatthassa parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojanassa sammadaññ±vimuttassa ayamanudhammo hoti veyy±karaº±ya ‘cakkhusmi½, ±vuso, r³pe cakkhuviññ±ºe cakkhuviññ±ºaviññ±tabbesu dhammesu yo chando yo r±go y± nand² [nandi (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] y± taºh± ye ca up±y³p±d±n± cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay± tesa½ khay± vir±g± nirodh± c±g± paµinissagg± vimutta½ me cittanti paj±n±mi. Sotasmi½, ±vuso, sadde sotaviññ±ºe…pe… gh±nasmi½, ±vuso, gandhe gh±naviññ±ºe… jivh±ya, ±vuso, rase jivh±viññ±ºe… k±yasmi½, ±vuso, phoµµhabbe k±yaviññ±ºe… manasmi½, ±vuso, dhamme manoviññ±ºe manoviññ±ºaviññ±tabbesu dhammesu yo chando yo r±go y± nand² y± taºh± ye ca up±y³p±d±n± cetaso adhiµµh±n±bhinives±nusay± tesa½ khay± vir±g± nirodh± c±g± paµinissagg± vimutta½ me cittanti paj±n±mi. Eva½ kho me, ±vuso, j±nato eva½ passato imesu chasu ajjhattikab±hiresu ±yatanesu anup±d±ya ±savehi citta½ vimuttan’ti. Tassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ‘s±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditabba½ anumoditabba½. ‘S±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± uttari½ pañho pucchitabbo.
102. “‘Katha½ j±nato pan±yasmato, katha½ passato imasmiñca saviññ±ºake k±ye bahiddh± ca sabbanimittesu aha½k±ramama½k±ram±n±nusay± sam³hat±’ti [susam³hat±ti (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]? Kh²º±savassa bhikkhave, bhikkhuno vusitavato katakaraº²yassa ohitabh±rassa anuppattasadatthassa parikkh²ºabhavasa½yojanassa sammadaññ±vimuttass ayamanudhammo hoti veyy±karaº±ya– ‘pubbe kho aha½, ±vuso, ag±riyabh³to sam±no aviddasu ahosi½. Tassa me tath±gato v± tath±gatas±vako v± dhamma½ desesi. T±ha½ dhamma½ sutv± tath±gate saddha½ paµilabhi½. So tena saddh±paµil±bhena samann±gato iti paµisañcikkhi½– samb±dho ghar±v±so raj±patho, abbhok±so pabbajj±. Nayida½ sukara½ ag±ra½ ajjh±vasat± ekantaparipuººa½ ekantaparisuddha½ saªkhalikhita½ brahmacariya½ caritu½. Ya½n³n±ha½ kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajeyya”n’ti.
“So kho aha½, ±vuso, aparena samayena appa½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± bhogakkhandha½ pah±ya, appa½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya mahanta½ v± ñ±tiparivaµµa½ pah±ya kesamassu½ oh±retv± k±s±y±ni vatth±ni acch±detv± ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbaji½. So eva½ pabbajito sam±no bhikkh³na½ sikkh±s±j²vasam±panno p±º±tip±ta½ pah±ya p±º±tip±t± paµivirato ahosi½ nihitadaº¹o nihitasattho, lajj² day±panno sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp² vih±si½. Adinn±d±na½ pah±ya adinn±d±n± paµivirato ahosi½ dinn±d±y² dinnap±µikaªkh², athenena sucibh³tena attan± vih±si½. Abrahmacariya½ pah±ya brahmac±r² ahosi½ ±r±c±r² virato methun± g±madhamm±. Mus±v±da½ pah±ya mus±v±d± paµivirato ahosi½ saccav±d² saccasandho theto paccayiko avisa½v±dako lokassa. Pisuºa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pisuº±ya v±c±ya paµivirato ahosi½, ito sutv± na amutra akkh±t± imesa½ bhed±ya, amutra v± sutv± na imesa½ akkh±t± am³sa½ bhed±ya; iti bhinn±na½ v± sandh±t± sahit±na½ v± anuppad±t± samagg±r±mo samaggarato samagganand² samaggakaraºi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± ahosi½. Pharusa½ v±ca½ pah±ya pharus±ya v±c±ya paµivirato ahosi½; y± s± v±c± nel± kaººasukh± peman²y± hadayaªgam± por² bahujanakant± bahujanaman±p± tath±r³pi½ v±ca½ bh±sit± ahosi½. Samphappal±pa½ pah±ya samphappal±p± paµivirato ahosi½; k±lav±d² bh³tav±d² atthav±d² dhammav±d² vinayav±d² nidh±navati½ v±ca½ bh±sit± ahosi½ k±lena s±padesa½ pariyantavati½ atthasa½hita½.
“So b²jag±mabh³tag±masam±rambh± paµivirato ahosi½, ekabhattiko ahosi½ ratt³parato virato vik±labhojan±. Naccag²tav±ditavis³kadassan± paµivirato ahosi½. M±l±gandhavilepanadh±raºamaº¹anavibh³sanaµµh±n± paµivirato ahosi½. Ucc±sayanamah±sayan± paµivirato ahosi½. J±tar³parajatapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½, ±makadhaññapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½, ±makama½sapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½; itthikum±rikapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½, d±sid±sapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½, aje¼akapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½, kukkuµas³karapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½ hatthigavassava¼avapaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½, khettavatthupaµiggahaº± paµivirato ahosi½. D³teyyapahiºagaman±nuyog± paµivirato ahosi½, kayavikkay± paµivirato ahosi½, tul±k³µaka½sak³µam±nak³µ± paµivirato ahosi½, ukkoµanavañcananikatis±ciyog± paµivirato ahosi½, chedanavadhabandhanavipar±mosa-±lopasahas±k±r± paµivirato ahosi½.
“So santuµµho ahosi½ k±yaparih±rikena c²varena, kucchiparih±rikena piº¹ap±tena. So yena yeneva [yena yena ca (ka.)] pakkami½ sam±d±yeva pakkami½. Seyyath±pi n±ma pakkh² sakuºo yena yeneva ¹eti sapattabh±rova ¹eti; evameva kho aha½, ±vuso; santuµµho ahosi½ k±yaparih±rikena c²varena, kucchiparih±rikena piº¹ap±tena. So yena yeneva pakkami½ sam±d±yeva pakkami½. So imin± ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato ajjhatta½ anavajjasukha½ paµisa½vedesi½.
103. “So cakkhun± r³pa½ disv± na nimittagg±h² ahosi½ n±nubyañjanagg±h²; yatv±dhikaraºamena½ cakkhundriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya paµipajji½ rakkhi½ cakkhundriya½, cakkhundriye sa½vara½ ±pajji½. Sotena sadda½ sutv±…pe… gh±nena gandha½ gh±yitv±…pe… jivh±ya rasa½ s±yitv±…pe… k±yena phoµµhabba½ phusitv±…pe… manas± dhamma½ viññ±ya na nimittagg±h² ahosi½ n±nubyañjanagg±h²; yatv±dhikaraºamena½ manindriya½ asa½vuta½ viharanta½ abhijjh±domanass± p±pak± akusal± dhamm± anv±ssaveyyu½, tassa sa½var±ya paµipajji½; rakkhi½ manindriya½, manindriye sa½vara½ ±pajji½. So imin± ariyena indriyasa½varena samann±gato ajjhatta½ aby±sekasukha½ paµisa½vedesi½.
“So abhikkante paµikkante sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½, ±lokite vilokite sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½, samiñjite pas±rite sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½, saªgh±µipattac²varadh±raºe sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½, asite p²te kh±yite s±yite sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½, ucc±rapass±vakamme sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½, gate µhite nisinne sutte j±garite bh±site tuºh²bh±ve sampaj±nak±r² ahosi½.
“So imin± ca ariyena s²lakkhandhena samann±gato, (im±ya ca ariy±ya santuµµhiy± samann±gato,) [passa ma. ni. 1.296 c³¼ahatthipadopame] imin± ca ariyena indriyasa½varena samann±gato, imin± ca ariyena satisampajaññena samann±gato vivitta½ sen±sana½ bhaji½ arañña½ rukkham³la½ pabbata½ kandara½ giriguha½ sus±na½ vanapattha½ abbhok±sa½ pal±lapuñja½. So pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tapaµikkanto nis²di½ pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± uju½ k±ya½ paºidh±ya parimukha½ sati½ upaµµhapetv±.
“So abhijjha½ loke pah±ya vigat±bhijjhena cetas± vih±si½, abhijjh±ya citta½ parisodhesi½. By±p±dapadosa½ pah±ya aby±pannacitto vih±si½ sabbap±ºabh³tahit±nukamp², by±p±dapados± citta½ parisodhesi½. Thinamiddha½ pah±ya vigatathinamiddho vih±si½ ±lokasaññ² sato sampaj±no, thinamiddh± citta½ parisodhesi½. Uddhaccakukkucca½ pah±ya anuddhato vih±si½ ajjhatta½, v³pasantacitto, uddhaccakukkucc± citta½ parisodhesi½. Vicikiccha½ pah±ya tiººavicikiccho vih±si½ akatha½kath² kusalesu dhammesu, vicikicch±ya citta½ parisodhesi½.
104. “So ime pañca n²varaºe pah±ya cetaso upakkilese paññ±ya dubbal²karaºe vivicceva k±mehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakka½ savic±ra½ vivekaja½ p²tisukha½ paµhama½ jh±na½ upasampajja vih±si½. Vitakkavic±r±na½ v³pasam± ajjhatta½ sampas±dana½ cetaso ekodibh±va½ avitakka½ avic±ra½ sam±dhija½ p²tisukha½ dutiya½ jh±na½…pe… tatiya½ jh±na½… catuttha½ jh±na½ upasampajja vih±si½.
“So eva½ sam±hite citte parisuddhe pariyod±te anaªgaºe vigat³pakkilese mudubh³te kammaniye µhite ±neñjappatte ±sav±na½ khayañ±º±ya citta½ abhininn±mesi½. So ida½ dukkhanti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½, aya½ dukkhasamudayoti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½, aya½ dukkhanirodhoti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½, aya½ dukkhanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½; ime ±sav±ti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½, aya½ ±savasamudayoti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½, aya½ ±savanirodhoti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½, aya½ ±savanirodhag±min² paµipad±ti yath±bh³ta½ abbhaññ±si½. Tassa me eva½ j±nato eva½ passato k±m±sav±pi citta½ vimuccittha, bhav±sav±pi citta½ vimuccittha, avijj±sav±pi citta½ vimuccitthä vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ ahosi. Kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±ti abbhaññ±si½. Eva½ kho me, ±vuso, j±nato eva½ passato imasmiñca saviññ±ºake k±ye bahiddh± ca sabbanimittesu aha½k±ramama½k±ram±n±nusay± sam³hat±”ti “Tassa, bhikkhave, bhikkhuno ‘s±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditabba½ anumoditabba½. ‘S±dh³’ti bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± evamassa vacan²yo– ‘l±bh± no, ±vuso, suladdha½ no, ±vuso, ye maya½ ±yasmanta½ t±disa½ sabrahmac±ri½ samanupass±m±”’ti [pass±m±ti (s².)].
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti.

Chabbisodhanasutta½ niµµhita½ dutiya½.