9. Mah±puººamasutta½

85. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± s±vatthiya½ viharati pubb±r±me mig±ram±tup±s±de. Tena kho pana samayena bhagav± tadahuposathe pannarase puºº±ya puººam±ya rattiy± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto abbhok±se nisinno hoti. Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu uµµh±y±san± eka½sa½ c²vara½ katv± yena bhagav± tenañjali½ paº±metv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca–
“Puccheyy±ha½, bhante, bhagavanta½ kiñcideva desa½, sace me bhagav± ok±sa½ karoti pañhassa veyy±karaº±y±”ti. “Tena hi tva½, bhikkhu, sake ±sane nis²ditv± puccha yad±kaªkhas²”ti.
86. Atha kho so bhikkhu sake ±sane nis²ditv± bhagavanta½ etadavoca– “ime nu kho, bhante, pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, seyyathida½ r³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, saññup±d±nakkhandho, saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho”ti? “Ime kho, bhikkhu, pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, seyyathida½– r³pup±d±nakkhandho, vedanup±d±nakkhandho, saññup±d±nakkhandho, saªkh±rup±d±nakkhandho, viññ±ºup±d±nakkhandho”ti.
“S±dhu, bhante”ti kho so bhikkhu bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinanditv± anumoditv± bhagavanta½ uttari½ pañha½ pucchi– “ime pana, bhante, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± ki½m³lak±”ti? “Ime kho, bhikkhu, pañcup±d±nakkhandh± chandam³lak±”ti. “Ta½yeva nu kho, bhante, up±d±na½ te pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, ud±hu aññatra pañcahup±d±nakkhandhehi up±d±nan”ti? “Na kho, bhikkhu, ta½yeva up±d±na½ te pañcup±d±nakkhandh±, n±pi aññatra pañcahup±d±nakkhandhehi up±d±na½. Yo kho, bhikkhu, pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu chandar±go ta½ tattha up±d±nan”ti.
“Siy± pana, bhante, pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu chandar±gavemattat±”ti? “Siy± bhikkh³”ti bhagav± avoca “idha, bhikkhu, ekaccassa eva½ hoti– ‘eva½r³po siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½ eva½vedano siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½, eva½sañño siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½, eva½saªkh±ro siya½ an±gatamaddh±na½, eva½viññ±ºo siya½ an±gatamaddh±nan’ti. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, siy± pañcasu up±d±nakkhandhesu chandar±gavemattat±”ti.
“Kitt±vat± pana, bhante, khandh±na½ khandh±dhivacana½ hot²”ti? “Ya½ kiñci, bhikkhu, r³pa½– at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v±, o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v±, h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v±, ya½ d³re santike v±– aya½ r³pakkhandho. Y± k±ci vedan±– at²t±n±gatapaccuppann± ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v±, o¼±rik± v± sukhum± v±, h²n± v± paº²t± v±, y± d³re santike v±– aya½ vedan±kkhandho. Y± k±ci saññ±– at²t±n±gatapaccuppann±…pe… y± d³re santike v±– aya½ saññ±kkhandho. Ye keci saªkh±r±– at²t±n±gatapaccuppann± ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v±, o¼±rik± v± sukhum± v±, h²n± v± paº²t± v±, ye d³re santike v±– aya½ saªkh±rakkhandho. Ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½– at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v±, o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v±, h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v±, ya½ d³re santike v±– aya½ viññ±ºakkhandho. Ett±vat± kho, bhikkhu, khandh±na½ khandh±dhivacana½ hot²”ti.
“Ko nu kho, bhante, hetu ko paccayo r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya? Ko hetu ko paccayo vedan±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya? Ko hetu ko paccayo saññ±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya? Ko hetu ko paccayo saªkh±rakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya? Ko hetu ko paccayo viññ±ºakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti?
“Catt±ro kho, bhikkhu, mah±bh³t± hetu, catt±ro mah±bh³t± paccayo r³pakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. Phasso hetu, phasso paccayo vedan±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. Phasso hetu, phasso paccayo saññ±kkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. Phasso hetu, phasso paccayo saªkh±rakkhandhassa paññ±pan±ya. N±mar³pa½ kho, bhikkhu, hetu, n±mar³pa½ paccayo viññ±ºakkhandhassa paññ±pan±y±”ti.
87. “Katha½ pana, bhante, sakk±yadiµµhi hot²”ti? “Idha, bhikkhu, assutav± puthujjano ariy±na½ adass±v² ariyadhammassa akovido ariyadhamme avin²to sappuris±na½ adass±v² sappurisadhammassa akovido sappurisadhamme avin²to r³pa½ attato samanupassati r³pavanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± r³pa½ r³pasmi½ v± att±na½; vedana½ attato samanupassati vedan±vanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± vedana½ vedan±ya v± att±na½; sañña½ attato samanupassati saññ±vanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± sañña½ saññ±ya v± att±na½; saªkh±re attato samanupassati saªkh±ravanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± saªkh±re saªkh±resu v± att±na½; viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassati viññ±ºavanta½ v± att±na½ attani v± viññ±ºa½ viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½. Eva½ kho bhikkhu, sakk±yadiµµhi hot²”ti.
“Katha½ pana, bhante, sakk±yadiµµhi na hot²”ti? “Idha, bhikkhu, sutav± ariyas±vako ariy±na½ dass±v² ariyadhammassa kovido ariyadhamme suvin²to sappuris±na½ dass±v² sappurisadhammassa kovido sappurisadhamme suvin²to na r³pa½ attato samanupassati na r³pavanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± r³pa½ na r³pasmi½ v± att±na½; na vedana½ attato samanupassati na vedan±vanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± vedana½ na vedan±ya v± att±na½; na sañña½ attato samanupassati na saññ±vanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± sañña½ na saññ±ya v± att±na½; na saªkh±re attato samanupassati na saªkh±ravanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± saªkh±re na saªkh±resu v± att±na½; na viññ±ºa½ attato samanupassati na viññ±ºavanta½ v± att±na½ na attani v± viññ±ºa½ na viññ±ºasmi½ v± att±na½. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, sakk±yadiµµhi na hot²”ti.
88. “Ko nu kho, bhante, r³pe ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½? Ko vedan±ya ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½? Ko saññ±ya ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½? Ko saªkh±resu ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºa½? Ko viññ±ºe ass±do, ko ±d²navo, ki½ nissaraºan”ti? “Ya½ kho, bhikkhu, r³pa½ paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½, aya½ r³pe ass±do. Ya½ r³pa½ anicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, aya½ r³pe ±d²navo. Yo r³pe chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½, ida½ r³pe nissaraºa½. Ya½ kho [yañca (sy±. ka½.)], bhikkhu, vedana½ paµicca… sañña½ paµicca… saªkh±re paµicca… viññ±ºa½ paµicca uppajjati sukha½ somanassa½, aya½ viññ±ºe ass±do. Ya½ viññ±ºa½ anicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, aya½ viññ±ºe ±d²navo. Yo viññ±ºe chandar±gavinayo chandar±gappah±na½, ida½ viññ±ºe nissaraºan”ti.
89. “Katha½ pana, bhante, j±nato katha½ passato imasmiñca saviññ±ºake k±ye bahiddh± ca sabbanimittesu aha½k±ramama½k±ram±n±nusay± na hont²”ti? “Ya½ kiñci, bhikkhu, r³pa½– at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±– sabba½ r³pa½ ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passati. Y± k±ci vedan±… y± k±ci saññ±… ye keci saªkh±r±… ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½– at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v±– sabba½ viññ±ºa½ ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti– evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya passati. Eva½ kho, bhikkhu, j±nato eva½ passato imasmiñca saviññ±ºake k±ye bahiddh± ca sabbanimittesu aha½k±ramama½k±ram±n±nusay± na hont²”ti.
90. Atha kho aññatarassa bhikkhuno eva½ cetaso parivitakko udap±di– “iti kira, bho, r³pa½ anatt±, vedan± anatt±, saññ± anatt±, saªkh±r± anatt±, viññ±ºa½ anatt±; anattakat±ni kamm±ni kamatt±na½ [kathamatt±na½ (sa½. ni. 3.82)] phusissant²”ti? Atha kho bhagav± tassa bhikkhuno cetas± cetoparivitakkamaññ±ya bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “µh±na½ kho paneta½, bhikkhave, vijjati ya½ idhekacco moghapuriso avidv± avijj±gato taºh±dhipateyyena cetas± satthu s±sana½ atidh±vitabba½ maññeyya– ‘iti kira, bho, r³pa½ anatt±, vedan± anatt±, saññ± anatt±, saªkh±r± anatt±, viññ±ºa½ anatt±; anattakat±ni kamm±ni kamatt±na½ phusissant²’ti. Paµivin²t± [paµicca vin²t± (s². p².), paµipucch±mi vin²t± (sy±. ka½.)] kho me tumhe, bhikkhave tatra tatra dhammesu”.
“Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, r³pa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½ bhante”. “Ta½ ki½ maññatha, bhikkhave, vedan±… saññ±… saªkh±r±… viññ±ºa½ nicca½ v± anicca½ v±”ti? “Anicca½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ v± ta½ sukha½ v±”ti? “Dukkha½, bhante”. “Ya½ pan±nicca½ dukkha½ vipariº±madhamma½, kalla½ nu ta½ samanupassitu½– ‘eta½ mama, esohamasmi, eso me att±”’ti? “No heta½, bhante”. “Tasm±tiha, bhikkhave, ya½ kiñci r³pa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v± sabba½ r³pa½– ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Y± k±ci vedan±… y± k±ci saññ±… ye keci saªkh±r±… ya½ kiñci viññ±ºa½ at²t±n±gatapaccuppanna½ ajjhatta½ v± bahiddh± v± o¼±rika½ v± sukhuma½ v± h²na½ v± paº²ta½ v± ya½ d³re santike v± sabba½ viññ±ºa½– ‘neta½ mama, nesohamasmi, na meso att±’ti evameta½ yath±bh³ta½ sammappaññ±ya daµµhabba½. Eva½ passa½, bhikkhave, sutav± ariyas±vako r³pasmimpi nibbindati, vedan±yapi nibbindati, saññ±yapi nibbindati, saªkh±resupi nibbindati, viññ±ºasmimpi nibbindati; nibbinda½ virajjati vir±g± vimuccati. Vimuttasmi½ vimuttamiti ñ±ºa½ hoti. ‘Kh²º± j±ti, vusita½ brahmacariya½, kata½ karaº²ya½, n±para½ itthatt±y±’ti paj±n±t²”ti.
Idamavoca bhagav±. Attaman± te bhikkh³ bhagavato bh±sita½ abhinandunti. Imasmiñca pana veyy±karaºasmi½ bhaññam±ne saµµhimatt±na½ bhikkh³na½ anup±d±ya ±savehi citt±ni vimucci½s³ti.

Mah±puººamasutta½ niµµhita½ navama½.