Namo tassa bhagavato arahato samm±sambuddhassa.

Majjhimanik±ye

Uparipaºº±sap±¼i

1. Devadahavaggo

1. Devadahasutta½

1. Eva½ me suta½– eka½ samaya½ bhagav± sakkesu viharati devadaha½ n±ma saky±na½ nigamo. Tatra kho bhagav± bhikkh³ ±mantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkh³ bhagavato paccassosu½. Bhagav± etadavoca– “santi, bhikkhave, eke samaºabr±hmaº± eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ‘ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²’ti. Eva½v±dino, bhikkhave, nigaºµh±.
“Eva½v±d±ha½ bhikkhave, nigaºµhe upasaªkamitv± eva½ vad±mi– ‘sacca½ kira tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, eva½v±dino eva½diµµhino– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²’ti? Te ca me, bhikkhave, nigaºµh± eva½ puµµh± ‘±m±’ti paµij±nanti.
“Ty±ha½ eva½ vad±mi– ‘ki½ pana tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, j±n±tha– ahuvamheva maya½ pubbe, na n±huvamh±’ti? ‘No hida½, ±vuso’.
“‘Ki½ pana tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, j±n±tha– akaramheva maya½ pubbe p±pakamma½, na n±karamh±’ti? ‘No hida½, ±vuso’.
“‘Ki½ pana tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, j±n±tha– evar³pa½ v± evar³pa½ v± p±pakamma½ akaramh±’ti? ‘No hida½, ±vuso’.
“‘Ki½ pana tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, j±n±tha– ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijjiººa½, ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijj²retabba½, ettakamhi v± dukkhe nijjiººe sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²’ti? ‘No hida½, ±vuso’.
“‘Ki½ pana tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, j±n±tha– diµµheva dhamme akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampadan’ti? ‘No hida½, ±vuso’.
2. “Iti kira tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, na j±n±tha– ahuvamheva maya½ pubbe, na n±huvamh±ti na j±n±tha– akaramheva maya½ pubbe p±pakamma½, na n±karamh±ti, na j±n±tha– evar³pa½ v± evar³pa½ v± p±pakamma½ akaramh±ti, na j±n±tha– ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijjiººa½, ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijj²retabba½, ettakamhi v± dukkhe nijjiººe sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²ti, na j±n±tha– diµµheva dhamme akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampada½; eva½ sante ±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ na kallamassa veyy±karaº±ya– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²”ti.
“Sace pana tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, j±neyy±tha– ahuvamheva maya½ pubbe, na n±huvamh±ti, j±neyy±tha– akaramheva maya½ pubbe p±pakamma½, na n±karamh±ti, j±neyy±tha– evar³pa½ v± evar³pa½ v± p±pakamma½ akaramh±ti, j±neyy±tha– ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijjiººa½, ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijj²retabba½, ettakamhi v± dukkhe nijjiººe sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²ti, j±neyy±tha– diµµheva dhamme akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampada½; eva½ sante ±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ kallamassa veyy±karaº±ya– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²”ti.
3. “Seyyath±pi, ±vuso nigaºµh±, puriso sallena viddho assa savisena g±¼h³palepanena [g±¼hapalepanena (ka.)]; so sallassapi vedhanahetu [vedan±hetu (s². p². ka.)] dukkh± tibb± [tipp± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)] kaµuk± vedan± vediyeyya. Tassa mitt±macc± ñ±tis±lohit± bhisakka½ sallakatta½ upaµµh±peyyu½. Tassa so bhisakko sallakatto satthena vaºamukha½ parikanteyya; so satthenapi vaºamukhassa parikantanahetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyeyya. Tassa so bhisakko sallakatto esaniy± salla½ eseyya; so esaniy±pi sallassa esan±hetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyeyya Tassa so bhisakko sallakatto salla½ abbuheyya [abbuyheyya (s².), abbh³ºheyya (sy±. ka½.)]; so sallassapi abbuhanahetu [abbuyhanahetu (s².), abbh³ºhanahetu (sy±. ka½.)] dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyeyya. Tassa so bhisakko sallakatto agadaªg±ra½ vaºamukhe odaheyya; so agadaªg±rassapi vaºamukhe odahanahetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyeyya. So aparena samayena r³¼hena vaºena sañchavin± arogo assa sukh² ser² saya½vas² yena k±maªgamo. Tassa evamassa– aha½ kho pubbe sallena viddho ahosi½ savisena g±¼h³palepanena. Soha½ sallassapi vedhanahetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyi½. Tassa me mitt±macc± ñ±tis±lohit± bhisakka½ sallakatta½ upaµµhapesu½. Tassa me so bhisakko sallakatto satthena vaºamukha½ parikanti; soha½ satthenapi vaºamukhassa parikantanahetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyi½. Tassa me so bhisakko sallakatto esaniy± salla½ esi; so aha½ esaniy±pi sallassa esan±hetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyi½. Tassa me so bhisakko sallakatto salla½ abbuhi [abbuyhi (s².), abbh³ºhi (sy±. ka½.)]; soha½ sallassapi abbuhanahetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyi½. Tassa me so bhisakko sallakatto agadaªg±ra½ vaºamukhe odahi; soha½ agadaªg±rassapi vaºamukhe odahanahetu dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyi½. Somhi etarahi r³¼hena vaºena sañchavin± arogo sukh² ser² saya½vas² yena k±maªgamo”ti.
“Evameva kho, ±vuso nigaºµh±, sace tumhe j±neyy±tha– ahuvamheva maya½ pubbe, na n±huvamh±ti, j±neyy±tha– akaramheva maya½ pubbe p±pakamma½, na n±karamh±ti, j±neyy±tha– evar³pa½ v± evar³pa½ v± p±pakamma½ akaramh±ti, j±neyy±tha– ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijjiººa½, ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijj²retabba½, ettakamhi v± dukkhe nijjiººe sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²ti, j±neyy±tha– diµµheva dhamme akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampada½; eva½ sante ±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ kallamassa veyy±karaº±ya– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²”ti.
“Yasm± ca kho tumhe, ±vuso nigaºµh±, na j±n±tha– ahuvamheva maya½ pubbe, na n±huvamh±ti, na j±n±tha– akaramheva maya½ pubbe p±pakamma½, na n±karamh±ti, na j±n±tha– evar³pa½ v± evar³pa½ v± p±pakamma½ akaramh±ti, na j±n±tha– ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijjiººa½, ettaka½ v± dukkha½ nijj²retabba½, ettakamhi v± dukkhe nijjiººe sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²ti, na j±n±tha– diµµheva dhamme akusal±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±na½, kusal±na½ dhamm±na½ upasampada½; tasm± ±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ na kallamassa veyy±karaº±ya– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²”ti.
4. “Eva½ vutte, bhikkhave, te nigaºµh± ma½ etadavocu½– ‘nigaºµho ±vuso, n±µaputto [n±thaputto (s².)] sabbaññ³ sabbadass±v², aparisesa½ ñ±ºadassana½ paµij±n±ti Carato ca me tiµµhato ca suttassa ca j±garassa ca satata½ samita½ ñ±ºadassana½ paccupaµµhitan’ti. So evam±ha– ‘atthi kho vo, ±vuso nigaºµh±, pubbeva p±pakamma½ kata½, ta½ im±ya kaµuk±ya dukkarak±rik±ya nijj²retha, ya½ panettha etarahi k±yena sa½vut± v±c±ya sa½vut± manas± sa½vut± ta½ ±yati½ p±pakammassa akaraºa½. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²’ti. Tañca panamh±ka½ ruccati ceva khamati ca, tena camh± attaman±”ti.
5. “Eva½ vutte aha½, bhikkhave, te nigaºµhe etadavoca½– ‘pañca kho ime, ±vuso nigaºµh±, dhamm± diµµheva dhamme dvidh±vip±k±. Katame pañca? Saddh±, ruci, anussavo, ±k±raparivitakko, diµµhinijjh±nakkhanti– ime kho, ±vuso nigaºµh±, pañca dhamm± diµµheva dhamme dvidh±vip±k±. Tatr±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ k± at²ta½se satthari saddh±, k± ruci, ko anussavo, ko ±k±raparivitakko, k± diµµhinijjh±nakkhant²’ti. Eva½v±d² [eva½v±d²su (ka.)] kho aha½, bhikkhave, nigaºµhesu na kañci [kiñci (s². p². ka.)] sahadhammika½ v±dapaµih±ra½ samanupass±mi.
“Puna capar±ha½ [puna ca pan±ha½ (s². p². ka.)], bhikkhave, te nigaºµhe eva½ vad±mi– ‘ta½ ki½ maññatha, ±vuso nigaºµh±. Yasmi½ vo samaye tibbo [tippo (p².)] upakkamo hoti tibba½ padh±na½, tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyetha; yasmi½ pana vo samaye na tibbo upakkamo hoti na tibba½ padh±na½, na tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyeth±’ti? ‘Yasmi½ no, ±vuso gotama, samaye tibbo upakkamo hoti tibba½ padh±na½, tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediy±ma; yasmi½ pana no samaye na tibbo upakkamo hoti na tibba½ padh±na½, na tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediy±m±”’ti.
6. “Iti kira, ±vuso nigaºµh±, yasmi½ vo samaye tibbo upakkamo hoti tibba½ padh±na½, tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyetha; yasmi½ pana vo samaye na tibbo upakkamo hoti na tibba½ padh±na½, na tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyetha. Eva½ sante ±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ na kallamassa veyy±karaº±ya– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²ti. Sace, ±vuso nigaºµh±, yasmi½ vo samaye tibbo upakkamo hoti tibba½ padh±na½, na tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyetha; yasmi½ pana vo samaye na tibbo upakkamo hoti na tibba½ padh±na½, tibb± tasmi½ samaye opakkamik± dukkh± tibb± kaµuk± vedan± vediyetha [padh±na½, tiµµheyyeva tasmi½ samaye… vedan± (s². sy±. ka½. p².)]; eva½ sante ±yasmant±na½ nigaºµh±na½ kallamassa veyy±karaº±ya– ya½ kiñc±ya½ purisapuggalo paµisa½vedeti sukha½ v± dukkha½ v± adukkhamasukha½ v±, sabba½ ta½ pubbekatahetu. Iti pur±º±na½ kamm±na½ tapas± byant²bh±v±, nav±na½ kamm±na½ akaraº±, ±yati½ anavassavo; ±yati½ anavassav± kammakkhayo; kammakkhay± dukkhakkhayo; dukkhakkhay± vedan±kkhayo; vedan±kkhay± sabba½ dukkha½ nijjiººa½ bhavissat²”ti.