9. Mah±puººamasuttavaººan±

85. Eva½ me sutanti mah±puººamasutta½. Tattha tadah³ti tasmi½ ahu, tasmi½ divaseti attho. Upavasanti etth±ti uposatho. Upavasant²ti s²lena v± anasanena v± upet± hutv± vasant²ti attho. Aya½ panettha atthuddh±ro– “±y±ma, ±vuso, kappina, uposatha½ gamiss±m±”ti-±d²su hi p±timokkhuddeso uposatho. “Aµµhaªgasamann±gato kho vis±khe uposatho upavuttho”ti-±d²su (a. ni. 8.53) s²la½. “Suddhassa ve sad± phaggu, suddhassuposatho sad±”ti-±d²su (ma. ni. 1.79) upav±so. “Uposatho n±ma n±gar±j±”ti-±d²su (d². ni. 2.246) paññatti. “Na, bhikkhave, tadahuposathe sabhikkhuk± ±v±s±”ti-±d²su (mah±va. 181) upavasitabbadivaso. Idh±pi soyeva adhippeto So panesa aµµham²c±tuddas²pannaras²bhedena tividho. Tasm± sesadvayaniv±raºattha½ pannaraseti vutta½. Tena vutta½ “upavasanti etth±ti uposatho”ti. M±sapuººat±ya puºº± sa½puºº±ti puºº±. M±-iti cando vuccati, so ettha puººoti puººam±. Eva½ puºº±ya puººam±y±ti imasmi½ padadvaye attho veditabbo.
Desanti k±raºa½. Tena hi tva½ bhikkhu sake ±sane nis²ditv± pucch±ti kasm± bhagav± µhitassa akathetv± nis²d±pes²ti. Aya½ kira bhikkhu saµµhimatt±na½ padh±niyabhikkh³na½ saªghatthero saµµhi bhikkh³ gahetv± araññe vasati, te tassa santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ghaµenti v±yamanti. Mah±bh³t±ni pariggaºhanti up±d±r³p±ni, n±mar³papaccayalakkhaº±rammaºikavipassana½ pariggaºhanti. Atha ne ±cariyupaµµh±na½ ±gantv± vanditv± nisinne thero mah±bh³tapariggah±d²ni pucchati. Te sabba½ kathenti, maggaphalapañha½ pucchit± pana kathetu½ na sakkonti. Atha thero cintesi– “mama santike etesa½ ov±dassa parih±ni natthi, ime ca ±raddhav²riy± viharanti. Kukkuµassa p±n²yapivanak±lamattampi nesa½ pam±dakiriy± natthi. Eva½ santepi maggaphal±ni nibbattetu½ na sakkonti. Aha½ imesa½ ajjh±saya½ na j±n±mi, buddhaveneyy± ete bhavissanti gahetv± ne satthu santika½ gacch±mi, atha nesa½ satth± cariyavasena dhamma½ desessat²”ti, te bhikkh³ gahetv± satthu santika½ ±gato.
Satth±pi s±yanhasamaye ±nandattherena upan²ta½ udaka½ ±d±ya sar²ra½ utu½ gaºh±petv± mig±ram±tup±s±dapariveºe paññattavarabuddh±sane nis²di, bhikkhusaªghopi na½ pariv±retv± nis²di.
Tasmi½ samaye s³riyo atthaªgameti, cando uggacchati, majjhaµµh±ne ca bhagav± nisinno. Candassa pabh± natthi, s³riyassa pabh± natthi, candimas³riy±na½ pabha½ makkhetv± chabbaºº± yamakabuddharasmiyo vijjotam±n± puñj± puñj± hutv± dis±vidis±su dh±vant²ti sabba½ heµµh± vuttanayena vitth±retabba½. Vaººabh³mi n±mes±, dhammakathikassevettha th±mo pam±ºa½, yattaka½ sakkoti, tattaka½ kathetabba½. Dukkathitanti na vattabba½. Eva½ sannisinn±ya paris±ya thero uµµhahitv± satth±ra½ pañhassa ok±sa½ k±resi. Tato bhagav±– “sace imasmi½ µhitake pucchante ‘±cariyo no uµµhito’ti sesabhikkh³ uµµhahissanti, eva½ tath±gate ag±ravo kato bhavissati. Atha nisinn±va pucchissanti, ±cariye ag±ravo kato bhavissati, ekagg± hutv± dhammadesana½ paµicchitu½ na sakkuºissanti. ¾cariye pana nisinne tepi nis²dissanti. Tato ekagg± dhammadesana½ paµicchitu½ sakkuºissant²”ti imin± k±raºena bhagav± µhitassa akathetv± nis²d±pet²ti.
Ime nu kho, bhanteti vimatipucch± viya kathit±. Thero pana pañcakkhandh±na½ udayabbaya½ pariggaºhitv± arahatta½ patto mah±kh²º±savo, natthi etassa vimati. J±nantenapi pana aj±nantena viya hutv± pucchitu½ vaµµati. Sace hi j±nanto viya pucchati, “j±n±ti ayan”ti tassa tassa vissajjento ekadesameva katheti. Aj±nantena viya pucchite pana kathento ito ca etto ca k±raºa½ ±haritv± p±kaµa½ katv± katheti. Koci pana aj±nantopi j±nanto viya pucchati. Thero evar³pa½ vacana½ ki½ karissati, j±nantoyeva pana aj±nanto viya pucchat²ti veditabbo.
Chandam³lak±ti taºh±m³lak±. Eva½r³po siyanti sace od±to hotuk±mo, harit±lavaººo v± manosil±vaººo v± siyanti pattheti Sace k±¼o hotuk±mo, n²luppalavaººo v± añjanavaººo v± atas²pupphavaººo v± siyanti pattheti. Eva½vedanoti kusalavedano v± sukhavedano v± siyanti pattheti. Saññ±d²supi eseva nayo. Yasm± pana at²te patthan± n±ma natthi, patthenten±pi ca na sakk± ta½ laddhu½, paccuppannepi na hoti, na hi od±to k±¼abh±va½ patthetv± paccuppanne k±¼o hoti, na k±¼o v± od±to, d²gho v± rasso, rasso v± d²gho, d±na½ pana datv± s²la½ v± sam±diyitv± “an±gate khattiyo v± homi br±hmaºo v±”ti patthentassa patthan± samijjhati. Tasm± an±gatameva gahita½.
Khandh±dhivacananti khandh±na½ khandhapaººatti kittakena hot²ti pucchati.
Mah±bh³t± het³ti “tayo kusalahet³”ti-±d²su (dha. sa. 1441) hi hetuhetu vutto. Avijj± puññ±bhisaªkh±r±d²na½ s±dh±raºatt± s±dh±raºahetu. Kusal±kusala½ attano attano vip±kad±ne uttamahetu. Idha paccayahetu adhippeto. Tattha pathav²dh±tu mah±bh³ta½ itaresa½ tiººa½ bh³t±na½ up±d±r³passa ca paññ±pan±ya dassanatth±ya hetu ceva paccayo ca. Eva½ sesesupi yojan± veditabb±.
Phassoti “phuµµho, bhikkhave, vedeti, phuµµho sañj±n±ti, phuµµho cetet²”ti (sa½. ni. 4.93) vacanato phasso tiººa½ khandh±na½ paññ±pan±ya hetu ceva paccayo ca. Viññ±ºakkhandhass±ti ettha paµisandhiviññ±ºena t±va saddhi½ gabbhaseyyak±na½ uparimaparicchedena samati½sa r³p±ni sampayutt± ca tayo khandh± uppajjanti, ta½ n±mar³pa½ paµisandhiviññ±ºassa paññ±pan±ya hetu ceva paccayo ca. Cakkhudv±re cakkhupas±do ceva r³p±rammaºañca r³pa½, sampayutt± tayo khandh± n±ma½. Ta½ n±mar³pa½ cakkhuviññ±ºassa paññ±pan±ya hetu ceva paccayo ca. Eseva nayo sesaviññ±ºesu.
87. Katha½ pana, bhanteti ida½ kittakena nu khoti vaµµa½ pucchanto evam±ha. Sakk±yadiµµhi na hot²ti ida½ vivaµµa½ pucchanto evam±ha.
88. Aya½ r³pe ass±doti imin± pariññ±paµivedho ceva dukkhasaccañca kathita½. Aya½ r³pe ±d²navoti imin± pah±napaµivedho ceva samudayasaccañca. Ida½ r³pe nissaraºanti imin± sacchikiriy±paµivedho ceva nirodhasaccañca. Ye imesu t²su µh±nesu samm±diµµhi-±dayo dhamm±, aya½ bh±van±paµivedho maggasacca½. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
89. Bahiddh±ti parassa saviññ±ºake k±ye. Sabbanimittes³ti imin± pana anindriyabaddhampi saªgaºh±ti. “Saviññ±ºake k±ye”ti vacanena v± attano ca parassa ca k±yo gahitova, bahiddh± ca sabbanimittaggahaºena anindriyabaddha½ gaºh±ti.
90. Anattakat±n²ti anattani µhatv± kat±ni. Kamatt±na½ phusissant²ti katarasmi½ attani µhatv± vip±ka½ dassent²ti sassatadassana½ okkamanto evam±ha. Taºh±dhipateyyen±ti taºh±jeµµhakena. Tatra tatr±ti tesu tesu dhammesu. Saµµhimatt±nanti ime bhikkh³ pakatikammaµµh±na½ jahitv± añña½ navakammaµµh±na½ sammasant± pallaªka½ abhinditv± tasmi½yeva ±sane arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Mah±puººamasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.