3. Puŗŗov±dasuttavaŗŗan±

395. Eva½ me sutanti puŗŗov±dasutta½. Tattha paµisall±n±ti ek²bh±v±. Ta½ ceti ta½ cakkhuńceva r³pańca. Nand²samuday± dukkhasamudayoti nandiy± taŗh±ya samodh±nena pańcakkhandhadukkhassa samodh±na½ hoti. Iti chasu dv±resu dukkha½ samudayoti dvinna½ sacc±na½ vasena vaµµa½ matthaka½ p±petv± dassesi. Dutiyanaye nirodho maggoti dvinna½ sacc±na½ vasena vivaµµa½ matthaka½ p±petv± dassesi. Imin± ca tva½ puŗŗ±ti p±µiyekko anusandhi. Eva½ t±va vaµµavivaµµavasena desana½ arahatte pakkhipitv± id±ni puŗŗatthera½ sattasu µh±nesu s²han±da½ nad±petu½ imin± ca tvanti-±dim±ha.
396. Caŗ¹±ti duµµh± kibbis±. Pharus±ti kakkha¼±. Akkosissant²ti dasahi akkosavatth³hi akkosissanti. Paribh±sissant²ti ki½ samaŗo n±ma tva½, idańca idańca te kariss±m±ti tajjessanti. Evametth±ti eva½ mayha½ ettha bhavissati.
Daŗ¹en±ti catuhatthena daŗ¹ena v± ghaµikamuggarena v±. Satthen±ti ekatodh±r±din±. Satthah±raka½ pariyesant²ti j²vitah±raka½ sattha½ pariyesanti. Ida½ thero tatiyap±r±jikavatthusmi½ asubhakatha½ sutv± attabh±vena jigucchant±na½ bhikkh³na½ satthah±rakapariyesana½ sandh±y±ha. Dam³pasamen±ti ettha damoti indriyasa½var±d²na½ eta½ n±ma½. “Saccena danto damas± upeto, vedantag³ vusitabrahmacariyo”ti (sa½. ni. 1.195; su. ni. 467) ettha hi indriyasa½varo damoti vutto. “Yadi sacc± dam± c±g±, khanty± bhiyyodha vijjat²”ti (sa½. ni. 1.246; su. ni. 191) ettha pańń± damoti vutto. “D±nena damena sa½yamena saccavajjen±”ti (d². ni. 1.166; ma. ni. 2.226) ettha uposathakamma½ damoti vutta½. Imasmi½ pana sutte khanti damoti veditabb±. Upasamoti tasseva vevacana½.
397. Atha kho ±yasm± puŗŗoti ko panesa puŗŗo, kasm± panettha gantuk±mo ahos²ti Sun±parantav±siko eva eso, s±vatthiya½ pana asapp±yavih±ra½ sallakkhetv± tattha gantuk±mo ahosi.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– sun±parantaraµµhe kira ekasmi½ v±ŗijakag±me ete dve bh±taro. Tesu kad±ci jeµµho pańca sakaµasat±ni gahetv± janapada½ gantv± bhaŗ¹a½ ±harati, kad±ci kaniµµho. Imasmi½ pana samaye kaniµµha½ ghare µhapetv± jeµµhabh±tiko pańca sakaµasat±ni gahetv± janapadac±rika½ caranto anupubbena s±vatthi½ patv± jetavanassa n±tid³re sakaµasattha½ niv±setv± bhuttap±tar±so parijanaparivuto ph±sukaµµh±ne nis²di.
Tena ca samayena s±vatthiv±sino bhuttap±tar±s± uposathaŖg±ni adhiµµh±ya suddhuttar±saŖg± gandhapupph±dihatth± yena buddho yena dhammo yena saŖgho, tanninn± tappoŗ± tapp±bbh±r± hutv± dakkhiŗadv±rena nikkhamitv± jetavana½ gacchanti. So te disv± “kaha½ ime gacchanti”ti ekamanussa½ pucchi. Ki½ tva½ ayyo na j±n±si, loke buddhadhammasaŖgharatan±ni n±ma uppann±ni, iccesa mah±jano satthu santike dhammakatha½ sotu½ gacchat²ti. Tassa buddhoti vacana½ chavicamm±d²ni chinditv± aµµhimińja½ ±hacca aµµh±si. Atha attano parijanaparivuto t±ya paris±ya saddhi½ vih±ra½ gantv± satthu madhurassarena dhamma½ desentassa parisapariyante µhito dhamma½ sutv± pabbajj±ya citta½ upp±desi. Atha tath±gatena k±la½ viditv± paris±ya uyyojit±ya satth±ra½ upasaŖkamitv± vanditv± sv±tan±ya nimantetv± dutiyadivase maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± ±san±ni pańńapetv± buddhappamukhassa saŖghassa mah±d±na½ datv± bhuttap±tar±so uposathaŖg±ni adhiµµh±ya bhaŗ¹±g±rika½ pakkos±petv±, ettaka½ bhaŗ¹a½ vissajjita½, ettaka½ na vissajjitanti sabba½ ±cikkhitv±– “ima½ s±pateyya½ mayha½ kaniµµhassa deh²”ti sabba½ niyy±tetv± satthu santike pabbajitv± kammaµµh±napar±yaŗo ahosi.
Athassa kammaµµh±na½ manasikarontassa kammaµµh±na½ na upaµµh±ti. Tato cintesi– “aya½ janapado mayha½ asapp±yo, ya½n³n±ha½ satthu santike kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± sakaµµh±nameva gaccheyyan”ti. Atha pubbaŗhasamaye piŗ¹±ya caritv± s±yanhasamaye paµisall±n± vuµµhahitv± bhagavanta½ upasaŖkamitv± kammaµµh±na½ kath±petv± satta s²han±de naditv± pakk±mi. Tena vutta½– “atha kho ±yasm± puŗŗo…pe… viharat²”ti.
Kattha pan±ya½ vih±s²ti? Cat³su µh±nesu vih±si, sun±parantaraµµha½ t±va pavisitv± ajjuhatthapabbate n±ma pavisitv± v±ŗijag±ma½ piŗ¹±ya p±visi. Atha na½ kaniµµhabh±t± sańj±nitv± bhikkha½ datv±, “bhante, ańńattha agantv± idheva vasath±”ti paµińńa½ k±retv± tattheva vas±pesi.
Tato samuddagirivih±ra½ n±ma agam±si. Tattha ayakantap±s±ŗehi paricchinditv± katacaŖkamo atthi, ta½ koci caŖkamitu½ samattho n±ma natthi. Tattha samuddav²ciyo ±gantv± ayakantap±s±ŗesu paharitv± mah±sadda½ karonti. Therona½– “kammaµµh±na½ manasikaront±na½ ph±suvih±ro hot³”ti samudda½ nissadda½ katv± adhiµµh±si.
Tato m±tulagiri½ n±ma agam±si. Tattha sakuŗasaŖgho ussanno, rattińca div± ca saddo ek±baddhova hoti, thero ima½ µh±na½ aph±sukanti tato makulak±r±mavih±ra½ n±ma gato. So v±ŗijag±massa n±tid³ro nacc±sanno gaman±gamanasampanno vivitto appasaddo. Thero ima½ µh±na½ ph±sukanti tattha rattiµµh±nadiv±µµh±nacaŖkaman±d²ni k±retv± vassa½ upagacchi. Eva½ cat³su µh±nesu vih±si.
Athekadivasa½ tasmi½yeva antovasse pańca v±ŗijasat±ni parasamudda½ gacch±m±ti n±v±ya bhaŗ¹a½ pakkhipi½su. N±v±rohanadivase therassa kaniµµhabh±t± thera½ bhojetv± therassa santike sikkh±pad±ni gahetv± vanditv± gacchanto,– “bhante, mah±samuddo n±ma appameyyo anekantar±yo, amhe ±vajjeyy±th±”ti vatv± n±va½ ±ruhi. N±v± uttamajavena gaccham±n± ańńatara½ d²paka½ p±puŗi. Manuss± p±tar±sa½ kariss±m±ti d²pake otiŗŗ±. Tasmi½ d²pe ańńa½ kińci natthi, candanavanameva ahosi.
Atheko v±siy± rukkha½ ±koµetv± lohitacandanabh±va½ ńatv± ±ha– “bho maya½ l±bhatth±ya parasamudda½ gacch±ma, ito ca uttari l±bho n±ma natthi, caturaŖgulamatt± ghaµik± satasahassa½ agghati, h±retabbakayutta½ bhaŗ¹a½ h±retv± candanassa p³rem±”ti. Te tath± kari½su. Candanavane adhivatth± amanuss± kujjhitv±– “imehi amh±ka½ candanavana½ n±sita½, gh±tess±ma ne”ti cintetv±– “idheva gh±titesu sabba½ vana½ eka½ kuŗapa½ bhavissati, samuddamajjhe nesa½ n±va½ os²dess±m±”ti ±ha½su. Atha tesa½ n±va½ ±ruyha muhutta½ gatak±leyeva upp±dika½ uµµhapetv± sayampi te amanuss± bhay±nak±ni r³p±ni dassayi½su. Bh²t± manuss± attano attano devat± namassanti. Therassa kaniµµho c³¼apuŗŗakuµumbiko– “mayha½ bh±t± avassayo hot³”ti therassa namassam±no aµµh±si.
Theropi kira tasmi½yeva khaŗe ±vajjitv± tesa½ byasanuppatti½ ńatv± veh±sa½ uppatitv± sammukhe aµµh±si. Amanuss± thera½ disv± “ayyo puŗŗatthero et²”ti pakkami½su, upp±dika½ sannis²di. Thero m± bh±yath±ti te ass±setv± “kaha½ gantuk±matth±”ti pucchi. Bhante, amh±ka½ sakaµµh±nameva gacch±m±ti. Thero n±va½ phale akkamitv± “etesa½ icchitaµµh±na½ gacchat³”ti adhiµµh±si. V±ŗij± sakaµµh±na½ gantv± ta½ pavatti½ puttad±rassa ±rocetv± “etha thera½ saraŗa½ gacch±m±”ti pańcasat± attano pańcam±tug±masatehi saddhi½ t²su saraŗesu patiµµh±ya up±sakatta½ paµivedesu½. Tato n±v±ya bhaŗ¹a½ ot±retv± therassa eka½ koµµh±sa½ katv±– “aya½, bhante, tumh±ka½ koµµh±so”ti ±ha½su. Thero– “mayha½ visu½ koµµh±sakicca½ natthi, satth± pana tumhehi diµµhapubbo”ti. Na diµµhapubbo, bhanteti. Tena hi imin± satthu maŗ¹alam±¼a½ karotha, eva½ satth±ra½ passissath±ti. Te s±dhu, bhanteti tena ca koµµh±sena attano ca koµµh±sehi maŗ¹alam±¼a½ k±tu½ ±rabhi½su.
Satth±pi kira ±raddhak±lato paµµh±ya paribhoga½ ak±si. ¾rakkhamanuss± ratti½ obh±sa½ disv± “mahesakkh± devat± atth²”ti sańńa½ kari½su. Up±sak± maŗ¹alam±¼ańca bhikkhusaŖghassa ca sen±san±ni niµµhapetv± d±nasambh±ra½ sajjetv±– “kata½, bhante, amhehi attano kicca½, satth±ra½ pakkosath±”ti therassa ±rocesu½. Thero s±yanhasamaye iddhiy± s±vatthi½ patv±, “bhante, v±ŗijag±mav±sino tumhe daµµhuk±m±, tesa½ anukampa½ karoth±”ti bhagavanta½ y±ci. Bhagav± adhiv±sesi. Thero bhagavato adhiv±sana½ viditv± sakaµµh±nameva pacc±gato.
Bhagav±pi ±nandathera½ ±mantesi – “±nanda, sve sun±parante v±ŗijag±me piŗ¹±ya cariss±ma, tva½ ek³napańcasat±na½ bhikkh³na½ sal±ka½ deh²”ti. Thero s±dhu, bhanteti bhikkhusaŖghassa tamattha½ ±rocetv± nabhac±rik± bhikkh³ sal±ka½ gaŗhant³ti ±ha. Ta½divasa½ kuŗ¹adh±natthero paµhama½ sal±ka½ aggahesi. V±ŗijag±mav±sinopi “sve kira satth± ±gamissat²”ti g±mamajjhe maŗ¹apa½ katv± d±nagga½ sajjayi½su. Bhagav± p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± phalasam±patti½ appetv± nis²di. Sakkassa paŗ¹ukambalasil±sana½ uŗha½ ahosi. So ki½ idanti ±vajjetv± satthu sun±parantagamana½ disv± vissakamma½ ±mantesi– “t±ta ajja bhagav± timatt±ni yojanasat±ni piŗ¹±c±ra½ karissati, pańca k³µ±g±rasat±ni m±petv± jetavanadv±rakoµµhamatthake gamanasajj±ni katv± µhapeh²”ti. So tath± ak±si. Bhagavato k³µ±g±ra½ catumukha½ ahosi, dvinna½ aggas±vak±na½ dvimukh±ni, ses±ni ekamukh±ni. Satth± gandhakuµito nikkhamma paµip±µiy± µhapitak³µ±g±resu dhurak³µ±g±ra½ p±visi. Dve aggas±vake ±di½ katv± ek³napańcabhikkhusat±nipi k³µ±g±ra½ gantv± nisinn± ahesu½. Eka½ tucchak³µ±g±ra½ ahosi, pańcapi k³µ±g±rasat±ni ±k±se uppati½su.
Satth± saccabandhapabbata½ n±ma patv± k³µ±g±ra½ ±k±se µhapesi. Tasmi½ pabbate saccabandho n±ma micch±diµµhikat±paso mah±jana½ micch±diµµhi½ uggaŗh±pento l±bhaggayasaggappatto hutv± vasati. Abbhantare cassa antoc±µiya½ pad²po viya arahattassa upanissayo jalati. Ta½ disv± dhammamassa kathess±m²ti gantv± dhamma½ desesi. T±paso desan±pariyos±ne arahatta½ p±puŗi, maggenev±ssa abhińń± ±gat±. Ehibhikkhu hutv± iddhimayapattac²varadharo hutv± k³µ±g±ra½ p±visi.
Bhagav± k³µ±g±ragatehi pańcahi bhikkhusatehi saddhi½ v±ŗijag±ma½ gantv± k³µ±g±r±ni adissam±n±ni katv± v±ŗijag±ma½ p±visi. V±ŗij± buddhappamukhassa bhikkhusaŖghassa mah±d±na½ datv± satth±ra½ makulak±r±ma½ nayi½su. Satth± maŗ¹alam±¼a½ p±visi. Mah±jano y±va satth± bhattadaratha½ paµipassambheti, t±va p±tar±sa½ katv± uposathaŖg±ni sam±d±ya bahu½ gandhańca pupphańca ±d±ya dhammassavanatth±ya ±r±ma½ pacc±gam±si. Satth± dhamma½ desesi. Mah±janassa bandhanamokkho j±to, mahanta½ buddhakol±hala½ ahosi.
Satth± mah±janassa saŖgahattha½ katip±ha½ tattheva vasi, aruŗa½ pana mah±gandhakuµiya½yeva uµµhapesi. Tattha katip±ha½ vasitv± v±ŗijag±me piŗ¹±ya caritv± “tva½ idheva vas±h²”ti puŗŗatthera½ nivattetv± antare nammad±nad² n±ma atthi, tass± t²ra½ agam±si. Nammad±n±gar±j± satthu paccuggamana½ katv± n±gabhavana½ pavesetv± tiŗŗa½ ratan±na½ sakk±ra½ ak±si. Satth± tassa dhamma½ kathetv± n±gabhavan± nikkhami. So– “mayha½, bhante, paricaritabba½ deth±”ti y±ci, bhagav± nammad±nad²t²re padacetiya½ dassesi. Ta½ v²c²su ±gat±su pidh²yati, gat±su vivar²yati, mah±sakk±rappatta½ ahosi. Satth± tato nikkhamma saccabandhapabbata½ gantv± saccabandha½ ±ha– “tay± mah±jano ap±yamagge ot±rito, tva½ idheva vasitv± etesa½ laddhi½ vissajj±petv± nibb±namagge patiµµh±peh²”ti. Sopi paricaritabba½ y±ci. Satth± ghanapiµµhip±s±ŗe allamattikapiŗ¹amhi lańchana½ viya padacetiya½ dassesi, tato jetavanameva gato. Etamattha½ sandh±ya tenevantaravassen±ti-±di vutta½.
Parinibb±y²ti anup±dises±ya nibb±nadh±tuy± parinibb±yi. Mah±jano therassa satta divas±ni sar²rap³ja½ katv± bah³ni gandhakaµµh±ni samodh±netv± sar²ra½ jh±petv± dh±tuyo ±d±ya cetiya½ ak±si. Sambahul± bhikkh³ti therassa ±¼±hane µhitabhikkh³. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Puŗŗov±dasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.