Kimattha½ pana avasissat²ti? Satthu kathanattha½. Kulaputtassa paµivijjhanatthantipi vadanti ta½ na gahetabba½. Kulaputtena hi sah±yassa s±sana½ v±cetv± p±s±datale µhiteneva ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½ nibbattita½, yadassa ettaka½ magga½ ±gacchantassa y±nakicca½ s±dheti. Satthu kathanattha½yeva avasissati. Imasmiñhi µh±ne satth± kulaputtassa r³p±vacarajjh±ne vaººa½ kathesi. Idañhi vutta½ hoti “bhikkhu paguºa½ tava ida½ r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±nan”ti. Parisuddh±ti-±di tass±yeva upekkh±ya vaººabhaºana½. Ukka½ bandheyy±ti aªg±rakapalla½ sajjeyya. ¾limpeyy±ti tattha aªg±re pakkhipitv± aggi½ datv± n±¼ik±ya dhamento aggi½ j±leyya. Ukk±mukhe pakkhipeyy±ti aªg±re viy³hitv± aªg±ramatthake v± µhapeyya, tattake v± pakkhipeyya. N²haµanti n²haµadosa½. Ninn²takas±vanti apan²takas±va½. Evameva khoti yath± ta½ suvaººa½ icchiticchit±ya pi¼andhanavikatiy± sa½vattati, evameva aya½ t±va catutthajjh±nupekkh± vipassan± abhiññ± nirodho bhavokkant²ti imesu ya½ icchati, tassatth±ya hot²ti vaººa½ kathesi.
Kasm± pana bhagav± imasmi½ r³p±vacaracatutthajjh±ne nikantipariy±d±nattha½ avaººa½ akathetv± vaººa½ kathes²ti. Kulaputtassa hi catutthajjh±ne nikantipariyuµµh±na½ balava½. Sace avaººa½ katheyya,– “mayha½ pabbajitv± dv±navutiyojanasata½ ±gacchantassa ima½ catutthajjh±na½ y±nakicca½ s±dhesi, aha½ ettaka½ magga½ ±gacchanto jh±nasukhena jh±naratiy± ±gato, evar³passa n±ma paº²tadhammassa avaººa½ katheti, j±na½ nu kho katheti aj±nan”ti kulaputto sa½saya½ sammoha½ ±pajjeyya, tasm± bhagav± vaººa½ kathesi.
361. Tadanudhammanti ettha ar³p±vacarajjh±na½ dhammo n±ma, ta½ anugatatt± r³p±vacarajjh±na½ anudhammoti vutta½. Vip±kajjh±na½ v± dhammo, kusalajjh±na½ anudhammo. Tadup±d±n±ti taggahaº±. Cira½ d²ghamaddh±nanti v²satikappasahass±ni. Vip±kavasena heta½ vutta½. Ito uttarimpi eseva nayo.
362. Eva½ cat³hi v±rehi ar³p±vacarajjh±nassa vaººa½ kathetv± id±ni tasseva ±d²nava½ dassento so eva½ paj±n±t²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha saªkhatametanti kiñc±pi ettha v²satikappasahass±ni ±yu atthi, eta½ pana saªkhata½ pakappita½ ±y³hita½, karontena kar²yati, anicca½ adhuva½ asassata½ t±vak±lika½, cavanaparibhedanaviddha½sanadhamma½, j±tiy± anugata½, jar±ya anusaµa½, maraºena abbh±hata½, dukkhe patiµµhita½, at±ºa½ aleºa½ asaraºa½ asaraº²bh³tanti. Viññ±ºañc±yatan±d²supi eseva nayo.
Id±ni arahattanik³µena desana½ gaºhanto so neva ta½ abhisaªkharot²ti-±dim±ha. Yath± hi cheko bhisakko visavik±ra½ disv± vamana½ k±retv± visa½ µh±nato c±vetv± upari ±ropetv± khandha½ v± s²sa½ v± gahetu½ adatv± visa½ ot±retv± pathaviya½ p±teyya, evameva bhagav± kulaputtassa ar³p±vacarajjh±ne vaººa½ kathesi. Ta½ sutv± kulaputto r³p±vacarajjh±ne nikanti½ pariy±d±ya ar³p±vacarajjh±ne patthana½ µhapesi.
Bhagav± ta½ ñatv± ta½ asampattassa appaµiladdhasseva bhikkhuno “atthes± ±k±s±nañc±yatan±d²su sampatti n±ma. Tesañhi paµhamabrahmaloke v²satikappasahass±ni ±yu, dutiye catt±l²sa½, tatiye saµµhi, catutthe catur±s²ti kappasahass±ni ±yu. Ta½ pana anicca½ adhuva½ asassata½ t±vak±lika½, cavanaparibhedanaviddha½sanadhamma½, j±tiy± anugata½, jar±ya anusaµa½, maraºena abbh±hata½, dukkhe patiµµhita½, at±ºa½ aleºa½ asaraºa½ asaraº²bh³ta½, ettaka½ k±la½ tattha sampatti½ anubhavitv±pi puthujjanak±lakiriya½ katv± puna cat³su ap±yesu patitabban”ti sabbameta½ ±d²nava½ ekapadeneva “saªkhatametan”ti kathesi. Kulaputto ta½ sutv± ar³p±vacarajjh±ne nikanti½ pariy±diyi, bhagav± tassa r³p±vacar±r³p±vacaresu nikantiy± pariy±dinnabh±va½ ñatv± arahattanik³µa½ gaºhanto “so neva ta½ abhisaªkharot²”ti-±dim±ha.
Yath± v± paneko mah±yodho eka½ r±j±na½ ±r±dhetv± satasahassuµµh±naka½ g±mavara½ labheyya, puna r±j± tass±nubh±va½ saritv±– “mah±nubh±vo yodho, appaka½ tena laddhan”ti– “n±ya½ t±ta g±mo tuyha½ anucchaviko, añña½ catusatasahassuµµh±naka½ gaºh±h²”ti dadeyya so s±dhu dev±ti ta½ vissajjetv± itara½ g±ma½ gaºheyya. R±j± asampattameva ca na½ pakkos±petv±– “ki½ te tena, ahiv±tarogo ettha uppajjati? Asukasmi½ pana µh±ne mahanta½ nagara½ atthi, tattha chatta½ uss±petv± rajja½ k±reh²”ti pahiºeyya, so tath± kareyya.
Tattha r±j± viya samm±sambuddho daµµhabbo, mah±yodho viya pukkus±ti kulaputto, paµhamaladdhag±mo viya ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½, ta½ vissajjetv± itara½ g±ma½ gaºh±h²ti vuttak±lo viya ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±ne nikantipariy±d±na½ katv± ±ruppakathana½, ta½ g±ma½ asampattameva pakkos±petv± “ki½ te tena, ahiv±tarogo ettha uppajjati? Asukasmi½ µh±ne nagara½ atthi, tattha chatta½ uss±petv± rajja½ k±reh²”ti vuttak±lo viya ar³pe saªkhatametanti ±d²navakathanena appatt±suyeva t±su sam±patt²su patthana½ nivatth±petv± upari arahattanik³µena desan±gahaºa½.
Tattha neva abhisaªkharot²ti n±y³hati na r±si½ karoti. Na abhisañcetayat²ti na kappeti. Bhav±ya v± vibhav±ya v±ti vuddhiy± v± parih±niy± v±, sassatucchedavasenapi yojetabba½. Na kiñci loke up±diyat²ti loke r³p±d²su kiñci ekadhammampi taºh±ya na gaºh±ti, na par±masati. N±para½ itthatt±y±ti paj±n±t²ti bhagav± attano buddhavisaye µhatv± desan±ya arahattanik³µa½ gaºhi. Kulaputto pana attano yathopanissayena t²ºi s±maññaphal±ni paµivijjhi. Yath± n±ma r±j± suvaººabh±janena n±n±rasabhojana½ bhuñjanto attano pam±ºena piº¹a½ vaµµetv± aªke nisinnena r±jakum±rena piº¹amhi ±laye dassite ta½ piº¹a½ upan±meyya, kum±ro attano mukhappam±ºeneva kaba¼a½ kareyya, sesa½ r±j± saya½ v± bhuñjeyya, p±tiya½ v± pakkhipeyya, eva½ dhammar±j± tath±gato attano pam±ºena arahattanik³µa½ gaºhanto desana½ desesi, kulaputto attano yathopanissayena t²ºi s±maññaphal±ni paµivijjhi.
Ito pubbe panassa khandh± dh±tuyo ±yatan±n²ti evar³pa½ accantasuññata½ tilakkhaº±hata½ katha½ kathentassa neva kaªkh±, na vimati, n±pi– “eva½ kira ta½, eva½ me ±cariyena vuttan”ti iti kira na dandh±yitatta½ na vitth±yitatta½ atthi Ekaccesu ca kira µh±nesu buddh± aññ±takavesena vicaranti, samm±sambuddho nu kho esoti ahudeva sa½sayo, ahu vimati. Yato anena an±g±miphala½ paµividdha½, atha aya½ me satth±ti niµµha½ gato. Yadi eva½ kasm± accaya½ na deses²ti. Ok±s±bh±vato. Bhagav± hi yath±nikkhitt±ya m±tik±ya acchinnadh±ra½ katv± ±k±sagaªga½ ot±rento viya desana½ desesiyeva.
363. Soti arah±. Anajjhosit±ti gilitv± pariniµµh±petv± gahetu½ na yutth±ti paj±n±ti. Anabhinandit±ti taºh±diµµhivasena abhinanditu½ na yutt±ti paj±n±ti.
364. Visa½yutto na½ vedet²ti sace hissa sukhavedana½ ±rabbha r±g±nusayo, dukkhavedana½ ±rabbha paµigh±nusayo, itara½ ±rabbha avijj±nusayo uppajjeyya, sa½yutto vediyeyya n±ma. Anuppajjanato pana visa½yutto na½ vedeti nissaµo vippamutto. K±yapariyantikanti k±yakoµika½. Y±va k±yapavatt± uppajjitv± tato para½ anuppajjanavedananti attho. Dutiyapadepi eseva nayo. Anabhinandit±ni s²t²bhavissant²ti dv±dasasu ±yatanesu kiles±na½ visevanassa natthit±ya anabhinandit±ni hutv± idha dv±dasasuyeva ±yatanesu nirujjhissanti. Kiles± hi nibb±na½ ±gamma niruddh±pi yattha natthi, tattha niruddh±ti vuccanti. Sv±yamattho– “etthes± taºh± nirujjham±n± nirujjhat²”ti samudayapañhena d²petabbo. Tasm± bhagav± nibb±na½ ±gamma s²tibh³t±nipi idheva s²t²bhavissant²ti ±ha. Nanu ca idha vedayit±ni vutt±ni, na kiles±ti. Vedayit±nipi kiles±bh±veneva s²t²bhavanti. Itarath± nesa½ s²tibh±vo n±ma natth²ti suvuttameta½.
365. Evameva khoti ettha ida½ opammasa½sandana½– yath± hi eko puriso telapad²passa jh±yato tele kh²ºe tela½ ±siñcati, vaµµiy± kh²º±ya vaµµi½ pakkhipati, eva½ d²pasikh±ya anupacchedova hoti, evameva puthujjano ekasmi½ bhave µhito kusal±kusala½ karoti, so tena sugatiyañca ap±yesu ca nibbattatiyeva, eva½ vedan±na½ anupacchedova hoti. Yath± paneko d²pasikh±ya ukkaºµhito– “ima½ purisa½ ±gamma d²pasikh± na upacchijjat²”ti nil²no tassa purisassa s²sa½ chindeyya, eva½ vaµµiy± ca telassa ca anupah±r± d²pasikh± an±h±r± nibb±yati, evameva vaµµe ukkaºµhito yog±vacaro arahattamaggena kusal±kusala½ samucchindati, tassa samucchinnatt± kh²º±savassa bhikkhuno k±yassa bhed± puna vedayit±ni na uppajjant²ti.
Tasm±ti yasm± ±dimhi sam±dhivipassan±paññ±hi arahattaphalapaññ± uttaritar±, tasm±. Eva½ samann±gatoti imin± uttamena arahattaphalapaññ±dhiµµh±nena samann±gato. Sabbadukkhakkhaye ñ±ºa½ n±ma arahattamagge ñ±ºa½, imasmi½ pana sutte arahattaphale ñ±ºa½ adhippeta½. Tenev±ha tassa s± vimutti sacce µhit± akupp± hot²ti.
366. Ettha hi vimutt²ti arahattaphalavimutti, saccanti paramatthasacca½ nibb±na½. Iti akupp±rammaºakaraºena akupp±ti vutt±. Mus±ti vitatha½. Mosadhammanti nassanasabh±va½. Ta½ saccanti ta½ avitatha½ sabh±vo. Amosadhammanti anassanasabh±va½.
Tasm±ti yasm± ±dito samathavipassan±vasena vac²saccato dukkhasaccasamudayasaccehi ca paramatthasacca½ nibb±nameva uttaritara½, tasm±. Eva½ samann±gatoti imin± uttamena paramatthasacc±dhiµµh±nena samann±gato.
367. Pubbeti puthujjanak±le. Upadh² hont²ti khandh³padhi kiles³padhi abhisaªkh±r³padhi pañcak±maguº³padh²ti ime upadhayo honti. Samatt± sam±dinn±ti parip³r± gahit± paramaµµh±. Tasm±ti yasm± ±dito samathavipassan±vasena kilesaparicc±gato, sot±pattimagg±d²hi ca kilesaparicc±gato arahattamaggeneva kilesaparicc±go uttaritaro, tasm±. Eva½ samann±gatoti imin± uttamena c±g±dhiµµh±nena samann±gato.
368. ¾gh±toti-±d²su ±gh±takaraºavasena ±gh±to, by±pajjanavasena by±p±do, sampadussanavasena sampadosoti t²hi padehi dos±kusalam³lameva vutta½. Tasm±ti yasm± ±dito samathavipassan±vasena kilesav³pasamato, sot±pattimagg±d²hi kilesav³pasamato ca arahattamaggeneva kilesav³pasamo uttaritaro, tasm±. Eva½ samann±gatoti imin± uttamena upasam±dhiµµh±nena samann±gato.
369. Maññitametanti taºh±maññita½ m±namaññita½ diµµhimaññitanti tividhampi vaµµati. Ayamahamasm²ti ettha pana ayamahanti eka½ taºh±maññitameva vaµµati. Rogoti-±d²su ±b±dhaµµhena rogo, antodosaµµhena gaº¹o, anupaviµµhaµµhena salla½. Muni santoti vuccat²ti kh²º±savamuni santo nibbutoti vuccati. Yattha µhitanti yasmi½ µh±ne µhita½. Sa½khitten±ti buddh±na½ kira sabb±pi dhammadesan± sa½khitt±va, vitth±radesan± n±ma natthi, samantapaµµh±nakath±pi sa½khitt±yeva. Iti bhagav± desana½ yath±nusandhi½ p±pesi. Uggh±µitaññ³ti-±d²su pana cat³su puggalesu pukkus±ti kulaputto vipañcitaññ³, iti vipañcitaññuvasena bhagav± ima½ dh±tuvibhaªgasutta½ kathesi.
370. Na kho me, bhante, paripuººa½ pattac²varanti kasm± kulaputtassa iddhimayapattac²vara½ na nibbattanti. Pubbe aµµhanna½ parikkh±r±na½ adinnatt±. Kulaputto hi dinnad±no kat±bhin²h±ro, na dinnatt±ti na vattabba½. Iddhimayapattac²vara½ pana pacchimabhavik±na½yeva nibbattati, ayañca punapaµisandhiko, tasm± na nibbattanti. Atha bhagav± saya½ pariyesitv± kasm± na upasamp±des²ti. Ok±s±bh±vato. Kulaputtassa ±yu parikkh²ºa½, suddh±v±siko an±g±m² mah±brahm± kumbhak±ras±la½ ±gantv± nisinno viya ahosi. Tasm± saya½ na pariyesi.
Pattac²varapariyesana½ pakk±m²ti k±ya vel±ya pakk±mi? Uµµhite aruºe. Bhagavato kira dhammadesan±pariniµµh±nañca aruºuµµh±nañca rasmivissajjanañca ekakkhaºe ahosi. Bhagav± kira desana½ niµµhapetv±va chabbaººarasmiyo vissajji, sakalakumbhak±ranivesana½ ekapajjota½ ahosi, chabbaººarasmiyo j±laj±l± puñjapuñj± hutv± vidh±vantiyo sabbadis±bh±ge suvaººapaµapariyonaddhe viya ca n±n±vaººakusumaratanavisarasamujjale viya ca aka½su. Bhagav± “nagarav±sino ma½ passant³”ti adhiµµh±si. Nagarav±sino bhagavanta½ disv±va “satth± kira ±gato, kumbhak±ras±l±ya kira nisinno”ti aññamaññassa ±rocetv± rañño ±rocesu½.
R±j± ±gantv± satth±ra½ vanditv±, “bhante, k±ya vel±ya ±gatatth±”ti pucchi. Hiyyo s³riyatthaªgamanavel±ya mah±r±j±ti. Kena kammena bhagav±ti? Tumh±ka½ sah±yo pukkus±ti r±j± tumhehi pahita½ s±sana½ sutv± nikkhamitv± pabbajitv± ma½ uddissa ±gacchanto s±vatthi½ atikkamma pañcacatt±l²sa yojan±ni ±gantv± ima½ kumbhak±ras±la½ pavisitv± nis²di, aha½ tassa saªgahattha½ ±gantv± dhammakatha½ kathesi½, kulaputto t²ºi phal±ni paµivijjhi mah±r±j±ti. Id±ni kaha½, bhanteti? Upasampada½ y±citv± aparipuººapattac²varat±ya pattac²varapariyesanattha½ gato mah±r±j±ti. R±j± kulaputtassa gatadis±bh±gena agam±si. Bhagav±pi ±k±sen±gantv± jetavanagandhakuµimhiyeva p±turahosi.
Kulaputtopi pattac²vara½ pariyesam±no neva bimbis±rarañño na takkas²lak±na½ jaªghav±ºij±na½ santika½ agam±si. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “na kho me kukkuµassa viya tattha tattha man±p±man±pameva vicinitv± pattac²vara½ pariyesitu½ yutta½, mahanta½ nagara½ vajjitv± udakatitthasus±nasaªk±raµµh±na-antarav²th²su pariyesiss±m²”ti antarav²thiya½ saªk±rak³µesu t±va pilotika½ pariyesitu½ ±raddho.
J²vit± voropes²ti etasmi½ saªk±rak³µe pilotika½ olokenta½ vibbhant± taruºavacch± g±v² upadh±vitv± siªgena vijjhitv± gh±tesi. Ch±takajjhatto kulaputto ±k±seyeva ±yukkhaya½ patv± patito. Saªk±raµµh±ne adhomukhaµµhapit± suvaººapaµim± viya ahosi, k±laªkato ca pana avih±brahmaloke nibbatti, nibbattamattova arahatta½ p±puºi. Avih±brahmaloke kira nibbattamatt±va satta jan± arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Vuttañheta½–
“Aviha½ upapann±se, vimutt± satta bhikkhavo;
r±gadosaparikkh²º±, tiºº± loke visattika½.
Ke ca te ataru½ paªka½, maccudheyya½ suduttara½;
ke hitv± m±nusa½ deha½, dibbayoga½ upaccagu½.
Upako palagaº¹o ca, pukkus±ti ca te tayo;
bhaddiyo khaº¹adevo ca, b±huraggi ca siªgiyo;
te hitv± m±nusa½ deha½, dibbayoga½ upaccagun”ti. (Sa½. ni. 1.50, 105).
Bimbis±ropi “mayha½ sah±yo may± pesitas±sanamatta½ v±cetv± hatthagata½ rajja½ pah±ya ettaka½ addh±na½ ±gato, dukkara½ kata½ kulaputtena, pabbajitasakk±rena ta½ sakkariss±m²”ti “pariyesatha me sah±yakan”ti tattha tattha pesesi. Pesit± ta½ addasa½su saªk±raµµh±ne patita½, disv± ±gamma rañño ±rocesu½. R±j± gantv± kulaputta½ disv±– “na vata, bho, labhimh± sah±yakassa sakk±ra½ k±tu½, an±tho me j±to sah±yako”ti. Paridevitv± kulaputta½ mañcakena gaºh±petv± yuttok±se µhapetv± anupasampannassa sakk±ra½ k±tu½ j±nan±bh±vena nh±pakakappak±dayo pakkos±petv± kulaputta½ s²sa½ nh±petv± suddhavatth±ni niv±s±petv± r±javesena alaªk±r±petv± sovaººasivika½ ±ropetv± sabbat±¼±vacaragandham±l±d²hi p³ja½ karonto nagar± n²haritv± bah³hi gandhakaµµhehi mah±citaka½ k±retv± kulaputtassa sar²rakicca½ katv± dh±tuyo ±d±ya cetiya½ patiµµhapesi. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Dh±tuvibhaªgasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.