Eva½ gantv±pi pana bhagav±– “aha½ samm±sambuddho”ti pasayha kumbhak±ras±la½ apavisitv± dv±re µhitova kulaputta½ ok±sa½ k±rento sace te bhikkh³ti-±dim±ha. Urundanti vivitta½ asamb±dha½. Viharat±yasm± yath±sukhanti yena yena iriy±pathena ph±su hoti, tena tena yath±sukha½ ±yasm± viharat³ti ok±sa½ ak±si. Atirekatiyojanasatańhi rajja½ pah±ya pabbajito kulaputto parassa cha¹¹itapatita½ kumbhak±ras±la½ ki½ ańńassa sabrahmac±rino macchar±yissati. Ekacce pana moghapuris± s±sane pabbajitv± ±v±samacchariy±d²hi abhibh³t± attano vasanaµµh±ne mayha½ kuµi mayha½ pariveŗanti ańńesa½ av±s±ya parakkamanti. Nis²d²ti accantasukhum±lo lokan±tho devavim±nasadisa½ gandhakuµi½ pah±ya tattha tattha vippakiŗŗach±rik±ya bhinnabh±janatiŗapal±sakukkuµas³karavacc±disa½kiliµµh±ya saŖk±raµµh±nasadis±ya kumbhak±ras±l±ya tiŗasanth±ra½ santharitv± pa½suk³lac²vara½ pańńapetv± devavim±nasadisa½ dibbagandhasugandha½ gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± nis²danto viya nis²di.
Iti bhagav±pi asambhinnamah±sammatava½se uppanno, kulaputtopi khattiyagabbhe va¹¹hito. Bhagav±pi abhin²h±rasampanno, kulaputtopi abhin²h±rasampanno. Bhagav±pi rajja½ pah±ya pabbajito, kulaputtopi. Bhagav±pi suvaŗŗavaŗŗo, kulaputtopi. Bhagav±pi sam±pattil±bh², kulaputtopi. Iti dvepi khattiy± dvepi abhin²h±rasampann± dvepi r±japabbajit± dvepi suvaŗŗavaŗŗ± dvepi sam±pattil±bhino kumbhak±ras±la½ pavisitv± nisinn±ti tehi kumbhak±ras±l± ativiya sobhati, dv²hi s²h±d²hi paviµµhaguh±d²hi ±haritv± d²petabba½. Tesu pana dv²su bhagav±– “sukhum±lo aha½ paramasukhum±lo ekapacch±bhattena pańcacatt±l²sa yojan±ni ±gato, muhutta½ t±va s²haseyya½ kappetv± maggadaratha½ paµipassambhem²”ti cittampi anupp±detv± nis²dantova phalasam±patti½ sam±pajji. Kulaputtopi– “dv±navutiyojanasata½ ±gatomhi, muhutta½ t±va nipajjitv± maggadaratha½ vinodem²”ti citta½ anupp±detv± nis²dam±nova ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½ sam±pajji. Ida½ sandh±ya atha kho bhagav± bahudeva rattinti-±di vutta½.
Nanu ca bhagav± kulaputtassa dhamma½ desess±m²ti ±gato, kasm± na deses²ti? Kulaputtassa maggadaratho appaµipassaddho, na sakkhissati dhammadesana½ sampaµicchitu½, so t±vassa paµipassambhat³ti na desesi. Apare– “r±jagaha½ n±ma ±kiŗŗamanussa½ avivitta½ dasahi saddehi, so saddo diya¹¹hay±mamattena sannis²dati, ta½ ±gamento na deses²”ti vadanti. Ta½ ak±raŗa½, brahmalokappam±ŗampi hi sadda½ bhagav± attano ±nubh±vena v³pasametu½ sakkoti, maggadarathav³pasama½ ±gamentoyeva pana na desesi.
Tattha bahudeva rattinti diya¹¹hay±mamatta½. Etadahos²ti bhagav± phalasam±pattito vuµµh±ya suvaŗŗavim±ne maŗis²hapańjara½ vivaranto viya pańcapas±dappaµimaŗ¹it±ni akkh²ni umm²letv± olokesi, athassa hatthakukkuccap±dakukkuccas²sakampanavirahita½ sunikh±ta-indakh²la½ viya niccala½ avibbhanta½ suvaŗŗapaµima½ viya nisinna½ kulaputta½ disv± eta½– “p±s±dika½ kho”ti-±di ahosi. Tattha p±s±dikanti pas±d±vaha½. Bh±vanapu½saka½ paneta½, p±s±dikena iriy±pathena iriyati. Yath± iriyato iriy±patho p±s±diko hoti, eva½ iriyat²ti ayamettha attho. Cat³su hi iriy±pathesu tayo iriy±path± na sobhanti. Gacchantassa hi bhikkhuno hatth± calanti, p±d± calanti, s²sa½ calati, µhitassa k±yo thaddho hoti, nipannass±pi iriy±patho aman±po hoti, pacch±bhatte pana div±µµh±na½ sammajjitv± cammakhaŗ¹a½ pańńapetv± sudhotahatthap±dassa catusandhikapallaŖka½ ±bhujitv± nipannasseva iriy±patho sobhati. Ayańca kulaputto pallaŖka½ ±bhujitv± ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½ appetv± nis²di. Itissa iriy±patheneva pasanno bhagav±– “p±s±dika½ kho”ti parivitakkesi.
Ya½n³n±ha½ puccheyyanti kasm± pucchati? Ki½ bhagav± att±na½ uddissa pabbajitabh±va½ na j±n±t²ti? No na j±n±ti, apucchite pana kath± na patiµµh±ti, apatiµµhit±ya kath±ya kath± na sańj±yat²ti kath±patiµµh±panattha½ pucchi.
Disv± ca pana j±neyy±s²ti tath±gata½ buddhasiriy± virocanta½ aya½ buddhoti sabbe j±nanti. Anacchariyameta½ j±nana½, buddhasiri½ pana paµicch±detv± ańńatarapiŗ¹ap±tikavesena caranto dujj±no hoti. Icc±yasm±, pukkus±ti, “na j±neyyan”ti sabh±vameva katheti. Tath± hi na½ ekakumbhak±ras±l±ya nisinnampi na j±n±ti.
Etadahos²ti maggadarathassa v³pasamabh±va½ ńatv± ahosi. Evam±vusoti kulaputto sah±yena pesita½ s±sanamatta½ v±cetv± rajja½ pah±ya pabbajam±no– “dasabalassa madhuradhammadesana½ sotu½ labhiss±m²”ti. Pabbajito, pabbajitv± ettaka½ addh±na½ ±gacchanto– “dhamma½ te bhikkhu desess±m²”ti padamattassa vatt±ra½ n±lattha, so “dhamma½ te bhikkhu desess±m²”ti vutta½ ki½ sakkacca½ na suŗissati. Pip±sitasoŗ¹o viya hi pip±sitahatth² viya c±ya½, tasm± sakkacca½ savana½ paµij±nanto “evam±vuso”ti ±ha.
343. Chadh±turo ayanti bhagav± kulaputtassa pubbabh±gapaµipada½ akathetv± ±ditova arahattassa padaµµh±nabh³ta½ accantasuńńata½ vipassan±lakkhaŗameva ±cikkhitu½ ±raddho. Yassa hi pubbabh±gapaµipad± aparisuddh± hoti, tassa paµhamameva s²lasa½vara½ indriyesu guttadv±rata½ bhojane mattańńuta½ j±gariy±nuyoga½ satta saddhamme catt±ri jh±n±n²ti ima½ pubbabh±gapaµipada½ ±cikkhati. Yassa panes± parisuddh±, tassa ta½ akathetv± arahattassa padaµµh±nabh³ta½ vipassanameva ±cikkhati. Kulaputtassa ca pubbabh±gapaµipad± parisuddh±. Tath± hi anena s±sana½ v±cetv± p±s±davaragateneva ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½ nibbattita½, yadassa dv±navutiyojanasabha½ ±gacchantassa y±nakicca½ s±dhesi, s±maŗeras²lampissa paripuŗŗa½. Tasm± pubbabh±gapaµipada½ akathetv± arahattassa padaµµh±nabh³ta½ accantasuńńata½ vipassan±lakkhaŗamevassa ±cikkhitu½ ±raddho.
Tattha chadh±turoti dh±tuyo vijjam±n±, puriso avijjam±no. Bhagav± hi katthaci vijjam±nena avijjam±na½ dasseti, katthaci avijjam±nena vijjam±na½, katthaci vijjam±nena vijjam±na½, katthaci avijjam±nena avijjam±nanti sabb±save vuttanayeneva vitth±retabba½. Idha pana vijjam±nena avijjam±na½ dassento evam±ha. Sace hi bhagav± purisoti paŗŗatti½ vissajjetv± dh±tuyo icceva vatv± citta½ upaµµh±peyya, kulaputto sandeha½ kareyya, sammoha½ ±pajjeyya, desana½ sampaµicchitu½ na sakkuŗeyya. Tasm± tath±gato anupubbena purisoti paŗŗatti½ pah±ya “sattoti v± purisoti v± puggaloti v± paŗŗattimattameva, paramatthato satto n±ma natthi, dh±tumatteyeva citta½ µhap±petv± t²ŗi phal±ni paµivijjh±pess±m²”ti anaŖgaŗasutte (ma. ni. 1.57 ±dayo) vuttabh±santarakusalo t±ya t±ya bh±s±ya sippa½ uggaŗh±pento ±cariyo viya evam±ha.
Tattha cha dh±tuyo ass±ti chadh±turo. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– ya½ tva½ purisoti sańj±n±si, so chadh±tuko, na cettha paramatthato puriso atthi, purisoti pana paŗŗattimattamev±ti. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo. Catur±dhiµµh±noti ettha adhiµµh±na½ vuccati patiµµh±, catupatiµµh±noti attho. Ida½ vutta½ hoti– sv±ya½ bhikkhu puriso chadh±turo chaphass±yatano aµµh±rasamanopavic±ro, so ettova vivaµµitv± uttamasiddhibh³ta½ arahatta½ gaŗham±no imesu cat³su µh±nesu patiµµh±ya gaŗh±t²ti catur±dhiµµh±noti. Yattha µhitanti yesu adhiµµh±nesu patiµµhita½. Mańńassa v± nappavattant²ti mańńassa v± m±nassa v± nappavattanti. Muni santoti vuccat²ti kh²ŗ±savamuni upasanto nibbutoti vuccati. Pańńa½ nappamajjeyy±ti arahattaphalapańń±ya paµivijjhanattha½ ±ditova sam±dhivipassan±pańńa½ nappamajjeyya. Saccamanurakkheyy±ti paramatthasaccassa nibb±nassa sacchikiriyattha½ ±ditova vac²sacca½ rakkheyya. C±gamanubr³heyy±ti arahattamaggena sabbakilesaparicc±gakaraŗattha½ ±ditova kilesaparicc±ga½ br³heyya. Santimeva so sikkheyy±ti arahattamaggena sabbakilesav³pasamanattha½ ±ditova kilesav³pasamana½ sikkheyya. Iti pańń±dhiµµh±n±d²na½ adhigamatth±ya im±ni samathavipassan±pańń±d²ni pubbabh±g±dhiµµh±n±ni vutt±ni.
345. Phass±yatananti phassassa ±yatana½, ±karoti attho. Pańń±dhiµµh±nanti-±d²ni pubbe vutt±na½ arahattaphalapańń±d²na½ vasena veditabb±ni.
348. Id±ni nikkhittam±tik±vasena “yattha µhita½ mańńassa v± nappavattant²”ti vattabba½ bhaveyya, arahatte pana patte puna “pańńa½ nappamajjeyy±”ti-±d²hi kicca½ natthi. Iti bhagav± m±tika½ uppaµip±µidh±tuka½ µhapetv±pi yath±dhammavaseneva vibhaŖga½ vibhajanto pańńa½ nappamajjeyy±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ko pańńa½ pamajjati, ko nappamajjati? Yo t±va imasmi½ s±sane pabbajitv± vejjakamm±divasena ekav²satividh±ya anesan±ya j²vika½ kappento pabbajj±nur³pena cittupp±da½ µhapetu½ na sakkoti, aya½ pańńa½ pamajjati n±ma. Yo pana s±sane pabbajitv± s²le patiµµh±ya buddhavacana½ uggaŗhitv± sapp±ya½ dhutaŖga½ sam±d±ya cittarucita½ kammaµµh±na½ gahetv± vivitta½ sen±sana½ niss±ya kasiŗaparikamma½ katv± sam±patti½ patv± ajjeva arahattanti vipassana½ va¹¹hetv± vicarati, aya½ pańńa½ nappamajjati n±ma. Imasmi½ pana sutte dh±tukammaµµh±navasena esa pańń±ya appam±do vutto. Dh±tukammaµµh±ne panettha ya½ vattabba½, ta½ heµµh± hatthipadopamasutt±d²su vuttameva.
354. Ath±para½ vińń±ŗa½yeva avasissat²ti ayampettha p±µiyekko anusandhi. Heµµhato hi r³pakammaµµh±na½ kathita½, id±ni ar³pakammaµµh±na½ vedan±vasena nibbattetv± dassetu½ aya½ desan± ±raddh±. Ya½ v± paneta½ imassa bhikkhuno pathav²dh±tu-±d²su ±gamaniyavipassan±vasena kammak±rakavińń±ŗa½, ta½ vińń±ŗadh±tuvasena bh±jetv± dassentopi ima½ desana½ ±rabhi. Tattha avasissat²ti kimatth±ya avasissati? Satthu kathanatth±ya kulaputtassa ca paµivijjhanatth±ya avasissati. Parisuddhanti nirupakkilesa½. Pariyod±tanti pabhassara½. Sukhantipi vij±n±t²ti sukhavedana½ vedayam±no sukhavedana½ veday±m²ti paj±n±ti. Sesapadadvayesupi eseva nayo. Sace pan±ya½ vedan±kath± heµµh± na kathit± bhaveyya, idha µhatv± kathetu½ vaµµeyya. Satipaµµh±ne panes± kathit±v±ti tattha kathitanayeneva veditabb±. Sukhavedaniyanti evam±di paccayavasena udayatthaŖgamanadassanattha½ vutta½. Tattha sukhavedaniyanti sukhavedan±ya paccayabh³ta½. Sesapadesupi eseva nayo.
360. Upekkh±yeva avasissat²ti ett±vat± hi yath± n±ma chekena maŗik±r±cariyena vajiras³ciy± vijjhitv± cammakhaŗ¹e p±tetv± p±tetv± dinnamutta½ antev±siko gahetv± gahetv± suttagata½ karonto muttolambakamuttaj±l±d²ni karoti, evameva bhagavat± kathetv± kathetv± dinna½ kammaµµh±na½ aya½ kulaputto manasikaronto manasikaronto paguŗa½ ak±s²ti r³pakammaµµh±nampissa ar³pakammaµµh±nampi paguŗa½ j±ta½, atha bhagav± “ath±para½ upekkh±yeva avasissat²”ti ±ha.