Ye puggal± aµµhasata½ pasaµµh±,
catt±ri et±ni yug±ni honti;
te dakkhiºeyy± sugatassa s±vak±,
etesu dinn±ni mahapphal±ni;
idampi saªghe ratana½ paº²ta½,
etena saccena suvatthi hot³”ti. (Khu. p±. 6.6; su. ni. 229)–

Eva½ ekadesena saªghaguºe likhitv±– “bhagavato s±sana½ sv±kkh±ta½ niyy±nika½, sace mayha½ sah±yo sakkoti, nikkhamitv± pabbajat³”ti likhitv± suvaººapaµµa½ sa½haritv± sukhumakambalena veµhetv± s±rasamugge pakkhipitv± ta½ samugga½ suvaººamaye, suvaººamaya½, rajatamaye rajatamaya½ maºimaye, maºimaya½ pav±¼amaye, pav±¼amaya½ lohitaªkamaye, lohitaªkamaya½ mas±ragallamaye, mas±ragallamaya½ phalikamaye, phalikamaya½ dantamaye, dantamaya½ sabbaratanamaye, sabbaratanamaya½ kilañjamaye, kilañjamaya½ samugga½ s±rakaraº¹ake µhapesi.

Puna s±rakaraº¹aka½ suvaººakaraº¹aketi purimanayeneva haritv± sabbaratanamaya½ karaº¹aka½ kilañjamaye karaº¹ake µhapesi. Tato kilañjamaya½ karaº¹aka½ s±ramayape¼±y±ti puna vuttanayeneva haritv± sabbaratanamaya½ pe¼a½ kilañjamayape¼±ya µhapetv± bahi vatthena veµhetv± r±jamuddik±ya lañchetv± amacce ±º±pesi– “mama ±º±pavattiµµh±ne magga½ alaªk±r±petha maggo aµµhusabhavitthato hotu, catu-usabhaµµh±na½ sodhitamattakameva hotu, majjhe catu-usabha½ r±j±nubh±vena paµiy±deth±”ti. Tato maªgalahatthi½ alaªk±r±petv± tassa upari pallaªka½ paññapetv± setacchatta½ uss±petv± nagarav²thiyo sittasammaµµh± samussitaddhajapaµ±k± kadalipuººaghaµagandhadh³mapupph±d²hi suppaµimaº¹it± k±retv± “attano attano visayappadese evar³pa½ p³ja½ k±rent³”ti antarabhogik±na½ javanad³te pesetv± saya½ sabb±laªk±rena alaªkaritv±– “sabbat±¼±vacarasammissabalak±yaparivuto paºº±k±ra½ pesem²”ti attano visayapariyanta½ gantv± amaccassa mukhas±sana½ ad±si– “t±ta mayha½ sah±yo pukkus±ti ima½ paºº±k±ra½ paµicchanto orodhamajjhe apaµicchitv± p±s±da½ ±ruyha paµicchat³”ti. Eva½ s±sana½ datv± paccantadesa½ satth± gacchat²ti pañcapatiµµhitena vanditv± nivatti. Antarabhogik± teneva niy±mena magga½ paµiy±detv± paºº±k±ra½ nayi½su.
Pukkus±tipi attano rajjas²mato paµµh±ya teneva niy±mena magga½ paµiy±detv± nagara½ alaªk±r±petv± paºº±k±rassa paccuggamana½ ak±si. Paºº±k±ro takkas²la½ p±puºanto uposathadivase p±puºi, paºº±k±ra½ gahetv± gata-amaccopi rañño vuttas±sana½ ±rocesi. R±j± ta½ sutv± paºº±k±rena saddhi½ ±gat±na½ kattabbakicca½ vic±retv± paºº±k±ra½ ±d±ya p±s±da½ ±ruyha “m± idha koci pavisat³”ti dv±re ±rakkha½ k±retv± s²hapañjara½ vivaritv± paºº±k±ra½ ucc±sane µhapetv± saya½ n²c±sane nisinno lañchana½ bhinditv± niv±sana½ apanetv± kilañjape¼ato paµµh±ya anupubbena vivaranto s±ramaya½ samugga½ disv± cintesi– “mah±parih±ro n±ya½ aññassa ratanassa bhavissati, addh± majjhimadese sotabbayuttaka½ ratana½ uppannan”ti. Atha ta½ samugga½ vivaritv± r±jalañchana½ bhinditv± sukhumakambala½ ubhato viy³hitv± suvaººapaµµa½ addasa.
So ta½ pas±retv±– “man±p±ni vata akkhar±ni samas²s±ni samapant²ni caturass±n²”ti-±dito paµµh±ya v±cetu½ ±rabhi. Tassa– “idha tath±gato loke uppanno”ti buddhaguºe v±centassa balavasomanassa½ uppajji, navanavutilomak³pasahass±ni uddhaggalom±ni ahesu½. Attano µhitabh±va½ v± nisinnabh±va½ v± na j±n±ti. Athassa– “kappakoµisatasahassehipi eta½ dullabhas±sana½ sah±ya½ niss±ya sotu½ labh±m²”ti bhiyyo balavap²ti udap±di. So hi upari v±cetu½ asakkonto y±va p²tivegapassaddhiy± nis²ditv± parato– “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo”ti dhammaguºe ±rabhi. Tatr±pissa tatheva ahosi. So puna y±va p²tivegapassaddhiy± nis²ditv± parato “suppaµipanno”ti saªghaguºe ±rabhi Tatr±pissa tatheva ahosi. Atha sabbapariyante ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ v±cetv± catukkapañcakajjh±n±ni nibbattesi, so jh±nasukheneva v²tin±mesi. Añño koci daµµhu½ na labhati, ekova c³¼upaµµh±ko pavisati. Eva½ addham±samatta½ v²tin±mesi.
N±gar± r±jaªgaºe sannipatitv± ukkuµµhi½ aka½su “paºº±k±ra½ paµicchitadivasato paµµh±ya baladassana½ v± n±µakadassana½ v± natthi, vinicchayad±na½ natthi, r±j± sah±yena pahita½ paºº±k±ra½ yassicchati tassa dassetu, r±j±no n±ma ekaccassa paºº±k±ravasenapi vañcetv± rajja½ attano k±tu½ v±yamanti. Ki½ n±ma amh±ka½ r±j± karot²”ti? R±j± ukkuµµhisadda½ sutv±– “rajja½ nu kho dh±remi, ud±hu satth±ran”ti cintesi. Athassa etadahosi– “rajjak±rita-attabh±vo n±ma neva gaºakena, na gaºakamah±mattena gaºetu½ sakko. Satthus±sana½ dh±ress±m²”ti sayane µhapita½ asi½ gahetv± kese chinditv± s²hapañjara½ vivaritv±– “eta½ gahetv± rajja½ k±reth±”ti saddhi½ c³¼±maºin± kesakal±pa½ parisamajjhe p±tesi, mah±jano ta½ ukkhipitv±– “sah±yakasantik± laddhapaºº±k±r± n±ma r±j±no tumh±dis± honti dev±”ti ekappah±reneva viravi. Raññopi dvaªgulamatta½ kesamassu ahosi. Bodhisattassa pabbajj±sadisameva kira j±ta½.
Tato c³¼upaµµh±ka½ pesetv± antar±paº± dve k±s±yavatth±ni mattik±pattañca ±har±petv±– “ye loke arahanto, te uddissa mayha½ pabbajj±”ti satth±ra½ uddissa eka½ k±s±va½ niv±setv± eka½ p±rupitv± patta½ v±ma-a½sak³µe katv± kattaradaº¹a½ gahetv±– “sobhati nu kho me pabbajj± no v±”ti mah±tale katipayav±re apar±para½ caªkamitv±– “sobhati me pabbajj±”ti dv±ra½ vivaritv± p±s±d± otari. Otaranta½ pana na½ t²su dv±resu µhitan±µak±d²ni disv±pi na sañj±ni½su. “Eko paccekabuddho amh±ka½ rañño dhammakatha½ kathetu½ ±gato”ti kira cintayi½su. Uparip±s±da½ pana ±ruyha rañño µhitanisinnaµµh±n±ni disv± r±j± gatoti ñatv± samuddamajjhe os²dam±n±ya n±v±ya jano viya ekappah±reneva viravi½su. Kulaputta½ bh³mitala½ otiººamatta½ aµµh±rasaseniyo sabbe n±gar± balak±y± ca pariv±retv± mah±virava½ viravi½su. Amacc±pi ta½ etadavocu½– “deva majjhimadesar±j±no n±ma bahum±y±, s±sana½ pesetv± buddharatana½ n±ma loke uppanna½ v± no v±ti ñatv± gamissatha nivattatha dev±”ti. Saddah±maha½ mayha½ sah±yakassa, tassa may± saddhi½ dvejjhavacana½ n±ma natthi, tiµµhatha tumheti. Te anugacchantiyeva.
Kulaputto kattaradaº¹ena lekha½ katv±– “ida½ rajja½ kass±”ti ±ha? Tumh±ka½ dev±ti. Yo ima½ lekha½ antara½ karoti, r±j±º±ya k±retabboti. Mah±janakaj±take bodhisattena katalekha½ s²validev² antara½ k±tu½ avisahant² vivattam±n± agam±si. Tass± gatamaggena mah±jano agam±si. Ta½ pana lekha½ mah±jano antara½ k±tu½ na visahi, lekha½ uss²saka½ katv± vivattam±n± viravi½su. Kulaputto “aya½ me gataµµh±ne dantakaµµha½ v± mukhodaka½ v± dassat²”ti antamaso ekaceµakampi aggahetv± pakk±mi. Eva½ kirassa ahosi “mama satth± ca mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhamitv± ekakova pabbajito”ti ekakova agam±si. “Satthu lajj±m²”ti ca– “satth± kira me pabbajitv± y±na½ n±ru¼ho”ti ca antamaso ekapaµalikampi up±hana½ n±ruhi, paººacchattakampi na dh±resi. Mah±jano rukkhap±k±raµµ±lak±d²ni ±ruyha esa amh±ka½ r±j± gacchat²ti olokesi. Kulaputto– “d³ra½ gantabba½, na sakk± ekena maggo nittharitun”ti eka½ satthav±ha½ anubandhi. Sukhum±lassa kulaputtassa kaµhinatatt±ya pathaviy± gachantassa p±datalesu phoµ± uµµhahitv± bhijjanti, dukkh± vedan± uppajjanti. Satthav±he khandh±v±ra½ bandhitv± nisinne kulaputto magg± okkamma ekasmi½ rukkham³le nis²dati. Nisinnaµµh±ne p±daparikamma½ v± piµµhiparikamma½ v± katt± n±ma natthi, kulaputto ±n±p±nacatutthajjh±na½ sam±pajjitv± maggadarathakilamathapari¼±ha½ vikkhambhetv± jh±naratiy± v²tin±meti.
Punadivase uµµhite aruºe sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± puna satthav±ha½ anubandhati. P±tar±sak±le kulaputtassa patta½ gahetv± kh±dan²ya½ bhojan²ya½ patte pakkhipitv± denti. Ta½ uttaº¹ulampi hoti kilinnampi samasakkharampi aloº±tiloºampi, kulaputto pavisanaµµh±na½ paccavekkhitv± amata½ viya paribhuñjitv± etena niy±mena aµµhahi ³nak±ni dve yojanasat±ni gato. Jetavanadv±rakoµµhakassa pana sam²pena gacchantopi– “kaha½ satth± vasat²”ti n±pucchi. Kasm±? Satthug±ravena ceva rañño pesitas±sanavasena ca. Rañño hi– “idha tath±gato loke uppajjat²”ti satth±ra½ r±jagahe uppanna½ viya katv± s±sana½ pesita½, tasm± na½ apucchitv±va pañcacatt±l²sayojanamatta½ magga½ atikkanto. So s³riyatthaªgamanavel±ya r±jagaha½ patv± satth± kaha½ vasat²ti pucchi. Kuto nu, bhante, ±gatoti? Ito uttaratoti. Satth± tuyha½ ±gatamagge ito pañcacatt±l²sayojanamatte s±vatthi n±ma atthi, tattha vasat²ti. Kulaputto cintesi– “id±ni ak±lo na sakk± gantu½, ajja idheva vasitv± sve satthu santika½ gamiss±m²”ti. Tato– “vik±le sampattapabbajit± kaha½ vasant²”ti pucchi. Im±ya kumbhak±ras±l±ya, bhanteti. Atha so ta½ kumbhak±ra½ y±citv± tattha v±satth±ya pavisitv± nis²di.
Bhagav±pi ta½divasa½ pacc³sak±le loka½ volokento pukkus±ti½ disv± cintesi– “aya½ kulaputto sah±yena pesita½ s±sanamattaka½ v±cetv± atirekatiyojanasatika½ mah±rajja½ pah±ya ma½ uddissa pabbajitv± aµµhahi ³nak±ni dve yojanasat±ni atikkamma r±jagaha½ p±puºissati, mayi agacchante pana t²ºi s±maññaphal±ni appaµivijjhitv± ekarattiv±sena an±thak±lakiriya½ karissati, mayi pana gate t²ºi s±maññaphal±ni paµivijjhissati. Janasaªgahatth±yeva pana may± satasahassakapp±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni p±ramiyo p³rit±, kariss±mi tassa saªgahan”ti p±tova sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± bhikkhusaªghaparivuto s±vatthiya½ piº¹±ya caritv± pacch±bhatta½ piº¹ap±tappaµikkanto gandhakuµi½ pavisitv± muhutta½ attadarathakilamatha½ paµipassambhetv±– “kulaputto mayi g±ravena dukkara½ ak±si, atirekayojanasata½ rajja½ pah±ya antamaso mukhadhovanad±yakampi ceµaka½ aggahetv± ekakova nikkhanto”ti s±riputtamah±moggall±n±d²su kañci an±mantetv± sayameva attano pattac²vara½ gahetv± ekakova nikkhanto. Gacchanto ca neva ±k±se uppati, na pathavi½ sa½khipi,– “kulaputto mama lajjam±no hatthi-assarathasuvaººasivik±d²su ekay±nepi anis²ditv± antamaso ekapaµalika½ up±hanampi an±ruyha paººacchattakampi aggahetv± nikkhanto, may±pi padas±va gantu½ vaµµat²”ti pana cintetv± padas±va agam±si.
So as²ti anubyañjan±ni by±mappabh± b±tti½sa mah±purisalakkhaº±n²ti ima½ buddhasiri½ paµicch±detv± val±hakapaµicchanno puººacando viya aññatarabhikkhuvesena gacchanto ekapacch±bhatteneva pañcacatt±l²sa yojan±ni atikkamma s³riyatthaªgamal²vel±ya kulaputte paviµµhamatteyeva ta½ kumbhak±ras±la½ p±puºi. Ta½ sandh±ya vutta½– “tena kho pana samayena, pukkus±ti, n±ma kulaputto bhagavanta½ uddissa saddh±ya ag±rasm± anag±riya½ pabbajito, so tasmi½ kumbhak±r±vesane paµhama½ v±s³pagato hot²”ti.