10. Dh±tuvibhaªgasuttavaººan±

342. Eva½ me sutanti dh±tuvibhaªgasutta½. Tattha c±rikanti turitagamanac±rika½. Sace te bhaggava agar³ti sace tuyha½ bh±riya½ aph±suka½ kiñci natthi. Sace so anuj±n±t²ti bhaggavassa kira etadahosi– “pabbajit± n±ma n±n±-ajjh±say±, eko gaº±bhirato hoti, eko ek±bhirato. Sace so ek±bhirato bhavissati, ‘±vuso, m± p±visi, may± s±l± laddh±’ti vakkhati. Sace aya½ ek±bhirato bhavissati, ‘±vuso, nikkhama, may± s±l± laddh±’ti vakkhati. Eva½ sante aha½ ubhinna½ viv±dak±ret± n±ma bhaviss±mi, dinna½ n±ma dinnameva vaµµati, kata½ katamev±”ti. Tasm± evam±ha.
Kulaputtoti j±tikulaputtopi ±c±rakulaputtopi. V±s³pagatoti v±sa½ upagato. Kuto ±gantv±ti? Takkas²lanagarato.
Tatr±ya½ anupubbikath±– majjhimappadese kira r±jagahanagare bimbis±re rajja½ k±rente paccante takkas²lanagare pukkus±ti r±j± rajja½ k±resi. Atha takkas²lato bhaº¹a½ gahetv± v±ºij± r±jagaha½ ±gat± paºº±k±ra½ gahetv± r±j±na½ addasa½su. R±j± te vanditv± µhite “katthav±sino tumhe”ti pucchi. Takkas²lav±sino dev±ti. Atha ne r±j± janapadassa khemasubhikkhat±d²ni nagarassa ca pavatti½ pucchitv± “ko n±ma tumh±ka½ r±j±”ti pucchi. Pukkus±ti n±ma dev±ti. Dhammikoti? ¾ma deva dhammiko. Cat³hi saªgahavatth³hi jana½ saªgaºh±ti, lokassa m±t±pitiµµh±ne µhito, aªge nipannad±raka½ viya jana½ toset²ti. Katarasmi½ vaye vattat²ti? Athassa vaya½ ±cikkhi½su. Vayesupi bimbis±rena samavayo j±to. Atha te r±j± ±ha– “t±t± tumh±ka½ r±j± dhammiko, vayena ca me sam±no, sakkuºeyy±tha tumh±ka½ r±j±na½ mama mitta½ k±tun”ti. Sakkoma dev±ti. R±j± tesa½ suªka½ vissajjetv± gehañca d±petv±– “gacchatha bhaº¹a½ vikkiºitv± gamanak±le ma½ disv± gaccheyy±th±”ti ±ha. Te tath± katv± gamanak±le r±j±na½ addasa½su. “Gacchatha tumh±ka½ r±j±na½ mama vacanena punappuna½ ±rogya½ pucchitv± ‘r±j± tumhehi saddhi½ mittabh±va½ icchat²’ti vadath±”ti ±ha.
Te s±dh³ti paµissuºitv± gantv± bhaº¹a½ paµis±metv± bhuttap±tar±s± r±j±na½ upasaªkamitv± vandi½su. R±j± “kaha½ bhaºe tumhe ettake ime divase na dissath±”ti pucchi. Te sabba½ pavatti½ ±rocesu½. R±j±– “s±dhu, t±t±, tumhe niss±ya may± majjhimappadese r±j± mitto laddho”ti attamano ahosi. Aparabh±ge r±jagahav±sinopi v±ºij± takkas²la½ agama½su. Te paºº±k±ra½ gahetv± ±gate pukkus±ti r±j± “kuto ±gatatth±”ti pucchitv± “r±jagahato”ti sutv± “mayha½ sah±yassa nagarato ±gat± tumhe”ti. ¾ma dev±ti. ¾rogya½ me sah±yass±ti ±rogya½ pucchitv± “ajja paµµh±ya ye mayha½ sah±yassa nagarato jaªghasatthena v± sakaµasatthena v± v±ºij± ±gacchanti, sabbesa½ mama visaya½ paviµµhak±lato paµµh±ya vasanageh±ni, r±jakoµµh±g±rato niv±pañca dentu, suªka½ vissajjentu, kiñci upaddava½ m± karont³”ti bheri½ car±pesi. Bimbis±ropi attano nagare tatheva bheri½ car±pesi.
Atha bimbis±ro pukkus±tissa paººa½ pahiºi– “paccantadese n±ma maºimutt±d²ni ratan±ni uppajjanti, ya½ mayha½ sah±yassa rajje dassan²ya½ v± savan²ya½ v± ratana½ uppajjati, tattha me m± macchar±yat³”ti. Pukkus±tipi– “majjhimadeso n±ma mah±janapado, ya½ tattha evar³pa½ ratana½ uppajjati, tattha me sah±yo m± macchar±yat³”ti paµipaººa½ pahiºi. Eva½ te gacchante gacchante k±le aññamañña½ adisv±pi da¼hamitt± ahesu½.
Eva½ tesa½ katika½ katv± vasant±na½ paµhamatara½ pukkus±tissa paºº±k±ro uppajji. R±j± kira aµµha pañcavaººe anagghakambale labhi. So– “atisundar± ime kambal±, aha½ sah±yassa pesiss±m²”ti l±kh±gu¼amatte aµµha s±rakaraº¹ake likh±petv± tesu te kambale pakkhipitv± l±kh±ya vaµµ±petv± setavatthena veµhetv± samugge pakkhipitv± vatthena veµhetv± r±jamuddik±ya lañchetv± “mayha½ sah±yassa deth±”ti amacce pesesi. S±sanañca ad±si– “aya½ paºº±k±ro nagaramajjhe amacc±diparivutena daµµhabbo”ti. Te gantv± bimbis±rassa ada½su.
So s±sana½ sutv± amacc±dayo sannipatant³ti bheri½ car±petv± nagaramajjhe amacc±diparivuto setacchattena dh±riyam±nena pallaªkavare nisinno lañchana½ bhinditv± vattha½ apanetv± samugga½ vivaritv± anto bhaº¹ika½ muñcitv± l±kh±gu¼e disv± “mayha½ sah±yo pukkus±ti ‘jutavittako me sah±yo’ti maññam±no maññe ima½ paºº±k±ra½ pahiº²”ti eka½ gu¼a½ gahetv± hatthena vaµµetv± tulayantova anto dussabhaº¹ika½ atth²ti aññ±si. Atha na½ pallaªkap±de paharitv± t±vadeva l±kh± paripati, so nakhena karaº¹aka½ vivaritv± anto kambalaratana½ disv± itarepi vivar±pesi, sabbepi kambal± ahesu½. Atha ne patthar±pesi, te vaººasampann± phassasampann± d²ghato so¼asahatth± tiriya½ aµµhahatth± ahesu½. Mah±jano disv± aªguliyo poµhesi, celukkhepa½ ak±si,– “amh±ka½ rañño adiµµhasah±yo pukkus±ti adisv±va evar³pa½ paºº±k±ra½ pesesi, yutta½ evar³pa½ mitta½ k±tun”ti attamano ahosi. R±j± ekameka½ kambala½ aggh±pesi, sabbe anaggh± ahesu½. Tesu catt±ro samm±sambuddhassa pesesi, catt±ro attano ghare ak±si. Tato cintesi– “pacch± pesentena paµhama½ pesitapaºº±k±rato atireka½ pesetu½ vaµµati, sah±yena ca me anaggho paºº±k±ro pesito, ki½ nu kho pesem²”ti?
Ki½ pana r±jagahe tato adhika½ ratana½ natth²ti? No natthi, mah±puñño r±j±, apica kho panassa sot±pannak±lato paµµh±ya µhapetv± t²ºi ratan±ni añña½ ratana½ somanassa½ janetu½ samattha½ n±ma natthi So ratana½ vicinitu½ ±raddho– ratana½ n±ma saviññ±ºaka½ aviññ±ºakanti duvidha½. Tattha aviññ±ºaka½ suvaººarajat±di, saviññ±ºaka½ indriyabaddha½. Aviññ±ºaka½ saviññ±ºakasseva alaªk±r±divasena paribhoga½ hoti, iti imesu dv²su ratanesu saviññ±ºaka½ seµµha½. Saviññ±ºakampi duvidha½ tiracch±naratana½ manussaratananti. Tattha tiracch±naratana½ hatthi-assaratana½, tampi manuss±na½ upabhogatthameva nibbattati iti imesupi dv²su manussaratana½ seµµha½. Manussaratanampi duvidha½ itthiratana½ purisaratananti. Tattha cakkavattino rañño uppanna½ itthiratanampi purisasseva upabhoga½. Iti imesupi dv²su purisaratanameva seµµha½.
Purisaratanampi duvidha½ ag±riyaratana½ anag±riyaratanañca. Tattha ag±riyaratanesupi cakkavattir±j± ajja pabbajitas±maºera½ pañcapatiµµhitena vandati, iti imesupi dv²su anag±riyaratanameva seµµha½. Anag±riyaratanampi duvidha½ sekkharatanañca asekkharatanañca. Tattha satasahassampi sekkh±na½ asekkhassa padesa½ na p±puº±ti, iti imesupi dv²su asekkharatanameva seµµha½. Tampi duvidha½ buddharatana½ s±vakaratananti. Tattha satasahassampi s±vakaratan±na½ buddharatanassa padesa½ na p±puº±ti, iti imesupi dv²s³ buddharatanameva seµµha½.
Buddharatanampi duvidha½ paccekabuddharatana½ sabbaññubuddharatananti. Tattha satasahassampi paccekabuddh±na½ sabbaññubuddhassa padesa½ na p±puº±ti, iti imesupi dv²su sabbaññubuddharatana½yeva seµµha½. Sadevakasmiñhi loke buddharatanasama½ ratana½ n±ma natthi. Tasm± asadisameva ratana½ mayha½ sah±yassa pesess±m²ti cintetv± takkas²lav±sino pucchi– “t±t± tumh±ka½ janapade buddho dhammo saªghoti im±ni t²ºi ratan±ni dissant²”ti. Ghosopi so mah±r±ja t±va tattha natthi, dassana½ pana kutoti.
“Sundara½ t±t±”ti r±j± tuµµho cintesi– “sakk± bhaveyya janasaªgahatth±ya mayha½ sah±yassa vasanaµµh±na½ samm±sambuddha½ pesetu½, buddh± pana paccantimesu janapadesu na aruºa½ uµµhapenti. Tasm± satth±r± gantu½ na sakk±. S±riputtamoggall±n±dayo mah±s±vake pesetu½ sakk± bhaveyya. May± pana ‘ther± paccante vasant²’ti sutv±pi manusse pesetv± te attano sam²pa½ ±º±petv± upaµµh±tumeva yutta½. Tasm± na therehipi sakk± gantu½. Yena pan±k±rena s±sane pesite satth± ca mah±s±vak± ca gat± viya honti, ten±k±rena s±sana½ pahiºiss±m²”ti. Cintetv± caturatan±y±ma½ vidatthimattaputhula½ n±titanu½ n±tibahala½ suvaººapaµµa½ k±r±petv± “tattha ajja akkhar±ni likhiss±m²”ti. P±tova s²sa½ nh±yitv± uposathaªg±ni adhiµµh±ya bhuttap±tar±so apan²tagandham±l±bharaºo suvaººasarakena j±tihiªgulika½ ±d±ya heµµhato paµµh±ya dv±r±ni pidahanto p±s±dam±ruyha pubbadis±mukha½ s²hapañjara½ vivaritv± ±k±satale nis²ditv± suvaººapaµµe akkhar±ni likhanto– “idha tath±gato loke uppanno araha½ samm±sambuddho vijj±caraºasampanno sugato lokavid³ anuttaro purisadammas±rathi satth± devamanuss±na½ buddho bhagav±”ti. Buddhaguºe t±va ekadesena likhi.
Tato “eva½ dasa p±ramiyo p³retv± tusitabhavanato cavitv± m±tukucchimhi paµisandhi½ gaºhi eva½ lokavivaraºa½ ahosi, m±tukucchiya½ vasam±ne ida½ n±ma ahosi, ag±ramajjhe vasam±ne ida½ n±ma ahosi, eva½ mah±bhinikkhamana½ nikkhanto eva½ mah±padh±na½ padahi. Eva½ dukkarak±rika½ katv± mah±bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha apar±jitapallaªke nisinno sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhi, sabbaññutaññ±ºa½ paµivijjhantassa eva½ lokavivaraºa½ ahosi. Sadevake loke añña½ evar³pa½ ratana½ n±ma natth²ti.
Ya½kiñci vitta½ idha v± hura½ v±,
saggesu v± ya½ ratana½ paº²ta½;
na no sama½ atthi tath±gatena,
idampi buddhe ratana½ paº²ta½;
etena saccena suvatthi hot³”ti. (Khu. p±. 6.3; su. ni. 226)–

Eva½ ekadesena buddhaguºepi likhitv± dutiya½ dhammaratana½ thomento– “sv±kkh±to bhagavat± dhammo…pe… paccatta½ veditabbo viññ³h²”ti. “Catt±ro satipaµµh±n±…pe… ariyo aµµhaªgiko maggo”ti. “Satth±r± desitadhammo n±ma evar³po ca evar³po c±”ti sattati½sa bodhipakkhiye ekadesena likhitv±–

“Ya½ buddhaseµµho parivaººay² suci½,
sam±dhim±nantarikaññam±hu;
sam±dhin± tena samo na vijjati,
idampi dhamme ratana½ paº²ta½;
etena saccena suvatthi hot³”ti. (Khu. p±. 6.5; su. ni. 228)–

Eva½ ekadesena dhammaguºe likhitv± tatiya½ saªgharatana½ thomento– “suppaµipanno bhagavato s±vakasaªgho…pe… puññakkhetta½ lokass±”ti. “Kulaputt± n±ma satthu dhammakatha½ sutv± eva½ nikkhamitv± pabbajanti, keci setacchatta½ pah±ya pabbajanti, keci uparajja½, keci sen±patiµµh±n±d²ni pah±ya pabbajanti. Pabbajitv± ca pana imañca paµipatti½ p³rent²”ti c³¼as²lamajjhimas²lamah±s²l±d²ni ekadesena likhitv± chadv±rasa½vara½ satisampajañña½ catupaccayasantosa½ navavidha½ sen±sana½, n²varaºappah±na½ parikamma½ jh±n±bhiññ± aµµhati½sa kammaµµh±n±ni y±va ±savakkhay± ekadesena likhi, so¼asavidha½ ±n±p±nassatikammaµµh±na½ vitth±reneva likhitv± “satthu s±vakasaªgho n±ma evar³pehi ca guºehi samann±gato.