5. C³¼akammavibhaªgasuttavaººan±

289. Eva½ me sutanti c³¼akammavibhaªgasutta½. Tattha subhoti so kira dassan²yo ahosi p±s±diko, tenassa aªgasubhat±ya subhotveva n±ma½ aka½su. M±ºavoti pana ta½ taruºak±le vohari½su, so mahallakak±lepi teneva voh±rena vohariyati. Todeyyaputtoti todeyyassa n±ma pasenadirañño purohitabr±hmaºassa putto. So kira s±vatthiy± avid³re tudig±mo n±ma atthi, tassa adhipatitt± todeyyoti saªkha½ gato. Mah±dhano pana hoti satt±s²tikoµivibhavo paramamacchar², “dadato bhog±na½ aparikkhayo n±ma natth²”ti cintetv± kassaci kiñci na deti. Vuttampi ceta½–
“Añjan±na½ khaya½ disv±, vammik±nañca sañcaya½;
madh³nañca sam±h±ra½, paº¹ito gharam±vase”ti.
Eva½ ad±nameva sikkh±pesi. Dhuravih±re vasato samm±sambuddhassa y±gu-u¼uªgamatta½ v± bhattakaµacchumatta½ v± adatv± dhanalobhena k±la½ katv± tasmi½yeva ghare sunakho hutv± nibbatto. Subho ta½ sunakha½ ativiya piy±yati attano bhuñjanakabhatta½yeva bhojeti, ukkhipitv± varasayane say±peti. Atha bhagav± ekadivasa½ pacc³sasamaye loka½ volokento ta½ sunakha½ disv±– “todeyyabr±hmaºo dhanalobhena attanova ghare sunakho hutv± nibbatto, ajja mayi subhassa ghara½ gate ma½ disv± sunakho bhukk±ra½ karissati, athass±ha½ eka½ vacana½ vakkh±mi, so ‘j±n±ti ma½ samaºo gotamo’ti gantv± uddhanaµµh±ne nipajjissati. Tatonid±na½ subhassa may± saddhi½ eko kath±sall±po bhavissati, so dhamma½ sutv± saraºesu patiµµhahissati, sunakho pana k±la½ katv± niraye nibbattissat²”ti ima½ m±ºavassa saraºesu patiµµh±nabh±va½ ñatv± bhagav± ta½ divasa½ sar²rapaµijaggana½ katv± ekakova g±ma½ pavisitv± nikkhante m±ºave ta½ ghara½ piº¹±ya p±visi.
Sunakho bhagavanta½ disv± bhukk±ra½ karonto bhagavato sam²pa½ gato. Tato na½ bhagav± etadavoca– “todeyya tva½ pubbepi ma½ bho bhoti paribhavitv± sunakho j±to, id±nipi bhukk±ra½ katv± av²ci½ gamissas²”ti. Sunakho ta½ sutv±– “j±n±ti ma½ samaºo gotamo”ti vippaµis±r² hutv± g²va½ on±metv± uddhanantare ch±rik±ya½ nipanno. Manuss± ukkhipitv± sayane say±petu½ n±sakkhi½su. Subho ±gantv±– “ken±ya½ sunakho sayan± oropito”ti ±ha. Manuss± na kenac²ti vatv± ta½ pavatti½ ±rocesu½. M±ºavo sutv±– “mama pit± brahmaloke nibbatto, todeyyo n±ma sunakho natthi. Samaºo pana gotamo pitara½ sunakha½ karoti, ya½kiñci esa mukh±ru¼ha½ bh±sat²”ti kujjhitv± bhagavanta½ mus±v±dena niggahetuk±mo vih±ra½ gantv± ta½ pavatti½ pucchi.
Bhagav±pi tassa tatheva vatv± avisa½v±danattha½ ±ha– “atthi pana te m±ºava pitar± anakkh±ta½ dhanan”ti Atthi, bho gotama, satasahassagghanik± suvaººam±l± satasahassagghanik± suvaººap±duk± satasahassagghanik± suvaººap±ti satasahassañca kah±paºanti. Gaccha ta½ sunakha½ appodakap±y±sa½ bhoj±petv± sayane ±ropetv± ²saka½ nidda½ okkantak±le puccha, sabba½ te ±cikkhissati. Atha na½ j±neyy±si “pit± me eso”ti. M±ºavo– “sace sacca½ bhavissati, dhana½ lacch±mi, no ce, samaºa½ gotama½ mus±v±dena niggaºhiss±m²”ti dv²hipi k±raºehi tuµµho gantv± tath± ak±si. Sunakho– “ñ±tomhi imin±”ti roditv± hu½ hunti karonto dhananidh±naµµh±na½ gantv± p±dena pathavi½ khaºitv± sañña½ ad±si, m±ºavo dhana½ gahetv±– “bhavapaµicchanna½ n±ma eva½ sukhuma½ paµisandhi-antara½ p±kaµa½ samaºassa gotamassa, addh± esa sabbaññ³”ti bhagavati pasannacitto cuddasa pañhe abhisaªkhari. Aªgavijj±p±µhako kiresa, tenassa etadahosi– “ida½ dhammapaºº±k±ra½ gahetv± samaºa½ gotama½ pañhe pucchiss±m²”ti dutiyagamanena yena bhagav± tenupasaªkami, tena puµµhapañhe pana bhagav± ekappah±reneva vissajjento kammassak±ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha kamma½ etesa½ saka½ attano bhaº¹akanti kammassak±. Kammassa d±y±d±ti kammad±y±d±, kamma½ etesa½ d±yajja½ bhaº¹akanti attho. Kamma½ etesa½ yoni k±raºanti kammayon². Kamma½ etesa½ bandh³ti kammabandh³, kammañ±tak±ti attho. Kamma½ etesa½ paµisaraºa½ patiµµh±ti kammapaµisaraº±. Yadida½ h²nappaº²tat±y±ti ya½ ida½ “tva½ h²no bhava, tva½ paº²to, tva½ app±yuko, tva½ d²gh±yuko…pe… tva½ duppañño bhava, tva½ paññav±”ti eva½ h²nappaº²tat±ya vibhajana½, ta½ na añño koci karoti, kammameva eva½ satte vibhajat²ti attho. Na m±ºavo kathitassa attha½ sañj±n±si, ghanadussapaµµenassa mukha½ bandhitv± madhura½ purato µhapita½ viya ahosi. M±nanissito kiresa paº¹itam±n², attan± sama½ na passati. Athassa “ki½ samaºo gotamo katheti, yamaha½ j±n±mi, tadeva kathet²ti aya½ m±no m± ahos²”ti m±nabhañjanattha½ bhagav± “±ditova duppaµivijjha½ katv± kathess±mi, tato ‘n±ha½ bho gotama j±n±mi, vitth±rena me p±kaµa½ katv± katheth±’ti ma½ y±cissati, athass±ha½ y±citak±le kathess±mi, evañcassa s±tthaka½ bhavissat²”ti duppaµivijjha½ katv± kathesi.
Id±ni so attano appaµividdhabh±va½ pak±sento na kho ahanti-±dim±ha.
290. Samatten±ti paripuººena. Sam±dinnen±ti gahitena par±maµµhena. App±yukasa½vattanik± es±, m±ºava, paµipad± yadida½ p±º±tip±t²ti ya½ ida½ p±º±tip±takamma½, es± app±yukasa½vattanik± paµipad±ti.
Katha½ panes± app±yukata½ karoti? Catt±ri hi kamm±ni upap²¼aka½ upacchedaka½ janaka½ upatthambhakanti. Balavakammena hi nibbatta½ pavatte upap²¼aka½ ±gantv± atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “sac±ha½ paµhamatara½ j±neyya½, na te idha nibbattitu½ dadeyya½, cat³suyeva ta½ ap±yesu nibbatt±peyya½. Hotu, tva½ yattha katthaci nibbatta, aha½ upap²¼akakamma½ n±ma ta½ p²¼etv± niroja½ niy³sa½ kasaµa½ kariss±m²”ti. Tato paµµh±ya ta½ t±disa½ karoti. Ki½ karoti? Parissaya½ upaneti, bhoge vin±seti.
Tattha d±rakassa m±tukucchiya½ nibbattak±lato paµµh±ya m±tu ass±do v± sukha½ v± na hoti, m±t±pit³na½ p²¼±va uppajjati. Eva½ parissaya½ upaneti. D±rakassa pana m±tukucchimhi nibbattak±lato paµµh±ya gehe bhog± udaka½ patv± loºa½ viya r±j±d²na½ vasena nassanti, kumbhadohanadhenuyo kh²ra½ na denti, s³rat± goº± caº¹± honti, k±º± honti, khujj± honti, gomaº¹ale rogo patati, d±s±dayo vacana½ na karonti, v±pita½ sassa½ na j±yati, gehagata½ gehe, araññagata½ araññe nassati, anupubbena gh±sacch±danamatta½ dullabha½ hoti, gabbhaparih±ro na hoti, vij±tak±le m±tuthañña½ chijjati, d±rako parih±ra½ alabhanto p²¼ito nirojo niy³so kasaµo hoti, ida½ upap²¼akakamma½ n±ma.
D²gh±yukakammena pana nibbattassa upacchedakakamma½ ±gantv± ±yu½ chindati. Yath± hi puriso aµµhusabhagamana½ katv± sara½ khipeyya tamañño dhanuto vimuttamatta½ muggarena paharitv± tattheva p±teyya, eva½ d²gh±yukakammena nibbattassa upacchedakakamma½ ±yu½ chindati. Ki½ karoti? Cor±na½ aµavi½ paveseti, v±¼amacchodaka½ ot±reti, aññatara½ v± pana saparissayaµµh±na½ upaneti, ida½ upacchedakakamma½ n±ma, “upagh±takan”tipi etasseva n±ma½.
Paµisandhinibbattaka½ pana kamma½ janakakamma½ n±ma. Appabhogakul±d²su nibbattassa bhogasampad±dikaraºena upatthambhakakamma½ upatthambhakakamma½ n±ma.
Imesu cat³su purim±ni dve akusal±neva, janaka½ kusalampi akusalampi, upatthambhaka½ kusalameva. Tattha p±º±tip±takamma½ upacchedakakammena app±yukasa½vattanika½ hoti. P±º±tip±tin± v± kata½ kusalakamma½ u¼±ra½ na hoti, d²gh±yukapaµisandhi½ janetu½ na sakkoti. Eva½ p±º±tip±to app±yukasa½vattaniko hoti. Paµisandhimeva v± niy±metv± app±yuka½ karoti, sanniµµh±nacetan±ya v± niraye nibbattati, pubb±paracetan±hi vuttanayena app±yuko hoti.
D²gh±yukasa½vattanik± es± m±ºava paµipad±ti ettha parittakammenapi nibbatta½ pavatte eta½ p±º±tip±t± viratikamma½ ±gantv± atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “sac±ha½ paµhamatara½ j±neyya½, na te idha nibbattitu½ dadeyya½, devalokeyeva ta½ nibbatt±peyya½. Hotu, tva½ yattha katthaci nibbatti, aha½ upatthambhakakamma½ n±ma thambha½ te kariss±m²”ti upatthambha½ karoti. Ki½ karoti? Parissaya½ n±seti, bhoge upp±deti.
Tattha d±rakassa m±tukucchiya½ nibbattak±lato paµµh±ya m±t±pit³na½ sukhameva s±tameva hoti. Yepi pakatiy± manuss±manussaparissay± honti, te sabbe apagacchanti. Eva½ parissaya½ n±seti. D±rakassa pana m±tukucchimhi nibbattak±lato paµµh±ya gehe bhog±na½ pam±ºa½ na hoti, nidhikumbhiyo puratopi pacchatopi geha½ pavaµµam±n± pavisanti. M±t±pitaro parehi µhapitadhanass±pi sammukh²bh±va½ gacchanti. Dhenuyo bahukh²r± honti, goº± sukhas²l± honti, vappaµµh±ne sass±ni sampajjanti. Va¹¹hiy± v± sampayutta½, t±vak±lika½ v± dinna½ dhana½ acodit± sayameva ±haritv± denti, d±s±dayo suvac± honti, kammant± na parih±yanti. D±rako gabbhato paµµh±ya parih±ra½ labhati, kom±rikavejj± sannihit±va honti. Gahapatikule j±to seµµhiµµh±na½, amaccakul±d²su j±to sen±patiµµh±n±d²ni labhati. Eva½ bhoge upp±deti. So aparissayo sabhogo cira½ j²vat²ti. Eva½ ap±º±tip±takamma½ d²gh±yukasa½vattanika½ hoti.
Ap±º±tip±tin± v± kata½ aññampi kusala½ u¼±ra½ hoti, d²gh±yukapaµisandhi½ janetu½ sakkoti, evampi d²gh±yukasa½vattanika½ hoti. Paµisandhimeva v± niy±metv± d²gh±yuka½ karoti. Sanniµµh±nacetan±ya v± devaloke nibbattati, pubb±paracetan±hi vuttanayena d²gh±yuko hoti. Imin± nayena sabbapañhavissajjanesu attho veditabbo.
Viheµhanakamm±d²nipi hi pavatte ±gantv± atthato tatheva vadam±n±ni viya upap²¼anena nibbhogata½ ±p±detv± paµijaggana½ alabhantassa rogupp±dan±d²hi v±, viheµhak±d²hi katassa kusalassa anu¼±rat±ya v±, ±ditova paµisandhiniy±manena v±, vuttanayeneva pubb±paracetan±vasena v± bahv±b±dhat±d²ni karonti, ap±º±tip±to viya ca aviheµhan±d²nipi app±b±dhat±d²n²ti.
293. Ettha pana iss±manakoti iss±sampayuttacitto. Upadussat²ti iss±vaseneva upakkosanto dussati. Issa½ bandhat²ti yavakal±pa½ bandhanto viya yath± na nassati eva½ bandhitv± viya µhapeti. Appesakkhoti appapariv±ro, ratti½ khitto viya saro na paññ±yati, ucchiµµhahattho nis²ditv± udakad±yakampi na labhati.
294. Na d±t± hot²ti macchariyavasena na d±t± hoti. Tena kammen±ti tena macchariyakammena.
295. Abhiv±detabbanti abhiv±dan±raha½ buddha½ v± paccekabuddha½ v± ariyas±vaka½ v±. Paccuµµh±tabb±d²supi eseva nayo. Imasmi½ pana pañhavissajjane upap²¼aka-upatthambhakakamm±ni na gahetabb±ni. Na hi pavatte n²cakulina½ v± ucc±kulina½ v± sakk± k±tu½, paµisandhimeva pana niy±metv± n²cakuliya½ kamma½ n²cakule nibbatteti, ucc±kuliya½ kamma½ ucc±kule.
296. Na paripucchit± hot²ti ettha pana aparipucchanena niraye na nibbattati. Aparipucchako pana “ida½ k±tabba½, ida½ na k±tabban”ti na j±n±ti, aj±nanto k±tabba½ na karoti, ak±tabba½ karoti. Tena niraye nibbattati, itaro sagge. Iti kho, m±ºava…pe… yadida½ h²nappaº²tat±y±ti satth± desana½ yath±nusandhi½ p±pesi. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

C³¼akammavibhaªgasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.

Subhasuttantipi vuccati.