10. Devad³tasuttavaŗŗan±

261. Eva½ me sutanti devad³tasutta½. Tattha dve ag±r±ti-±di assapurasutte vitth±ritameva.
262. Niraya½ upapann±ti bhagav± katthaci nirayato paµµh±ya desana½ devalokena os±peti, katthaci devalokato paµµh±ya nirayena os±peti. Sace saggasampatti½ vitth±retv± kathetuk±mo hoti, nirayadukkha½ ekadesato katheti, tiracch±nayonidukkha½ pettivisayadukkha½ manussalokasampatti½ ekadesato katheti, saggasampattimeva vitth±reti. Sace nirayadukkha½ vitth±retv± kathetuk±mo hoti, devalokamanussalokesu sampatti½ tiracch±nayonipettivisayesu ca dukkha½ ekadesato katheti, nirayadukkhameva vitth±reti. So imasmi½ sutte nirayadukkha½ vitth±retuk±mo, tasm± devalokato paµµh±ya desana½ nirayena os±peti. Devalokamanussalokasampattiyo tiracch±nayonipettivisayadukkh±ni ca ekadesato kathetv± nirayadukkhameva vitth±rena kathetu½ tamena½, bhikkhave, nirayap±l±ti-±dim±ha.
Tattha ekacce ther± “nirayap±l± n±ma natthi, yantar³pa½ viya kammameva k±raŗa½ k±ret²”ti vadanti. Tesa½ ta½ “atthi niraye nirayap±l±ti, ±mant±, atthi ca k±raŗik±”ti-±din± nayena abhidhamme (kath±. 866) paµisedhitameva. Yath± hi manussaloke kammak±raŗak±rak± atthi, evameva niraye nirayap±l± atth²ti. Yamassa rańńoti yamar±j± n±ma vem±nikapetar±j±, ekasmi½ k±le dibbavim±ne dibbakapparukkhadibba-uyy±nadibban±µak±disampatti½ anubhavati, ekasmi½ k±le kammavip±ka½, dhammiko r±j±. Na cesa ekova hoti, cat³su pana dv±resu catt±ro jan± honti. N±ddasanti attano santike pesitassa kassaci devad³tassa abh±va½ sandh±ya eva½ vadati. Atha na½ yamo “n±ya½ bh±sitassa attha½ sallakkhet²”ti ńatv± sallakkh±petuk±mo ambhoti-±dim±ha.
J±tidhammoti j±tisabh±vo, aparimutto j±tiy±, j±ti n±ma mayha½ abbhantareyeva atth²ti. Parato jar±dhammoti-±d²supi eseva nayo.
263. Paµhama½ devad³ta½ samanuyuńjitv±ti ettha daharakum±ro atthato eva½ vadati n±ma “passatha, bho, mayhampi tumh±ka½ viya hatthap±d± atthi, sake panamhi muttakar²se palipanno, attano dhammat±ya uµµhahitv± nh±yitu½ na sakkomi, aha½ kiliµµhagattomhi, nh±petha manti vattumpi na sakkomi, j±titomhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi j±tito aparimutt±va. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±kampi j±ti ±gamissati, iti tass± pure ±gaman±va kaly±ŗa½ karoth±”ti. Tenesa devad³to n±ma j±to, vacanattho pana maghadevasutte vuttova.
Dutiya½ devad³tanti etth±pi jar±jiŗŗasatto atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “passatha, bho, ahampi tumhe viya taruŗo ahosi½ ³rubalab±hubalajavanasampanno, tassa me t± balajavanasampattiyo antarahit±, vijjam±n±pi me hatthap±d± hatthap±dakicca½ na karonti, jar±yamhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi jar±ya aparimutt±va. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±kampi jar± ±gamissati, iti tass± pure ±gaman±va kaly±ŗa½ karoth±”ti. Tenesa devad³to n±ma j±to.
Tatiya½ devad³tanti etth±pi gil±nasatto atthato eva vadati n±ma– “passatha, bho, ahampi tumhe viya nirogo ahosi½, somhi etarahi by±dhin± abhihato sake muttakar²se palipanno, uµµh±tumpi na sakkomi, vijjam±n±pi me hatthap±d± hatthap±dakicca½ na karonti, by±dhitomhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi by±dhito aparimutt±va. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±ka½ by±dhi ±gamissati, iti tassa pure ±gaman±va kaly±ŗa½ karoth±”ti. Tenesa devad³to n±ma j±to.
265. Catuttha½ devad³tanti ettha pana kammak±raŗ± v± devad³t±ti k±tabb± kammak±raŗik± v±. Tattha pana kammak±raŗapakkhe b±tti½sa t±va kammak±raŗ± atthato eva½ vadanti n±ma– “maya½ nibbattam±n± na rukkhe v± p±s±ŗe v± nibbatt±ma, tumh±dis±na½ sar²re nibbatt±ma, iti amh±ka½ pure nibbattitova kaly±ŗa½ karoth±”ti. Tenete devad³t± n±ma j±t±. Kammak±raŗik±pi atthato eva½ vadanti n±ma– “maya½ dvatti½sa kammak±raŗ± karont± na rukkh±d²su karoma, tumh±disesu sattesuyeva karoma, iti amh±ka½ tumhesu pure kammak±raŗ±karaŗatova kaly±ŗa½ karoth±”ti. Tenetepi devad³t± n±ma j±t±.
266. Pańcama½ devad³tanti ettha matakasatto atthato eva½ vadati n±ma– “passatha bho ma½ ±makasus±ne cha¹¹ita½ uddhum±tak±dibh±va½ patta½, maraŗatomhi aparimuttat±ya ediso j±to. Na kho pan±hameva, tumhepi maraŗato aparimutt±va. Yatheva hi mayha½, eva½ tumh±kampi maraŗa½ ±gamissati, iti tassa pure ±gaman±va kaly±ŗa½ karoth±”ti. Tenesa devad³to n±ma j±to.
Ima½ pana devad³t±nuyoga½ ko labhati, ko na labhat²ti? Yena t±va bahu½ p±pa½ kata½, so gantv± niraye nibbattatiyeva. Yena pana paritta½ p±pakamma½ kata½, so labhati. Yath± hi sabhaŗ¹a½ cora½ gahetv± kattabbameva karonti, na vinicchinanti. Anuvijjitv± gahita½ pana vinicchayaµµh±na½ nayanti, so vinicchaya½ labhati. Eva½sampadameta½. Parittap±pakamm± hi attano dhammat±yapi saranti, s±riyam±n±pi saranti.
Tattha d²ghajayantadami¼o n±ma attano dhammat±ya sari. So kira dami¼o sumanagirivih±re ±k±sacetiya½ rattapaµena p³jesi. Atha niraye ussadas±mante nibbatto aggij±lasadda½ sutv±va attano p³jitapaµa½ anussari, so gantv± sagge nibbatto. Aparopi puttassa daharabhikkhuno khalis±µaka½ dento p±dam³le µhapesi, maraŗak±lamhi paµapaµ±ti sadde nimitta½ gaŗhi, sopi ussadas±mante nibbatto j±lasaddena ta½ s±µaka½ anussaritv± sagge nibbatto. Eva½ t±va attano dhammat±ya kusala½ kamma½ saritv± sagge nibbattat²ti.
Attano dhammat±ya asarante pana pańca devad³te pucchati. Tattha koci paµhamena devad³tena sarati, koci dutiy±d²hi. Yo pana pańcahipi na sarati, ta½ yamo r±j± saya½ s±reti. Eko kira amacco sumanapupphakumbhena mah±cetiya½ p³jetv± yamassa patti½ ad±si, ta½ akusalakammena niraye nibbatta½ yamassa santika½ nayi½su. Tasmi½ pańcahipi devad³tehi kusale asarante yamo saya½ olokento disv±– “nanu tva½ mah±cetiya½ sumanapupphakumbhena p³jetv± mayha½ patti½ ad±s²”ti s±resi, so tasmi½ k±le saritv± devaloka½ gato. Yamo pana saya½ oloketv±pi apassanto– “mah±dukkha½ n±ma anubhavissati aya½ satto”ti tuŗh² hoti.
267. Mah±nirayeti av²cimah±nirayamhi. Ki½ panassa pam±ŗa½? Abbhantara½ ±y±mena ca vitth±rena ca yojanasata½ hoti. Lohapathav² lohachadana½ ekek± ca bhitti navanavayojanik± hoti. Puratthim±ya bhittiy± acci uµµhit± pacchima½ bhitti½ gahetv± ta½ vinivijjhitv± parato yojanasata½ gacchati. Sesadis±supi eseva nayo. Iti j±lapariyantavasena ±y±mavitth±rato aµµh±rasayojan±dhik±ni t²ŗi yojanasat±ni, parikkhepato pana navayojanasat±ni catupaŗŗ±sayojan±ni, samant± pana ussadehi saddhi½ dasayojanasahassa½ hoti.
268. Ubbhata½ t±disameva hot²ti ettha akkantapada½ y±va aµµhito da¼ha½ uddharitumeva na sakk±. Aya½ panettha attho– heµµhato paµµh±ya ¹ayhati, uparito paµµh±ya jh±yati, iti akkamanak±le ¹ayham±na½ pańń±yati, uddharaŗak±le t±disameva, tasm± eva½ vutta½. Bahusampattoti bah³ni vassasatavassasahass±ni sampatto.
Kasm± panesa narako av²c²ti saŖkha½ gatoti. V²ci n±ma antara½ vuccati, tattha ca aggij±l±na½ v± satt±na½ v± dukkhassa v± antara½ natthi. Tasm± so av²c²ti saŖkha½ gatoti. Tassa hi puratthimabhittito j±l± uµµhit± sa½sibbam±n± yojanasata½ gantv± pacchimabhitti½ vinivijjhitv± parato yojanasata½ gacchati. Sesadis±supi eseva nayo.
Imesa½ channa½ j±l±na½ majjhe nibbatto devadatto, tassa yojanasatappam±ŗo attabh±vo, dve p±d± y±va gopphak± lohapathavi½ paviµµh±, dve hatth± y±va maŗibandh± lohabhittiyo paviµµh±, s²sa½ y±va bhamukaµµhito lohachadane paviµµha½, adhobh±gena eka½ lohas³la½ pavisitv± k±ya½ vinivijjhanta½ chadane paviµµha½, p±c²nabhittito nikkhantas³la½ hadaya½ vinivijjhitv± pacchimabhitti½ paviµµha½ uttarabhittito nikkhantas³la½ ph±suk± vinivijjhitv± dakkhiŗabhitti½ paviµµha½. Niccale tath±gatamhi aparaddhatt± niccalova hutv± paccat²ti kammasarikkhat±ya ediso j±to. Eva½ j±l±na½ nirantarat±ya av²ci n±ma.
Abbhantare panassa yojanasatike µh±ne n±¼iya½ koµµetv± p³ritapiµµha½ viya satt± nirantar±, “imasmi½ µh±ne satto atthi, imasmi½ natth²”ti na vattabba½, gacchant±na½ µhit±na½ nisinn±na½ nipann±na½ anto natthi, gacchante v± µhite v± nisinne v± nipanne v± ańńamańńa½ na b±dhanti. Eva½ satt±na½ nirantarat±ya av²ci.
K±yadv±re pana cha upekkh±sahagat±ni citt±ni uppajjanti, eka½ dukkhasahagata½. Eva½ santepi yath± jivhagge cha madhubind³ni µhapetv± ekasmi½ tambalohabindumhi µhapite anudahanabalavat±ya tadeva pańń±yati, itar±ni abboh±rik±ni honti, eva½ anudahanabalavat±ya dukkhamevettha nirantara½, itar±ni abboh±rik±n²ti. Eva½ dukkhassa nirantarat±ya av²ci.
269. Mahantoti yojanasatiko. So tattha patat²ti eko p±do mah±niraye hoti, eko g³thaniraye nipatati. S³cimukh±ti s³cisadisamukh±, te hatthig²vappam±ŗ± ekadoŗikan±v±ppam±ŗ± v± honti.
Kukkulanirayoti yojanasatappam±ŗova anto k³µ±g±ramattavitaccita-aŖg±rapuŗŗo ±dittach±rikanirayo, yattha patitapatit± kudr³sakar±simhi khittaph±lav±sisil±d²ni viya heµµhimatalameva gaŗhanti.
¾ropent²ti ayadaŗ¹ehi pothent± ±ropenti. Tesa½ ±rohanak±le te kaŗµak± adhomukh± honti, orohanak±le uddha½mukh±.
V±terit±n²ti kammamayena v±tena calit±ni. Hatthampi chindant²ti phalake ma½sa½ viya koµµayam±n±ni chindanti. Sace uµµh±ya pal±yati, ayop±k±ro samuµµhahitv± parikkhipati, heµµh± khuradh±r± samuµµh±ti.
Kh±rodak± nad²ti vetaraŗ² n±ma tambalohanad². Tattha ayomay±ni kharav±lika-pokkharapatt±ni, heµµh± khuradh±r± ubhosu t²resu vettalat± ca kusatiŗ±ni ca. So tattha dukkh± tibb± khar±ti so tattha uddhańca adho ca vuyham±no pokkharapattesu chijjati. SiŖgh±µakasaŗµh±n±ya kharav±lik±ya kaŗµakehi vijjhiyati, khuradh±r±hi ph±liyati, ubhosu t²resu kusatiŗehi vilekhati, vettalat±hi ±ka¹¹hiyati, tikkhasatt²hi ph±liyati.
270. Tattena ayosaŖkun±ti tena jigacchitomh²ti vutte mahanta½ lohapacchi½ lohagu¼±na½ p³retv± ta½ upagacchanti, so lohagu¼abh±va½ ńatv± dante samphuseti, athassa te tattena ayosaŖkun± mukha½ vivaranti, tambalohadh±rehi mahantena lohakaµ±hena tambaloha½ upanetv± evameva½ karonti. Puna mah±nirayeti eva½ pańcavidhabandhanato paµµh±ya y±va tambalohap±n± tambalohap±nato paµµh±ya puna pańcavidhabandhan±d²ni k±retv± mah±niraye pakkhipanti. Tattha koci pańcavidhabandhaneneva muccati, koci dutiyena, koci tatiyena, koci tambalohap±nena muccati, kamme pana aparikkh²ŗe puna mah±niraye pakkhipanti.
Ida½ pana sutta½ gaŗhanto eko daharabhikkhu,– “bhante, ettaka½ dukkhamanubhavitasatta½ punapi mah±niraye pakkhipant²”ti ±ha. ¾ma, ±vuso, kamme aparikkh²ŗe punappuna½ eva½ karont²ti. Tiµµhatu, bhante, uddeso, kammaµµh±nameva katheth±ti kammaµµh±na½ kath±petv± sot±panno hutv± ±gamma uddesa½ aggahesi. Ańńesampi imasmi½ padese uddesa½ µhapetv± arahatta½ patt±na½ gaŗan± natthi. Sabbabuddh±nańceta½ sutta½ avijahitameva hoti.
271. H²nak±y³pag±ti h²nak±ya½ upagat± hutv±. Up±d±neti taŗh±diµµhigahaŗe. J±timaraŗasambhaveti j±tiy± ca maraŗassa ca k±raŗabh³te. Anup±d±ti cat³hi up±d±nehi anup±diyitv±. J±timaraŗasaŖkhayeti j±timaraŗasaŖkhayasaŖkh±te nibb±ne vimuccanti.
Diµµhadhamm±bhinibbut±ti diµµhadhamme imasmi½yeva attabh±ve sabbakilesanibb±nena nibbut±. Sabbadukkha½ upaccagunti sabbadukkh±tikkant± n±ma honti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Devad³tasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.

Tatiyavaggavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.