Aparopi t±disova kammaµµh±na½ kathento eva½ katheti– citteneva t²su uddhanesu t²ºi kapall±ni ±ropetv± heµµh± aggi½ katv± citteneva attano dvatti½s±k±ra½ upp±µetv± kapallesu pakkhipitv± citteneva daº¹akena parivattetv± parivattetv± bhajjitabba½, y± jh±yam±ne ch±rik± hoti, s± mukhav±tena pal±setabb±. Ettakena dh³tap±po n±mesa samaºo hoti. Sesa½ purimanayeneva vitth±retabba½.
Aparo eva½ katheti– citteneva mah±c±µi½ µhapetv± matthu½ yojetv± citteneva attano dvatti½s±k±ra½ upp±µetv± tattha pakkhipitv± matthu½ ot±retv± manthitabba½. Mathiyam±na½ vil²yati, vil²ne upari pheºo uggacchati. So pheºo paribhuñjitabbo. Ett±vat± vo amata½ paribhutta½ n±ma bhavissati Ito para½ “atha te bhikkh³”ti-±di sabba½ purimanayeneva vitth±retabba½.
44. Id±ni yo eva½ viv±do uppajjeyya, tassa m³la½ dassento chayim±n²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha ag±ravoti g±ravavirahito. Appatissoti appatissayo an²cavutti. Ettha pana yo bhikkhu satthari dharam±ne t²su k±lesu upaµµh±na½ na y±ti, satthari anup±hane caªkamante sa-up±hano caªkamati, n²ce caªkame caªkamante ucce caªkame caªkamati, heµµh± vasante upari vasati, satthu dassanaµµh±ne ubho a½se p±rupati, chatta½ dh±reti, up±hana½ dh±reti, nh±natitthe ucc±ra½ v± pass±va½ v± karoti, parinibbute v± pana cetiya½ vanditu½ na gacchati, cetiyassa paññ±yanaµµh±ne satthudassanaµµh±ne vutta½ sabba½ karoti, aññehi ca bhikkh³hi “kasm± eva½ karosi, na ida½ vaµµati, samm±sabuddhassa n±ma lajjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vutte “t³ºh² hoti, ki½ buddho buddhoti vadas²”ti bhaºati, aya½ satthari ag±ravo n±ma.
Yo pana dhammassavane saªghuµµhe sakkacca½ na gacchati, sakkacca½ dhamma½ na suº±ti, nidd±yati v± sallapento v± nis²dati, sakkacca½ na gaºh±ti na dh±reti, “ki½ dhamme ag±rava½ karos²”ti vutte “tuºh² hoti, dhammo dhammoti vadasi, ki½ dhammo n±m±”ti vadati, aya½ dhamme ag±ravo n±ma.
Yo pana therena bhikkhun± anajjhiµµho dhamma½ deseti, nis²dati pañha½ katheti, vu¹¹he bhikkh³ ghaµµento gacchati, tiµµhati nis²dati, dussapallatthika½ v± hatthapallatthika½ v± karoti, saªghamajjhe ubho a½se p±rupati, chattup±hana½ dh±reti, “bhikkhusaªghassa lajjitu½ vaµµat²”ti vuttepi “tuºh² hoti, saªgho saªghoti vadasi, ki½ saªgho, migasaªgho ajasaªgho”ti-±d²ni vadati, aya½ saªghe ag±ravo n±ma. Ekabhikkhusmimpi hi ag±rave kate saªghe katoyeva hoti. Tisso sikkh± pana aparip³rayam±nova sikkh±ya na parip³rak±r² n±ma.
Ajjhatta½ v±ti attani v± attano paris±ya v±. B±hiddh±ti parasmi½ v± parassa paris±ya v±.
46. Id±ni aya½ cha µh±n±ni niss±ya uppannaviv±do va¹¹hanto y±ni adhikaraº±ni p±puº±ti, t±ni dassetu½ catt±rim±n²ti-±dim±ha. Tattha v³pasamanatth±ya pavattam±nehi samathehi adhik±tabb±n²ti adhikaraº±ni. Viv±dova adhikaraºa½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½. Itaresupi eseva nayo.
Id±ni im±nipi catt±ri adhikaraº±ni patv± upari va¹¹hento so viv±do yehi samathehi v³pasammati, tesa½ dassanattha½ satta kho panimeti-±dim±ha. Tattha adhikaraº±ni samenti v³pasament²ti adhikaraºasamath±. Uppannuppann±nanti uppann±na½ uppann±na½. Adhikaraº±nanti etesa½ viv±d±dhikaraº±d²na½ catunna½. Samath±ya v³pasam±y±ti samanatthañceva v³pasamanatthañca. Sammukh±vinayo d±tabbo…pe… tiºavatth±rakoti ime satta samath± d±tabb±.
Tatr±ya½ vinicchayakath±– adhikaraºesu t±va dhammoti v± adhammoti v±ti aµµh±rasahi vatth³hi vivadant±na½ bhikkh³na½ yo viv±do, ida½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½ n±ma. S²lavipattiy± v± ±c±radiµµhi-±j²vavipattiy± v± anuvadant±na½ yo anuv±do upavadan± ceva codan± ca, ida½ anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ n±ma. M±tik±ya½ ±gat± pañca vibhaªge dveti satta ±pattikkhandh± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ n±ma. Ya½ saªghassa apalokan±d²na½ catunna½ kamm±na½ karaºa½, ida½ kicc±dhikaraºa½ n±ma.
Tattha viv±d±dhikaraºa½ dv²hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca yebhuyyasik±ya ca. Sammukh±vinayeneva sammam±na½ yasmi½ vih±re uppanna½, tasmi½yeva v±, aññattha v³pasametu½ gacchant±na½ antar±magge v±, yattha gantv± saªghassa niyy±tita½, tattha saªghena v± gaºena v± v³pasametu½ asakkonte tattheva ubb±hik±ya sammatapuggalehi v± vinicchita½ sammati. Eva½ sammam±ne pana tasmi½ y± saªghasammukhat± dhammasammukhat±, vinayasammukhat±, puggalasammukhat±, aya½ sammukh±vinayo n±ma.
Tattha ca k±rakasaªghassa s±maggivasena sammukh²bh±vo saªghasammukhat±. Sametabbassa vatthuno bh³tat± dhammasammukhat±. Yath± ta½ sametabba½, tatheva samana½ vinayasammukhat±. Yo ca vivadati, yena ca vivadati, tesa½ ubhinna½ attapaccatthik±na½ sammukh²bh±vo puggalasammukhat±. Ubb±hik±ya v³pasame panettha saªghasammukhat± parih±yati. Eva½ t±va sammukh±vinayeneva sammati.
Sace panevampi na sammati, atha na½ ubb±hik±ya sammat± bhikkh³ “na maya½ sakkoma v³pasametun”ti saªghasseva niyy±tenti. Tato saªgho pañcaªgasamann±gata½ bhikkhu½ sal±kagg±haka½ sammannitv± tena gu¼hakavivaµakasakaººajappakesu t²su sal±kagg±hesu aññataravasena sal±ka½ g±hetv± sannipatitaparis±ya dhammav±d²na½ yebhuyyat±ya yath± te dhammav±dino vadanti, eva½ v³pasanta½ adhikaraºa½ sammukh±vinayena ca yebhuyyasik±ya ca v³pasanta½ hoti. Tattha sammukh±vinayo vuttanayo eva. Ya½ pana yebhuyyasik±ya kammassa karaºa½, aya½ yebhuyyasik± n±ma. Eva½ viv±d±dhikaraºa½ dv²hi samathehi sammati.
Anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ cat³hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca sativinayena ca am³¼havinayena ca tassap±piyasik±ya ca. Sammukh±vinayeneva sammam±na½ yo ca anuvadati, yañca anuvadati, tesa½ vacana½ sutv±, sace k±ci ±patti natthi, ubho kham±petv±, sace atthi, aya½ n±mettha ±patt²ti eva½ vinicchita½ v³pasammati. Tattha sammukh±vinayalakkhaºa½ vuttanayameva.
Yad± pana kh²º±savassa bhikkhuno am³lik±ya s²lavipattiy± anuddha½sitassa sativinaya½ y±cam±nassa saªgho ñatticatutthena kammena sativinaya½ deti, tad± sammukh±vinayena ca sativinayena ca v³pasanta½ hoti. Dinne pana sativinaye puna tasmi½ puggale kassaci anuv±do na ruhati.
Yad± ummattako bhikkhu umm±davasena kate ass±maºake ajjh±c±re “sarat±yasm± evar³pi½ ±pattin”ti bhikkh³hi vuccam±no– “ummattakena me, ±vuso, eta½ kata½, n±ha½ ta½ sar±m²”ti bhaºantopi bhikkh³hi codiyam±nova puna acodanatth±ya am³¼havinaya½ y±cati, saªgho cassa ñatticatutthena kammena am³¼havinaya½ deti, tad± sammukh±vinayena ca am³¼havinayena ca v³pasanta½ hoti. Dinne pana am³¼havinaye puna tasmi½ puggale kassaci tappaccay± anuv±do na ruhati.
Yad± pana p±r±jikena v± p±r±jikas±mantena v± codiyam±nassa aññen±ñña½ paµicarato p±pussannat±ya p±piyassa puggalassa– “sac±ya½ acchinnam³lo bhavissati, samm± vattitv± os±raºa½ labhissati, sace chinnam³lo, ayamevassa n±san± bhavissat²”ti maññam±no saªgho ñatticatutthena kammena tassap±piyasika½ karoti, tad± sammukh±vinayena ca tassa p±piyasik±ya ca v³pasanta½ hoti. Eva½ anuv±d±dhikaraºa½ cat³hi samathehi sammati.
¾patt±dhikaraºa½ t²hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca paµiññ±takaraºena ca tiºavatth±rakena ca. Tassa sammukh±vinayeneva v³pasamo natthi. Yad± pana ekassa v± bhikkhuno santike saªghagaºamajjhesu v± bhikkhu lahuka½ ±patti½ deseti, tad± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ sammukh±vinayena ca paµiññ±takaraºena ca v³pasammati. Tattha sammukh±vinayo t±va yo ca deseti, yassa ca deseti, tesa½ sammukhat±. Sesa½ vuttanayameva. Puggalassa ca gaºassa ca desan±k±le saªghasammukhat± parih±yati. Ya½ panettha “aha½, bhante, itthann±ma½ ±patti½ apanno”ti ca, ±ma “pass±m²”ti ca paµiññ±t±ya “±yati½ sa½vareyy±s²”ti karaºa½, ta½ paµiññ±takaraºa½ n±ma. Saªgh±disese pariv±s±diy±can± paµiññ±, pariv±s±d²na½ d±na½ paµiññ±takaraºa½ n±ma.
Dvepakkhaj±t± pana bhaº¹anak±rak± bhikkh³ bahu½ ass±maºaka½ ajjh±c±ra½ caritv± puna lajjidhamme uppanne “sace maya½ im±hi ±patt²hi aññamañña½ k±ress±ma, siy±pi ta½ adhikaraºa½ kakkha¼att±ya sa½vatteyy±”ti aññamañña½ ±pattiy± k±r±pane dosa½ disv± yad± tiºavatth±rakakamma½ karonti, tad± ±patt±dhikaraºa½ sammukh±vinayena ca tiºavatth±rakena ca sammati. Tatra hi yattak± hatthap±supagat± “na me ta½ khamat²”ti eva½ diµµh±vikamma½ akatv± “dukkaµa½ kamma½ puna k±tabba½ kamman”ti na ukkoµenti, niddampi okkant± honti, sabbesampi µhapetv± thullavajjañca gihipaµisa½yuttañca sabb±pattiyo vuµµhahanti. Eva½ ±patt±dhikaraºa½ t²hi samathehi sammati. Kicc±dhikaraºa½ ekena samathena sammati sammukh±vinayeneva.
Im±ni catt±ri adhikaraº±ni yath±nur³pa½ imehi sattahi samathehi sammanti. Tena vutta½ “uppannuppann±na½ adhikaraº±na½ samath±ya v³pasam±ya sammukh±vinayo d±tabbo…pe… tiºavatth±rako”ti. Ayamettha vinicchayanayo, vitth±ro pana samathakkhandhake (c³¼ava. 185) ±gatoyeva. Vinicchayopissa samantap±s±dik±ya vutto.
47. Yo pan±ya½ imasmi½ sutte “idh±nanda, bhikkh³ vivadant²”ti-±diko vitth±ro vutto, so etena nayena saªkhepatova vuttoti veditabbo. Tattha dhammoti-±d²su suttantapariy±yena t±va dasa kusalakammapath± dhammo, akusalakammapath± adhammo. Tath± “catt±ro satipaµµh±n±”ti heµµh± ±gat± sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm±, tayo satipaµµh±n± tayo sammappadh±n± tayo iddhip±d± cha indriy±ni cha bal±ni aµµha bojjhaªg± navaªgiko maggo c±ti, catt±ro up±d±n± pañca n²varaº±n²ti-±dayo saªkaliµµhadhamm± c±ti aya½ adhammo.
Tattha ya½kiñci eka½ adhammakoµµh±sa½ gahetv± “ima½ adhamma½ dhammoti kariss±ma, eva½ amh±ka½ ±cariyakula½ niyy±nika½ bhavissati, mayañca loke p±kaµ± bhaviss±m±”ti ta½ adhamma½ “dhammo ayan”ti kathent± dhammoti vivadanti. Tattheva dhammakoµµh±sesu eka½ gahetv± “adhammo ayan”ti kathent± adhammoti vivadanti.
Vinayapariy±yena pana bh³tena vatthun± codetv± s±retv± yath±paµiññ±ya k±tabbakamma½ dhammo n±ma, abh³tena pana vatthun± acodetv± as±retv± apaµiññ±ya katabbakamma½ adhammo n±ma. Tesupi adhamma½ “dhammo ayan”ti kathent± dhammoti vivadanti, “adhammo ayan”ti kathent± adhammoti vivadanti.
Suttantapariy±yena pana r±gavinayo dosavinayo mohavinayo sa½varo pah±na½ paµisaªkh±ti aya½ vinayo n±ma, r±g±d²na½ avinayo asa½varo appah±na½ appaµisaªkh±ti aya½ avinayo n±ma. Vinayapariy±yena vatthusampatti ñattisampatti anus±vanasampatti s²masampati parisasampatt²ti aya½ vinayo n±ma, vatthuvipatti…pe… parisavipatt²ti aya½ avinayo n±ma. Tesupi ya½kiñci avinaya½ “vinayo ayan”ti kathent± vinayoti vivadanti, vinaya½ avinayoti kathent± avinayoti vivadanti.
Dhammanetti samanumajjitabb±ti dhammarajju anumajjitabb± ñ±ºena gha½sitabb± upaparikkhitabb±. S± panes± dhammanetti “iti kho vaccha ime dasa dhamm± akusal± dasa dhamm± kusal±”ti eva½ mah±vacchagottasutte (ma. ni. 2.194) ±gat±ti vutt±. S± eva v± hotu, yo v± idha dhammoti ca vinayo ca vutto. Yath± tattha samet²ti yath± t±ya dhammanettiy± sameti, “dhammo dhammova hoti, adhammo adhammova, vinayo vinayova hoti, avinayo avinayova”. Tath± tanti eva½ ta½ adhikaraºa½ v³pasametabba½. Ekacc±na½ adhikaraº±nanti idha viv±d±dhikaraºameva dassita½, sammukh±vinayo pana na kismiñci adhikaraºe na labbhati.
48. Ta½ paneta½ yasm± dv²hi samathehi sammati sammukh±vinayena ca yebhuyyasik±ya ca, tasm± heµµh± m±tik±ya µhapit±nukkamena id±ni sativinayassa v±re pattepi ta½ avatv± viv±d±dhikaraºayeva t±va dutiyasamatha½ dassento kathañc±nanda, yebhuyyasik±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha bahutar±ti antamaso dv²hi t²hipi atirekatar±. Sesamettha heµµh± vuttanayeneva veditabba½.
49. Id±ni heµµh± avitth±rita½ sativinaya½ ±di½ katv± vitth±rit±vasesasamathe paµip±µiy± vitth±retu½ kathañc±nanda, sativinayoti-±dim±ha. Tattha p±r±jikas±mantena v±ti dve s±mant±ni khandhas±mantañca ±pattis±mantañca. Tattha p±r±jik±pattikkhandho saªgh±dises±pattikkhandho thullaccaya-p±cittiya-p±µidesan²ya-dukkaµa-dubbh±sit±pattikkhandhoti eva½ purimassa pacchimakhandha½ khandhas±manta½ n±ma hoti. Paµhamap±r±jikassa pana pubbabh±ge dukkaµa½, ses±na½ thullaccayanti ida½ ±pattis±manta½ n±ma. Tattha khandhas±mante p±r±jikas±manta½ garuk±patti n±ma hoti. Sarat±yasm±ti saratu ±yasm±. Ekacc±na½ adhikaraº±nanti idha anuv±d±dhikaraºameva dassita½.
50. Bh±sitaparikkantanti v±c±ya bh±sita½ k±yena ca parikkanta½, parakkamitv± katanti attho. Ekacc±nanti idh±pi anuv±d±dhikaraºameva adhippeta½. Paµiññ±takaraºe “ekacc±nan”ti ±patt±dhikaraºa½ dassita½.
52. Dav±ti sahas±. Rav±ti añña½ bhaºituk±mena añña½ vutta½. Eva½ kho, ±nanda, tassap±piyasik± hot²ti tassapuggalassa p±pussannat± p±piyasik± hoti. Imin± kammassa vatthu dassita½. Evar³passa hi puggalassa kamma½ k±ttabba½. Kammena hi adhikaraºassa v³pasamo hoti, na puggalassa p±pussannat±ya. Idh±pi ca anuv±d±dhikaraºameva adhikaraºanti veditabba½.
53. Kathañc±nanda tiºavatth±rakoti ettha ida½ kamma½ tiºavatth±rakasadisatt± tiºavatth±rakoti vutta½. Yath± hi g³tha½ v± mutta½ v± ghaµµiyam±na½ duggandhat±ya b±dhati, tiºehi avattharitv± suppaµicch±ditassa panassa so gandho na b±dhati, evameva ya½ adhikaraºa½ m³l±num³la½ gantv± v³pasamiyam±na½ kakkha¼att±ya v±¼att±ya bhed±ya sa½vattati, ta½ imin± kammena v³pasanta½ g³tha½ viya tiºavatth±rakena paµicchanna½ v³pasanta½ hot²ti ida½ kamma½ tiºavatth±rakasadisatt± tiºavatth±rakoti vutta½. Tassa idh±nanda, bhikkh³na½ bhaº¹anaj±t±nanti-±divacanena ±k±ramattameva dassita½, khandhake ±gat±yeva panettha kammav±c± pam±ºa½. Ýhapetv± thullavajja½ µhapetv± gihipaµisa½yuttanti. Ettha pana thullavajjanti th³llavajja½ p±r±jikañceva saªgh±disesañca. Gihipaµisa½yuttanti gih²na½ h²nena khu½sanavambhanadhammikapaµissavesu ±pann± ±patti. Adhikaraº±nanti idha ±patt±dhikaraºameva veditabba½. Kicc±dhikaraºassa pana vasena idha na kiñci vutta½. Kiñc±pi na vutta½, sammukh±vinayeneva panassa v³pasamo hot²ti veditabbo.
54. Chayime ±nanda, dhamm± s±raº²y±ti heµµh± kalahavasena sutta½ ±raddha½, upari s±raº²yadhamm± ±gat±. Iti yath±nusandhin±va desan± gat± hoti. Heµµh± kosambiyasutte (ma. ni. 1.498-500) pana sot±pattimaggasamm±diµµhi kathit±, imasmi½ sutte sot±pattiphalasamm±diµµhi vutt±ti veditabb±. Aºunti appas±vajja½. Th³lanti mah±s±vajja½. Sesamettha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

S±mag±masuttavaººan± niµµhit±.