Cakkaratanavaººan±

256. S²sa½ nh±tass±ti s²sena saddhi½ gandhodakena nh±tassa. Uposathikass±ti sam±dinna-uposathaªgassa. Uparip±s±davaragatass±ti p±s±davarassa upari gatassa subhojana½ bhuñjitv± p±s±davarassa upari mah±tale sir²gabbha½ pavisitv± s²l±ni ±vajjantassa. Tad± kira r±j± p±tova satasahassa½ vissajjetv± mah±d±na½ datv± punapi so¼asahi gandhodakaghaµehi s²sa½ nh±yitv± katap±tar±so suddha½ uttar±saªga½ eka½sa½ katv± uparip±s±dassa sir²sayane pallaªka½ ±bhujitv± nisinno attano d±namayapuññasamudaya½ ±vajjetv± nis²dati, aya½ sabbacakkavatt²na½ dhammat±
Tesa½ ta½ ±vajjant±na½yeva vuttappak±rapuññakammapaccaya½ utusamuµµh±na½ n²lamaºisaªgh±µasadisa½ p±c²nasamuddajalatala½ chindam±na½ viya ±k±sa½ alaªkurum±na½ viya dibba½ cakkaratana½ p±tubhavati. Tayida½ dibb±nubh±vayuttatt± dibbanti vutta½. Sahassa½ assa ar±nanti sahass±ra½. Saha nemiy± saha n±bhiy± c±ti sanemika½ san±bhika½. Sabbehi ±k±rehi parip³ranti sabb±k±raparip³ra½.
Tattha cakkañca ta½ ratijananaµµhena ratanañc±ti cakkaratana½. Y±ya pana ta½ n±bhiy± “san±bhikan”ti vutta½, s± indan²lamaºimay± hoti. Majjhe panass± rajatamay± pan±¼i, y±ya suddhasiniddhadantapantiy± hasam±na½ viya virocati. Majjhe chiddena viya candamaº¹alena ubhosupi b±hirantesu rajatapaµµena kataparikkhepo hoti. Tesu panass± n±bhipan±¼i parikkhepapaµµesu yuttaµµh±ne paricchedalekh± suvibhatt±va hutv± paññ±yanti. Aya½ t±vassa n±bhiy± sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Yehi pana ta½ arehi “sahass±ran”ti vutta½, te sattaratanamay± s³riyarasmiyo viya pabh±sampann± honti. Tesampi ghaµamaºikaparicchedalekh±d²ni suvibhatt±neva paññ±yanti. Ayamassa ar±na½ sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Y±ya pana ta½ nemiy± saha “sanemikan”ti vutta½, s± b±las³riyarasmikal±pasiri½ avahasam±n± viya surattasuddhasiniddhapav±¼amay± hoti. Sandh²su panass± sañjh±r±gasassirikarattajambonadapaµµ± vaµµaparicchedalekh± ca suvibhatt± paññ±yanti. Ayamassa nemiy± sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Nemimaº¹alapiµµhiya½ panassa dasanna½ dasanna½ ar±namantare dhamanava½so viya antosusiro chiddamaº¹alacitto v±tag±h² pav±¼adaº¹o hoti, yassa v±tena paharitassa sukusalasamann±hatassa pañcaªgikat³riyassa viya saddo vaggu ca rajan²yo ca kaman²yo ca hoti. Tassa kho pana pav±¼adaº¹assa upari setacchatta½, ubhosu passesu samosaritakusumad±mapantiyoti eva½ samosaritakusumad±mapantisatadvayapariv±rena setacchattasatadh±rin± pav±¼adaº¹asatena samupasobhitanemiparikkhepassa dvinnampi n±bhipan±¼²na½ anto dve s²hamukh±ni honti, yehi t±lakkhandhappam±º± puººacandakiraºakal±pasassirik± taruºaravisam±narattakambalageº¹ukapariyant± ±k±sagaªg±gatisobha½ abhibhavam±n± viya dve muttakal±p± olambanti, yehi cakkaratanena saddhi½ ±k±se samparivattam±nehi t²ºi cakk±ni ekato parivattant±ni viya kh±yanti. Ayamassa sabbaso sabb±k±raparip³rat±.
Ta½ paneta½ eva½ sabb±k±raparip³ra½ pakatiy± s±yam±sabhatta½ bhuñjitv± attano attano gharadv±re paññatt±sanesu nis²ditv± pavattakath±sall±pesu manussesu v²thicatukk±d²su k²¼am±ne d±rakajane n±ti-uccena n±tin²cena vanasaº¹amatthak±sannena ±k±sappadesena upasobhayam±na½ viya rukkhas±khagg±ni, dv±dasayojanato paµµh±ya suyyam±nena madhurassarena satt±na½ sot±ni odh±payam±na½ yojanato paµµh±ya n±nappabh±samudayasamujjalena vaººena nayan±ni sam±ka¹¹hanta½ rañño cakkavattissa puññ±nubh±va½ ugghosayanta½ viya r±jadh±ni-abhimukha½ ±gacchati.
Atha tassa cakkaratanassa saddassavaneneva “kuto nu kho, kassa nu kho aya½ saddo”ti ±vajjitahaday±na½ puratthimadisa½ olokayam±n±na½ tesa½ manuss±na½ aññataro aññatara½ evam±ha– “passa bho acchariya½, aya½ puººacando pubbe eko uggacchati, ajja pana attadutiyo uggato, etañhi r±jaha½samithuna½ viya puººacandamithuna½ pubb±pariyena gaganatala½ abhilaªghat²”ti. Tamañño ±ha– “ki½ kathesi samma kaha½ n±ma tay± dve puººacand± ekato uggacchant± diµµhapubb±, nanu esa tapan²yara½sidh±ro piñcharakiraºo div±karo uggato”ti. Tamañño sita½ katv± evam±ha– “ki½ ummattosi, nanu kho id±nimeva div±karo atthaªgato, so katha½ ima½ puººacanda½ anubandham±no uggacchissati, addh± paneta½ anekaratanappabh±samujjala½ ekassa puññavato vim±na½ bhavissat²”ti. Te sabbepi apas±dayant± aññe evam±ha½su– “ki½ bahu½ vippalapatha, nevesa puººacando, na s³riyo na devavim±na½. Na hetesa½ evar³p± sirisampatti atthi, cakkaratanena panetena bhavitabban”ti.
Eva½ pavattasall±passeva tassa janassa candamaº¹ala½ oh±ya ta½ cakkaratana½ abhimukha½ hoti. Tato tehi “kassa nu kho ida½ nibbattan”ti vutte bhavanti vatt±ro– “na kassaci aññassa, nanu amh±ka½ r±j± p³ritacakkavattivatto, tasseta½ nibbattan”ti. Atha so ca mah±jano, yo ca añño passati, sabbo cakkaratanameva anugacchati. Tampi cakkaratana½ raññoyeva atth±ya attano ±gatabh±va½ ñ±petuk±ma½ viya sattakkhattu½ p±k±ramatthakeneva nagara½ anusa½y±yitv± rañño antepura½ padakkhiºa½ katv± antepurassa uttaras²hapañjara-±sanne µh±ne yath± gandhapupph±d²hi sukhena sakk± hoti p³jetu½, eva½ akkh±hata½ viya tiµµhati.
Eva½ µhitassa panassa v±tap±nacchidd±d²hi pavisitv± n±n±vir±garatanappabh±samujjala½ anto p±s±da½ alaªkurum±na½ pabh±sam³ha½ disv± dassanatth±ya sañj±t±bhil±so r±j± hoti. Parijanopissa piyavacanap±bhatena ±gantv± tamattha½ nivedeti. Atha r±j± balavap²tip±mojjaphuµasar²ro pallaªka½ mocetv± uµµh±y±san± s²hapañjarasam²pa½ gantv± ta½ cakkaratana½ disv± “suta½ kho pana metan”ti-±dika½ cintana½ cintesi. Tena vutta½– “disv±na rañño khattiyassa…pe… assa½ nu kho aha½ r±j± cakkavatt²”ti. Tattha so hoti r±j± cakkavatt²ti kitt±vat± cakkavatt² hoti? Ekaªguladvaªgulamattampi cakkaratane ±k±sa½ abbhuggantv± pavatte.
Id±ni tassa pavatt±panattha½ ya½ k±tabba½ ta½ dassento atha kho, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha uµµh±y±san±ti nisinn±sanato uµµhahitv± cakkaratanasam²pa½ ±gantv±. Bhiªk±ra½ gahetv±ti hatthisoº¹asadisapan±¼i½ suvaººabhiªk±ra½ ukkhipitv± v±mahatthena udaka½ gahetv±. Pavattatu bhava½ cakkaratana½, abhivijin±tu bhava½ cakkaratananti. Anvadeva r±j± cakkavatt² saddhi½ caturaªginiy± sen±y±ti sabbacakkavatt²nañhi udakena abhisiñcitv± “abhivij±n±tu bhava½ cakkaratanan”ti vacanasamanantarameva veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± cakkaratana½ pavattati, yassa pavattisamak±lameva so r±j± cakkavatt² n±ma hoti.
Pavatte pana cakkaratane ta½ anubandham±nova r±j± cakkavatt² y±navara½ ±ruyha veh±sa½ abbhuggacchati, athassa chattac±mar±dihattho parijano ceva antepurajano ca. Tato n±nappak±rakañcukakavac±disann±havibh³sitena vividh±haraºappabh±samujjalitena samussitaddhajapaµ±kapaµimaº¹itena attano attano balak±yena saddhi½ upar±jasen±pati pabh³tayopi veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± r±j±nameva pariv±renti. R±jayutt± pana janasaªgahattha½ nagarav²th²su bheriyo car±penti “t±t± amh±ka½ rañño cakkaratana½ nibbatta½, attano attano vibhav±nur³pena maº¹itappas±dhit± sannipatath±”ti. Mah±jano pana pakatiy± cakkaratanasaddeneva sabbakicc±ni pah±ya gandhapupph±d²ni ±d±ya sannipatitova, sopi sabbo veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± r±j±nameva pariv±reti. Yassa yassa hi raññ± saddhi½ gantuk±mat± uppajjati, so so ±k±sagatova hoti. Eva½ dv±dasayojan±y±mavitth±r± paris± hoti. Tattha ekapurisopi chinnabhinnasar²ro v± kiliµµhavattho v± natthi. Sucipariv±ro hi r±j± cakkavatt². Cakkavattiparis± n±ma vijj±dharaparis± viya ±k±se gaccham±n± indan²lamaºitale vippakiººaratanasadis± hoti. Tena vutta½ “anvadeva r±j± cakkavatt² saddhi½ caturaªginiy± sen±y±”ti.
Tampi cakkaratana½ rukkhagg±na½ upar³pari n±ti-uccena gaganapadesena pavattati, yath± rukkh±na½ pupphaphalapallavehi atthik± t±ni sukhena gahetu½ sakkonti, bh³miya½ µhit± “esa r±j±, esa upar±j±, esa sen±pat²”ti sallakkhetu½ sakkonti. Ýh±n±d²supi iriy±pathesu yo yena icchati, so teneva gacchati. Cittakamm±disippapasut± cettha attano attano kicca½ karont±yeva gacchanti. Yatheva hi bh³miya½, tath± nesa½ sabbakicc±ni ±k±se ijjhanti. Eva½ cakkavattiparisa½ gahetv± ta½ cakkaratana½ v±mapassena sineru½ pah±ya samuddassa uparibh±gena aµµhayojanasahassappam±ºa½ pubbavideha½ gacchati.
Tattha yo vinibbedhena dv±dasayojan±ya parikkhepato chatti½sayojanaparis±ya sannivesakkhamo sulabh±h±r³pakaraºo ch±y³dakasampanno sucisamatalo ramaº²yo bh³mibh±go, tassa uparibh±ge ta½ cakkaratana½ ±k±se akkh±hata½ viya tiµµhati. Atha tena saññ±ºena so mah±jano otaritv± yath±ruci nh±nabhojan±d²ni sabbakicc±ni karonto v±sa½ kappeti, tena vutta½ “yasmi½ kho pana, bhikkhave, padese ta½ cakkaratana½ patiµµh±ti, tattha r±j± cakkavatt² v±sa½ upeti saddhi½ caturaªginiy± sen±y±”ti.
Eva½ v±sa½ upagate cakkavattimhi ye tattha r±j±no, te “paracakka½ ±gatan”ti sutv±pi na balak±ya½ sannip±tetv± yuddhasajj± honti. Cakkaratanassa uppattisamanantarameva natthi so satto n±ma, yo paccatthikasaññ±ya r±j±na½ ±rabbha ±vudha½ ukkhipitu½ visaheyya. Ayamanubh±vo cakkaratanassa.
Cakk±nubh±vena hi tassa rañño,
ar² ases± damatha½ upenti;
arindama½ n±ma nar±dhipassa,
teneva ta½ vuccati tassa cakka½.
Tasm± sabbepi te r±j±no attano attano rajjasirivibhav±nur³pa½ p±bhata½ gahetv± ta½ r±j±na½ upagamma onatasir± attano mo¼iyamaºippabh±bhisekenassa p±dap³ja½ karonto “ehi kho mah±r±j±”ti-±d²hi vacanehi tassa kiªk±rappaµiss±vita½ ±pajjanti. Tena vutta½ ye kho pana, bhikkhave, puratthim±ya…pe… anus±sa mah±r±j±ti.
Tattha sv±gatanti su-±gamana½. Ekasmiñhi ±gate socanti, gate nandanti. Ekasmi½ ±gate nandanti, gate socanti. T±diso tva½ ±gatanandano gamanasocano, tasm± tava ±gamana½ su-±gamananti vutta½ hoti. Eva½ vutte pana cakkavatt² n±pi “ettaka½ n±ma me anuvassa½ bali½ upakappeth±”ti vadati, n±pi aññassa bhoga½ acchinditv± aññassa deti. Attano pana dhammar±jabh±vassa anur³p±ya paññ±ya p±º±tip±t±d²ni upaparikkhitv± peman²yena mañjun± sarena “passatha t±t±, p±º±tip±to n±mesa ±sevito bh±vito bahul²kato nirayasa½vattaniko hot²”ti-±din± nayena dhamma½ desetv± “p±ºo na hantabbo”ti-±dika½ ov±da½ deti. Tena vutta½ r±j± cakkavatt² evam±ha p±ºo na hantabbo…pe… yath±bhuttañca bhuñjath±ti.
Ki½ pana sabbepi rañño ima½ ov±da½ gaºhant²ti. Buddhassapi t±va sabbe na gaºhanti, rañño ki½ gaºhissanti. Tasm± ye paº¹it± vibh±vino, te gaºhanti. Sabbe pana anuyant± bhavanti. Tasm± “ye kho pana, bhikkhave”ti-±dim±ha.
Atha ta½ cakkaratana½ eva½ pubbavidehav±s²na½ ov±de dinne katap±tar±se cakkavatt²balena veh±sa½ abbhuggantv± puratthima½ samudda½ ajjhog±hati. Yath± yath± ca ta½ ajjhog±hati, tath± tath± agadagandha½ gh±yitv± sa½khittaphaºo n±gar±j± viya sa½khitta-³mivipph±ra½ hutv± ogaccham±na½ mah±samuddasalila½ yojanamatta½ ogantv± antosamudde ve¼uriyabhitti viya tiµµhati. Taªkhaºaññeva ca tassa rañño puññasiri½ daµµhuk±m±ni viya mah±samuddatale vippakiºº±ni n±n±ratan±ni tato tato ±gantv± ta½ padesa½ p³rayanti. Atha s± r±japaris± ta½ n±n±ratanaparip³ra½ mah±samuddatala½ disv± yath±ruci ucchaªg±d²hi ±diyati, yath±ruci ±dinnaratan±ya pana paris±ya ta½ cakkaratana½ paµinivattati. Paµinivattam±ne ca tasmi½ paris± aggato hoti, majjhe r±j±, ante cakkaratana½. Tampi jalanidhijala½ palobhiyam±namiva cakkaratanasiriy±, asaham±namiva ca tena viyoga½, nemimaº¹alapariyanta½ abhihananta½ nirantarameva upagacchati.
257. Eva½ r±j± cakkavatt² puratthimasamuddapariyanta½ pubbavideha½ abhivijinitv± dakkhiºasamuddapariyanta½ jambud²pa½ vijetuk±mo cakkaratanadesitena maggena dakkhiºasamudd±bhimukho gacchati. Tena vutta½ atha kho ta½, bhikkhave, cakkaratana½ puratthimasamudda½ ajjhog±hetv± paccuttaritv± dakkhiºa½ disa½ pavattat²ti. Eva½ pavattam±nassa pana tassa pavattanavidh±na½ sen±sanniveso paµir±jagamana½ tesa½ anus±sanippad±na½ dakkhiºasamudda½ ajjhog±hana½ samuddasalilassa ogacchana½ ratan±d±nanti sabba½ purimanayeneva veditabba½.
Vijinitv± pana ta½ dasasahassayojanappam±ºa½ jambud²pa½ dakkhiºasamuddatopi paccuttaritv± sattayojanasahassappam±ºa½ aparagoy±na½ vijetu½ pubbe vuttanayeneva gantv± tampi samuddapariyanta½ tatheva abhivijinitv± pacchimasamuddatopi paccuttaritv± aµµhayojanasahassappam±ºa½ uttarakuru½ vijetu½ tatheva gantv± tampi samuddapariyanta½ tatheva abhivijiya uttarasamuddatopi paccuttarati.
Ett±vat± raññ± cakkavattin± c±turant±ya pathaviy± ±dhipacca½ adhigata½ hoti. So eva½ vijitavijayo attano rajjasirisampattidassanattha½ sapariso uddha½ gaganatala½ abhilaªghitv± suvikasitapadumuppalapuº¹ar²kavanavicitte catt±ro j±tassare viya pañcasatapañcasataparittad²papariv±re catt±ro mah±d²pe oloketv± cakkaratanadesiteneva maggena yath±nukkama½ attano r±jadh±nimeva pacc±gacchati. Atha ta½ cakkaratana½ antepuradv±ra½ sobhayam±na½ viya hutv± tiµµhati.
Eva½ patiµµhite pana tasmi½ cakkaratane r±jantepure ukk±hi v± d²pik±hi v± kiñci karaº²ya½ na hoti, cakkaratanobh±soyeva ratti½ andhak±ra½ vidhamati. Ye ca pana ratti½ andhak±ratthik± honti, tesa½ andhak±rameva hoti. Tena vutta½ dakkhiºasamudda½ ajjhog±hetv±…pe… evar³pa½ cakkaratana½ p±tubhavat²ti.