8. Upakkilesasuttavaººan±

236. Eva½ me sutanti upakkilesasutta½. Tattha etadavoc±ti neva bhed±dhipp±yena na piyakamyat±ya, atha khv±ssa etadahosi– “ime bhikkh³ mama vacana½ gahetv± na oramissanti, buddh± ca n±ma hit±nukampak±, addh± nesa½ bhagav± eka½ k±raºa½ kathessati, ta½ sutv± ete oramissanti, tato tesa½ ph±suvih±ro bhavissat²”ti. Tasm± eta½ “idha, bhante”ti-±divacanamavoca. M± bhaº¹ananti-±d²su “akatth±”ti p±µhasesa½ gahetv± “m± bhaº¹ana½ akatth±”ti eva½ attho daµµhabbo. Aññataroti so kira bhikkhu bhagavato atthak±mo, aya½ kirassa adhipp±yo– “ime bhikkh³ kodh±bhibh³t± satthu vacana½ na gaºhanti, m± bhagav± ete ovadanto kilam²”ti, tasm± evam±ha.
Piº¹±ya p±vis²ti na kevala½ p±visi, yenapi janena na diµµho, so ma½ passat³tipi adhiµµh±si. Kimattha½ adhiµµh±s²ti? Tesa½ bhikkh³na½ damanattha½. Bhagav± hi tad± piº¹ap±tappaµikkanto “puthusaddo samajano”ti-±dig±th± bh±sitv± kosambito b±lakaloºak±rag±ma½ gato. Tato p±c²nava½sad±ya½, tato p±lileyyakavanasaº¹a½ gantv± p±lileyyahatthin±gena upaµµhahiyam±no tem±sa½ vasi. Nagarav±sinopi– “satth± vih±ra½ gato, gacch±ma dhammassavan±y±”ti gandhapupphahatth± vih±ra½ gantv± “kaha½, bhante, satth±”ti pucchi½su. “Kaha½ tumhe satth±ra½ dakkhatha, satth± ‘ime bhikkh³ samagge kariss±m²’ti ±gato, samagge k±tu½ asakkonto nikkhamitv± gato”ti. “Maya½ satampi sahassampi datv± satth±ra½ ±netu½ na sakkoma, so no ay±cito sayameva ±gato, maya½ ime bhikkh³ niss±ya satthu sammukh± dhammakatha½ sotu½ na labhimh±. Ime satth±ra½ uddissa pabbajit±, tasmimpi s±maggi½ karonte samagg± na j±t±, kass±ññassa vacana½ karissanti. Ala½ na imesa½ bhikkh± d±tabb±”ti sakalanagare daº¹a½ µhapayi½su. Te punadivase sakalanagara½ piº¹±ya caritv± kaµacchumattampi bhikkha½ alabhitv± vih±ra½ ±gama½su. Up±sak±pi te puna ±ha½su– “y±va satth±ra½ na kham±petha, t±va vo tameva daº¹akamman”ti. Te “satth±ra½ kham±pess±m±”ti bhagavati s±vatthiya½ anuppatte tattha agama½su. Satth± tesa½ aµµh±rasa bhedakaravatth³ni deses²ti ayamettha p±¼imuttakakath±.
237. Id±ni puthusaddoti-±dig±th±su puthu mah±saddo ass±ti puthusaddo. Samajanoti sam±no ekasadiso jano, sabbov±ya½ bhaº¹anak±rakajano samantato saddaniccharaºena puthusaddo ceva sadiso c±ti vutta½ hoti. Na b±lo koci maññath±ti tatra koci ekopi aha½ b±loti na maññati, sabbepi paº¹itam±ninoyeva. N±ñña½ bhiyyo amaññarunti koci ekopi aha½ b±loti na ca maññi, bhiyyo ca saªghasmi½ bhijjam±ne aññampi eka½ “mayha½ k±raº± saªgho bhijjat²”ti ida½ k±raºa½ na maññ²ti attho.
Parimuµµh±ti muµµhassatino. V±c±gocarabh±ºinoti r±k±rassa rass±deso kato; v±c±gocar±va na satipaµµh±nagocar±, bh±ºino ca, katha½ bh±ºino? Y±vicchanti mukh±y±ma½, y±va mukha½ pas±retu½ icchanti, t±va pas±retv± bh±ºino, ekopi saªghag±ravena mukhasaªkocana½ na karot²ti attho. Yena n²t±ti yena kalahena ima½ nillajjabh±va½ n²t±. Na ta½ vid³ na ta½ j±nanti “eva½ s±d²navo ayan”ti.
Ye ca ta½ upanayhant²ti ta½ akkocchi manti-±dika½ ±k±ra½ ye upanayhanti. Sanantanoti por±ºo.
Pareti paº¹ite µhapetv± tato aññe bhaº¹anak±rak± pare n±ma. Te ettha saªghamajjhe kalaha½ karont± “maya½ yam±mase upayam±ma nass±ma satata½ samita½ maccusantika½ gacch±m±”ti na j±nanti. Ye ca tattha vij±nant²ti ye ca tattha paº¹it± “maya½ maccuno sam²pa½ gacch±m±”ti vij±nanti. Tato sammanti medhag±ti evañhi te j±nant± yonisomanasik±ra½ upp±detv± medhag±na½ kalah±na½ v³pasam±ya paµipajjanti.
Aµµhicchinn±ti aya½ g±th± j±take (j±. 1.9.16) ±gat±, brahmadattañca d²gh±vukum±rañca sandh±ya vutt±. Ayañhettha attho– tesampi tath± pavattaver±na½ hoti saªgati, kasm± tumh±ka½ na hoti, yesa½ vo neva m±t±pit³na½ aµµh²ni chinn±ni, na p±º± haµ± na gav±ssadhan±ni haµ±n²ti.
Sace labheth±ti-±dig±th± paº¹itasah±yassa ca b±lasah±yassa ca vaºº±vaººad²panattha½ vutt±. Abhibhuyya sabb±ni parissay±n²ti p±kaµaparissaye ca paµicchannaparissaye ca abhibhavitv± tena saddhi½ attamano satim± careyy±ti.
R±j±va raµµha½ vijitanti yath± attano vijitaraµµha½ mah±janakar±j± ca arindamamah±r±j± ca pah±ya ekak± vicari½su, eva½ vicareyy±ti attho. M±taªgaraññeva n±goti m±taªgo araññe n±gova. M±taªgoti hatthi vuccati. N±goti mahant±dhivacanameta½. Yath± hi m±tuposako m±taªgan±go araññe eko cari, na ca p±p±ni ak±si, yath± ca p±lileyyako, eva½ eko care, na ca p±p±ni kayir±ti vutta½ hoti.
238. B±lakaloºak±rag±moti up±ligahapatissa bhogag±mo. Tenupasaªkam²ti kasm± upasaªkami? Gaºe kirassa ±d²nava½ disv± ekavih±ri½ bhikkhu½ passituk±mat± udap±di, tasm± s²t±d²hi p²¼ito uºh±d²ni patthayam±no viya upasaªkami. Dhammiy± kath±y±ti ek²bh±ve ±nisa½sappaµisa½yutt±ya. Yena p±c²nava½sad±yo, tattha kasm± upasaªkami? Kalahak±rake kirassa diµµh±d²navatt± samaggav±sino bhikkh³ passituk±mat± udap±di, tasm± s²t±d²hi p²¼ito uºh±d²ni patthayam±no viya tattha upasaªkami. ¾yasm± ca anuruddhoti-±di vuttanayameva.
241. Atthi pana voti pacchimapucch±ya lokuttaradhamma½ puccheyya. So pana ther±na½ natthi, tasm± ta½ pucchitu½ na yuttanti parikammobh±sa½ pucchati. Obh±sañceva sañj±n±m±ti parikammobh±sa½ sañj±n±ma. Dassanañca r³p±nanti dibbacakkhun± r³padassanañca sañj±n±ma. Tañca nimitta½ nappaµivijjh±m±ti tañca k±raºa½ na j±n±ma, yena no obh±so ca r³padassanañca antaradh±yati.
Ta½ kho pana vo anuruddh± nimitta½ paµivijjhitabbanti ta½ vo k±raºa½ j±nitabba½. Ahampi sudanti anuruddh± tumhe ki½ na ±¼ulessanti, ahampi imehi ek±dasahi upakkilesehi ±¼ulitapubboti dassetu½ ima½ desana½ ±rabhi. Vicikicch± kho meti-±d²su mah±sattassa ±loka½ va¹¹hetv± dibbacakkhun± n±n±vidh±ni r³p±ni disv± “ida½ kho kin”ti vicikicch± udap±di. Sam±dhi cav²ti parikammasam±dhi cavi. Obh±soti parikammobh±sopi antaradh±yi, dibbacakkhun±pi r³pa½ na passi. Amanasik±roti r³p±ni passato vicikicch± uppajjati, id±ni kiñci na manasikariss±m²ti amanasik±ro udap±di.
Thinamiddhanti kiñci amanasikarontassa thinamiddha½ udap±di.
Chambhitattanti himavant±bhimukha½ ±loka½ va¹¹hetv± d±navarakkhasa-ajagar±dayo addasa, athassa chambhitatta½ udap±di.
Uppilanti “may± diµµhabhaya½ pakatiy± olokiyam±na½ natthi. Adiµµhe ki½ n±ma bhayan”ti cintayato uppil±vitatta½ udap±di. Sakidev±ti ekapayogeneva pañca nidhikumbhiyopi passeyya.
Duµµhullanti may± v²riya½ g±¼ha½ paggahita½, tena me uppila½ uppannanti v²riya½ sithilamak±si, tato k±yadaratho k±yaduµµhulla½ k±y±lasiya½ udap±di.
Acc±raddhav²riyanti mama v²riya½ sithila½ karoto duµµhulla½ uppannanti puna v²riya½ paggaºhato acc±raddhav²riya½ udap±di. Patameyy±ti mareyya.
Atil²nav²riyanti mama v²riya½ paggaºhato eva½ j±tanti puna v²riya½ sithila½ karoto atil²nav²riya½ udap±di.
Abhijapp±ti devalok±bhimukha½ ±loka½ va¹¹hetv± devasaªgha½ passato taºh± udap±di.
N±nattasaññ±ti mayha½ ekaj±tika½ r³pa½ manasikarontassa abhijapp± uppann±, n±n±vidhar³pa½ manasi kariss±m²ti k±lena devalok±bhimukha½ k±lena manussalok±bhimukha½ va¹¹hetv± n±n±vidh±ni r³p±ni manasikaroto n±nattasaññ± udap±di.
Atinijjh±yitattanti mayha½ n±n±vidh±ni r³p±ni manasikarontassa n±nattasaññ± udap±di, iµµha½ v± aniµµha½ v± ekaj±tikameva manasi kariss±m²ti tath± manasikaroto atinijjh±yitatta½ r³p±na½ udap±di.
243. Obh±sanimitta½ manasi karom²ti parikammobh±sameva manasi karomi. Na ca r³p±ni pass±m²ti dibbacakkhun± r³p±ni na pass±mi. R³panimitta½ manasi karom²ti dibbacakkhun± visayar³pameva manasi karomi.
Parittañceva obh±santi parittakaµµh±ne obh±sa½. Paritt±ni ca r³p±n²ti parittakaµµh±ne r³p±ni. Vipariy±yena dutiyav±ro veditabbo. Paritto sam±dh²ti parittako parikammobh±so, obh±saparittatañhi sandh±ya idha parikammasam±dhi “paritto”ti vutto. Paritta½ me tasmi½ samayeti tasmi½ samaye dibbacakkhupi parittaka½ hoti. Appam±ºav±repi eseva nayo.
245. Avitakkampi vic±ramattanti pañcakanaye dutiyajjh±nasam±dhi½. Avitakkampi avic±ranti catukkanayepi pañcakanayepi jh±nattayasam±dhi½. Sapp²tikanti dukatikajjh±nasam±dhi½. Nipp²tikanti dukajjh±nasam±dhi½. S±tasahagatanti tikacatukkajjh±nasam±dhi½. Upekkh±sahagatanti catukkanaye catutthajjh±nasam±dhi½ pañcakanaye pañcamajjh±nasam±dhi½.
Kad± pana bhagav± ima½ tividha½ sam±dhi½ bh±veti? Mah±bodhim³le nisinno pacchimay±me. Bhagavato hi paµhamamaggo paµhamajjh±niko ahosi, dutiy±dayo dutiyatatiyacatutthajjh±nik± Pañcakanaye pañcamajjh±nassa maggo natth²ti so lokiyo ahos²ti lokiyalokuttaramissaka½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.
Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Upakkilesasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.