4. S±mag±masuttavaººan±

41. Eva½ me sutanti s±mag±masutta½. Tattha s±mag±meti s±m±k±na½ ussannatt± eva½laddhan±me g±me. Adhun± k±laªkatoti sampati k±la½ kato. Dvedhikaj±t±ti dvejjhaj±t± dvebh±gaj±t±. Bhaº¹an±d²su bhaº¹ana½ pubbabh±gakalaho, ta½ daº¹±d±n±divasena paººattiv²tikkamavasena ca vaddhita½ kalaho, “na tva½ ima½ dhammavinaya½ ±j±n±s²”ti-±dika½ viruddhavacana½ viv±do. Vitudant±ti vitujjant±. Sahita½ meti mama vacana½ atthasa½hita½. Adhiciººa½ te vipar±vattanti ya½ tava adhiciººa½ cirak±lasevanavasena paguºa½, ta½ mama v±da½ ±gamma nivatta½. ¾ropito te v±doti tuyha½ upari may± doso ±ropito. Cara v±dappamokkh±y±ti bhattapuµa½ ±d±ya ta½ ta½ upasaªkamitv± v±dappamokkhatth±ya uttari pariyesam±no cara. Nibbeµhehi v±ti atha may± ±ropitav±dato att±na½ mocehi. Sace pahos²ti sace sakkosi. Vadhoyev±ti maraºameva.
N±µaputtiyes³ti n±µaputtassa antev±sikesu. Nibbinnar³p±ti ukkaºµhitasabh±v±, abhiv±dan±d²ni na karonti. Virattar³p±ti vigatapem±. Paµiv±nar³p±ti tesa½ nipaccakiriyato nivattasabh±v±. Yath± tanti yath± ca durakkh±t±disabh±ve dhammavinaye nibbinnavirattapaµiv±nar³pehi bhavitabba½, tatheva j±t±ti attho. Durakkh±teti dukkathite. Duppavediteti duviññ±pite. Anupasamasa½vattaniketi r±g±d²na½ upasama½ k±tu½ asamattho. Bhinnath³peti bhinnapatiµµhe. Ettha hi n±µaputtova nesa½ patiµµhena th³po, so pana bhinno mato. Tena vutta½ “bhinnath³pe”ti. Appaµisaraºeti tasseva abh±vena paµisaraºavirahite.
Nanu c±ya½ n±µaputto n±¼andav±siko, so kasm± p±v±ya½ k±la½katoti. So kira up±lin± gahapatin± paµividdhasaccena dasahi g±th±hi bh±site buddhaguºe sutv± uºha½ lohita½ cha¹¹esi. Atha na½ aph±suka½ gahetv± p±va½ agama½su, so tattha k±lamak±si. K±la½ kurum±no ca “mama laddhi aniyy±nik± s±rarahit±, maya½ t±va naµµh±, avasesajano m± ap±yap³rako ahosi Sace pan±ha½ ‘mama s±sana½ aniyy±nikan’ti vakkh±mi, na saddahissanti. Ya½n³n±ha½ dvepi jane na ekan²h±rena uggaºh±peyya½, te mamaccayena aññamañña½ vivadissanti. Satth± ta½ viv±da½ paµicca eka½ dhammakatha½ kathessati, tato te s±sanassa mahantabh±va½ j±tissant²”ti.
Atha na½ eko antev±siko upasaªkamitv± ±ha “bhante, tumhe dubbal±, mayha½ imasmi½ dhamme s±ra½ ±cikkhatha ±cariyappam±ºan”ti. ¾vuso, tva½ mamaccayena sassatanti gaºheyy±s²ti. Aparopi ta½ upasaªkami, ta½ uccheda½ gaºh±pesi. Eva½ dvepi jane ekaladdhike akatv± bah³ n±n±n²h±rena uggaºh±petv± k±lamak±si. Te tassa sar²rakicca½ katv± sannipatitv± aññamañña½ pucchi½su “kass±vuso, ±cariyo s±ram±cikkh²”ti? Eko uµµhahitv± mayhanti ±ha. Ki½ ±cikkh²ti? Sassatanti. Aparo ta½ paµib±hitv± mayha½ s±ra½ ±cikkh²ti ±ha. Eva½ sabbe “mayha½ s±ra½ ±cikkhi, aha½ jeµµhako”ti aññamañña½ viv±da½ va¹¹hetv± akkose ceva paribh±se ca hatthap±dapah±r±d²ni ca pavattetv± ekamaggena dve agacchant± n±n±dis±su pakkami½su, ekacce gih² ahesu½.
Bhagavato pana dharam±nak±lepi bhikkhusaªghe viv±do na uppajji. Satth± hi tesa½ viv±dak±raºe uppannamatteyeva saya½ v± gantv± te v± bhikkh³ pakkos±petv± khanti mett± paµisaªkh± avihi½s± s±raº²yadhammesu eka½ k±raºa½ kathetv± viv±da½ v³pasameti. Eva½ dharam±nopi saªghassa patiµµh±va ahosi. Parinibb±yam±nopi aviv±dak±raºa½ katv±va parinibb±yi. Bhagavat± hi sutte desit± catt±ro mah±pades± (a. ni. 4.180; d². ni. 2.187) y±vajjadivas± bhikkh³na½ patiµµh± ca avassayo ca. Tath± khandhake desit± catt±ro mah±pades± (mah±va. 305) sutte vutt±ni catt±ri pañhaby±karaº±ni (a. ni. 4.42) ca. Tenev±ha– “yo vo may±, ±nanda, dhammo ca vinayo ca desito paññatto, so vo mamaccayena satth±”ti (d². ni. 2.216).
42. Atha kho cundo samaºuddesoti aya½ thero dhammasen±patissa kaniµµhabh±tiko. Ta½ bhikkh³ anupasampannak±le cundo samaºuddesoti samud±caritv± therak±lepi tatheva samud±cari½su. Tena vutta½ “cundo samaºuddeso”ti. Upasaªkam²ti kasm± upasaªkami? N±µaputte kira k±la½kate jambud²pe manuss± tattha tattha katha½ pavattayi½su– “nigaºµho n±µaputto eko satth±ti paññ±yittha, tassa k±lakiriy±ya s±vak±na½ evar³po viv±do j±to, samaºo pana gotamo jambud²pe cando viya s³riyo viya ca p±kaµoyeva, k²diso nu kho samaºe gotame parinibbute s±vak±na½ viv±do bhavissat²”ti. Thero ta½ katha½ sutv± cintesi– “ima½ katha½ gahetv± dasabalassa ±rocess±mi, satth± ca eta½ atthuppatti½ katv± eka½ desana½ kathessat²”ti. So nikkhamitv± yena s±mag±mo, yen±yasm± ±nando tenupasaªkami. Ujumeva bhagavato santika½ agantv± yenassa upajjh±yo ±yasm± ±nando tenupasaªkam²ti attho. Eva½ kirassa ahosi– “upajjh±yo me mah±pañño, so ima½ s±sana½ satthu ±rocessati, atha satth± tadanur³pa½ dhamma½ desessat²”ti. Kath±p±bhatanti kath±m³la½, m³lañhi p±bhatanti vuccati. Yath±ha–
“Appakenapi medh±v², p±bhatena vicakkhaºo;
samuµµh±peti att±na½, aºu½ aggi½va sandhaman”ti. (J±. 2.1.4).
Dassan±y±ti dassanatth±ya. Ki½ panimin± bhagav± na diµµhapubboti? No na diµµhapubbo, ayañhi ±yasm± div± nava v±re ratti½ nava v±reti ek±ha½ aµµh±rasa v±re upaµµh±nameva gacchati. Divasassa pana satakkhattu½ v± sahassakkhattu½ v± gantuk±mo sam±nopi na ak±raº± gacchati, eka½ pañhuddh±ra½ gahetv±va gacchati. So ta½divasa½ tena gantuk±mo evam±ha.
Ahit±ya dukkh±ya devamanuss±nanti ekasmi½ vih±re saªghamajjhe uppanno viv±do katha½ devamanuss±na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattati? Kosambakakkhandhake (mah±va. 451) viya hi dv²su bhikkh³su viv±da½ ±pannesu tasmi½ vih±re tesa½ antev±sik± vivadanti, tesa½ ov±da½ gaºhanto bhikkhunisaªgho vivadati, tato tesa½ upaµµh±k± vivadanti, atha manuss±na½ ±rakkhadevat± dve koµµh±s± honti. Tattha dhammav±d²na½ ±rakkhadevat± dhammav±diniyo honti, adhammav±d²na½ adhammav±diniyo honti. Tato t±sa½ ±rakkhadevat±na½ mitt± bhummadevat± bhijjanti. Eva½ parampar±ya y±va brahmalok± µhapetv± ariyas±vake sabbe devamanuss± dve koµµh±s± honti. Dhammav±d²hi pana adhammav±dinova bahutar± honti, tato ya½ bah³hi gahita½, ta½ gaºhanti. Dhamma½ vissajjetv± bahutar±va adhamma½ gaºhanti. Te adhamma½ p³retv± viharant± ap±ye nibbattanti. Eva½ ekasmi½ vih±re saªghamajjhe uppanno viv±do bah³na½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya hoti.
43. Abhiññ± desit±ti mah±bodhim³le nisinnena paccakkha½ katv± pavedit±. Patissayam±nar³p± viharant²ti upaniss±ya viharanti. Bhagavato accayen±ti etarahi bhagavanta½ jeµµhaka½ katv± sag±rav± viharanti, tumh±ka½, bhante, uggatejat±ya dur±sadat±ya viv±da½ janetu½ na sakkonti, bhagavato pana accayena viv±da½ janeyyunti vadati. Yattha pana ta½ viv±da½ janeyyu½, ta½ dassento ajjh±j²ve v± adhip±timokkhe v±ti ±ha. Tattha ajjh±j²veti ±j²vahetu ±j²vak±raº±– “bhikkhu uttarimanussadhamma½ ullapati ±patti p±r±jikass±”ti-±din± (pari. 287) nayena pariv±re paññatt±ni cha sikkh±pad±ni, t±ni µhapetv± ses±ni sabbasikkh±pad±ni adhip±timokkha½ n±ma. Appamattako so ±nand±ti ajjh±j²va½ adhip±timokkhañca ±rabbha uppannaviv±do n±ma yasm± parassa kath±yapi attano dhammat±yapi sallakkhetv± suppajaho hoti, tasm± “appamattako”ti vutto.
Tatr±ya½ nayo– idhekacco “na sakk± uttarimanussadhamma½ anullapantena kiñci laddhun”ti-±d²ni cintetv± ±j²vahetu uttarimanussadhamma½ v± ullapati sañcaritta½ v± ±pajjati, yo te vih±re vasati, so bhikkhu arah±ti-±din± nayena s±mantajappana½ v± karoti, agil±no v± attano atth±ya paº²tabhojan±ni viññ±petv± bhuñjati, bhikkhun² v± pana t±ni viññ±petv± p±µidesan²ya½ ±pajjati, yo koci dukkaµavatthuka½ ya½kiñci s³podanaviññattimeva v± karoti, aññatara½ v± pana paººattiv²tikkama½ karonto viharati, tamena½ sabrahmac±r² eva½ sañj±nanti– “ki½ imassa imin± l±bhena laddhena, yo s±sane pabbajitv± micch±j²vena j²vika½ kappeti, paººattiv²tikkama½ karot²”ti. Attano dhammat±yapissa eva½ hoti– “kissa mayha½ imin± l±bhena, yv±ha½ eva½ sv±kkh±te dhammavinaye pabbajitv± micch±j²vena j²vika½ kappemi, paººattiv²tikkama½ karom²”ti sallakkhetv± tato oramati. Eva½ parassa kath±yapi attano dhammat±yapi sallakkhetv± suppajaho hoti. Tena bhagav± “appamattako”ti ±ha.
Magge v± hi, ±nanda, paµipad±ya v±ti lokuttaramagga½ patv± viv±do n±ma sabbaso v³pasammati, natthi adhigatamagg±na½ viv±do. Pubbabh±gamagga½ pana pubbabh±gapaµipadañca sandh±yeta½ vutta½.
Tatr±ya½ nayo– eva½ bhikkhu½ manuss± lokuttaradhamme sambh±venti. So saddhivih±rik±dayo ±gantv± vanditv± µhite pucchati “ki½ ±gatatth±”ti. Manasik±tabbakammaµµh±na½ pucchitu½, bhanteti. Nis²datha, khaºeneva arahatta½ p±petu½ samatthakammaµµh±nakatha½ ±cikkhiss±m²ti vatv± vadati– “idha bhikkhu attano vasanaµµh±na½ pavisitv± nisinno m³lakammaµµh±na½ manasi karoti, tassa ta½ manasikaroto obh±so uppajjati. Aya½ paµhamamaggo n±ma. So dutiya½ obh±sañ±ºa½ nibbatteti, dutiyamaggo adhigato hoti, eva½ tatiyañca catutthañca. Ett±vat± maggappatto ceva phalappatto ca hot²”ti. Atha te bhikkh³ “akh²º±savo n±ma eva½ kammaµµh±na½ kathetu½ na sakkoti, addh±ya½ kh²º±savo”ti niµµha½ gacchanti.
So aparena samayena k±la½ karoti. Samant± bhikkh±c±rag±mehi manuss± ±gantv± pucchanti “kenaci, bhante, thero pañha½ pucchito”ti. Up±sak± pubbeva therena pañho kathito amh±kanti. Te pupphamaº¹apa½ pupphak³µ±g±ra½ sajjetv± suvaººena akkhipidh±namukhapidh±n±di½ karitv± gandham±l±d²hi p³jetv± satt±ha½ s±dhuk²¼ika½ k²¼etv± jh±petv± aµµh²ni ±d±ya cetiya½ karonti. Aññe ±gantuk± vih±ra½ ±gantv± p±de dhovitv± “mah±thera½ passiss±ma, kaha½, ±vuso, mah±thero”ti pucchanti. Parinibbuto, bhanteti. Dukkara½, ±vuso, therena kata½ maggaphal±ni nibbattentena, pañha½ pucchittha, ±vusoti. Bhikkh³na½ kammaµµh±na½ kathento imin± niy±mena kathesi, bhanteti. Na eso, ±vuso, maggo, vipassanupakkileso n±mesa, na tumhe j±nittha, puthujjano, ±vuso, theroti. Te kalaha½ karont± uµµhahitv± “sakalavih±re bhikkh³ ca bhikkh±c±rag±mesu manuss± ca na j±nanti, tumheyeva j±n±tha. Kataramaggena tumhe ±gat±, ki½ vo vih±radv±re cetiya½ na diµµhan”ti. Eva½v±d²na½ pana bhikkh³na½ sata½ v±, hotu sahassa½ v±, y±va ta½ laddhi½ nappajahanti, saggopi maggopi v±ritoyeva.