4. B±kulasuttavaŗŗan±

209. Eva½ me sutanti b±kulasutta½. Tattha b±kuloti yath± dv±v²sati dvatti½s±ti-±dimhi vattabbe b±v²sati b±tti½s±ti-±d²ni vuccanti, evameva dvikuloti vattabbe b±kuloti vutta½. Tassa hi therassa dve kul±ni ahesu½. So kira devaloko cavitv± kosambinagare n±ma mah±seµµhikule nibbatto, tamena½ pańcame divase s²sa½ nh±petv± gaŖg±k²¼a½ aka½su. Dh±tiy± d±raka½ udake nimujjanummujjanavasena k²¼±pentiy± eko maccho d±raka½ disv± “bhakkho me ayan”ti mańńam±no mukha½ vivaritv± upagato. Dh±t² d±raka½ cha¹¹etv± pal±t±. Maccho ta½ gili. Puńńav± satto dukkha½ na p±puŗi, sayanagabbha½ pavisitv± nipanno viya ahosi. Maccho d±rakassa tejena tattakapalla½ gilitv± dayham±no viya vegena ti½sayojanamagga½ gantv± b±r±ŗasinagarav±sino macchabandhassa j±la½ p±visi, mah±macch± n±ma j±labaddh± pahariyam±n± maranti. Aya½ pana d±rakassa tejena j±lato n²haµamattova mato. Macchabandh± ca mahanta½ maccha½ labhitv± ph±letv± vikkiŗanti. Ta½ pana d±rakassa ±nubh±vena aph±letv± sakalameva k±jena haritv± sahassena dem±ti vadant± nagare vicari½su. Koci na gaŗh±ti.
Tasmi½ pana nagare aputtaka½ as²tikoµivibhava½ seµµhikula½ atthi, tassa dv±ram³la½ patv± “ki½ gahetv± deth±”ti vutt± kah±paŗanti ±ha½su. Tehi kah±paŗa½ datv± gahito. Seµµhibhariy±pi ańńesu divasesu macche na kel±yati, ta½ divasa½ pana maccha½ phalake µhapetv± sayameva ph±lesi. Macchańca n±ma kucchito ph±lenti, s± pana piµµhito ph±lent² macchakucchiya½ suvaŗŗavaŗŗa½ d±raka½ disv±– “macchakucchiya½ me putto laddho”ti n±da½ naditv± d±raka½ ±d±ya s±mikassa santika½ agam±si. Seµµhi t±vadeva bheri½ car±petv± d±raka½ ±d±ya rańńo santika½ gantv±– “macchakucchiya½ me deva d±rako laddho, ki½ karom²”ti ±ha. Puńńav± esa, yo macchakucchiya½ arogo vasi, posehi nanti.
Assosi kho itara½ kula½– “b±r±ŗasiya½ kira eka½ seµµhikula½ macchakucchiya½ d±raka½ labhat²”ti, te tattha agama½su. Athassa m±t± d±raka½ alaŖkaritv± k²¼±piyam±na½ disv±va “man±po vat±ya½ d±rako”ti gantv± pavati½ ±cikkhi. Itar± mayha½ puttoti-±dim±ha. Kaha½ te laddhoti? Macchakucchiyanti. No tuyha½ putto, mayha½ puttoti. Kaha½ te laddhoti? May± dasam±se kucchiy± dh±rito, atha na½ nadiy± k²¼±piyam±na½ maccho gil²ti. Tuyha½ putto ańńena macchena gilito bhavissati, aya½ pana may± macchakucchiya½ laddhoti, ubhopi r±jakula½ agama½su. R±j± ±ha– “aya½ dasa m±se kucchiy± dh±ritatt± am±t± k±tu½ na sakk±, maccha½ gaŗhant±pi vakkayakan±d²ni bahi katv± gaŗhant± n±ma natth²ti macchakucchiya½ laddhatt± ayampi am±t± k±tu½ na sakk±, d±rako ubhinnampi kul±na½ d±y±do hotu, ubhopi na½ jaggath±”ti ubhopi jaggi½su.
Vińńuta½ pattassa dv²supi nagaresu p±s±da½ k±retv± n±µak±ni paccupaµµh±pesu½. Ekekasmi½ nagare catt±ro catt±ro m±se vasati, ekasmi½ nagare catt±ro m±se vuµµhassa saŖgh±µan±v±ya maŗ¹apa½ k±retv± tattha na½ saddhi½ n±µak±hi ±ropenti. So sampatti½ anubhavam±no itara½ nagara½ gacchati. Ta½nagarav±sino n±µak±ni upa¹¹hamagga½ agama½su. Te paccuggantv± ta½ pariv±retv± attano p±s±da½ nayanti. Itar±ni n±µak±ni nivattitv± attano nagarameva gacchanti. Tattha catt±ro m±se vasitv± teneva niy±mena puna itara½ nagara½ gacchati. Evamassa sampatti½ anubhavantassa as²ti vass±ni paripuŗŗ±ni.
Atha bhagav± c±rika½ caram±no b±r±ŗasi½ patto. So bhagavato santike dhamma½ sutv± paµiladdhasaddho pabbajito. Pabbajitv± satt±hameva puthujjano ahosi, aµµhame pana so saha paµisambhid±hi arahatta½ p±puŗ²ti evamassa dve kul±ni ahesu½. Tasm± b±kuloti saŖkha½ agam±s²ti.
Pur±ŗagihisah±yoti pubbe gihik±le sah±yo. Ayampi d²gh±yukova thera½ pabbajita½ passitu½ gacchanto as²time vasse gato. Methuno dhammoti b±lo naggasamaŗako b±lapuccha½ pucchati, na s±sanavacana½, id±ni therena dinnanaye µhito imehi pana teti pucchi.
210. Ya½p±yasm±ti-±d²ni pad±ni sabbav±resu dhammasaŖg±hakattherehi niyametv± µhapit±ni. Tattha sańń± uppannamatt±va, vitakko kammapathabhedakoti Thero pan±ha– “kasm± visu½ karotha, ubhayampeta½ kammapathabhedakamev±”ti.
211. Gahapatic²varanti vass±v±sika½ c²vara½. Satthen±ti pipphalakena. S³ciy±ti s³ci½ gahetv± sibbitabh±va½ na sar±m²ti attho. Kathine c²varanti kathinac²vara½, kathinac²varampi hi vass±v±sikagatikameva. Tasm± tattha “sibbit± n±bhij±n±m²”ti ±ha.
Ettaka½ panassa k±la½ gahapatic²vara½ as±diyantassa chindanasibban±d²ni akarontassa kuto c²vara½ uppajjat²ti. Dv²hi nagarehi. Thero hi mah±yasass², tassa puttadh²taro nattapanattak± sukhumas±µakehi c²var±ni k±retv± raj±petv± samugge pakkhipitv± pahiŗanti. Therassa nh±nak±le nh±nakoµµhake µhapenti. Thero t±ni niv±seti ceva p±rupati ca, pur±ŗac²var±ni sampattapabbajit±na½ deti. Thero t±ni niv±setv± ca p±rupitv± ca navakamma½ na karoti, kińci ±y³hanakamma½ natthi. Phalasam±patti½ appetv± appetv± nis²dati. Cat³su m±sesu pattesu lomakiliµµh±ni honti, athassa puna teneva niy±mena pahiŗitv± denti. A¹¹ham±se a¹¹ham±se parivattat²tipi vadantiyeva.
Anacchariyańceta½ therassa mah±puńńassa mah±bhińńassa satasahassakappe p³ritap±ramissa, asokadhammarańńo kul³pako nigrodhatthero divasassa nikkhattu½ c²vara½ parivattesi. Tassa hi tic²vara½ hatthikkhandhe µhapetv± pańcahi ca gandhasamuggasatehi pańcahi ca m±l±samuggasatehi saddhi½ p±tova ±hariyittha, tath± div± ceva s±yańca. R±j± kira divasassa nikkhattu½ s±µake parivattento “therassa c²vara½ n²tan”ti pucchitv± “±ma n²tan”ti sutv±va parivattesi. Theropi na bhaŗ¹ika½ bandhitv± µhapesi, sampattasabrahmac±r²na½ ad±si. Tad± kira jambud²pe bhikkhusaŖghassa yebhuyyena nigrodhasseva santaka½ c²vara½ ahosi.
Aho vata ma½ koci nimanteyy±ti ki½ pana cittassa anupp±dana½ bh±riya½, uppannassa pah±nanti. Citta½ n±ma lahukaparivatta½, tasm± anupp±dana½ bh±riya½ uppannassa pah±nampi bh±riyameva Antaraghareti mah±sakulud±yisutte (ma. ni. 2.237) indakh²lato paµµh±ya antaraghara½ n±ma idha nimbodakapatanaµµh±na½ adhippeta½. Kuto panassa bhikkh± uppajjitth±ti. Thero dv²su nagaresu abhińń±to, gehadv±ra½ ±gatassevassa patta½ gahetv± n±n±rasabhojanassa p³retv± denti. So laddhaµµh±nato nivattati, bhattakiccakaraŗaµµh±na½ panassa nibaddhameva ahosi. Anubyańjanasoti therena kira r³pe nimitta½ gahetv± m±tug±mo na olokitapubbo. M±tug±massa dhammanti m±tug±massa chappańcav±c±hi dhamma½ desetu½ vaµµati, pańha½ puµµhena g±th±sahassampi vattu½ vaµµatiyeva. Thero pana kappiyameva na ak±si. Yebhuyyena hi kul³pakather±nameta½ kamma½ hoti. Bhikkhunupassayanti bhikkhuni-upassaya½. Ta½ pana gil±napucchakena gantu½ vaµµati, thero pana kappiyameva na ak±si. Esa nayo sabbattha. Cuŗŗen±ti kosambacuŗŗ±din±. Gattaparikammeti sar²rasamb±hanakamme. Vic±rit±ti payojayit±. Gadd³hanamattanti g±vi½ thane gahetv± eka½ kh²rabindu½ d³hanak±lamattampi.
Kena pana k±raŗena thero nir±b±dho ahosi. Padumuttare kira bhagavati satasahassabhikkhupariv±re c±rika½ caram±ne himavati visarukkh± pupphi½su. Bhikkhusatasahass±nampi tiŗapupphakarogo uppajjati. Thero tasmi½ samaye iddhim± t±paso hoti, so ±k±sena gacchanto bhikkhusaŖgha½ disv± otaritv± roga½ pucchitv± himavantato osadha½ ±haritv± ad±si. UpasiŖghanamatteneva rogo v³pasami. Kassapasamm±sambuddhak±lepi paµhamavappadivase vappa½ µhapetv± bhikkhusaŖghassa paribhoga½ aggis±lańceva vaccakuµińca k±retv± bhikkhusaŖghassa bhesajjavatta½ nibandhi, imin± kammena nir±b±dho ahosi. Ukkaµµhanesajjiko panesa ukkaµµh±rańńako ca tasm± “n±bhij±n±mi apassenaka½ apassayit±”ti-±dim±ha.
Saraŗoti sakileso. Ańń± udap±d²ti anupasampannassa ańńa½ by±k±tu½ na vaµµati. Thero kasm± by±k±si? Na thero aha½ arah±ti ±ha, ańń± udap±d²ti pan±ha. Apica thero arah±ti p±kaµo, tasm± evam±ha.
212. Pabbajjanti thero saya½ neva pabb±jesi, na upasamp±desi ańńehi pana bhikkh³hi eva½ k±r±pesi. Av±puraŗa½ ±d±y±ti kuńcika½ gahetv±.
Nisinnakova parinibb±y²ti aha½ dharam±nopi na ańńassa bhikkhussa bh±ro ahosi½, parinibbutass±pi me sar²ra½ bhikkhusaŖghassa palibodho m± ahos²ti tejodh±tu½ sam±pajjitv± parinibb±yi. Sar²rato j±l± uµµhahi, chavima½salohita½ sappi viya jh±yam±na½ parikkhaya½ gata½, sumanamakulasadis± dh±tuyova avasesi½su. Sesa½ sabbattha p±kaµameva. Ida½ pana sutta½ dutiyasaŖgahe saŖg²tanti.

Papańcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

B±kulasuttavaŗŗan± niµµhit±.