2. Mah±suññatasuttavaººan±

185. Eva½ me sutanti mah±suññatasutta½. Tattha k±¼akhemakass±ti chavivaººena so k±¼o, khemakoti panassa n±ma½. Vih±roti tasmi½yeva nigrodh±r±me ekasmi½ padese p±k±rena parikkhipitv± dv±rakoµµhaka½ m±petv± ha½savaµµak±disen±san±ni ceva maº¹alam±¼abhojanas±l±d²ni ca patiµµhapetv± kato vih±ro. Sambahul±ni sen±san±n²ti mañco p²µha½ bhisibimbohana½ taµµik± cammakhaº¹o tiºasanth±ro paººasanth±ro pal±lasanth±roti-±d²ni paññatt±ni honti, mañcena mañca½…pe… pal±lasanth±reneva pal±lasanth±ra½ ±hacca µhapit±ni, gaºabhikkh³na½ vasanaµµh±nasadisa½ ahosi.
Sambahul± nu khoti bhagavato bodhipallaªkeyeva sabbakiles±na½ samuggh±µitatt± sa½sayo n±ma natthi, vitakkapubbabh±g± pucch±, vitakkapubbabh±ge c±ya½ nuk±ro nip±tamatto. P±µimatthaka½ gacchante avinicchito n±ma na hoti. Ito kira pubbe bhagavat± dasa dv±dasa bhikkh³ ekaµµh±ne vasant± na diµµhapubb±.
Athassa etadahosi– gaºav±so n±m±ya½ vaµµe ±ciººasam±ciººo nad²-otiººa-udakasadiso, nirayatiracch±nayonipettivisay±surak±yesupi, manussaloka-devalokabrahmalokesupi gaºav±sova ±ciººo. Dasayojanasahasso hi nirayo tipucuººabharit± n±¼i viya sattehi nirantaro, pañcavidhabandhanakammak±raºakaraºaµµh±ne satt±na½ pam±ºa½ v± paricchedo v± natthi, tath± v±s²hi tacchan±diµh±nesu, iti gaºabh³t±va paccanti. Tiracch±nayoniya½ ekasmi½ vammike upasik±na½ pam±ºa½ v± paricchedo v± natthi, tath± ekekabil±d²supi kipillik±d²na½. Tiracch±nayoniyampi gaºav±sova. Petanagar±ni ca g±vutik±ni a¹¹hayojanik±nipi petabharit±ni honti. Eva½ pettivisayepi gaºav±sova. Asurabhavana½ dasayojanasahassa½ kaººe pakkhittas³ciy± kaººabila½ viya hoti. Iti asurak±yepi gaºav±sova. Manussaloke s±vatthiya½ sattapaºº±sa kulasatasahass±ni, r±jagahe anto ca bahi ca aµµh±rasa manussakoµiyo vasi½su. Eva½ aññesupi µh±nes³ti manussalokepi gaºav±sova. Bhummadevat± ±di½ katv± devalokabrahmalokesupi gaºav±sova. Ekekassa hi devaputtassa a¹¹hatiy± n±µakakoµiyo honti, navapi koµiyo honti, ekaµµh±ne dasasahass±pi brahm±no vasanti.
Tato cintesi– “may± satasahassakapp±dhik±ni catt±ri asaªkhyeyy±ni gaºav±saviddha½sanattha½ dasa p±ramiyo p³rit±, ime ca bhikkh³ ito paµµh±yeva gaºa½ bandhitv± gaº±bhirat± j±t± ananucchavika½ karont²”ti. So dhammasa½vega½ upp±detv± puna cintesi– “sace ‘ekaµµh±ne dv²hi bhikkh³hi na vasitabban’ti sakk± bhaveyya sikkh±pada½ paññapetu½, sikkh±pada½ paññ±peyya½, na kho paneta½ sakk±. Hand±ha½ mah±suññat±paµipatti½ n±ma suttanta½ desemi, ya½ sikkh±k±m±na½ kulaputt±na½ sikkh±padapaññatti viya nagaradv±re nikkhittasabbak±yika-±d±so viya ca bhavissati. Tato yath± n±mekasmi½ ±d±se khattiy±dayo attano vajja½ disv± ta½ pah±ya anavajj± honti, evameva½ mayi parinibbutepi pañcavassasahass±ni ima½ sutta½ ±vajjitv± gaºa½ vinodetv± ek²bh±v±bhirat± kulaputt± vaµµadukkhassa anta½ karissant²”ti. Bhagavato ca manoratha½ p³rent± viya ima½ sutta½ ±vajjitv± gaºa½ vinodetv± vaµµadukkha½ khepetv± parinibbut± kulaputt± gaºanapatha½ v²tivatt±. V±likapiµµhivih±repi hi ±bhidhammika-abhayatthero n±ma vass³pan±yikasamaye sambahulehi bhikkh³hi saddhi½ ima½ sutta½ sañjh±yitv± “samm±sambuddho eva½ k±reti, maya½ ki½ karom±”ti ±ha. Te sabbepi antovasse gaºa½ vinodetv± ek²bh±v±bhirat± arahatta½ p±puºi½su. Gaºabhedana½ n±ma ida½ suttanti.
186. Ghaµ±y±ti eva½n±makassa sakkassa. Vih±reti ayampi vih±ro nigrodh±r±masseva ekadese k±¼akhemakassa vih±ro viya katoti veditabbo. C²varakammanti jiººamalin±na½ agga¼aµµh±nupp±danadhovan±d²hi kataparibhaº¹ampi, c²varatth±ya uppannavatth±na½ vic±raºasibban±d²hi akata½ sa½vidh±nampi vaµµati, idha pana akata½ sa½vidh±na½ adhippeta½. Manuss± hi ±nandattherassa c²varas±µake ada½su. Tasm± thero sambahule bhikkh³ gahetv± tattha c²varakamma½ ak±si. Tepi bhikkh³ p±tova s³cip±sakassa paññ±yanak±lato paµµh±ya nisinn± apaññ±yanak±le uµµhahanti. S³cikamme niµµhiteyeva sen±san±ni sa½vidahiss±m±ti na sa½vidahi½su. C²varak±rasamayo noti thero kira cintesi– “addh± etehi bhikkh³hi na paµis±mit±ni sen±san±ni, bhagavat± ca diµµh±ni bhavissanti. Iti anattamano satth± suµµhu niggahetuk±mo, imesa½ bhikkh³na½ upatthambho bhaviss±m²”ti; tasm± evam±ha. Aya½ panettha adhipp±yo– “na, bhante, ime bhikkh³ kamm±r±m± eva, c²varakiccavasena pana eva½ vasant²”ti.
Na kho, ±nand±ti, ±nanda, kammasamayo v± hotu akammasamayo v±, c²varak±rasamayo v± hotu ac²varak±rasamayo v±, atha kho saªgaºik±r±mo bhikkhu na sobhatiyeva. M± tva½ anupatthambhaµµh±ne upatthambho ahos²ti. Tattha saªgaºik±ti sakaparisasamodh±na½. Gaºoti n±n±janasamodh±na½. Iti saªgaºik±r±mo v± hotu gaº±r±mo v±, sabbath±pi gaºab±hull±bhirato gaºabandhanabaddho bhikkhu na sobhati. Pacch±bhatte pana div±µµh±na½ sammajjitv± sudhotahatthap±do m³lakammaµµh±na½ gahetv± ek±r±matamanuyutto bhikkhu buddhas±sane sobhati. Nekkhammasukhanti k±mato nikkhantassa sukha½. Pavivekasukhampi k±mapavivekasukhameva. R±g±d²na½ pana v³pasamatth±ya sa½vattat²ti upasamasukha½. Maggasambodhatth±ya sa½vattat²ti sambodhisukha½. Nik±mal±bh²ti k±mal±bh² icchital±bh². Akicchal±bh²ti adukkhal±bh². Akasiral±bh²ti vipulal±bh².
S±m±yikanti appitappitasamaye kilesehi vimutta½. Kantanti man±pa½. Cetovimuttinti r³p±r³p±vacaracittavimutti½. Vuttañheta½– “catt±ri ca jh±n±ni catasso ca ar³pasam±pattiyo, aya½ s±m±yiko vimokkho”ti (paµi. ma. 1.213). As±m±yikanti na samayavasena kilesehi vimutta½, atha kho accantavimutta½ lokuttara½ vutta½. Vuttañheta½– “catt±ro ca ariyamagg± catt±ri ca s±maññaphal±ni, aya½ as±m±yiko vimokkho”ti. Akuppanti kilesehi akopetabba½.
Ett±vat± ki½ kathita½ hoti? Saªgaºik±r±mo bhikkhu gaºabandhanabaddho neva lokiyaguºa½, na ca lokuttaraguºa½ nibbattetu½ sakkoti, gaºa½ vinodetv± pana ek±bhirato sakkoti. Tath± hi vipass² bodhisatto catur±s²tiy± pabbajitasahassehi parivuto satta vass±ni vicaranto sabbaññuguºa½ nibbattetu½ n±sakkhi, gaºa½ vinodetv± sattadivase ek²bh±v±bhirato bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha sabbaññuguºa½ nibbattesi. Amh±ka½ bodhisatto pañcavaggiyehi saddhi½ chabbass±ni vicaranto sabbaññuguºa½ nibbattetu½ n±sakkhi, tesu pakkantesu ek²bh±v±bhirato bodhimaº¹a½ ±ruyha sabbaññuguºa½ nibbattesi.
Eva½ saªgaºik±r±massa guº±dhigam±bh±va½ dassetv± id±ni dosuppatti½ dassento n±ha½ ±nand±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha r³panti sar²ra½. Yattha rattass±ti yasmi½ r³pe r±gavasena rattassa. Na uppajjeyyunti yasmi½ r³pe rattassa na uppajjeyyu½, ta½ r³pa½ na samanupass±mi, atha kho s±riputtamoggall±n±na½ dasabalas±vakattupagamanasaªkh±tena aññath±bh±vena sañcayassa viya, up±ligahapatino aññath±bh±vena n±µaputtassa viya, piyaj±tikasutte seµµhi-±d²na½ viya ca uppajjantiyeva.
187. Aya½ kho pan±nand±ti ko anusandhi? Sace hi koci dubbuddh² navapabbajito vadeyya– “samm±sambuddho khetta½ paviµµh± g±viyo viya amheyeva gaºato n²harati, ek²bh±ve niyojeti, saya½ pana r±jar±jamah±matt±d²hi parivuto viharat²”ti, tassa vacanok±supacchedanattha½– “cakkav±¼apariyant±ya paris±ya majjhe nisinnopi tath±gato ekakov±”ti dassetu½ ima½ desana½ ±rabhi. Tattha sabbanimitt±nanti r³p±d²na½ saªkhanimitt±na½. Ajjhattanti visayajjhatta½. Suññatanti suññataphalasam±patti½. Tatra ceti upayogatthe bhumma½, ta½ ceti vutta½ hoti. Puna tatr±ti tasmi½ parisamajjhe µhito. Vivekaninnen±ti nibb±naninnena. Byant²bh³ten±ti ±savaµµh±n²yadhammehi vigatantena nissaµena visa½yuttena. Uyyojanikapaµisa½yuttanti gacchatha tumheti eva½ uyyojanikena vacanena paµisa½yutta½.
K±ya pana vel±ya bhagav± eva½ katheti? Pacch±bhattakiccavel±ya, v± purimay±makiccavel±ya v±. Bhagav± hi pacch±bhatte gandhakuµiya½ s²haseyya½ kappetv± vuµµh±ya phalasam±patti½ appetv± nis²dati. Tasmi½ samaye dhammassavanatth±ya paris± sannipatanti. Atha bhagav± k±la½ viditv± gandhakuµito nikkhamitv± buddh±sanavaragato dhamma½ desetv± bhesajjatelap±ka½ gaºhanto viya k±la½ anatikkamitv± vivekaninnena cittena parisa½ uyyojeti Purimay±mepi “abhikkant± kho v±seµµh± ratti, yassa d±ni k±la½ maññath±”ti (d². ni. 3.299) eva½ uyyojeti Buddh±nañhi bodhipattito paµµh±ya dve pañcaviññ±º±nipi nibb±naninn±neva. Tasm±tih±nand±ti yasm± suññat±vih±ro santo paº²to, tasm±.
188. Ajjhattamev±ti gocarajjhattameva. Ajjhatta½ suññatanti idha niyakajjhatta½, attano pañcasu khandhesu nissitanti attho. Sampaj±no hot²ti kammaµµh±nassa asampajjanabh±vaj±nanena sampaj±no. Bahiddh±ti parassa pañcasu khandhesu. Ajjhattabahiddh±ti k±lena ajjhatta½ k±lena bahiddh± ¾neñjanti ubhatobh±gavimutto bhaviss±m±ti ±neñja½ ar³pasam±patti½ manasi karoti.
Tasmi½yeva purimasminti p±dakajjh±na½ sandh±ya vutta½. Apaguºap±dakajjh±nato vuµµhitassa hi ajjhatta½ suññata½ manasikaroto tattha citta½ na pakkhandati. Tato “parassa sant±ne nu kho kathan”ti bahiddh± manasi karoti, tatthapi na pakkhandati. Tato– “k±lena attano sant±ne, k±lena parassa sant±ne nu kho kathan”ti ajjhattabahiddh± manasi karoti, tatthapi na pakkhandati. Tato ubhatobh±gavimutto hotuk±mo “ar³pasam±pattiya½ nu kho kathan”ti ±neñja½ manasi karoti, tatthapi na pakkhandati. Id±ni– “na me citta½ pakkhandat²ti vissaµµhav²riyena upaµµh±k±d²na½ pacchato na caritabba½, p±dakajjh±nameva pana s±dhuka½ punappuna½ manasik±tabba½. Evamassa rukkhe chindato pharasumhi avahante puna nisita½ k±retv± chindantassa chijjesu pharasu viya kammaµµh±ne manasik±ro vahat²”ti dassetu½ tasmi½yev±ti-±dim±ha. Id±nissa eva½ paµipannassa ya½ ya½ manasi karoti, tattha tattha manasik±ro sampajjat²ti dassento pakkhandat²ti ±ha.
189. Imin± vih±ren±ti imin± samathavipassan±vih±rena. Itiha tattha sampaj±noti iti caªkamantopi tasmi½ kammaµµh±ne sampajjam±ne “sampajjati me kammaµµh±nan”ti j±nanena sampaj±no hoti. Sayat²ti nipajjati. Ettha kañci k±la½ caªkamitv±– “id±ni ettaka½ k±la½ caªkamitu½ sakkhiss±m²”ti ñatv± iriy±patha½ ah±petv± µh±tabba½. Esa nayo sabbav±resu Na kathess±m²ti, itiha tatth±ti eva½ na kathess±m²ti j±nanena tattha sampaj±nak±r² hoti.
Puna dutiyav±re evar³pi½ katha½ kathess±m²ti j±nanena sampaj±nak±r² hoti, imassa bhikkhuno samathavipassan± taruº±va, t±sa½ anurakkhaºattha½–
“¾v±so gocaro bhassa½, puggalo atha bhojana½;
utu iriy±patho ceva, sapp±yo sevitabbako”ti.
Satta sapp±y±ni icchitabb±ni. Tesa½ dassanatthamida½ vutta½. Vitakkav±resu avitakkanassa ca vitakkanassa ca j±nanena sampaj±nat± veditabb±.
190. Iti vitakkapah±nena dve magge kathetv± id±ni tatiyamaggassa vipassana½ ±cikkhanto pañca kho ime, ±nanda, k±maguº±ti-±dim±ha. ¾yataneti tesuyeva k±maguºesu kismiñcideva kilesuppattik±raºe. Samud±c±roti samud±caraºato appah²nakileso. Eva½ santanti eva½ vijjam±nameva. Sampaj±noti kammaµµh±nassa asampattij±nanena sampaj±no. Dutiyav±re eva½ santametanti eva½ sante eta½. Sampaj±noti kammaµµh±nasampattij±nanena sampaj±no. Ayañhi “pah²no nu kho me pañcasu k±maguºesu chandar±go no”ti paccavekkham±no apah²nabh±va½ ñatv± v²riya½ paggahetv± ta½ an±g±mimaggena samuggh±µeti, tato magg±nantara½ phala½, phalato vuµµh±ya paccavekkham±no pah²nabh±va½ j±n±ti, tassa j±nanena “sampaj±no hot²”ti vutta½.
191. Id±ni arahattamaggassa vipassana½ ±cikkhanto pañca kho ime, ±nanda, up±d±nakkhandh±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha so pah²yat²ti r³pe asm²ti m±no asm²ti chando asm²ti anusayo pah²yati. Tath± vedan±d²su sampaj±nat± vuttan±yeneva veditabb±.
Ime kho te, ±nanda, dhamm±ti heµµh± kathite samathavipassan±maggaphaladhamme sandh±y±ha. Kusal±yatik±ti kusalato ±gat±. Kusal± hi kusal±pi honti kusal±yatik±pi, seyyathida½, paµhamajjh±na½ kusala½, dutiyajjh±na½ kusalañceva kusal±yatikañca…pe… ±kiñcaññ±yatana½ kusala½, nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ kusalañceva kusal±yatikañca, nevasaññ±n±saññ±yatana½ kusala½, sot±pattimaggo kusalo ceva kusal±yatiko ca…pe… an±g±mimaggo kusalo, arahattamaggo kusalo ceva kusal±yatiko ca. Tath± paµhamajjh±na½ kusala½, ta½sampayuttak± dhamm± kusal± ceva kusal±yatik± ca…pe… arahattamaggo kusalo, ta½sampayuttak± dhamm± kusal± ceva kusal±yatik± ca.
Ariy±ti nikkiles± visuddh±. Lokuttar±ti loke uttar± visiµµh±. Anavakkant± p±pimat±ti p±pimantena m±rena anokkant±. Vipassan±p±dak± aµµha sam±pattiyo appetv± nisinnassa hi bhikkhuno citta½ m±ro na passati, “ida½ n±ma ±rammaºa½ niss±ya sa½vattat²”ti j±titu½ na sakkoti. Tasm± “anavakkant±”ti vutta½.
Ta½ ki½ maññas²ti ida½ kasm± ±ha? Gaºepi eko ±nisa½so atthi, ta½ dassetu½ idam±ha. Anubandhitunti anugacchitu½ paricaritu½.
Na kho, ±nand±ti ettha kiñc±pi bhagavat±– “sut±vudho, bhikkhave, ariyas±vako akusala½ pajahati, kusala½ bh±veti, s±vajja½ pajahati, anavajja½ bh±veti, suddha½ att±na½ pariharat²”ti (a. ni. 7.67) bahussuto pañc±vudhasampanno yodho viya kato. Yasm± pana so sutapariyatti½ uggahetv±pi tadanucchavika½ anulomapaµipada½ na paµipajjati, na tassa ta½ ±vudha½ hoti. Yo paµipajjati, tasseva hoti. Tasm± etadattha½ anubandhitu½ n±rahat²ti dassento na kho, ±nand±ti ±ha.
Id±ni yadattha½ anubandhitabbo, ta½ dassetu½ y± ca khoti-±dim±ha. Iti imasmi½ sutte t²su µh±nesu dasa kath±vatth³ni ±gat±ni. “Iti evar³pa½ katha½ kathess±m²”ti sapp±y±sapp±yavasena ±gat±ni, “yadida½ sutta½ geyyan”ti ettha sutapariyattivasena ±gat±ni, imasmi½ µh±ne parip³raºavasena ±gat±ni. Tasm± imasmi½ sutte dasa kath±vatth³ni kathentena imasmi½ µh±ne µhatv± kathetabb±ni.
Id±ni yasm± ekaccassa ekakassa viharatopi attho na sampajjati, tasm± ta½ sandh±ya ek²bh±ve ±d²nava½ dassento eva½ sante kho, ±nand±ti-±dim±ha. Tattha eva½ santeti eva½ ek²bh±ve sante.
193. Satth±ti b±hirako titthakarasatth±. Anv±vattant²ti anu-±vattanti upasaªkamanti. Muccha½ k±mayat²ti mucchanataºha½ pattheti, pavattet²ti attho. ¾cariy³paddaven±ti abbhantare uppannena kiles³paddavena ±cariyassupaddavo. Sesupaddavesupi eseva nayo. Avadhi½su nanti m±rayi½su na½. Etena hi guºamaraºa½ kathita½.
Vinip±t±y±ti suµµhu nipatan±ya. Kasm± pana brahmac±rupaddavova– “dukkhavip±kataro ca kaµukavip±kataro ca vinip±t±ya ca sa½vattat²”ti vuttoti. B±hirapabbajj± hi appal±bh±, tattha mahanto nibbattetabbaguºo natthi, aµµhasam±pattipañc±bhiññ±mattakameva hoti. Iti yath± gadrabhapiµµhito patitassa mahanta½ dukkha½ na hoti, sar²rassa pa½sumakkhanamattameva hoti, eva½ b±hirasamaye lokiyaguºamattatova parih±yati, tena purima½ upaddavadvaya½ na eva½ vutta½. S±sane pana pabbajj± mah±l±bh±, tattha catt±ro magg± catt±ri phal±ni nibb±nanti mahant± adhigantabbaguº±. Iti yath± ubhato suj±to khattiyakum±ro hatthikkhandhavaragato nagara½ anusañcaranto hatthikkhandhato patito mah±dukkha½ nigacchati, eva½ s±sanato parih±yam±no navahi lokuttaraguºehi parih±yati. Ten±ya½ brahmac±rupaddavo eva½ vutto.
196. Tasm±ti yasm± sesupaddavehi brahmac±rupaddavo dukkhavip±kataro, yasm± v± sapattapaµipatti½ v²tikkamanto d²gharatta½ ahit±ya dukkh±ya sa½vattati, mittapaµipatti hit±ya, tasm±. Eva½ uparimenapi heµµhimenapi atthena yojetabba½. Mittavat±y±ti mittapaµipattiy±. Sapattavat±y±ti verapaµipattiy±.
Vokkamma ca satthus±san±ti dukkaµadubbh±sitamattampi hi sañcicca v²tikkamanto vokkamma vattati n±ma. Tadeva av²tikkamanto na vokkamma vattati n±ma.
Na vo aha½, ±nanda, tath± parakkamiss±m²ti aha½ tumhesu tath± na paµipajjiss±mi. ¾maketi apakke. ¾makamatteti ±make n±tisukkhe bh±jane. Kumbhak±ro hi ±maka½ n±tisukkha½ apakka½ ubhohi hatthehi saºhika½ gaºh±ti “m± bhijjat³”ti. Iti yath± kumbhak±ro tattha paµipajjati, n±ha½ tumhesu tath± paµipajjiss±mi. Niggayha niggayh±ti saki½ ovaditv± tuºh² na bhaviss±mi, niggaºhitv± niggaºhitv± punappuna½ ovadiss±mi anus±siss±mi. Pavayha pavayh±ti dose pav±hetv± pav±hetv±. Yath± pakkabh±janesu kumbhak±ro bhinnachinnajajjar±ni pav±hetv± ekato katv± supakk±neva ±koµetv± ±koµetv± gaºh±ti, evameva ahampi pav±hetv± pav±hetv± punappuna½ ovadiss±mi anus±siss±mi. Yo s±ro so µhassat²ti eva½ vo may± ovadiyam±n±na½ yo maggaphalas±ro, so µhassati. Apica lokiyaguº±pi idha s±rotveva adhippet±. Sesa½ sabbattha utt±namev±ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

Mah±suññatasuttavaººan± niµµhit±.