8. ¾n±p±nassatisuttavaººan±

144. Eva½ me sutanti ±n±p±nassatisutta½. Tattha aññehi c±ti µhapetv± p±¼iya½ ±gate dasa there aññehipi abhiññ±tehi bah³hi s±vakehi saddhi½. Tad± kira mah± bhikkhusaªgho ahosi aparicchinnagaºano.
Ovadanti anus±sant²ti ±misasaªgahena dhammasaªgahena c±ti dv²hi saªgahehi saªgaºhitv± kammaµµh±nov±d±nus±san²hi ovadanti ca anus±santi ca. Te c±ti cak±ro ±gamasandhimatta½. U¼±ra½ pubben±para½ visesa½ j±nant²ti s²laparip³raº±dito pubbavisesato u¼±ratara½ apara½ kasiºaparikamm±divisesa½ j±nant²ti attho.
145. ¾raddhoti tuµµho. Appattassa pattiy±ti appattassa arahattassa p±puºanattha½. Sesapadadvayepi ayameva attho. Komudi½ c±tum±sininti pacchimakattikac±tum±sapuººama½. S± hi kumud±na½ atthit±ya komud², catunna½ vassik±na½ m±s±na½ pariyos±natt± c±tum±sin²ti vuccati. ¾gamess±m²ti udikkhiss±mi, ajja apav±retv± y±va s± ±gacchati, t±va katthaci agantv± idheva vasiss±m²ti attho. Iti bhikkh³na½ pav±raºasaªgaha½ anuj±nanto evam±ha.
Pav±raºasaªgaho n±ma ñattidutiyena kammena diyyati kassa panesa diyyati, kassa na diyyat²ti. Ak±rakassa t±va b±laputhujjanassa na diyyati, tath± ±raddhavipassakassa ceva ariyas±vakassa ca. Yassa pana samatho v± taruºo hoti vipassan± v±, tassa diyyati. Bhagav±pi tad± bhikkh³na½ citt±c±ra½ pariv²ma½santo samathavipassan±na½ taruºabh±va½ ñatv±– “mayi ajja pav±rente dis±su vassa½vuµµh± bhikkh³ idha osarissanti. Tato ime bhikkh³ vu¹¹hatarehi bhikkh³hi sen±sane gahite visesa½ nibbattetu½ na sakkhissanti. Sacepi c±rika½ pakkamiss±mi, imesa½ vasanaµµh±na½ dullabhameva bhavissati. Mayi pana apav±rente bhikkh³pi ima½ s±vatthi½ na osarissanti, ahampi c±rika½ na pakkamiss±mi, eva½ imesa½ bhikkh³na½ vasanaµµh±na½ apalibuddha½ bhavissati. Te attano attano vasanaµµh±ne ph±su viharant± samathavipassan± th±maj±t± katv± visesa½ nibbattetu½ sakkhissant²”ti so ta½divasa½ apav±retv± kattikapuººam±ya½ pav±ress±m²ti bhikkh³na½ pav±raºasaªgaha½ anuj±ni. Pav±raºasaªgahasmiñhi laddhe yassa nissayapaµipannassa ±cariyupajjh±y± pakkamanti, sopi “sace patir³po nissayad±yako ±gamissati, tassa santike nissaya½ gaºhiss±m²”ti y±va gimh±na½ pacchimam±s± vasitu½ labhati. Sacepi saµµhivass± bhikkh³ ±gacchanti, tassa sen±sana½ gahetu½ na labhanti. Ayañca pana pav±raºasaªgaho ekassa dinnopi sabbesa½ dinnoyeva hoti.
S±vatthi½ osarant²ti bhagavat± pav±raºasaªgaho dinnoti sutasutaµµh±neyeva yath±sabh±vena eka½ m±sa½ vasitv± kattikapuººam±ya uposatha½ katv± osarante sandh±ya ida½ vutta½. Pubben±paranti idha taruºasamathavipassan±su kamma½ katv± samathavipassan± th±maj±t± aka½su, aya½ pubbe viseso n±ma. Tato sam±hitena cittena saªkh±re sammasitv± keci sot±pattiphala½…pe… keci arahatta½ sacchikari½su. Aya½ aparo u¼±ro viseso n±ma.
146. Alanti yutta½. Yojanagaºan±n²ti eka½ yojana½ yojanameva, dasapi yojan±ni yojan±neva, tato uddha½ yojanagaºan±n²ti vuccanti. Idha pana yojanasatampi yojanasahassampi adhippeta½. Puµosen±p²ti puµosa½ vuccati p±theyya½. ta½ p±theyya½ gahetv±pi upasaªkamitu½ yuttamev±ti attho. “Puµa½sen±”tipi p±µho, tassattho– puµo a½se ass±ti puµa½so, tena puµa½sena, a½se p±theyyapuµa½ vahanten±p²ti vutta½ hoti.
147. Id±ni evar³pehi caraºehi samann±gat± ettha bhikkh³ atth²ti dassetu½ santi, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Tattha catunna½ satipaµµh±n±nanti-±d²ni tesa½ bhikkh³na½ abhiniviµµhakammaµµh±nadassanattha½ vutt±ni. Tattha sattati½sa bodhipakkhiyadhamm± lokiyalokuttar± kathit±. Tatra hi ye bhikkh³ tasmi½ khaºe magga½ bh±venti, tesa½ lokuttar± honti. ¾raddhavipassak±na½ lokiy±. Aniccasaññ±bh±van±nuyoganti ettha saññ±s²sena vipassan± kathit± Yasm± panettha ±n±p±nakammaµµh±navasena abhiniviµµh±va bah³ bhikkh³, tasm± sesakammaµµh±n±ni saªkhepena kathetv± ±n±p±nakammaµµh±na½ vitth±rena kathento ±n±p±nassati, bhikkhaveti-±dim±ha. Ida½ pana ±n±p±nakammaµµh±na½ sabb±k±rena visuddhimagge vitth±rita½, tasm± tattha vuttanayenevassa p±¼ittho ca bh±van±nayo ca veditabbo.
149. K±yaññataranti pathav²k±y±d²su cat³su k±yesu aññatara½ vad±mi, v±yo k±ya½ vad±m²ti attho. Atha v± r³p±yatana½…pe… kaba¼²k±ro ±h±roti pañcav²sati r³pakoµµh±s± r³pak±yo n±ma. Tesu ±n±p±na½ phoµµhabb±yatane saªgahitatt± k±yaññatara½ hoti, tasm±pi evam±ha. Tasm±tih±ti yasm± cat³su k±yesu aññatara½ v±yok±ya½, pañcav²satir³pakoµµh±se v± r³pak±ye aññatara½ ±n±p±na½ anupassati, tasm± k±ye k±y±nupass²ti attho. Eva½ sabbattha attho veditabbo. Vedan±ññataranti t²su vedan±su aññatara½, sukhavedana½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. S±dhuka½ manasik±ranti p²tipaµisa½vedit±divasena uppanna½ sundaramanasik±ra½. Ki½ pana manasik±ro sukhavedan± hot²ti. Na hoti, desan±s²sa½ paneta½. Yatheva hi “aniccasaññ±bh±van±nuyogamanuyutt±”ti ettha saññ±n±mena paññ± vutt±, evamidh±pi manasik±ran±mena vedan± vutt±ti veditabb±. Etasmi½ catukke paµhamapade p²tis²sena vedan± vutt±, dutiyapade sukhanti sar³peneva vutt±. Cittasaªkh±rapadadvaye “saññ± ca vedan± ca cetasik±, ete dhamm± cittapaµibaddh± cittasaªkh±r±”ti (paµi. ma. 1.174) vacanato “vitakkavic±re µhapetv± sabbepi cittasampayuttak± dhamm± cittasaªkh±re saªgahit±”ti vacanato cittasaªkh±ran±mena vedan± vutt±. Ta½ sabba½ manasik±ran±mena saªgahetv± idha “s±dhuka½ manasik±ran”ti ±ha.
Eva½ santepi yasm± es± vedan± ±rammaºa½ na hoti, tasm± vedan±nupassan± na yujjat²ti. No na yujjati, satipaµµh±navaººan±yampi hi “ta½ta½sukh±d²na½ vatthu½ ±rammaºa½ katv± vedan±va vedayati, ta½ pana vedan±pavatti½ up±d±ya ‘aha½ veday±m²’ti voh±ramatta½ hot²”ti vutta½ Apica p²tipaµisa½ved²ti-±d²na½ atthavaººan±yametassa parih±ro vuttoyeva. Vuttañheta½ visuddhimagge–
“Dv²h±k±rehi p²ti paµisa½vidit± hoti ±rammaºato ca asammohato ca. Katha½ ±rammaºato p²ti paµisa½vidit± hoti? Sapp²tike dve jh±ne sam±pajjati, tassa sam±pattikkhaºe jh±napaµil±bhena ±rammaºato p²ti paµisa½vidit± hoti ±rammaºassa paµisa½viditatt±. Katha½ asammohato (p²ti paµisa½vidit± hoti)? Sapp²tike dve jh±ne sam±pajjitv± vuµµh±ya jh±nasampayutta½ p²ti½ khayato vayato sammasati, tassa vipassan±kkhaºe lakkhaºapaµivedh± asammohato p²ti paµisa½vidit± hoti. Vuttampi ceta½ paµisambhid±ya½ ‘d²gha½ ass±savasena cittassa ekaggata½ avikkhepa½ paj±nato sati upaµµhit± hoti, t±ya satiy±, tena ñ±ºena s± p²ti paµisa½vidit± hot²’ti. Eteneva nayena avasesapad±nipi atthato veditabb±n²”ti.
Iti yatheva jh±napaµil±bhena ±rammaºato p²tisukhacittasaªkh±r± paµisa½vidit± honti, eva½ imin±pi jh±nasampayuttena vedan±saªkh±tamanasik±rapaµil±bhena ±rammaºato vedan± paµisa½vidit± hoti. Tasm± suvuttameta½ hoti “vedan±su vedan±nupass² tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu viharat²”ti.
N±ha½, bhikkhave, muµµhassatissa asampaj±nass±ti ettha ayamadhipp±yo– yasm± cittapaµisa½ved² assasiss±m²ti-±din± nayena pavatto bhikkhu kiñc±pi ass±sapass±sanimitta½ ±rammaºa½ karoti, tassa pana cittassa ±rammaºe satiñca sampajaññañca upaµµhapetv± pavattanato citte citt±nupass²yeva n±mesa hoti. Na hi muµµhassatissa asampaj±nassa ±n±p±nassatibh±van± atthi. Tasm± ±rammaºato cittapaµisa½vidit±divasena citte citt±nupass² tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu viharat²ti. So ya½ ta½ abhijjh±domanass±na½ pah±na½, ta½ paññ±ya disv± s±dhuka½ ajjhupekkhit± hot²ti ettha abhijjh±ya k±macchandan²varaºa½, domanassavasena by±p±dan²varaºa½ dassita½. Idañhi catukka½ vipassan±vaseneva vutta½, dhamm±nupassan± ca n²varaºapabb±divasena chabbidh± hoti, tass± n²varaºapabba½ ±di, tassapi ida½ n²varaºadvaya½ ±di, iti dhamm±nupassan±ya ±di½ dassetu½ “abhijjh±domanass±nan”ti ±ha. Pah±nanti anicc±nupassan±ya niccasañña½ pajahat²ti eva½ pah±nakarañ±ºa½ adhippeta½. Ta½ paññ±ya disv±ti ta½ aniccavir±ganirodhapaµinissagg±ñ±ºasaªkh±ta½ pah±nañ±ºa½ apar±ya vipassan±paññ±ya, tampi apar±y±ti eva½ vipassan±parampara½ dasseti. Ajjhupekkhit± hot²ti yañca samathapaµipanna½ ajjhupekkhati, yañca ekato upaµµh±na½ ajjhupekkhat²ti dvidh± ajjhupekkhati n±ma. Tattha sahaj±t±nampi ajjhupekkhan± hoti ±rammaºassapi ajjhupekkhan±, idha ±rammaºa-ajjhupekkhan± adhippet±. Tasm±tiha, bhikkhaveti yasm± anicc±nupass² assasiss±m²ti-±din± nayena pavatto na kevala½ n²varaº±didhamme, abhijjh±domanassas²sena pana vutt±na½ dhamm±na½ pah±nañ±ºampi paññ±ya disv± ajjhupekkhit± hoti, tasm± “dhammesu dhamm±nupass² tasmi½ samaye bhikkhu viharat²”ti veditabbo.
150. Pavicinat²ti anicc±divasena pavicinati. Itara½ padadvaya½ etasseva vevacana½. Nir±mis±ti nikkiles±. Passambhat²ti k±yikacetasikadarathapaµippassaddhiy± k±yopi cittampi passambhati. Sam±dhiyat²ti samm± µhapiyati, appan±patta½ viya hoti. Ajjhupekkhit± hot²ti sahaj±ta-ajjhupekkhan±ya ajjhupekkhit± hoti.
Eva½ cuddasavidhena k±yaparigg±hakassa bhikkhuno tasmi½ k±ye sati satisambojjhaªgo, satiy± sampayutta½ ñ±ºa½ dhammavicayasambojjhaªgo, ta½sampayuttameva k±yikacetasikav²riya½ v²riyasambojjhaªgo, p²ti, passaddhi, cittekaggat± sam±dhisambojjhaªgo, imesa½ channa½ sambojjhaªg±na½ anosakkana-anativattanasaªkh±to majjhatt±k±ro upekkh±sambojjhaªgo. Yatheva hi samappavattesu assesu s±rathino “aya½ ol²yat²”ti tudana½ v±, “aya½ atidh±vat²”ti ±ka¹¹hana½ v± natthi, kevala½ eva½ passam±nassa µhit±k±rova hoti, evameva imesa½ channa½ sambojjhaªg±na½ anosakkana-anativattanasaªkh±to majjhatt±k±ro upekkh±sambojjhaªgo n±ma hoti. Ett±vat± ki½ kathita½? Ekacittakkhaºik± n±n±rasalakkhaº± vipassan±sambojjhaªg± n±ma kathit±.
152. Vivekanissitanti-±d²ni vuttatth±neva. Ettha pana ±n±p±naparigg±hik± sati lokiy± hoti, lokiy± ±n±p±n± lokiyasatipaµµh±na½ parip³renti, lokiy± satipaµµh±n± lokuttarabojjhaªge parip³renti, lokuttar± bojjhaªg± vijj±vimuttiphalanibb±na½ parip³renti. Iti lokiyassa ±gataµµh±ne lokiya½ kathita½, lokuttarassa ±gataµµh±ne lokuttara½ kathitanti. Thero pan±ha “aññattha eva½ hoti, imasmi½ pana sutte lokuttara½ upari ±gata½, lokiy± ±n±p±n± lokiyasatipaµµh±ne parip³renti, lokiy± satipaµµh±n± lokiye bojjhaªge parip³renti, lokiy± bojjhaªg± lokuttara½ vijj±vimuttiphalanibb±na½ parip³renti, vijj±vimuttipadena hi idha vijj±vimuttiphalanibb±na½ adhippetan”ti.

Papañcas³daniy± majjhimanik±yaµµhakath±ya

¾n±p±nassatisuttavaººan± niµµhit±.