Kammato dv±rato ceva, kappaµµhitiyato tath±;
p±kas±dh±raŗ±d²hi, vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
Tattha kammato t±va– ettha hi manussabh³tasseva manussabh³ta½ m±tara½ v± pitara½ v± api parivattaliŖga½ j²vit± voropentassa kamma½ ±nantariya½ hoti, tassa vip±ka½ paµib±hiss±m²ti sakalacakkav±¼a½ mah±cetiyappam±ŗehi kańcanath³pehi p³retv±pi sakalacakkav±¼a½ p³retv± nisinnabhikkhusaŖghassa mah±d±na½ datv±pi buddhassa bhagavato saŖgh±µikaŗŗa½ amuńcanto vicaritv±pi k±yassa bhed± nirayameva upapajjati. Yo pana saya½ manussabh³to tiracch±nabh³ta½ m±tara½ v± pitara½ v±, saya½ v± tiracch±nabh³to manussabh³ta½, tiracch±noyeva v± tiracch±nabh³ta½ j²vit± voropeti, tassa kamma½ ±nantariya½ na hoti, bh±riya½ pana hoti, ±nantariya½ ±hacceva tiµµhati. Manussaj±tik±na½ pana vasena aya½ pańho kathito.
Tattha e¼akacatukka½ saŖg±macatukka½ coracatukkańca kathetabba½. E¼aka½ m±rem²ti abhisandhin±pi hi e¼akaµµh±ne µhita½ manusso manussabh³ta½ m±tara½ v± pitara½ v± m±rento ±nantariya½ phusati. E¼ak±bhisandhin± pana m±t±pit±-abhisandhin± v± e¼aka½ m±rento ±nantariya½ na phusati. M±t±pit±-abhisandhin± m±t±pitaro m±rento phusateva. Eseva nayo itarasmimpi catukkadvaye. Yath± ca m±t±pit³su, eva½ arahantepi et±ni catukk±ni veditabb±ni.
Manussa-arahantameva m±retv± ±nantariya½ phusati, na yakkhabh³ta½. Kamma½ pana bh±riya½, ±nantariyasadisameva. Manussa-arahantassa ca puthujjanak±leyeva satthappah±re v± vise v± dinnepi yadi so arahatta½ patv± teneva marati, arahantagh±to hotiyeva. Ya½ pana puthujjanak±le dinna½ d±na½ arahatta½ patv± paribhuńjati, puthujjanasseva dinna½ hoti. Sesa-ariyapuggale m±rentassa ±nantariya½ natthi. Kamma½ pana bh±riya½, ±nantariyasadisameva.
Lohitupp±de tath±gatassa abhejjak±yat±ya par³pakkamena cammaccheda½ katv± lohitapaggharaŗa½ n±ma natthi. Sar²rassa pana antoyeva ekasmi½yeva µh±ne lohita½ samosarati. Devadattena paviddhasilato bhijjitv± gat± sakalik±pi tath±gatassa p±danta½ pahari, pharasun± pahaµo viya p±do antolohitoyeva ahosi. Tath± karontassa ±nantariya½ hoti. J²vako pana tath±gatassa ruciy± satthakena camma½ chinditv± tamh± µh±n± duµµhalohita½ n²haritv± ph±sumak±si, tath± karontassa puńńakammameva hoti.
Atha ye ca parinibbute tath±gate cetiya½ bhindanti, bodhi½ chindanti dh±tumhi upakkamanti, tesa½ ki½ hot²ti? Bh±riya½ kamma½ hoti ±nantariyasadisa½. Sadh±tuka½ pana th³pa½ v± paµima½ v± b±dham±na½ bodhis±kha½ chinditu½ vaµµati. Sacepi tattha nil²n± sakuŗ± cetiye vacca½ p±tenti, chinditu½ vaµµatiyeva. Paribhogacetiyato hi sar²racetiya½ mahantatara½. Cetiyavatthu½ bhinditv± gacchanta½ bodhim³lampi chinditv± haritu½ vaµµati. Y± pana bodhis±kh± bodhighara½ b±dhati, ta½ geharakkhaŗattha½ chinditu½ na labhati, bodhi-atthańhi geha½, na gehatth±ya bodhi. ¾sanagharepi eseva nayo. Yasmi½ pana ±sanaghare dh±tu nihit± hoti, tassa rakkhaŗatth±ya bodhis±kha½ chinditu½ vaµµati. Bodhijagganattha½ ojoharaŗas±kha½ v± p³tiµµh±na½ v± chinditu½ vaµµatiyeva, bhagavato sar²rapaµijaggane viya puńńampi hoti.
SaŖghabhede s²maµµhakasaŖghe asannipatite visu½ parisa½ gahetv± katavoh±r±nuss±vana-sal±kagg±hassa kamma½ v± karontassa, uddesa½ v± uddisantassa bhedo ca hoti ±nantariyakammańca. Samaggasańń±ya pana vaµµat²ti kamma½ karontassa bhedova hoti, na ±nantariyakamma½, tath± navato ³naparis±ya½. Sabbantimena paricchedena navanna½ jan±na½ yo saŖgha½ bhindati tassa ±nantariyakamma½ hoti. Anuvattak±na½ adhammav±d²na½ mah±s±vajjakamma½. Dhammav±dino pana anavajj±.
Tattha navannameva saŖghabhede ida½ sutta½– “ekato up±li catt±ro honti, ekato catt±ro, navamo anuss±veti, sal±ka½ g±heti ‘aya½ dhammo aya½ vinayo ida½ satthus±sana½, ida½ gaŗhatha, ima½ roceth±’ti, eva½ kho, up±li, saŖghar±ji ceva hoti saŖghabhedo ca. Navanna½ v±, up±li, atirekanavanna½ v± saŖghar±ji ceva hoti saŖghabhedo c±”ti (c³¼ava. 351). Etesu pana pańcasu saŖghabhedo vac²kamma½, ses±ni k±yakamm±n²ti. Eva½ kammato vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
Dv±ratoti sabb±neva cet±ni k±yadv±ratopi vac²dv±ratopi samuµµhahanti. Purim±ni panettha catt±ri ±ŗattikavijj±mayapayogavasena vac²dv±rato samuµµhahitv±pi k±yadv±rameva p³renti, saŖghabhedo hatthamudd±ya bheda½ karontassa k±yadv±rato samuµµhahitv±pi vac²dv±rameva p³ret²ti. Evamettha dv±ratopi vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
Kappaµµhitiyatoti saŖghabhedoyeva cettha kappaµµhitiyo. Saŗµhahante hi kappe kappavemajjhe v± saŖghabheda½ katv± kappavin±seyeva muccati. Sacepi hi sveva kappo vinassissat²ti ajja saŖghabheda½ karoti, sveva muccati, ekadivasameva niraye paccati. Eva½ karaŗa½ pana natthi. Ses±ni catt±ri kamm±ni ±nantariy±neva honti, na kappaµµhitiy±n²ti evamettha kappaµµhitiyatopi vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
P±katoti yena ca pańcape’t±ni kamm±ni kat±ni honti, tassa saŖghabhedoyeva paµisandhivasena vipaccati, ses±ni “ahosikamma½, n±hosi kammavip±ko”ti evam±d²su saŖkhya½ gacchanti. SaŖghassa bhed±bh±ve lohitupp±do, tadabh±ve arahantagh±to, tadabh±ve ca sace pit± s²lav± hoti, m±t± duss²l±, no v± tath± s²lavat², pitugh±to paµisandhivasena vipaccati. Sace m±t±pitugh±to, dv²supi s²lena v± duss²lena v± sam±nesu m±tugh±tova paµisandhivasena vipaccati M±t± hi dukkarak±rin² bah³pak±r± ca putt±nanti evamettha p±katopi vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
S±dh±raŗ±d²h²ti purim±ni catt±ri sabbesampi gahaµµhapabbajit±na½ s±dh±raŗ±ni. SaŖghabhedo pana “na kho, up±li bhikkhun², saŖgha½ bhindati, na sikkham±n±, na s±maŗero, na s±maŗer², na up±sako, na up±sik± saŖgha½ bhindati, bhikkhu kho, up±li, pakatatto sam±nasa½v±sako sam±nas²m±ya½ µhito saŖgha½ bhindat²”ti (c³¼ava. 351) vacanato vuttappak±rassa bhikkhunova hoti, na ańńassa, tasm± as±dh±raŗo. ¾disaddena sabbepi te dukkhavedan±sahagat± dosamohasampayutt± c±ti evamettha s±dh±raŗ±d²hipi vińń±tabbo vinicchayo.
Ańńa½ satth±ranti “aya½ me satth± satthukicca½ k±tu½ asamattho”ti bhavantarepi ańńa½ titthakara½ “aya½ me satth±”ti eva½ gaŗheyya, neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti attho.
129. Ekiss± lokadh±tuy±ti dasasahassilokadh±tuy±. T²ŗi hi khett±ni j±tikhetta½ ±ŗ±khetta½ visayakhetta½. Tattha j±tikhetta½ n±ma dasasahass² lokadh±tu. S± hi tath±gatassa m±tukucchi-okkamanak±le nikkhamanak±le sambodhik±le dhammacakkappavattane ±yusaŖkh±rossajjane parinibb±ne ca kampati. Koµisatasahassacakkav±¼a½ pana ±ŗ±khetta½ n±ma. ¾µ±n±µiyamoraparittadhajaggaparittaratanaparitt±d²nańhi ettha ±ŗ± vattati. Visayakhettassa pana parim±ŗa½ natthi. Buddh±nańhi “y±vataka½ ń±ŗa½ t±vataka½ neyya½, y±vataka½ neyya½ t±vataka½ ń±ŗa½, ń±ŗapariyantika½ neyya½ neyyapariyantika½ ń±ŗan”ti (paµi. ma. 3.5) vacanato avisayo n±ma natthi.
Imesu pana t²su khettesu µhapetv± ima½ cakkav±¼a½ ańńasmi½ cakkav±¼e buddh± uppajjant²ti sutta½ natthi, na uppajjant²ti pana atthi. T²ŗi piµak±ni vinayapiµaka½ suttantapiµaka½ abhidhammapiµaka½, tisso saŖg²tiyo mah±kassapattherassa saŖg²ti, yasattherassa saŖg²ti, moggaliputtatissattherassa saŖg²t²ti. Im± tisso saŖg²tiyo ±ru¼he tepiµake buddhavacane ima½ cakkav±¼a½ muńcitv± ańńattha buddh± uppajjant²ti sutta½ natthi, na uppajjant²ti pana atthi.
Apubba½ acarimanti apure apacch±. Ekato na uppajjanti, pure v± pacch± v± uppajjant²ti vutta½ hoti. Tattha hi bodhipallaŖke bodhi½ appatv± na uµµhahiss±m²ti nisinnak±lato paµµh±ya y±va m±tukucchismi½ paµisandhiggahaŗa½, t±va pubbeti na veditabba½. Bodhisattassa hi paµisandhiggahaŗena dasasahassacakkav±¼akampaneneva khettapariggaho kato, ańńassa buddhassa uppatti niv±rit±va hoti. Parinibb±nak±lato paµµh±ya y±va s±sapamatt± dh±tu tiµµhati, t±va pacch±ti na veditabba½. Dh±t³su hi µhit±su buddh± µhit±va honti. Tasm± etthantare ańńassa buddhassa uppatti niv±rit±va hoti. Dh±tuparinibb±ne pana j±te ańńassa buddhassa uppatti na niv±rit±.
T²ŗi hi antaradh±n±ni n±ma pariyatti-antaradh±na½, paµivedha-antaradh±na½, paµipatti-antaradh±nanti. Tattha pariyatt²ti t²ŗi piµak±ni. Paµivedhoti saccapaµivedho. Paµipatt²ti paµipad±. Tattha paµivedho ca paµipatti ca hotipi na hotipi. Ekasmińhi k±le paµivedhadhar± bhikkh³ bah³ honti, eso bhikkhu puthujjanoti aŖguli½ pas±retv± dassetabbo hoti. Imasmi½yeva d²pe ekav±re puthujjanabhikkhu n±ma n±hosi. Paµipattip³rik±pi kad±ci bah³ honti kad±ci app±. Iti paµivedho ca paµipatti ca hotipi na hotipi, s±sanaµµhitiy± pana pariyatti pam±ŗa½.
Paŗ¹ito hi tepiµaka½ sutv± dvepi p³reti. Yath± amh±ka½ bodhisatto ±¼±rassa santike pańc±bhińń± satta ca sam±pattiyo nibbattetv± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanasam±pattiy± parikamma½ pucchi, so na j±n±m²ti ±ha. Tato udakassa santika½ gantv± adhigata½ visesa½ sa½sandetv± nevasańń±n±sańń±yatanassa parikamma½ pucchi, so ±cikkhi, tassa vacanasamanantarameva mah±satto ta½ samp±desi, evameva pańńav± bhikkhu pariyatti½ sutv± dvepi p³reti. Tasm± pariyattiy± µhit±ya s±sana½ µhita½ hoti.
Yad± pana s± antaradh±yati, tad± paµhama½ abhidhammapiµaka½ nassati. Tattha paµµh±na½ sabbapaµhama½ antaradh±yati, anukkamena pacch± dhammasaŖgaho, tasmi½ antarahite itaresu dv²su piµakesu µhitesu s±sana½ µhitameva hoti. Tattha suttantapiµake antaradh±yam±ne paµhama½ aŖguttaranik±yo ek±dasakato paµµh±ya y±va ekak± antaradh±yati, tadanantara½ sa½yuttanik±yo cakkapeyy±lato paµµh±ya y±va oghataraŗ± antaradh±yati, tadanantara½ majjhimanik±yo indriyabh±vanato paµµh±ya y±va m³lapariy±y± antaradh±yati, tadanantara½ d²ghanik±yo dasuttarato paµµh±ya y±va brahmaj±l± antaradh±yati. Ekiss±pi dvinnampi g±th±na½ pucch± addh±na½ gacchati, s±sana½ dh±retu½ na sakkoti sabhiyapucch± (su. ni. sabhiyasutta½) viya ±¼avakapucch± (su. ni. ±¼avakasutta½; sa½. ni. 1.246) viya ca. Et± kira kassapabuddhak±lik± antar± s±sana½ dh±retu½ n±sakkhi½su.
Dv²su pana piµakesu antarahitesupi vinayapiµake µhite s±sana½ tiµµhati, pariv±rakhandhakesu antarahitesu ubhatovibhaŖge µhite µhitameva hoti. UbhatovibhaŖge antarahite m±tik±ya µhit±yapi µhitameva hoti. M±tik±ya antarahit±ya p±timokkhapabbajja-upasampad±su µhit±su s±sana½ tiµµhati. LiŖgamaddh±na½ gacchati, setavatthasamaŗava½so pana kassapabuddhak±lato paµµh±ya s±sana½ dh±retu½ n±sakkhi. Pacchimakassa pana saccapaµivedhato pacchimakassa s²labhedato ca paµµh±ya s±sana½ osakkita½ n±ma hoti. Tato paµµh±ya ańńassa buddhassa uppatti na v±rit±ti.