5. Bahudh±tukasuttavaŗŗan±

124. Eva½ me sutanti bahudh±tukasutta½. Tattha bhay±n²ti-±d²su bhayanti cittutr±so. Upaddavoti anekaggat±k±ro. Upasaggoti upasaµµh±k±ro tattha tattha laggan±k±ro. Tesa½ eva½ n±natta½ veditabba½– pabbat±divisamanissit± cor± janapadav±s²na½ pesenti “maya½ asukadivase n±ma tumh±ka½ g±ma½ pahariss±m±”ti. Ta½ pavatti½ sutak±lato paµµh±ya bhaya½ sant±sa½ ±pajjanti. Aya½ cittutr±so n±ma. “Idha no cor± kupit± anatthampi ±vaheyyun”ti hatthas±ra½ gahetv± dvipadacatuppadehi saddhi½ arańńa½ pavisitv± tattha tattha bh³miya½ nipajjanti, ¹a½samakas±d²hi khajjam±n± gumbantar±ni pavisanti, kh±ŗukaŗµake maddanti. Tesa½ eva½ vicarant±na½ vikkhittabh±vo anekaggat±k±ro n±ma. Tato coresu yath±vutte divase an±gacchantesu “tucchakas±sana½ ta½ bhavissati, g±ma½ pavisiss±m±”ti saparikkh±r± g±ma½ pavisanti, atha tesa½ paviµµhabh±va½ ńatv± g±ma½ pariv±retv± dv±re aggi½ datv± manusse gh±tetv± cor± sabba½ vibhava½ vilumpetv± gacchanti. Tesu gh±tit±vases± aggi½ nibb±petv± koµµhacch±yabhitticch±y±d²su tattha tattha laggitv± nis²danti naµµha½ anusocam±n±. Aya½ upasaµµh±k±ro laggan±k±ro n±ma.
Na¼±g±r±ti na¼ehi paricchann± ag±r±, sesasambh±r± panettha rukkhamay± honti. Tiŗ±g±repi eseva nayo. B±lato uppajjant²ti b±lameva niss±ya uppajjanti. B±lo hi apaŗ¹itapuriso rajja½ v± uparajja½ v± ańńa½ v± pana mahanta½ µh±na½ patthento katipaye attan± sadise vidhav±putte mah±dhutte gahetv± “etha aha½ tumhe issare kariss±m²”ti pabbatagahan±d²ni niss±ya antante g±me paharanto d±marikabh±va½ j±n±petv± anupubbena nigamepi janapadepi paharati, manuss± geh±ni cha¹¹etv± khemantaµµh±na½ patthayam±n± pakkamanti, te niss±ya vasant± bhikkh³pi bhikkhuniyopi attano attano vasanaµµh±n±ni pah±ya pakkamanti. Gatagataµµh±ne bhikkh±pi sen±sanampi dullabha½ hoti. Eva½ catunna½ paris±na½ bhaya½ ±gatameva hoti. Pabbajitesupi dve b±l± bhikkh³ ańńamańńa½ viv±da½ paµµhapetv± codana½ ±rabhanti Iti kosambiv±sik±na½ viya mah±kalaho uppajjati, catunna½ paris±na½ bhaya½ ±gatameva hot²ti eva½ y±ni k±nici bhay±ni uppajjanti, sabb±ni t±ni b±lato uppajjant²ti veditabb±ni.
Etadavoc±ti bhagavat± dhammadesan± matthaka½ ap±petv±va niµµh±pit±. Ya½n³n±ha½ dasabala½ pucchitv± sabbańńutańń±ŗenevassa desan±ya p±rip³ri½ kareyyanti cintetv± eta½ “kitt±vat± nu kho, bhante”ti-±divacana½ avoca.
125. Aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su a¹¹hek±dasadh±tuyo r³papariggaho, a¹¹haµµhamakadh±tuyo ar³papariggahoti r³p±r³papariggahova kathito. Sabb±pi khandhavasena pańcakkhandh± honti. Pańcapi khandh± dukkhasacca½, tesa½ samuµµh±pik± taŗh± samudayasacca½, ubhinna½ appavatti nirodhasacca½, nirodhapaj±nan± paµipad± maggasacca½. Iti catusaccakammaµµh±na½ ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti. Ayamettha saŖkhepo, vitth±rato panet± dh±tuyo visuddhimagge kathit±va. J±n±ti passat²ti saha vipassan±ya maggo vutto.
Pathav²dh±tu-±dayo savińń±ŗakak±ya½ suńńato nissattato dassetu½ vutt±. T±pi purim±hi aµµh±rasahi dh±t³hi p³retabb±. P³rentena vińń±ŗadh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±. Vińń±ŗadh±tu hes± cakkhuvińń±ŗ±divasena chabbidh± hoti. Tattha cakkhuvińń±ŗadh±tuy± pariggahit±ya tass± vatthu cakkhudh±tu, ±rammaŗa½ r³padh±t³ti dve dh±tuyo pariggahit±va honti. Esa nayo sabbattha. Manovińń±ŗadh±tuy± pana pariggahit±ya tass± purimapacchimavasena manodh±tu, ±rammaŗavasena dhammadh±t³ti dve dh±tuyo pariggahit±va honti. Iti im±su aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su a¹¹hek±dasadh±tuyo r³papariggahoti purimanayeneva idampi ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti.
Sukhadh±t³ti-±d²su sukhańca ta½ nissattasuńńataµµhena dh±tu c±ti sukhadh±tu. Esa nayo sabbattha. Ettha ca purim± catasso dh±tuyo sappaµipakkhavasena gahit±, pacchim± dve sarikkhakavasena. Avibh³tabh±vena hi upekkh±dh±tu avijj±dh±tuy± sarikkh±. Ettha ca sukhadukkhadh±t³su pariggahit±su k±yavińń±ŗadh±tu pariggahit±va hoti, ses±su pariggahit±su manovińń±ŗadh±tu pariggahit±va hoti. Im±pi cha dh±tuyo heµµh± aµµh±rasahiyeva p³retabb±. P³rentena upekkh±dh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±. Iti im±su aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su a¹¹hek±dasadh±tuyo r³papariggahoti purimanayeneva idampi ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti.
K±madh±tu-±d²na½ dvedh±vitakke (ma. ni. 1.206) k±mavitakk±d²su vuttanayeneva attho veditabbo. Abhidhammepi “tattha katam± k±madh±tu, k±mapaµisa½yutto takko vitakko”ti-±din± (vibha. 182) nayeneva et±sa½ vitth±ro ±gatoyeva. Im±pi cha dh±tuyo heµµh± aµµh±rasahiyeva p³retabb±. P³rentena k±madh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±. Iti im±su aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su a¹¹hek±dasadh±tuyo r³papariggahoti purimanayeneva idampi ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti.
K±madh±tu-±d²su pańca k±m±vacarakkhandh± k±madh±tu n±ma, pańca r³p±vacarakkhandh± r³padh±tu n±ma, catt±ro ar³p±vacarakkhandh± ar³padh±tu n±ma. Abhidhamme pana “tattha katam± k±madh±tu, heµµhato av²ciniraya½ pariyanta½ karitv±”ti-±din± (vibha. 182) nayena et±sa½ vitth±ro ±gatoyeva. Im±pi tisso dh±tuyo heµµh± aµµh±rasahiyeva p³retabb±. P³rentena k±madh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±. Iti im±su aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su a¹¹hek±dasadh±tuyo r³papariggahoti purimanayeneva idampi ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti.
SaŖkhat±ti paccayehi sam±gantv± kat±, pańcanna½ khandh±nameta½ adhivacana½. Na saŖkhat± asaŖkhat±. Nibb±nasseta½ adhivacana½. Im±pi dve dh±tuyo heµµh± aµµh±rasahiyeva p³retabb±. P³rentena saŖkhatadh±tuto n²haritv± p³retabb±. Iti im±su aµµh±rasasu dh±t³su a¹¹hek±dasadh±tuyo r³papariggahoti purimanayeneva idampi ekassa bhikkhuno niggamana½ matthaka½ p±petv± kathita½ hoti.
126. Ajjhattikab±hir±n²ti ajjhattik±ni ca b±hir±ni ca. Ettha hi cakkhu-±d²ni ajjhattik±ni cha, r³p±d²ni b±hir±ni cha. Idh±pi j±n±ti passat²ti saha vipassan±ya maggo kathito.
Imasmi½ sati idanti-±di mah±taŗh±saŖkhaye vitth±ritameva.
127. Aµµh±nanti hetupaµikkhepo. Anavak±soti paccayapaµikkhepo. Ubhayen±pi k±raŗameva paµikkhipati. K±raŗańhi tad±yattavuttit±ya attano phalassa µh±nanti ca avak±soti ca vuccati. Yanti yena k±raŗena. Diµµhisampannoti maggadiµµhiy± sampanno sot±panno ariyas±vako. Kańci saŖkh±ranti catubh³makesu saŖkhatasaŖkh±resu kańci ekasaŖkh±rampi. Niccato upagaccheyy±ti niccoti gaŗheyya. Neta½ µh±na½ vijjat²ti eta½ k±raŗa½ natthi na upalabbhati. Ya½ puthujjanoti yena k±raŗena puthujjano. Żh±nameta½ vijjat²ti eta½ k±raŗa½ atthi. Sassatadiµµhiy± hi so tebh³makesu saŖkhatasaŖkh±resu kańci saŖkh±ra½ niccato gaŗheyy±ti attho. Catutthabh³makasaŖkh±r± pana tejussadatt± divasa½ santatto ayogu¼o viya makkhik±na½ diµµhiy± v± ańńesa½ v± akusal±na½ ±rammaŗa½ na honti. Imin± nayena kańci saŖkh±ra½ sukhatoti-±d²supi attho veditabbo.
Sukhato upagaccheyy±ti “ekantasukh² att± hoti arogo para½ maraŗ±”ti (ma. ni. 3.21, 22) eva½ attadiµµhivasena sukhato g±ha½ sandh±yeta½ vutta½. Diµµhivippayuttacittena pana ariyas±vako pari¼±h±bhibh³to pari¼±hav³pasamattha½ mattahatthi½ paritt±sito viya, cokkhabr±hmaŗo viya ca g³tha½ kańci saŖkh±ra½ sukhato upagacchati. Attav±re kasiŗ±dipaŗŗattisaŖgahattha½ saŖkh±ranti avatv± kańci dhammanti vutta½. Idh±pi ariyas±vakassa catubh³makavasena veditabbo, puthujjanassa tebh³makavasena. Sabbav±resu ariyas±vakass±pi tebh³makavaseneva paricchedo vaµµati. Ya½ yańhi puthujjano gaŗh±ti, tato tato ariyas±vako g±ha½ viniveµheti. Puthujjano hi ya½ ya½ nicca½ sukha½ att±ti gaŗh±ti, ta½ ta½ ariyas±vako anicca½ dukkha½ anatt±ti gaŗhanto ta½ g±ha½ viniveµheti.
128. M±taranti-±d²su janik±va m±t±, janako pit±, manussabh³tova kh²ŗ±savo arah±ti adhippeto. Ki½ pana ariyas±vako ańńa½ j²vit± voropeyy±ti? Etampi aµµh±na½. Sacepi hi bhavantaragata½ ariyas±vaka½ attano ariyabh±va½ aj±nantampi koci eva½ vadeyya “ima½ kunthakipillika½ j²vit± voropetv± sakalacakkav±¼agabbhe cakkavattirajja½ paµipajj±h²”ti neva so ta½ j²vit± voropeyya. Ath±pi na½ eva½ vadeyya “sace ima½ na gh±tessasi, s²sa½ te chindiss±m±”ti. S²samevassa chindeyya, na ca so ta½ gh±teyya. Puthujjanabh±vassa pana mah±s±vajjabh±vadassanattha½ ariyas±vakassa ca balad²panatthameta½ vutta½. Ayańhettha adhipp±yo– s±vajjo puthujjanabh±vo, yatra hi n±ma puthujjano m±tugh±t±d²nipi ±nantariy±ni karissati. Mah±balo ca ariyas±vako, yo et±ni kamm±ni na karot²ti.
Duµµhacittoti vadhakacittena paduµµhacitto. Lohita½ upp±deyy±ti j²vam±nakasar²re khuddakamakkhik±ya pivanamattampi lohita½ upp±deyya. SaŖgha½ bhindeyy±ti sam±nasa½v±saka½ sam±nas²m±ya µhita½ pańcahi k±raŗehi saŖgha½ bhindeyya. Vuttańheta½ “pańcahup±li ±k±rehi saŖgho bhijjati. Kammena uddesena voharanto anuss±vanena sal±kagg±hen±”ti (pari. 458).
Tattha kammen±ti apalokan±d²su cat³su kammesu ańńatarena kammena. Uddesen±ti pańcasu p±timokkhuddesesu ańńatarena uddesena. Voharantoti kathayanto, t±hi t±hi uppatt²hi adhamma½ dhammoti-±d²ni aµµh±rasa bhedakaravatth³ni d²pento. Anuss±vanen±ti nanu tumhe j±n±tha mayha½ ucc±kul± pabbajitabh±va½ bahussutabh±vańca, m±diso n±ma uddhamma½ ubbinaya½ satthus±sana½ g±heyy±ti cittampi upp±detu½ tumh±ka½ yutta½, ki½ mayha½ av²ci n²luppalavana½ viya s²talo, ki½ aha½ ap±yato na bh±y±m²ti-±din± nayena kaŗŗam³le vac²bheda½ katv± anuss±vanena. Sal±kagg±hen±ti eva½ anuss±vetv± tesa½ citta½ upatthambhetv± anivattidhamme katv± “gaŗhatha ima½ sal±kan”ti sal±kagg±hena.
Ettha ca kammameva uddeso v± pam±ŗa½, voh±r±nuss±vanasal±kagg±h± pana pubbabh±g±. Aµµh±rasavatthud²panavasena hi voharantena tattha rucijananattha½ anuss±vetv± sal±k±ya g±hit±yapi abhinnova hoti saŖgho. Yad± pana eva½ catt±ro v± atirek± v± sal±ka½ g±hetv± ±veŗika½ kamma½ v± uddesa½ v± karonti, tad± saŖgho bhinno n±ma hoti. Eva½ diµµhisampanno puggalo saŖgha½ bhindeyy±ti neta½ µh±na½ vijjati. Ett±vat± m±tugh±t±d²ni pańca ±nantariyakamm±ni dassit±ni honti, y±ni puthujjano karoti, na ariyas±vako, tesa½ ±vibh±vattha½–